Mathilde Marie de Boulogne, Comtesse de Boulogne (c.1104 - 1152) MP

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Nicknames: "Maud de Boulogne"
Birthplace: Boulogne, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
Death: Died in Hedingham Castle, Essex, England
Cause of death: Fever
Occupation: Comtesse, de Boulogne, de Lens
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Mathilde Marie de Boulogne, Comtesse de Boulogne

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_Boulogne

Matilda I or Maud (1105? – 3 May, 1152), was suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also wife of King Stephen of England and Queen of England.

She was born in Boulogne, France, the daughter of Eustace III, Count of Boulogne and his wife Mary of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Matilda was first cousin of her husband's rival, Empress Matilda. Through her maternal grandmother, Matilda was descended from the pre-Conquest English kings.

In 1125, Matilda married Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain, who possessed a large honour in England. When Matilda's father abdicated and retired to a monastery the same year, this was joined with Boulogne and the similarly large English honour Matilda inherited. On Eustace III's death, Matilda and her husband became joint rulers of Boulogne. Two children, a son and a daughter, were born to the Countess and Count of Boulogne during the reign of King Henry I, who had granted Stephen and Matilda a residence in London.[1] The son was named Baldwin, after Matilda's uncle, King Baldwin I of Jerusalem.[1] The daughter was named Matilda. Baldwin died in early childhood and the young Matilda is thought to have died during childhood too, although some scholars state that she lived long enough to be espoused to the count of Milan.[1]

On the death of Henry I of England in 1135, Stephen rushed to England, taking advantage of Boulogne's control of the closest seaports, and was crowned king, beating his rival, the Empress Matilda. Matilda was heavily pregnant at that time and crossed the Channel after gaving birth to a son, Eustace, who would one day succeed her as Count of Boulogne. Matilda was crowned queen at Easter - 22 March 1136.[1]

In the civil war that followed, known as the Anarchy, Matilda proved to be her husband's strongest supporter. After he was captured at the Battle of Lincoln she rallied the king's partisans, and raised an army with the help of William of Ypres. Empress Matilda was besieging Stephen's brother Henry of Blois, but she, in turn, besieged the Empress, driving her away and capturing the Empress's brother, Robert of Gloucester.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie[citation needed].

Matilda died of a fever at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England and is buried at Faversham Abbey, which was founded by her and her husband.[1]

[edit] Issue

Stephen and Matilda had three sons:

   * Eustace IV, Count of Boulogne
   * Baldwin of Boulogne (d. before 1135)
   * William of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne and Earl of Surrey

They also had two daughters:

   * Matilda of Boulogne
   * Marie of Boulogne

http://www.helium.com/items/1491106-biography-matilda-of-boulogne

Matilda of Boulogne was born around 1105 to Eustace III, Count of Boulogne, and his wife, Mary of Scotland. Her maternal grandparents were King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland, from whom she was a descendant of the old English royal family - - the house of Wessex.

Matilda's childhood was spent in her father's court at Boulogne. When she was roughly twenty years old, in 1125, she married Stephen of Blois. Around this time, Eustace abdicated in favor of monastic life and Matilda and Stephen ruled Boulogne jointly.

The early years of their marriage were marred by sadness: their two eldest children, Baldwin and Matilda, died young. However, they went on to have three more children; Eustace, the eldest of the surviving three, would go on to succeed his mother as Count of Boulogne.

Stephen's uncle, King Henry I of England, died on December 1, 1135, prompting Stephen to head to England in haste and place himself on the throne as king. This was, generally speaking, a poor move on his part. He was not the heir to the throne: that right belonged to his cousin, Empress Matilda of the Holy Roman Empire (commonly known as Maud). Maud was Henry's daughter and the granddaughter of William, the Conqueror. Because England's royal succession laws were only semi-Salic, Matilda legally had the stronger claim and Stephen was a mere usurper. Stephen's succession faux pas was seen as anarchy and ignited a civil war. Matilda, who was then pregnant, followed her husband to England and was his greatest supporter and advisor.

Maud's forces captured Stephen after his loss at the Battle of Lincoln; however, she was entirely unpopular with the people of London and they drove her out, a detrimental act to her cause. Stephen's brother, Henry of Blois, was a very influential bishop in England at the time and was a supporter of Maud; however, he supported his brother after noticing Maud's unpopularity, and also at his sister-in-law, Matilda's, request.

Matilda's forces soon captured Maud's half-brother and greatest supporter, Robert, Earl of Gloucester. Robert's wife was Stephen's jailer and Matilda was able to arrange a swapping of prisoners and regain her husband.

The war continued until the Earl of Gloucester died and Maud, having no other rallying point, returned to the continent. In celebration of the war's end, Stephen and Matilda founded the abbey at Faversham. The rest of their reign was marked by a peace treaty with Scotland and a notable marriage for their son, Eustace.

