Mathilde von Sachsen, Princess of the Holy Roman Empire

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Mathilde saksońska Pfalzgräfin von Lothringen (von Sachsen)

Nicknames: "of Saxony", "Mathilde of Saxony"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Saxony Germany
Death: Died in Esch, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Place of Burial: Brauweiler, Pulheim, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Otto II Holy Roman Emperor and Theophanu, Empress Consort
Wife of Ezzo, Pfalzgraf am Rhein
Mother of Ludolph von Lothringen, Herr zu Waldenburg und Zütphen; Otto II, Duke of Swabia (987-1047); Blessed Richeza of Lotharingia; Herman II von Köln, Archbishop; Adelheid de Lorraine and 8 others
Sister of Zofia; Adelheid Liudolfinga; NN Liudolfinga and Otto III

Occupation: princess
Managed by: Peter Cornelis Gerardus Spiering
Last Updated:

About Mathilde saksońska Pfalzgräfin von Lothringen (von Sachsen)

(Princess)

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Lothrangian Count Palatinen Ezzon puoliso.

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Another name for Matilda was Mathilde of Germany.

General Notes:

Mathilde var abedisse i Qvedlinburg i 997. Hun må altså ha vært i kloster etter at hun ble gift. Hun var da bare var 10 år gammel.

Research Notes:

Her year of birth is also recorded as ca 981.

Noted events in her life were:

• She was a Princess.

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http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_%28Lothringen%29

Mathilde (Lothringen)

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Mathilde

Mathilde (* Sommer 979; † 4. November 1025 auf Gut Aeccheze (Echtz)[1]) war die dritte Tochter Kaiser Ottos II. und der Kaiserin Theophanu.

Mathilde wurde bereits kurz nach ihrer Geburt in das damals sehr bedeutende Stift Essen, dem ihre etwa 30 Jahre ältere Cousine Mathilde als Äbtissin vorstand, zur Erziehung übergeben. Vermutlich glaubte man, für sie keinen ebenbürtigen Ehepartner hoher Abstammung zu finden und wollte ihr die Nachfolge als Äbtissin des Stifts ermöglichen. Auch Mathildes ältere Schwestern Adelheid und Sophia wurden in Quedlinburg beziehungsweise Gandersheim erzogen und dort später Äbtissinnen. Auch Mathildes Erzieherin, die Essener Äbtissin Mathilde, war in dem Frauenstift erzogen worden, dem sie als Äbtissin vorstand.

Rätselhaft erscheint daher, dass die Kaisertochter Mathilde einen völlig anderen Lebensweg nahm und als Mitglied der ersten Familie des Reichs einen scheinbar niederrangigen Adeligen heiratete, den Pfalzgrafen Ezzo von Lothringen. Nach Angabe des Geschichtsschreibers Thietmar von Merseburg erregte diese Heirat das Missfallen vieler, Mathildes Bruder Otto III. habe der Familie durch umfangreiche Schenkungen erst den angemessenen Lebensstandard sicherstellen müssen. Das Jahr der Hochzeit ist nicht genau feststellbar, diskutiert werden 991 und 993. Über die Gründe der unstandesgemäßen Hochzeit wird noch mehr gerätselt. Die Annalen des Klosters Brauweiler, der von Mathildes Gemahl und ihr gegründeten Familienstiftung der Ezzonen, berichten die Anekdote, der junge Otto III. habe Ezzo die Erfüllung eines Wunsches versprochen, wenn dieser ihn im Schach schlage, worauf Ezzo den Wunsch geäußert habe, Mathilde heiraten zu dürfen. Die Kaiserin Theophanu habe der Heirat zugestimmt, da die Umstehenden am Hofe in dem Sieg ein Gottesurteil erblickt hätten. Ezzo habe dann Mathilde aus dem Essener Stift geholt, dessen Äbtissin Mathilde sich vergeblich geweigert habe, das Mädchen herauszugeben. Spätere romantische Ausschmückungen behaupten sogar, Ezzo habe sich zuvor heimlich in die junge Mathilde verliebt oder habe sie gar mit Waffengewalt aus dem Kloster geholt, was erst nachträglich durch das Schachspiel legalisiert worden sei.

