Matilda Plantagenet, Abbess of Barking

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Matilda Plantagenet, Duchess of Saxony

Nicknames: "Maud of England", "Matilda (Maud) //", "Maud", "Matild"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Braunschweig, Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Place of Burial: St Blasius, Braunschweig, Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Deutschland(HRR)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Henry II, King of England; King Henry II Of England; Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England and Eleanore Queen Of England
Wife of Heinrich "der Löwe", von Sachsen, Herzog zu Braunschweig-Lüneburg, Sachsen und Bayern
Mother of Wilhelm 'Longsword' Herzog von Braunschweig-Lüneburg; Richza von Bayern; Heinrich V (I) von Braunschweig, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein; Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor; Luther von Saxony, Prince and 1 other
Sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers; Henry "The Young King", King of England; Richard the Lionheart, King of England; Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany; Philip, Prince of England and 3 others
Half sister of Hugh Plantagenet, Bishop of Wells; Geoffrey of Plantagenet, Archbishop of York; William Longespée, 3rd Earl of Salisbury; Peter Plantagenet, Archdeacon of Lincoln; Rosamond FitzHenry and 4 others

Occupation: Duchess of Saxony-Princess of England, Duchess of Saxony, Hertiginna, Abbess of Barking
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Matilda Plantagenet, Duchess of Saxony

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda,_Duchess_of_Saxony

--------------------

Do not confuse this profile with that of her half sister, Matilda of Barking, who never married.

--------------------

Matilda of England (1156 - July 13, 1189), also known as Maud, was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on February 1, 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

  1. Matilda (Richenza) (1171-1210), married Geoffrey III, Count of Perche.
  2. Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1175-1227).
  3. Lothar (1174-1190).
  4. Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175-1218).
  5. William, Duke of Lüneburg (1184-1213).

--------------------

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

--------------------

MATILDA "PRINCESS OF ENGLAND" ~

Christened: Aldgate, London, Middlesex, London, England

--------------------

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

   * Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey, Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy
   * Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)
   * Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).
   * Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).
   * William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

   * Eleanor (born 1178); died young
   * Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young
   * Son (stillborn 1182)

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three month later.

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_England,_Duchess_of_Saxony

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Matilda of England

Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda, from an idealized portrait on their tomb, c. 1230–1240 This image is a detail from a miniature in the "Gospels of Henry the Lion" (Das Evangeliar Heinrichs des Löwen), c. 1175-1188, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf, 105 noviss. 2

Duchess consort of Saxony and of Bavaria

Coronation 1188

Spouse Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and of Bavaria

Detail

Issue

Matilda, Countess of Perche and Coucy

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Lothar of Bavaria

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Duke of Swabia

William of Winchester, Lord of Lunenburg

House House of Plantagenet (by birth)

House of Welf (by marriage)

Father Henry II of England

Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine

Born 1156

Windsor Castle, Berkshire

Died 28 June 1189 (aged 32–33)

Brunswick, Lower Saxony

Burial Brunswick Cathedral, Lower Saxony

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Early life
   * 2 Marriage
   * 3 Regency and exile
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 See also
   * 6 Sources

[edit] Early life

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

[edit] Marriage

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

   * Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey III Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy
   * Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)
   * Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).
   * Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).
   * William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

   * Eleanor (born 1178); died young
   * Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young
   * Son (stillborn 1182)

[edit] Regency and exile

The tombs of Henry and Matilda

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three months later.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]

