Mary II Stuart, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland (1662 - 1694) MP

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Birthplace: St. James Palace, London, England
Death: Died in Kensington Palace, London, England
Cause of death: smallpox
Occupation: Queen of England; Scotland and Ireland (1689 - 1695) Prinzessin von Oranien Gräfin von Nassau-Dillenburg (1677 - 1695)
Managed by: Henn Sarv
Last Updated:

About Mary II Stuart, Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland

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Mary II (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694) was joint Sovereign of England, Scotland, and Ireland with her husband and first cousin, William III and II, from 1689 until her death. William and Mary, both Protestants, became king and queen regnant, respectively, following the Glorious Revolution, which resulted in the deposition of her Roman Catholic father, James II and VII. William became sole ruler upon her death in 1694. Popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of "William and Mary".

Mary wielded less power than William when he was in England, ceding most of her authority to him, though he heavily relied on her. She did, however, act alone when William was engaged in military campaigns abroad, proving herself to be a powerful, firm, and effective ruler.

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Mary II Queen of England, Scotland and Ireland's Timeline

1662
April 30, 1662
St. James Palace, London, England
1677
November 4, 1677
Age 15
London, England
1678
April, 1678
Age 15
UK
1680
February, 1680
Age 17
UK
1689
April 11, 1689
Age 26

Mary II and William III: The First Double Coronation

In 1689 Mary (James II's daughter) and her cousin and husband William of Orange jointly succeeded to the throne. For the first time the country had both a King and a Queen (neither were consorts) and their joint coronation was held in Westminster Abbey in April 1689.

William used the original Coronation Chair whilst Mary used a specially made replica for her investiture and crowning. During the investiture, however, their Coronation Rings were mixed up and Mary's ruby ring was mistakenly placed on William's finger.

1694
December 28, 1694
Age 32
Kensington Palace, London, England
1695
March 5, 1695
Age 32
Westminster Abbey, London, England