Die Geschichte über das gewonnene Schachspiel ist mit Sicherheit erfunden, zutreffen werden lediglich der Umstand, dass Theophanu der Hochzeit zustimmte, und die Abneigung der Essener Äbtissin, Mathilde verheiratet zu sehen, da das Stift Essen mit ihr die designierte Nachfolgerin aus dem Kaiserhaus verlor. Ohne die Zustimmung Theophanus wäre die Heirat mit Sicherheit nicht geschehen, es ist sogar anzunehmen, dass diese Heirat ein Mittel ihrer Politik zur Sicherung der Macht Ottos III. war. So niederrangig, wie es erscheint, war Ezzo oder genauer dessen zur Zeit der Eheschließung noch lebender Vater, nicht. Die Familie verfügte über umfangreiche Besitzungen am Niederrhein und an der unteren Mosel, möglicherweise war sie bereits zu den Zeiten der Karolinger Reichsadel gewesen. Ezzos Mutter stammte aus dem Geschlecht der schwäbischen Herzogsfamilie. An Reichtum und Gefolgsleuten stand Ezzos Familie einem Herzog gleich, und ihre Gebiete lagen zudem an der westlichen Grenze des Reiches. Durch die Eheschließung Mathildes mit Ezzo band Theophanu diese mächtige Familie an ihre Politik und an das Geschlecht der Ottonen.

Auch wenn die schönen Geschichten von der durch das Schachspiel legalisierten Liebesheirat erfunden sind, war die Ehe zwischen Mathilde und dem zwanzig Jahre älteren Ezzo wohl glücklich. In jedem Fall war sie mit zehn Kindern ausgesprochen fruchtbar:

   * Ludolf von Brauweiler und Waldenburg († 1031)
   * Otto († 1047), Pfalzgraf von Lothringen 1035–1045 und Herzog von Schwaben zwischen 1045 und 1047.
   * Hermann II. († 1056), Erzbischof von Köln (1035–1056).
   * Richeza (um 994 - † 1063) - 1013 verheiratet mit Mieszko II. Lambert, König von Polen († 1034).
   * Theophanu, Äbtissin von Essen und Stift Gerresheim.
   * Sophia/Sophie (†vor 1031)
   * Mathilde, Äbtissin von Dietkirchen und Villich.
   * Adelheid, Stiftsdame, möglicherweise Äbtissin in Nijvel (Nivelles).
   * Ida, Äbtissin von Maria im Capitol in Köln und von Gandersheim.
   * Heylwig/Heilwig, Äbtissin von Neuss, Dietkirchen und Villich.

Die Mitgift, die Mathilde von ihrem Bruder Otto III. erhielt, wurde nach dessen Tode von Heinrich II., seinem Nachfolger, unberechtigt eingezogen, wobei ungeklärt ist, ob dieses damit zusammenhängt, dass Mathildes Söhne blutsmäßig näher mit Otto III. verwandt waren als Heinrich II.. Dieses unrechtmäßige Handeln Heinrichs trieb Mathildes Mann in eine zehnjährige Opposition gegen Heinrich, die erst endete, nachdem Ezzo ein von Heinrich ausgeschicktes Heer 1012 in der Schlacht bei Odernheim vernichtend geschlagen hatte. Zudem förderte die Aussöhnung, dass Heinrich seine Ostpolitik durch eine standesgemäße Heirat einer Prinzessin mit dem polnischen König absichern wollte. Da er selbst jedoch kinderlos war, benötigte er dazu eine Tochter seines bisherigen Gegners. Zu den Gütern, die die Ezzonen bei dieser Aussöhnung erhielten, gehörten Duisburg, Kaiserswerth und Saalfeld.

Mathilde starb anscheinend unerwartet während eines Besuches bei Ezzos Bruder Hermann, während Ezzo in Aachen eine Versammlung des lothringischen Adels abhielt, und wurde im Kloster Brauweiler, das sie und Ezzo gestiftet hatten, begraben.

Siehe auch [Bearbeiten]

   * Tomburg

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * Mathilde bei genealogie-mittelalter.de

Fußnoten [Bearbeiten]

  1. ↑ Nach Schwennicke, Europäische Stammtafeln Band I.1 (2005) Tafel 10 und Band I.2 (1999), Tafel 201. Die Identifizierung von Aeccheze mit Esch an der Sauer, wie sie bei genealogie-mittelalter vorgenommen wird, muss falsch sein: Mathilde starb am 4. des Monats und wurde am 7. (Trillmich) begraben – die Entfernung zwischen Esch an der Sauer und Brauweiler beträgt rund 180 Kilometer, die damals innerhalb von drei Tagen nicht zu schaffen waren; die Entfernung von Düren-Echtz nach Brauweiler liegt bei 40 Kilometern. Echtz passt auch besser als Esch an der Sauer zu Mathildes Schwager Hermann, dem Grafen im Zülpichgau. Das Lexikon des Mittelalters, Eduard Hlawitschka, Werner Trillmich und Emil Kimpen halten sich den Punkt offen, indem sie lediglich Aeccheze mit Esch gleichsetzen, aber nicht sagen, welches Esch sie meinen.