v • d • e

Ancestors of Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony



















16. Fulk IV, Count of Anjou








8. Fulk of Jerusalem












17. Bertrade de Montfort








4. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou















18. Elias I, Count of Maine








9. Ermengarde of Maine












19. Matilda of Chateau-du-Loire








2. Henry II of England


















20. William I of England








10. Henry I of England












21. Matilda of Flanders








5. Matilda of England















22. Malcolm III of Scotland








11. Matilda of Scotland












23. Margaret of England








1. Matilda of Saxony





















24. William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine








12. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine












25. Hildegarde of Burgundy








6. William X, Duke of Aquitaine















26. William IV, Count of Toulouse








13. Philippa of Toulouse












27. Emma of Mortain








3. Eleanor of Aquitaine


















28. Boson II de Châtellérault, Viscount of Châtellérault








14. Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellérault












29. Aenora of Thouars








7. Aenor de Châtellerault















30. Bartelmy de l'Isle-Bouchaard








15. Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchaard












31. Gerberg







Matilda's tomb effigy

[edit] See also

   * Betran de Born, Casutz sui de mal en pena
   * Bertran de Born, Ges de disnar non for'oimais maitis

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

House of Plantagenet

Cadet branch of the House of Anjou

Born: c. 1156 Died: 13 July 1189

German royalty

Vacant

Title last held by

Clementia of Zähringen Duchess consort of Saxony

1168 - 1180 Succeeded by

Judith of Poland

Duchess consort of Bavaria

1168 - 1180 Vacant

Title next held by

Agnes of Loon

[edit] Sources

   * Ralph of Diceto
   * Robert of Torigny
   * Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002
   * Diggelmann, Lindsay. Exile and the Poetic Standpoint of the Troubadour Bertran de Born, 2005

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_Plantagenet

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_England,_Duchess_of_Saxony

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Matilda of England

Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda, from an idealized portrait on their tomb, c. 1230–1240 This image is a detail from a miniature in the "Gospels of Henry the Lion" (Das Evangeliar Heinrichs des Löwen), c. 1175-1188, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf, 105 noviss. 2

Duchess consort of Saxony and of Bavaria

Coronation 1188

Spouse Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and of Bavaria

Detail

Issue

Matilda, Countess of Perche and Coucy

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Lothar of Bavaria

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Duke of Swabia

William of Winchester, Lord of Lunenburg

House House of Plantagenet (by birth)

House of Welf (by marriage)

Father Henry II of England

Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine

Born 1156

Windsor Castle, Berkshire

Died 28 June 1189 (aged 32–33)

Brunswick, Lower Saxony

Burial Brunswick Cathedral, Lower Saxony

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Early life
   * 2 Marriage
   * 3 Regency and exile
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 See also
   * 6 Sources

[edit] Early life

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

[edit] Marriage

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

   * Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey III Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy
   * Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)
   * Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).
   * Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).
   * William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

   * Eleanor (born 1178); died young
   * Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young
   * Son (stillborn 1182)

[edit] Regency and exile

The tombs of Henry and Matilda

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three months later.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]

v • d • e

Ancestors of Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony



















16. Fulk IV, Count of Anjou








8. Fulk of Jerusalem












17. Bertrade de Montfort








4. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou















18. Elias I, Count of Maine








9. Ermengarde of Maine












19. Matilda of Chateau-du-Loire








2. Henry II of England


















20. William I of England








10. Henry I of England












21. Matilda of Flanders








5. Matilda of England















22. Malcolm III of Scotland








11. Matilda of Scotland












23. Margaret of England








1. Matilda of Saxony





















24. William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine








12. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine












25. Hildegarde of Burgundy








6. William X, Duke of Aquitaine















26. William IV, Count of Toulouse








13. Philippa of Toulouse












27. Emma of Mortain








3. Eleanor of Aquitaine


















28. Boson II de Châtellérault, Viscount of Châtellérault








14. Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellérault












29. Aenora of Thouars








7. Aenor de Châtellerault















30. Bartelmy de l'Isle-Bouchaard








15. Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchaard












31. Gerberg







Matilda's tomb effigy

[edit] See also

   * Betran de Born, Casutz sui de mal en pena
   * Bertran de Born, Ges de disnar non for'oimais maitis

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

House of Plantagenet

Cadet branch of the House of Anjou

Born: c. 1156 Died: 13 July 1189

German royalty

Vacant

Title last held by

Clementia of Zähringen Duchess consort of Saxony

1168 - 1180 Succeeded by

Judith of Poland

Duchess consort of Bavaria

1168 - 1180 Vacant

Title next held by

Agnes of Loon

[edit] Sources

   * Ralph of Diceto
   * Robert of Torigny
   * Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002
   * Diggelmann, Lindsay. Exile and the Poetic Standpoint of the Troubadour Bertran de Born, 2005

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_Plantagenet

--------------------

Matilda of England

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Matilda of England (1156 Windsor Castle – July 13, 1189 Brunswick), also known as Maud, was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine.

