Mary Elizabeth Morgan
|Death:||Died in Glamorgan, UK|
Daughter of Edward Morgan, Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica and Lady Ann Petronella Morgan
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About Mary Elizabeth Morgan
- Edward Morgan was a Welsh politician and became the Deputy Governor of Jamaica in 1664, after the Restoration of the monarchy under Charles II. His daughter, Mary, married his nephew, the celebrated privateer Henry Morgan.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_Morgan_(governor)
- Sir Henry Morgan (Harri Morgan in Welsh; ca. 1635 – 25 August 1688) was a Welsh privateer, pirate and admiral of the English Royal Navy who made a name for himself during activities in the Caribbean, primarily raiding Spanish settlements. He earned a reputation as one of the most notorious and successful privateers in history, and one of the most ruthless among those active along the Spanish Main.
- Henry Morgan was the eldest son of Robert Morgan, a farmer living in caerau (today known as Ely, three miles from Tredegar) in Cardiff, situated on the Ely River, in south-east Wales, within the historic boundaries of Monmouthshire. He also had a sister Catherine. An entry in the Bristol Apprentice Books showing "Servants to Foreign Plantations" 9 February 1655, included "Henry Morgan of Abergavenny, Labourer, Bound to Timothy Tounsend of Bristol, Cutler, for three years, to serve in Barbados on the like Condiciouns."
- Henry's father Robert Morgan (born c.1615) was a descendant from a cadet branch of the ‘Tredegar Morgans’ and had two brothers, Thomas and Edward. Major-General Sir Thomas Morgan (1st Baronet 1604-79) served in the Commonwealth forces during English civil war from 1642-9, was Governor of Gloucester 1645, fought in Flanders, wounded, and in 1661 retired to his estate in Kynnersley, Herts. He was married on 10 September 1632, and had nine sons, of whom the eldest, Sir John Morgan followed in his father's profession. Thomas was recalled in 1665 to become Governor of Jersey, and died in St. Helier in April 1679. Colonel Edward Morgan (c. 1616- after 1665) was a Royalist during English Civil War 1642-9, Captain General of the Kings forces in South Wales, escaped to the continent, and married Anna Petronilla the daughter of Baron von Pöllnitz, Westphalia, (governor of Lippstadt, a city 20 miles east of Dortmund Germany). They had six children, two sons, and four daughters (including Anna Petronilla and Johanna). He was appointed Lt-Gov. Jamaica 1664-65.
- There was no record of Morgan before 1655. He later said that he left school early, and was "more used to the pike than the book." Alexandre Exquemelin, Morgan's surgeon at Panama, says that he was indentured in Barbados. After Morgan sued the publishers for libel and was awarded £200, Exquemelin was forced to retract his statement. Subsequent editions of his book were amended.
- Exquemelin said that Morgan came to Jamaica in 1658 as a young man, and raised himself to "fame and fortune by his valour". Recent versions of his life claim that, despite having had little experience as a sailor, Morgan sailed to the Caribbean to take part in the Western Design, Cromwell's plan to invade Hispaniola. His first battle at Santo Domingo ended in a failed attempt to take the island. The fleet moved on to Jamaica, which the English force successfully invaded and occupied.
- His uncle Edward Morgan was Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica after the Restoration of Charles II of England in 1660. Henry Morgan married his uncle's daughter Mary, a cousin. Morgan was reportedly the "Captain Morgan" who joined the fleet of Christopher Myngs in 1663. He was part of the expedition of John Morris and Jackmann when they took the Spanish settlements at Vildemos (on the Tabasco river); Trujillo, (Honduras) and Granada.
- In late 1665 Morgan commanded a ship in the old privateer Edward Mansfield's expedition sent by Sir Thomas Modyford, the governor of Jamaica. They seized the islands of Providencia and Santa Catalina Island, Colombia. When Mansfield was captured by the Spanish and executed shortly afterward, the privateers elected Morgan as their admiral. ....
- When Thomas Lynch died in 1684, his friend Christopher Monck was appointed to the governorship and arranged the dismissal of Morgan's suspension from the Jamaican Council in 1688. Morgan's health had steadily declined since 1681. He was diagnosed with "dropsie", but may have contracted tuberculosis in London, and died on 25 August 1688. He is buried in Palisadoes cemetery, which sank beneath the sea after the 1692 earthquake.
- Morgan had lived in an opportune time for privateers. He was able to successfully use the conflicts between England and her enemies both to support England and to enrich himself and his crews. With his death, the pirates who would follow would also use this same ploy, but with less successful results.