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 22. Januar 2010 um 17:46 Uhr geändert.

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Ezzo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Having married Matilda of Saxony (died 1025), a daughter of Emperor Otto II and Theophanu, Ezzo became prominent during the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Otto III.

He and Mathilda left three sons and seven daughters:

Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.

Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.

Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.

Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.

Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.

Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).

Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.

Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.

Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.

Ida (died 1060), Abbess in Cologne and Gandersheim (Abbey founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

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Matilda of Germany or Matilde of Saxony (Summer 979-November 1025 Echtz[1]) Was the third daughter of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Empress Theophanu.

Life

Shortly after her birth, Matilda was sent to Essen Abbey, where her older cousin Matilde was Abbess, Matilda was educated here. It was presumed that Matilda would stay in the Abbey and become an Abbess like here older sisters Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Sophia I, Abbess of Gandersheim.

However, Matilda lived a different life than her two sisters, she was to marry Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia. According to the Historian Thietmar of Merseburg Matilda's brother Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor did not like the idea of the marriage at first. The family gave the couple large gifts to secure the adequate standard of living. The Empress Theophanu had consented to the marriage. Ezzo then took Matilda out of the Abbey where she had lived. However, Abbess Mathilde had vainly refused to surrender the girl. Later romantic embellishments even claimed Ezzo had previously been secretly in love with the young Matilda. Ezzo took Matilda from the Abbey to marry her.

Matilda's mother Theophanu had always agreed to the wedding but Matilda's cousin and teacher Abbess Matilde did not agree to the marriage. Without the consent of Matilda's mother the marriage would not happen with certainty, it is even likely that this marriage was to ensure the power of Otto III. The family had extensive estates in the Lower Rhine and Mosel. Ezzos mother came from the House of Swabia and so Ezzo laid claims to these lands. Matilda received them out of Ottonian possessions and gave them to her husband.

Ezzo and Matilda had married for love and their marriage was very happy. In any case, it was extremely fruitful, with ten children:

Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.

Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.

Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.

Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.

Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.

Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).

Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.

Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.

Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.

Ida (died 1060), Abbess of Cologne and Gandersheim Abbey (founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

Matilda apparently died unexpectedly during a visit to Ezzo's brother Hermann, while Ezzo was held in Aachen, at a meeting of the nobility of Lorraine. Matilda was buried at Brauweiler Abbey[2].

Matilda was the mother of the famous Richeza of Lotharingia who became Queen of Poland and was later beatificated.

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Matilda of Germany or Matilde of Saxony (Summer 979-November 1025 Echtz) was the third daughter of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Empress Theophanu.

Life

Shortly after her birth, Matilda was sent to Essen Abbey, where her older cousin Matilde was Abbess, Matilda was educated here. It was presumed that Matilda would stay in the Abbey and become an Abbess like here older sisters Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Sophia I, Abbess of Gandersheim.

However, Matilda lived a different life than her two sisters, she was to marry Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia. According to the Historian Thietmar of Merseburg Matilda's brother Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor did not like the idea of the marriage at first. The family gave the couple large gifts to secure the adequate standard of living. The Empress Theophanu had consented to the marriage. Ezzo then took Matilda out of the Abbey where she had lived. However, Abbess Mathilde had vainly refused to surrender the girl. Later romantic embellishments even claimed Ezzo had previously been secretly in love with the young Matilda. Ezzo took Matilda from the Abbey to marry her.

Matilda's mother Theophanu had always agreed to the wedding but Matilda's cousin and teacher Abbess Matilde did not agree to the marriage. Without the consent of Matilda's mother the marriage would not happen with certainty, it is even likely that this marriage was to ensure the power of Otto III. The family had extensive estates in the Lower Rhine and Mosel. Ezzos mother came from the House of Swabia and so Ezzo laid claims to these lands. Matilda received them out of Ottonian possessions and gave them to her husband.

