Matias Romero (c.1597 - 1648) MP

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Birthplace: Ciudad de México, Reino de México, Virreinato de Nueva España
Death: Died in Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Virreinato de Nueva España
Occupation: Alferez or High Sheriff of Santa Fe, Nueva Espana
Managed by: Mindy Serena Baca
Last Updated:

About Matias Romero

Matías Romero, second son of old Bartolomé, and most likely born before his parents reached New Mexico, was Alférez Real and also High Sheriff of Santa Fé in 1631, when he refused to testify against his brother-in-law, Gaspar Pérez. His wife was Isabel de Pedraza, cousin of María de Archuleta, wife of Juan Mparquez. In 1644, he and Juan Gómez de Luna were accused of trading illicitly with the Plains Indians and making captives for Governor Rosas. Matías died in Santa Fé about the year 1648. The descendants of this couple can be identified later on by their use of "de Pedraza" with their Romero name. Bartolomé and Francisco Romero de Pedraza of the next generation were in all probability their sons.

The testimony of Diego Pérez Romero [before the tribunal of the Inquisition in Mexico City] offers valuable genealogical information on the first three generations of the Romero family in New Mexico. Of particular note are the clear genealogical links that can now be made between members of the Romero family that previously could not be confirmed, although logic dictated possible connections. This is particularly true for the Romero de Pedraza family and the Romero de Salazar family. Fray Angélico Chávez supposed that Bartolomé Romero de Pedraza and Francisco Romero de Pedraza were sons of Matías Romero and Doña Isabel de Pedraza. As it turns out, the other children were Pedro Romero, Felipe Romero, Catalina Romero, and Luisa Romero, the wife of Juan Lucero de Godoy. This information now allows descendents of Felipe, Catalina, and Luisa to make the genealogical connection to the founders of the Romero family in New Mexico that has eluded researchers for many years.

Researcher: José Antonio Esquibel

Source: José Antonio Esquibel, "The Romero Family of Seventeenth Century New Mexico," Part 1, forthcoming in Herencia, January 2003,

Matias Romero's family are of Sephardi Jewish ancestry.

Matias Romero was born in 1597 in Mexico City, DF Mexico. He died in 1648 in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He married Isabel de Pedraza about 1617.

The following information on my next generation of Romero's is information from a article written by José Antonio Esquibel, which was published in “Herencia” The Quarterly Journal of the Hispanic Genealogical Research Center of New Mexico Vol 11 Issue 3 July 2003, he states that Inquisition documents are the main source of recorded family memory for documenting the genealogy of 17th century New Mexico families.

Although Matias Romero came under scrutiny by the Inquisition for trading Indians, it appears that none of his immediate descendents came under any charges. These descendents enter the records as witnesses in Inquisition cases concerning their relatives, neighbors, and the governors. It is hoped that this study not only contributes to an understanding of the genealogy and history of the Romero family but also to an understanding of the family identity, family preservation, and the transmission of values in 17th century New Mexico.

Today the records of the Inquisition are the most valuable documents relating the 17th century New Mexico family memory and history. Fray Angelico Chavez read through numerous volumes of Photostat copies of Inquisition records to compile the first genealogical account of the Romero family of 17th century New Mexico which has since provided the pivotal juncture for additional research. In the past decade research in Spain turned up church records related to the family of Bartolome Romero the progenitor of the Romero family in New Mexico.

Matias Romero and dona Isabel de Pedraza were the progenitors of as many as forty- eight descendents born before the end of the 17th century. The Pueblo Indian uprising of August 1680 claimed the lives of 8 to10 members of this branch of the Romero family. From this current study are that the greater majority of individuals with the surname of Romero returning to New Mexico in December 1693 were grandchildren of Matias Romero and Dona Isabel de Pedraza. In contrast there is no documentation to confirm that any descendents of the brothers of Matias Romero -- Bartolomeo Romero and Agustín Romero -- returned to New Mexico in 1693 or soon after. The names of 12 grandchildren of Matias Romero are still unknown. Indications as such, it is very probable that several of the Romero individuals accounted for in the records of late 17th century New Mexico were descendents of Matias Romero and Dona Isabel de Pedraza. The exceptions are the few Romero people returning to New Mexico who were members of the family of Alonzo Romero a mestizo who lived and worked in the household family of Felipe Romero son of (Matias Romero).

The genealogical information provided by Diego Perez Romero during his Inquisition trial in 1663 is most valuable for confirming the children of Matias Romero and Dona Isabel de Pedraza whose offspring at times used the extended surname of Romero de Pedraza. Initially fray Angelico Chavez logically associated Bartolome Romero de Pedraza and Francisco Romero de Pedraza as children of Matias and dona Isabel, and eventually was able to provide confirmation through verifiable documentation from pre-nuptial-investigation records.