- Henry Morgan’s Will 1688
- Henry had married his cousin, Mary Elizabeth Morgan in 1666, there was no issue and she died in 1696. In his will signed 17 June 1688, he left his Jamaican property to his godsons Charles Byndloss (b.1668) and Henry Archbold on condition they adopted the surname of Morgan. These were the children of his two cousins Anna Petronilla Byndloss (née Morgan), and Johanna Archbold (née Morgan). Their father Colonel Edward Morgan (Lt-Gov. Jamaica 1664-65) was Robert Morgan's younger brother (see early life). To his sister Catherine Loyd (née Morgan) he awarded £60 per annum from his estate ‘paid into the hands of my ever honest cozen (sic) Thomas Morgan of Tredegar’. ....
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Morgan
- A history of the family of Morgan, from the year 1089 to present times ([1902?])
- VIII. LLEWELYN ap IVOR of Tredegar, Lord of St Clear, married Angharad, daughter of Sir Morgan ap Meredith, from the Welsh Lords of Caerleon, ap Griffith ap Meredith ap Rhys, who bore "Argent a lion rampant sable." Sir Morgan died 1332, when Angharad was aged 32. They had : 1. Morgan. 2. Ivor Hael, whence MORGAN OF GWERN-Y-CLEPPA. 3. Philip, whence LEWIS OF ST. PIERRE.
- IX. MORGAN of Tredegar and St. Clear, married Maud, daugter of Rhun ap Grono ap Llwarch, Lord of Cibwr. He died before 1384. Issue: 1. Llewelyn. 2. Philip, whence MORGAN OF LANGSTONE. 3. John, father of Gwenllian, married David Goch ap David, 4. Christian, married Jevan ap Jenkin Kemeys. 5. Ann, married David Gwilim David of Rhiwperra. 6. Margaret, married Traherne ap Meyric of Merthyr. 7. A daughter, married Thomas ap Gwillim of Carnllwyd. 8. Elenor, married Grono ap Howel Bennet.
- X. LLEWELYN ap MORGAN of Tredegar and St. Clear, living 1387, married Jenet daughter and heir of David-vychan ap David of Rhydodyn, 1384-87. Issue: 1. Jevan. 2. Christy, married Madoc ap Jevan of Gelligaer. 3. —— , married Roger ap Adam of St. Mellon's. 4. —— , married Madoc of Bassalleg. 5. —— , married Thomas Llewelyn. 6. Ann, married John ap Jenkin. 7. —— , married —— of Raglan. 8. —— , married —— of Builth.
- XI. JEVAN MORGAN, 1415-48, married Denise, or Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas ap Llewelyn-vychan of Lllangattog-on-Usk. Issue: 1. John. 2. David, 1442-48. 3. Jenkyn, 1454.
- XII. SIR JOHN MORGAN, Knight of the Sepulchre, 1448, steward of Gwentlloog ; married Jenet, daughter and co-heir of John ap David Mathew of Llandaff. Issue: 1. Morgan. 2. Thomas, whence MORGAN OF MACHEN AND TREDEGAR. 3. John, whence a BRANCH. 4. Lewis, 1491. 5. William Morgan, coroner, 1501, father or John of Newport, died 1541, father of William, 1541-1559. 6. Philip, 1491. 7. Elizabeth, married John Fiennes,
- Lord Clinton and Say. 8. Jane, married William David Powel. 9. Mary, married Thomas Llewelyn-vychan of Rhiwperra. 10. Isabella, married James Kemeys of Began, ob. 1591.
- XIII. SIR MORGAN JOHN, knighted 22 June, 1497. after Blackheath ; died in 1504; married Margaret, daughter of Sir Thomas Morgan of Pencoyd. Issue : 1. John. 2. Margaret.
- XIV. JOHN MORGAN ; will dated 4 April, 1513 ; died about 1513 ; married Lettice, daughter of Sir George Herbert of St. Julian's. Issue : 1. William, M. P. for county 1556-57, sheriff 1565 ; will dated 8 August, 1568 ; died 1569, s. p.; married Catherine, daughter of Thomas Bodenham. 2. John. 3. Joan, married Miles Mathew of Llandaff. By Felice, daughter of Thomas Richards : 4. John. 5. Nest, married John Henry Kemeys of Newport.
- XV. JOHN MORGAN of Newport, 1545. married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edward Stradling. Issue: 1. Miles. 2. Elenor, married William Morgan.
