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About Mary Bruce

Mary Bruce (c. 1282 – 1323) was the younger sister of Robert the Bruce, King of Scots. During the First War of Scottish Independence, she was captured by the English and imprisoned in a cage at Roxburgh Castle for circa four years. She was the daughter of Robert de Brus, 6th Lord of Annandale, and Marjorie, Countess of Carrick.


Along with the king's other female relatives (Christina Bruce, Marjorie Bruce, his wife Elizabeth de Burgh and supporter Isabella MacDuff), she was captured and betrayed to the English by the Earl of Ross. By order of King Edward I of England, she was then held prisoner in an iron or wooden cage exposed to the public view in Roxburgh Castle. Isabella MacDuff was imprisoned in a similar cage at Berwick Castle. They were both transferred to better conditions in 1310. This was not necessarily a humane move, it has been suggested that by this stage Bruce was gaining strength, the women were potentially valuable hostages, and the English did not want them dying of exposure.


She was eventually released in exchange for English noblemen captured at the Battle of Bannockburn.


She married, firstly, Sir Neil Campbell, one of her brother's loyal supporters, by whom she had John Campbell, Earl of Atholl. She married, secondly, Alexander Fraser of Touchfraser and Cowie.

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  • Mary de Brus1,2,3
  • F, #3113, d. before 22 September 1323
  • Father Sir Robert de Brus, Earl Carrick, Lord Annandale, Sheriff of Cumberland, Governor of Carlisle Castle4,5 b. Jul 1243, d. 13 Jan 1304
  • Mother Margaret of Carrick4,5 b. c 1252, d. b 27 Oct 1292
  • Mary de Brus married Sir Niel Campbell, son of Sir Colin (Mor) Cambel, circa 1312; They had 1 son (John, Earl of Atholl).2,3 Mary de Brus married Sir Alexander Fraser, Chamberlain of Scotland, Sheriff of Stirling, son of Sir Andrew Fraser, Sheriff of Stirling and Beatrix le Chen, after 4 March 1316; They had 2 sons (John; & Sir William of Cowie & Durris).2,3 Mary de Brus died before 22 September 1323.3
  • Family 1 Sir Alexander Fraser, Chamberlain of Scotland, Sheriff of Stirling d. 12 Aug 1332
  • Children
    • Sir William Fraser+6 d. 17 Oct 1346
    • Sir John Fraser, Laird of Aberbothnot+ b. c 1317
  • Family 2 Sir Niel Campbell d. bt 15 Feb 1315 - Nov 1315
  • Child
    • Sir John Campbell, 13th Earl of Atholl2,3 b. c 1313, d. 19 Jul 1333
  • Citations
  • 1.[S248] Unknown author, The Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, by Gerald Paget, Vol. 1, p. 156.
  • 2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 527.
  • 3.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 602-603.
  • 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 520-521.
  • 5.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 595-597.
  • 6.[S147] Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, 1938 ed., by Sir Bernard Burke, p., 2179.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p104.htm#i3113

______________________

  • Lady Mary Bruce1
  • F, #107865, d. before 22 September 1323
  • Last Edited=16 Feb 2013
  • Lady Mary Bruce was the daughter of Sir Robert le Brus, 1st Lord Brus and Margaret, Countess of Carrick.1 She married, firstly, Sir Neil Campbell of Lochow, son of Sir Colin Campbell of Lochow, circa 1312.1 She married, secondly, Alexander Fraser of Touchfraser and Cowie, son of Andrew Fraser and Beatrix (?), circa 1316.1 She died before 22 September 1323.1
  • From circa 1312, her married name became Campbell. From circa 1316, her married name became Fraser. In 1332 and was killed at defeat of Scots by an invading host of English lords at Dupplin 12 August issue.2
  • Children of Lady Mary Bruce and Sir Neil Campbell of Lochow
    • 1.Dougal Campbell+3 d. a 1323
    • 2.Douglas Campbell1
    • 3.Duncan Campbell Macdonnachie of Inverawe+1
    • 4.John Campbell, 1st and last Earl of Atholl1 b. c 1313, d. 19 Jul 1333
  • Children of Lady Mary Bruce and Alexander Fraser of Touchfraser and Cowie
    • 1.John Fraser of Touchfraser+1 b. c 1317
    • 2.William Fraser+4 b. c 1318, d. 17 Oct 1346
    • 3.William Fraser+1 b. c 1318, d. 17 Oct 1346
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 208. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
  • 2.[S37] Volume 3, page 3511. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 3.[S8] Volume 1, page 103. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
  • 4.[S37] See. [S37]
*From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10787.htm#i107865

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view all 13

Mary Bruce's Timeline

1282
1282
Carrick, , Galloway, Scotland
1295
1295
Age 13
Lochawe, , Argyllshire, Scotland
1300
1300
Age 18
Northumberland., England, United Kingdom
1312
1312
Age 30
Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland
1313
1313
Age 31
Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland
1316
1316
Age 34
Lochow, Argyllshire, Scotland
1316
Age 34
Touch, Fraser, Stirlingshire, Scotland
1317
1317
Age 35
Zouch Fraser, Stirlingshire, England
1318
1318
Age 36
Annadale, Dumfries-shire, , Scotland
1321
1321
Age 39
Touch, Fraser, Sterling, Scotland