Ezzo and Matilda had married for love and their marriage was very happy. In any case, it was extremely fruitful, with ten children:

   * Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.
   * Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.
   * Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.
   * Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.
   * Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.
   * Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).
   * Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.
   * Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.
   * Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.
   * Ida (died 1060), Abbess of Cologne and Gandersheim Abbey (founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

Matilda apparently died unexpectedly during a visit to Ezzo's brother Hermann, while Ezzo was held in Aachen, at a meeting of the nobility of Lorraine. Matilda was buried at Brauweiler Abbey[2].

Matilda was the mother of the famous Richeza of Lotharingia who became Queen of Poland and was later beatificated.

--------------------

Matilda of Germany or Matilde of Saxony (Summer 979-November 1025 Echtz) was the third daughter of Otto II, Holy Roman Emperor and his wife Empress Theophanu.

Life

Shortly after her birth, Matilda was sent to Essen Abbey, where her older cousin Matilde was Abbess, Matilda was educated here. It was presumed that Matilda would stay in the Abbey and become an Abbess like here older sisters Adelheid I, Abbess of Quedlinburg and Sophia I, Abbess of Gandersheim.

However, Matilda lived a different life than her two sisters, she was to marry Ezzo, Count Palatine of Lotharingia. According to the Historian Thietmar of Merseburg Matilda's brother Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor did not like the idea of the marriage at first. The family gave the couple large gifts to secure the adequate standard of living. The Empress Theophanu had consented to the marriage. Ezzo then took Matilda out of the Abbey where she had lived. However, Abbess Mathilde had vainly refused to surrender the girl. Later romantic embellishments even claimed Ezzo had previously been secretly in love with the young Matilda. Ezzo took Matilda from the Abbey to marry her.

Matilda's mother Theophanu had always agreed to the wedding but Matilda's cousin and teacher Abbess Matilde did not agree to the marriage. Without the consent of Matilda's mother the marriage would not happen with certainty, it is even likely that this marriage was to ensure the power of Otto III. The family had extensive estates in the Lower Rhine and Mosel. Ezzos mother came from the House of Swabia and so Ezzo laid claims to these lands. Matilda received them out of Ottonian possessions and gave them to her husband.

Ezzo and Matilda had married for love and their marriage was very happy. In any case, it was extremely fruitful, with ten children:

   * Liudolf (c. 1000–10 April 1031), Count of Zütphen.
   * Otto I (died 1047), Count Palatine of Lotharingia and later Duke of Swabia as Otto II.
   * Hermann II (995–1056), Archbishop of Cologne.
   * Theophanu (died 1056), Abbess of Essen and Gerresheim.
   * Richeza of Lotharingia (died 21 March 1063), Queen of Poland, married with King Mieszko II of Poland.
   * Adelheid (died c. 1030), Abbess of Nijvel (Nivelles).
   * Heylwig, Abbess of Neuss.
   * Mathilde, Abbess of Dietkirchen and Villich.
   * Sophie, Abbess of St. Maria, Mainz.
   * Ida (died 1060), Abbess of Cologne and Gandersheim Abbey (founded in 852 by her ancestor Liudolf, Duke of Saxony).

Matilda apparently died unexpectedly during a visit to Ezzo's brother Hermann, while Ezzo was held in Aachen, at a meeting of the nobility of Lorraine. Matilda was buried at Brauweiler Abbey.

Matilda was the mother of the famous Richeza of Lotharingia who became Queen of Poland and was later beatificated. -------------------- http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_(Lothringen) -------------------- Leo: Europäische Stammtafeln, J.A. Stargardt Verlag, Marburg, Schwennicke, Detlev (Ed.), Reference: 1.1 10.

Leo: Europäische Stammtafeln, Band I, Frank Baron Freytag von Loringhoven, 1975, Isenburg, W. K. Prinz von, Reference: Page 3.

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Mathilde von Sachsen, Princess of the Holy Roman Empire's Timeline

979
June 979
Saxony Germany
985
985
Age 5
Zutphen, Germany
987
987
Age 7
Herzogtum Schwaben (present Bavaria), Heiliges Römisches Reich (present Germany)
995
995
Age 15
Lorraine, France
996
996
Age 16
Koln, Germany
1000
1000
Age 20
France
1000
Age 20
Lorraine, Germany
1003
1003
Age 23
Lorraine, Germany
1005
1005
Age 25
Lorraine, Germany
1006
1006
Age 26
Lorraine, Germany