- XVI. MILES MORGAN, sheriff 1574 ; will dated June. 1578 ; proved 1581, s. p.; married Catherine, daughter of Rowland Morgan of Machen, in 1571 ; widow of Thomas Mathew. She afterwards married Henry Jones of the Inner Temple. Miles was lost in America under Sir Humphrey Gilbert. His heir was his brother-in-law, Morgan of Machen.
- MORGAN OF MACHEN AND TREDEGAR.
- XIII. THOMAS, second son of Sir John Morgan, was of Machen; esquire of the body to Henry VII.; living 1538; married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Vaughan of Porthaml. Issue: 1. Rowland. 2. Reynold, whence MORGAN OF LLANVEDW. 3. John, whence MORGAN OF BASSALLEG. 4. Edmond, whence MORGAN OF PENLLWYN-SARTH. 5. Margaret, married 1st John Kemeys, 2d William Edmunds. 6. Barbara, married Sir Henry Seymour. 7. Maud, married John ap Rosser. 8, Jane, married 1st William Gunter, 2d Richard ap Jenkin, 3d William Vaughan of Magor. 9. Constance, married William
- Jones of Treowen. 10. Mary, married 1st Edward Williams, 2d Richard Herbert. 11. Elizabtth, married Edward James.
- XIV. ROWLAND MORGAN of Machen, 1517-77, married Blanch, daughter of John Thomas of Llanarth. Settlement 11 Nov. 1517; sheriff 1557. Issue: 1. Thomas, 2. Henry, whence MORGAN OF ST. MELLON'S. 3. Catherine, married 1st Thomas Mathew, 2d Miles Morgan, 3d Henry Jones. 4. Ann, married Philip Morgan of Gwern-y-Cieppa. 5. Mary, married Thomas Lewis of Rhiwperra. 6. Elizabeth, married Edward Kemeys of Cefn Mably.
- XV. THOMAS MORGAN of Machen and Tredegar, and of the , Middle Temple, 1567-77; sheriff 1581 ; M. P. for county 1589; will 1603; married Elizabeth, daughter of Roger Bodenham. Issue: 1. Sir William. 2. Edward, 1586, married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Thomas of Bertholley. 3. Sir John, died before 1610, married Florence, daughter and eventual heir of William Morgan of the Friars. They had William of the Friars, 1663, mayor of Newport, 1667, father of Lewis Morgan, died about 1690, father of Lewis, died 1729, who sold the Friars. He was father of: (a) Blanch, married Richard Greensward ; (b) Catherine, married Anthony Williams. 4. David Morgan, whence a BRANCH. 5. Blanch, married Edward Lewis of Van ; settlement 1585. 6. Catherine, married William Herbert of Coldbrook. 7. Elizabeth, married William Jones of Abergavenny. 8. Jane, married Rowland Morgan of Bassalleg. 9. Elizabeth, married William Blethyn of Dynham. 10. Ann. 11. Margaret, married Henry Williams of Mathern.
- MORGAN OF LLANRHYMNY.
- XV. 2. HENRY, second son of Rowland Morgan of Machen, married Catherine, daughter and heir of William Kemeys of Llanrhymny, living 1567. Issue: 1. Thomas. 2. Blanch, married William Herbert of Cogan Pill,
- XVI. THOMAS MORGAN of Llanrhymny in 1620, married Catherine, daughter of Nicholas Herbert of Cogan Pill, living a widow 1647. Issue: 1. William. 2. Edward, whence a BRANCH. 3. Robert, whence a BRANCH. 4. Catherine, married Thomas Morgan of Llanvedw, 1619. 5. Elizabeth. 6. Blanch, married 1st, Henry, brother to Sir Richard Kemeys, 2d Henry Basset. 7. Mary, married Charles Kemys. 8. Jane.
- XVII. WILLIAM MORGAN Morgan, died 19 Jan., 1629, married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Thomas Morgan of Rhiwperra. Issue : 1. Thomas. 2. William, clerk in the king's stables, 1665-73 ; married Blanch, daughter of Henry Kemys, widow of Hoo Games. They had Margaret, daughter and heir. She was of Cardiff in 1709. Will dated 18 April, 1711.
- BRANCH FROM LLANRHYMNY.
- XVII. 2. EDWARD MORGAN, Lieut.-General, said to have been Deputy-Governor of Jamaica in 1664, but not in the printed lists; died 1665; sealed with "Argent, a chevron between 3 bulls' heads cabossed sable"; married Anna Petronella, daughter of Baron John George Von Polnitz. Issue : 1. Charles. 2. Hans Jorien Morgan, named from his mother's great-grandfather. 3. Anne Petronella, married Colonel Robert Bundless. 4. Mary Elizabeth, married her cousin, Sir Henry John Morgan. 5. Johanna Wilhelmina, married Henry Archbold. 6. Elizabeth, died single.