In March 1631 fray Esteban de Perea, Comisario del Santo Oficio de la Inquisition, sought testimony from Matias Romero in a case against his brother in law, Gaspar Perez, but Romero only stated he knew nothing about the matter in question. He gave his age as 27 indicating he was born circa 1604, and declared he was a vecino of Santa Fe. It is apparent he was literate since he was able to sign his name. By 1631 Romero already held prominent military and social positions, serving as aguacil mayor (chief constable or High Sheriff) of Santa Fe and alfarez real (royal standard bearer).

Matias Romero also served as a rigidor (town Councilman) and alcalde ordinario of the Villa de Santa Fe before his death in 1646. Romero and his wife dona Isabel de Pedraza were the parents of four sons and two daughters, as identified by Diego Perez Romero in his statement about his family background in 1663. Perez Romero named his cousins in the following order; Pedro Romero, Francisco Romero, Bartolome Romero, Felipe Romero, Louisa Romero and Catalina Lopez Robledo aka Romero. The eldest of these children appears to have been Pedro Romero who was married with Petronila de Vera, a daughter of Diego de Vera and Maria de Abendano who also went by the name Petronila de Salas. There is still no additional historical information concerning Pedro Romero. He was apparently deceased by August 1680 when Petronila de Salas and her children were killed at Pojoaque by Pueblo Indians. It was estimated that eight to ten children of this family, including grown sons and daughters, were the victims of the assault.

Alfares REal and Also High Sheriff of Santa Fe in 1631 when he refused to testify against his brother in law, Gaspar Perez. (Origins of New Mexico, Fray Angelico Chavez)

Noted events in his life and other information:

Matías Romero was probably born before his family reached New México. He was Aférez Real and High Sheriff in Santa Fé in 1631. He was accused, along with Juan Gómez de Luna, of trading illegally with the Plains Indians and making captives for Governor Rosas.

The descendants of Matías and Isabel de Pedraza can be identified the use of de Pedraza with their name Romero. ONMF, p. 97

Bartolome Romero de Pedraza b: 1641 in AKA: Baltasar Romero resided in Albuquerque. Felipe Romero b: 1639 in NM. (found in Herencia , Ap. 1999.Vol 7 #2.p.4 Catalina Romero de Pedraza b: 1634 in New Mexico.(Ped Res.file. disc 38). AKA: Catalina Romero and Catalina Lopez Romero. Francisco Romero de Pedraza b: 1641 Inez Romero de Pedraza b: 1645 Pedro Romero de Pedraza b: ABT. 1635 Luisa Romero de Pedraza b: ABT. 1625

• Occupation: Alferez or High sheriff of Santa Fe in 1631.

Matías married Isabel de Pedraza, daughter of Juan de Pedraza and Unknown. (Isabel de Pedraza was born in 1606 in Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.)

Alfares REal and Also High Sheriff of Santa Fe in 1631 when he refused to testify against his brother in law, Gaspar Perez. (Origins of New Mexico, Fray Angelico Chavez)

Noted events in his life and other information:

Matías Romero was probably born before his family reached New México. He was Aférez Real and High Sheriff in Santa Fé in 1631. He was accused, along with Juan Gómez de Luna, of trading illegally with the Plains Indians and making captives for Governor Rosas.

The descendants of Matías and Isabel de Pedraza can be identified the use of de Pedraza with their name Romero. ONMF, p. 97

Bartolome Romero de Pedraza b: 1641 in AKA: Baltasar Romero resided in Albuquerque. Felipe Romero b: 1639 in NM. (found in Herencia , Ap. 1999.Vol 7 #2.p.4 Catalina Romero de Pedraza b: 1634 in New Mexico.(Ped Res.file. disc 38). AKA: Catalina Romero and Catalina Lopez Romero. Francisco Romero de Pedraza b: 1641 Inez Romero de Pedraza b: 1645 Pedro Romero de Pedraza b: ABT. 1635 Luisa Romero de Pedraza b: ABT. 1625

• Occupation: Alferez or High sheriff of Santa Fe in 1631.

Matías married Isabel de Pedraza, daughter of Juan de Pedraza and Unknown. (Isabel de Pedraza was born in 1606 in Nuevo Méjico, Nueva España.)

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Matias Romero's Timeline

1597
1597
Ciudad de México, Reino de México, Virreinato de Nueva España
1598
1598
Age 1
Nuevo México, Nuevo España
1618
1618
Age 21
1625
1625
Age 28
Santa Fe, NM, USA
1634
1634
Age 37
Santa Fe, NM, USA
1634
Age 37
1635
1635
Age 38
Santa Fe, Provincia de Nuevo Mexico, Virreinato de Nueva España
1639
1639
Age 42
Santa Fé, Provincia de Nuevo México, Virreinato de Nueva España
1641
1641
Age 44
San Gabriel, Rio Arriba, Nuevo México, Nueva España
1645
1645
Age 48
Guadalupe del Paso, Nuevo Mejico