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on February 1, 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

Matilda (1171-1210), married Geoffrey III, Count of Perche.

Richenza (1172-1204)

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173- 28 April 1227).

Lothar (1174 - 16 October 1190).

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176 - 19 May 1218).

William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184- 12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

Eleanor (born 1178); died young

Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young

Son (Stillborn 1182)

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were able to return to Saxony. When her father Henry II died in 1189, Matilda survived him by only one week.

The pictures shows an idealized portrait made between 1230 and 1240 on the tomb of Matilda and Henry the Lion in Brunswick Cathedral; and the effigy on Matilda's tomb.

--------------------

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Contents [hide]

1 Early life

2 Marriage

3 Regency and exile

4 Ancestry

5 See also

6 Sources


[edit] Early life

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

[edit] Marriage

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey, Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)

Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).

William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

Eleanor (born 1178); died young

Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young

Son (stillborn 1182)

[edit] Regency and exile

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three month later.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]v • d • eAncestors of Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

                                 

 16. Fulk IV, Count of Anjou 
 
         

 8. Fulk of Jerusalem   
 
               

 17. Bertrade de Montfort 
 
         

 4. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou   
 
                     

 18. Elias I, Count of Maine 
 
         

 9. Ermengarde of Maine   
 
               

 19. Matilda of Chateau-du-Loire 
 
         

 2. Henry II of England   
 
                           

 20. William I of England 
 
         

 10. Henry I of England   
 
               

 21. Matilda of Flanders 
 
         

 5. Matilda of England   
 
                     

 22. Malcolm III of Scotland 
 
         

 11. Matilda of Scotland   
 
               

 23. Margaret of England 
 
         

 1. Matilda of Saxony   
 
                                 

 24. William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine 
 
         

 12. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine   
 
               

 25. Hildegarde of Burgundy 
 
         

 6. William X, Duke of Aquitaine   
 
                     

 26. William IV, Count of Toulouse 
 
         

 13. Philippa of Toulouse   
 
               

 27. Emma of Mortain 
 
         

 3. Eleanor of Aquitaine   
 
                           

 28. Boson II de Châtellérault, Viscount of Châtellérault 
 
         

 14. Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellérault   
 
               

 29. Aenora of Thouars 
 
         

 7. Aenor de Châtellerault   
 
                     

 30. Bartelmy de l'Isle-Bouchaard 
 
         

 15. Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchaard   
 
               

 31. Gerberg 
 
         



Matilda's tomb effigy

[edit] See also

Betran de Born, Casutz sui de mal en pena

Bertran de Born, Ges de disnar non for'oimais maitis

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

House of Plantagenet

Cadet branch of the House of Anjou

Born: c. 1156 Died: 13 July 1189

German royalty

Vacant

Title last held by

Clementia of Zähringen Duchess consort of Saxony

1167 - 1180 Succeeded by

Judith of Poland

Vacant

Title last held by

Theodora Komnene Duchess consort of Bavaria

1156 - 1180 Vacant

Title next held by

Agnes of Glogau

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_England,_Duchess_of_Saxony

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Matilda of England

Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda, from an idealized portrait on their tomb, c. 1230–1240 This image is a detail from a miniature in the "Gospels of Henry the Lion" (Das Evangeliar Heinrichs des Löwen), c. 1175-1188, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf, 105 noviss. 2