- XVIII. CHARLES MORGAN, secretary to the Government of Jamaica, Captain of Fort Charles, and Commander of the Ordnance; died; s. p., 1687.
- BRANCH FROM LLANRHYMNY.
- XVII. 2. ROBERT MORGAN, third son of Thomas of Llanryhmny — was living in London 1671-76, He was the father of: 1. Sir Henry. John. 2. Thomas, whence MORGAN OF LLANGATTOG. 3. Catherine ; married John Lloyd, and had Richard Lloyd of Bristol; clothier and draper.
- XVII. 1. SIR HENRY JOHN MORGAN. Was born in 1637. In early boyhood ran away from home to Bristol or Milford Haven, and shipped as a sailor before the mast on a vessel sailing for Barbadoes. Arriving there, he went to Jamaica, and joined a band of buccaneer, of which he subsequently
- became the leader. He increased his command by admitting foreigners of all nationalities, and ultimately, by captures of vessels, became possessed of a formidable fleet, and was able to terrorize the seas in the vicinity. His earliest successes were on the coast of Campeche, but he soon became master of the Spanish main, which, with its shores and territory for miles inland, he laid under contribution. With his fleet he captured all the important seaports, and forced them to become tributary to him, which made him the practical sovereign of the territory. He at one time combined his forces with a still more desperate character named Manswelt (or Mansfield), taking upon himself the title of vice-admiral, and they together captured the island of Santa Catalina, upon the coast of Costa Rica ; advanced upon Cartagena, from which they were obliged, however, to retire without capturing, owing to a quarrel in their own ranks between the English and French buccaneers. Upon Manswelt's death, Morgan assumed the title of admiral, and with his fleet of twelve vessels ravaged Los Cargos and the southern coast of Cuba. Landing, he marched inland, took and ravaged Puerto Principe, took Puerto Bello in New Grenada (1668), carrying by assault its three fortresses, putting the garrisons to the sword, and extorting by torture the wealth of the rich citizens. On payment of an enormous ransom by the governor of Panama, he evacuated the city. Re-inforced by a body of French buccaneers, under Pierre le Picard, Morgan with nine hundred and fifty men, captured Maracaibo, a city of 26,000 inhabitants, in 1669, and evacuated it upon payment of a heavy ransom. On his return he captured an entire Spanish squadron. and reached Jamaica with an enormous booty. In the following year he organized a raid upon Panama, rendezvousing at Cape Tibuion with thirty-seven vessels and three thousand men; appointing, as his second in command, a Frenchman named Bradelet. He captured La Ranchiers near Cartagena; took, for a second time, the island of Santa Catalina, where he found stores of powder, and impressed guides, and assulted
- and carried Fort San Lorenzo, at the mouth of the Chagres River, killing three hundred of its garrison. Here he left all but fifteen hundred of his followers, whom he embarked in canoes, and ascended the Chagres River, fighting Indians and overcoming obstacles, suffering much from hunger, ultimately appearing before Panama, July 26, 1671. He found the city garrisoned with four regiments of regulars,, besides 2,000 Indians and 300 armed citizens, capturing, sacking, and destroying the city. Here, however, his ambition seems to have become sated, and he returned to England with, it is said, some $2,000,000 in gold, the proceeds of his operations. He married Mary Elizabeth, daughter of Charles Morgan, captain in the Royal Navy ; was knighted by James II., (who recognized Morgan's exploits as in furtherance of British dominion in the New World, and, so as patriotic instead of personal ;) was commissioned captain in the Royal Navy, and appointed Governor of Jamaica, dying in that office in 1690. He was also appointed a commissioner of admiralty. He published (London, 1683,) an account of his voyage to Panama, and, dying childless, bequeathed the bulk of his property to the BUNDLESS and ARCHBOLD families, with a legacy to his sister, Mrs. John Lloyd. His coat of arms, Quarterly of four. 1. CADIVOR ; 2. MORGAN; 3. BLEDDRI ; and 4. Vert on a chevron argent, four pheons sable.
- MORGAN OF LLANGATTOG.
- XVIII. THOMAS MORGAN of Llangattog, second son of Robert, cadet of Llanrhymny; died Aug. 13, 1670, aged 73 ; married De la Riviere, daughter and heir of Richard Cholmondely of Bromehall, Yorks. Issue: 1. Sir John. 2. Hester ; married John Walsham, and had issue. 3. De la Riviere, s. p. 4. Annabella ; married Thomas Clalton. He bore for arms, BLEDDRI.