Matilda died May of 1152, possibly due to a fever, and was buried at Faversham Abbey. Stephen would prove an ineffectual ruler without his loving wife's guidance and entailed his kingdom to his nephew instead of his sons

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Daughter of Eustance III, Count of Boulogne

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_Boulogne

Matilda of Boulogne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

   This article is about Matilda I, Countess of Boulogne. For another Countess of Boulogne named Matilda, see Matilda II, Countess of Boulogne. For her other namesakes, see Matilda of Boulogne (disambiguation).

Matilda of Boulogne

Queen consort of the English

Tenure 22 December 1135 – 3 May 1152

Coronation 22 March 1136

Countess of Boulogne

Tenure 1125 – 3 May 1152

Predecessor Eustace III

Successor Eustace IV

Spouse Stephen of England

Issue

Baldwin of Boulogne

Matilda of Boulogne

Eustace IV, Count of Boulogne

William of Blois

Marie of Boulogne

House House of Blois

Father Eustace III, Count of Boulogne

Mother Mary of Scotland

Born c. 1105

Boulogne, France

Died 3 May 1152 (aged c. 46–47)

Hedingham Castle, Essex

Burial Faversham Abbey

Matilda I or Maud (1105? – 3 May, 1152), was suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also wife of King Stephen of England and Queen of England.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 History
   * 2 Issue
   * 3 Ancestry
   * 4 References

[edit] History

She was born in Boulogne, France, the daughter of Eustace III, Count of Boulogne and his wife Mary of Scotland, daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland. Matilda was first cousin of her husband's rival, Empress Matilda. Through her maternal grandmother, Matilda was descended from the pre-Conquest English kings.

In 1125, Matilda married Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain, who possessed a large honour in England. When Matilda's father abdicated and retired to a monastery the same year, this was joined with Boulogne and the similarly large English honour Matilda inherited. On Eustace III's death, Matilda and her husband became joint rulers of Boulogne. Two children, a son and a daughter, were born to the Countess and Count of Boulogne during the reign of King Henry I, who had granted Stephen and Matilda a residence in London.[1] The son was named Baldwin, after Matilda's uncle, King Baldwin I of Jerusalem.[1] The daughter was named Matilda. Baldwin died in early childhood and the young Matilda is thought to have died during childhood too, although some scholars state that she lived long enough to be espoused to the count of Milan.[1]

On the death of Henry I of England in 1135, Stephen rushed to England, taking advantage of Boulogne's control of the closest seaports, and was crowned king, beating his rival, the Empress Matilda. Matilda was heavily pregnant at that time and crossed the Channel after gaving birth to a son, Eustace, who would one day succeed her as Count of Boulogne. Matilda was crowned queen at Easter - 22 March 1136.[1]

In the civil war that followed, known as the Anarchy, Matilda proved to be her husband's strongest supporter. After he was captured at the Battle of Lincoln she rallied the king's partisans, and raised an army with the help of William of Ypres. Empress Matilda was besieging Stephen's brother Henry of Blois, but she, in turn, besieged the Empress, driving her away and capturing the Empress's brother, Robert of Gloucester.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie[citation needed].

Matilda died of a fever at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England and is buried at Faversham Abbey, which was founded by her and her husband.[1]

[edit] Issue

Stephen and Matilda had three sons:

   * Eustace IV, Count of Boulogne
   * Baldwin of Boulogne (d. before 1135)
   * William of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne and Earl of Surrey

They also had two daughters:

   * Matilda of Boulogne
   * Marie of Boulogne

References

   * Norgate, Kate (1894). "Matilda of Boulogne". Dictionary of National Biography. 38. pp. 53–53. 
   * Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Matilda (c.1103–1152)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [1].
  1. ^ a b c d e Agnes Strickland, Elisabeth Strickland: Lives of the Queens of England

French nobility

Preceded by

Eustace III Countess of Boulogne Blason Courtenay.svg

1125–1151

with Stephen

This page was last modified on 9 July 2010 at 16:40.

--------------------

Matilda of Boulogne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Matilda I or Maud (1103? – 3 May 1152), was suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also wife of King Stephen and thus Queen of England.

[edit]History

She was born in Boulogne, France, the daughter of Count Eustace III of Boulogne and his wife Mary of Scotland, herself the daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland.

In 1125 Matilda married Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain, who also possessed a large honour in England. When Matilda's father abdicated and retired to a monastery in that same year, this was joined with Boulogne and the similarly large English honour Matilda inherited.

On the death of Henry I of England in 1135 Stephen rushed across the channel to England, taking advantage of Boulogne's control of the closest seaports, and was crowned king, beating his rival the Empress Matilda. His wife Matilda soon crossed the Channel as well, and was crowned the following Easter, March 22, 1136.

In the civil war that followed, known as the Anarchy, Matilda proved to be her husband's strongest supporter. After his capture at the Battle of Lincoln she rallied the king's partisans, and raised an army with the help of William of Ypres. The Empress was besieging Stephen's brother Henry of Blois, but she in turn besieged the Empress, driving her away and capturing the Empress's brother Robert of Gloucester.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie[citation needed].