Duchess consort of Saxony and of Bavaria

Coronation 1188

Spouse Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and of Bavaria

Detail

Issue

Matilda, Countess of Perche and Coucy

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Lothar of Bavaria

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Duke of Swabia

William of Winchester, Lord of Lunenburg

House House of Plantagenet (by birth)

House of Welf (by marriage)

Father Henry II of England

Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine

Born 1156

Windsor Castle, Berkshire

Died 28 June 1189 (aged 32–33)

Brunswick, Lower Saxony

Burial Brunswick Cathedral, Lower Saxony

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Early life
   * 2 Marriage
   * 3 Regency and exile
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 See also
   * 6 Sources

[edit] Early life

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

[edit] Marriage

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

   * Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey III Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy
   * Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)
   * Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).
   * Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).
   * William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

   * Eleanor (born 1178); died young
   * Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young
   * Son (stillborn 1182)

[edit] Regency and exile

The tombs of Henry and Matilda

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three months later.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]

v • d • e

Ancestors of Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony



















16. Fulk IV, Count of Anjou








8. Fulk of Jerusalem












17. Bertrade de Montfort








4. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou















18. Elias I, Count of Maine








9. Ermengarde of Maine












19. Matilda of Chateau-du-Loire








2. Henry II of England


















20. William I of England








10. Henry I of England












21. Matilda of Flanders








5. Matilda of England















22. Malcolm III of Scotland








11. Matilda of Scotland












23. Margaret of England








1. Matilda of Saxony





















24. William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine








12. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine












25. Hildegarde of Burgundy








6. William X, Duke of Aquitaine















26. William IV, Count of Toulouse








13. Philippa of Toulouse












27. Emma of Mortain








3. Eleanor of Aquitaine


















28. Boson II de Châtellérault, Viscount of Châtellérault








14. Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellérault












29. Aenora of Thouars








7. Aenor de Châtellerault















30. Bartelmy de l'Isle-Bouchaard








15. Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchaard












31. Gerberg







Matilda's tomb effigy

[edit] See also

   * Betran de Born, Casutz sui de mal en pena
   * Bertran de Born, Ges de disnar non for'oimais maitis

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

House of Plantagenet

Cadet branch of the House of Anjou

Born: c. 1156 Died: 13 July 1189

German royalty

Vacant

Title last held by

Clementia of Zähringen Duchess consort of Saxony

1168 - 1180 Succeeded by

Judith of Poland

Duchess consort of Bavaria

1168 - 1180 Vacant

Title next held by

Agnes of Loon

[edit] Sources

   * Ralph of Diceto
   * Robert of Torigny
   * Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002
   * Diggelmann, Lindsay. Exile and the Poetic Standpoint of the Troubadour Bertran de Born, 2005

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_Plantagenet

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_England,_Duchess_of_Saxony

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Matilda of England

Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda, from an idealized portrait on their tomb, c. 1230–1240 This image is a detail from a miniature in the "Gospels of Henry the Lion" (Das Evangeliar Heinrichs des Löwen), c. 1175-1188, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf, 105 noviss. 2

Duchess consort of Saxony and of Bavaria

Coronation 1188

Spouse Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and of Bavaria

Detail

Issue

Matilda, Countess of Perche and Coucy

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Lothar of Bavaria

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Duke of Swabia

William of Winchester, Lord of Lunenburg

House House of Plantagenet (by birth)

House of Welf (by marriage)

Father Henry II of England

Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine

Born 1156

Windsor Castle, Berkshire

Died 28 June 1189 (aged 32–33)

Brunswick, Lower Saxony

Burial Brunswick Cathedral, Lower Saxony

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Early life
   * 2 Marriage
   * 3 Regency and exile
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 See also
   * 6 Sources

[edit] Early life

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

[edit] Marriage

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

   * Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey III Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy
   * Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)
   * Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).
   * Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).
   * William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

   * Eleanor (born 1178); died young
   * Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young
   * Son (stillborn 1182)

[edit] Regency and exile

The tombs of Henry and Matilda

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three months later.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]

v • d • e

Ancestors of Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony



















16. Fulk IV, Count of Anjou








8. Fulk of Jerusalem












17. Bertrade de Montfort








4. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou















18. Elias I, Count of Maine








9. Ermengarde of Maine












19. Matilda of Chateau-du-Loire








2. Henry II of England


















20. William I of England








10. Henry I of England












21. Matilda of Flanders








5. Matilda of England















22. Malcolm III of Scotland








11. Matilda of Scotland












23. Margaret of England








1. Matilda of Saxony





















24. William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine








12. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine












25. Hildegarde of Burgundy








6. William X, Duke of Aquitaine















26. William IV, Count of Toulouse








13. Philippa of Toulouse












27. Emma of Mortain








3. Eleanor of Aquitaine


















28. Boson II de Châtellérault, Viscount of Châtellérault








14. Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellérault












29. Aenora of Thouars








7. Aenor de Châtellerault















30. Bartelmy de l'Isle-Bouchaard








15. Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchaard












31. Gerberg







Matilda's tomb effigy

[edit] See also

   * Betran de Born, Casutz sui de mal en pena
   * Bertran de Born, Ges de disnar non for'oimais maitis

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

House of Plantagenet

Cadet branch of the House of Anjou

Born: c. 1156 Died: 13 July 1189

German royalty

Vacant

Title last held by

Clementia of Zähringen Duchess consort of Saxony

1168 - 1180 Succeeded by

Judith of Poland

Duchess consort of Bavaria

1168 - 1180 Vacant

Title next held by

Agnes of Loon

[edit] Sources

   * Ralph of Diceto
   * Robert of Torigny
   * Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002
   * Diggelmann, Lindsay. Exile and the Poetic Standpoint of the Troubadour Bertran de Born, 2005

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_Plantagenet

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda_of_England,_Duchess_of_Saxony

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Matilda of England

Coronation of Henry the Lion and Matilda, from an idealized portrait on their tomb, c. 1230–1240 This image is a detail from a miniature in the "Gospels of Henry the Lion" (Das Evangeliar Heinrichs des Löwen), c. 1175-1188, Wolfenbüttel, Herzog August Bibliothek, Cod. Guelf, 105 noviss. 2

Duchess consort of Saxony and of Bavaria

Coronation 1188

Spouse Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and of Bavaria

Detail

Issue

Matilda, Countess of Perche and Coucy

Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine

Lothar of Bavaria

Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor, Duke of Swabia

William of Winchester, Lord of Lunenburg

House House of Plantagenet (by birth)

House of Welf (by marriage)

Father Henry II of England

Mother Eleanor of Aquitaine

Born 1156

Windsor Castle, Berkshire

Died 28 June 1189 (aged 32–33)

Brunswick, Lower Saxony

Burial Brunswick Cathedral, Lower Saxony

Matilda of England (also called Maud; 1156 – 28 June 1189) was the eldest daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine. Through her marriage with Henry the Lion, she was Duchess of Saxony and later of Bavaria.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Early life
   * 2 Marriage
   * 3 Regency and exile
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 See also
   * 6 Sources

[edit] Early life

Matilda was a younger maternal half-sister of Marie de Champagne and Alix of France. She was a younger sister of William IX, Count of Poitiers and Henry the Young King. She was also an older sister of Richard I of England, Geoffrey II, Duke of Brittany, Leonora of Aquitaine, Joan of England and John of England. Matilda seems to have spent much of her early life in the company of her mother, Queen Eleanor.

[edit] Marriage

In 1165 Rainald of Dassel, Archbishop of Cologne, arrived at the court of King Henry II at Rouen, to negotiate a German match for Matilda. There was conflict during the negotiations, however, when Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester refused to greet the archbishop, alleging him to be a schismatic and a supporter of the anti-pope, Victor IV. The original plan to match a daughter of Henry II with a son of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, was abandoned, and instead Matilda left England in September 1167 to marry Henry the Lion.