Matilda died at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England and is buried at Faversham Abbey, which was founded by her and her husband.

[edit]Family

Stephen and Mathilda had three sons:

Eustace IV of Boulogne

Baldwin of Boulogne (d. before 1135)

William of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne and Earl of Surrey.

They also had two daughters:

Matilda of Boulogne

Marie of Boulogne

[edit]References

Norgate, Kate (1894). "Matilda of Boulogne". Dictionary of National Biography 38. 53-53.

Marjorie Chibnall, ‘Matilda (c.1103–1152)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/18337.

--------------------

Matilda I or Maud (1105? – 3 May 1152), was suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also wife of King Stephen and thus Queen of England.

She was born in Boulogne, France, the daughter of Count Eustace III of Boulogne and his wife Mary of Scotland, herself the daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland.

In 1125 Matilda married Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain, who also possessed a large honour in England. When Matilda's father abdicated and retired to a monastery in that same year, this was joined with Boulogne and the similarly large English honour Matilda inherited.

On the death of Henry I of England in 1135 Stephen rushed across the channel to England, taking advantage of Boulogne's control of the closest seaports, and was crowned king, beating his rival the Empress Matilda. His wife Matilda soon crossed the Channel as well, and was crowned the following Easter, March 22, 1136.

In the civil war that followed, known as the Anarchy, Matilda proved to be her husband's strongest supporter. After his capture at the Battle of Lincoln she rallied the king's partisans, and raised an army with the help of William of Ypres. The Empress was besieging Stephen's brother Henry of Blois, but she in turn besieged the Empress, driving her away and capturing the Empress's brother Robert of Gloucester.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie.

Matilda died at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England and is buried at Faversham Abbey, which was founded by her and her husband.

Stephen and Matilda had three sons:

Eustace IV of Boulogne

Baldwin of Boulogne (d. before 1135)

William of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne and Earl of Surrey.

They also had two daughters:

Matilda of Boulogne

Marie of Boulogne

--------------------

Matilda I, or Maud, was suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also wife of King Stephen and thus Queen of England.

In the civil war known as the Anarchy, Matilda proved to be her husband's strongest supporter. After his capture at the Battle of Lincoln she rallied the king's partisans, and raised an army with the help of William of Ypres. Empress Matilda was besieging Stephen's brother Henry of Blois, but she in turn besieged the Empress, driving her away and capturing the Empress's brother Robert of Gloucester.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_I_of_Boulogne for more information.

--------------------

Matilda I or Maud (1105? – 3 May 1152), was suo jure Countess of Boulogne. She was also wife of King Stephen and thus Queen of England.

She was born in Boulogne, France, the daughter of Count Eustace III of Boulogne and his wife Mary of Scotland, herself the daughter of King Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret of Scotland.

In 1125 Matilda married Stephen of Blois, Count of Mortain, who also possessed a large honour in England. When Matilda's father abdicated and retired to a monastery in that same year, this was joined with Boulogne and the similarly large English honour Matilda inherited.

On the death of Henry I of England in 1135 Stephen rushed across the channel to England, taking advantage of Boulogne's control of the closest seaports, and was crowned king, beating his rival the Empress Matilda. His wife Matilda soon crossed the Channel as well, and was crowned the following Easter, March 22, 1136.

In the civil war that followed, known as the Anarchy, Matilda proved to be her husband's strongest supporter. After his capture at the Battle of Lincoln she rallied the king's partisans, and raised an army with the help of William of Ypres. The Empress was besieging Stephen's brother Henry of Blois, but she in turn besieged the Empress, driving her away and capturing the Empress's brother Robert of Gloucester.

Around 1125, her father died and she succeeded as Countess of Boulogne. She ruled this area jointly with her husband until 1150, when she reigned alone until 1151, when the County was given to her eldest son Eustace, then her surviving son William inherited it, and then her daughter Marie.

Matilda died at Hedingham Castle, Essex, England and is buried at Faversham Abbey, which was founded by her and her husband.

Stephen and Matilda had three sons:

Eustace IV of Boulogne

Baldwin of Boulogne (d. before 1135)

William of Blois, Count of Mortain and Boulogne and Earl of Surrey.

They also had two daughters:

Matilda of Boulogne

Marie of Boulogne

view all 14

Mathilde Marie de Boulogne, Comtesse de Boulogne's Timeline

1104
1104
Boulogne, Nord-Pas-de-Calais, France
1115
1115
Age 11
Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orleanais/Centre, France
1125
1125
Age 21
London, UK
1126
1126
Age 22
of, Blois, Loir-et-Cher, France
1129
1129
Age 25
Blois, Loir-et-Cher, France
1133
1133
Age 29
Blois (Loir Et Cher) France
1134
1134
Age 30
Blois,Loir-Et-Cher,France
1135
December 22, 1135
Age 31
Westminster Abbey, London, England
1136
1136
Age 32
Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Centre, France
1152
May 3, 1152
Age 48
Hedingham Castle, Essex, England