She married Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony and Bavaria, on 1 February 1168 at Minden Cathedral. They had four sons and one daughter:

   * Richenza (English chroniclers call her Matilda) (1172–1209/10), married Geoffrey III Count of Perche and Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy
   * Henry V, Count Palatine of the Rhine (1173/1174–28 April 1227)
   * Lothar (1174/1175–16 October 1190).
   * Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor and Duke of Swabia (1175/1176–19 May 1218).
   * William, Duke of Lüneburg (11 April 1184–12 December 1213).

Three other children are listed, by some sources, as having belonged to Henry and Matilda;

   * Eleanor (born 1178); died young
   * Ingibiorg (born 1180); died young
   * Son (stillborn 1182)

[edit] Regency and exile

The tombs of Henry and Matilda

At the time of their marriage, Henry the Lion was one of the most powerful allies of Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor. Matilda governed her husband's vast estates during his absence in the Holy Land from 1172 to 1173. In 1174, Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court in 1182. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

Matilda, her husband, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony. Early in 1189 the Emperor again ordered Henry the Lion to go into exile. This time Matilda remained at Brunswick to defend the interests of her husband but already died three months later.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]

v • d • e

Ancestors of Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony



















16. Fulk IV, Count of Anjou








8. Fulk of Jerusalem












17. Bertrade de Montfort








4. Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou















18. Elias I, Count of Maine








9. Ermengarde of Maine












19. Matilda of Chateau-du-Loire








2. Henry II of England


















20. William I of England








10. Henry I of England












21. Matilda of Flanders








5. Matilda of England















22. Malcolm III of Scotland








11. Matilda of Scotland












23. Margaret of England








1. Matilda of Saxony





















24. William VIII, Duke of Aquitaine








12. William IX, Duke of Aquitaine












25. Hildegarde of Burgundy








6. William X, Duke of Aquitaine















26. William IV, Count of Toulouse








13. Philippa of Toulouse












27. Emma of Mortain








3. Eleanor of Aquitaine


















28. Boson II de Châtellérault, Viscount of Châtellérault








14. Aimery I de Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Châtellérault












29. Aenora of Thouars








7. Aenor de Châtellerault















30. Bartelmy de l'Isle-Bouchaard








15. Dangereuse de l'Isle-Bouchaard












31. Gerberg







Matilda's tomb effigy

[edit] See also

   * Betran de Born, Casutz sui de mal en pena
   * Bertran de Born, Ges de disnar non for'oimais maitis

Matilda of England, Duchess of Saxony

House of Plantagenet

Cadet branch of the House of Anjou

Born: c. 1156 Died: 13 July 1189

German royalty

Vacant

Title last held by

Clementia of Zähringen Duchess consort of Saxony

1168 - 1180 Succeeded by

Judith of Poland

Duchess consort of Bavaria

1168 - 1180 Vacant

Title next held by

Agnes of Loon

[edit] Sources

   * Ralph of Diceto
   * Robert of Torigny
   * Wheeler, Bonnie. Eleanor of Aquitaine: Lord and Lady, 2002
   * Diggelmann, Lindsay. Exile and the Poetic Standpoint of the Troubadour Bertran de Born, 2005

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mathilde_Plantagenet

--------------------

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Matilda,_Duchess_of_Saxony -------------------- angol királyi hercegnő (Princessin) -------------------- Do not confuse with her Aunt, Matilda (Maud), also Abbess of Barking, daughter of Henry II.

view all 73

Matilda Plantagenet, Abbess of Barking's Timeline

1156
January 6, 1156
Windsor, Berkshire, United Kingdom
1168
February 1, 1168
Age 12
St Peter,Domkirche,Minden,Germany
1172
1172
Age 16
1173
1173
Age 17
Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Deutschland (HRR)
1174
1174
Age 18

Henry the Lion became involved in a conflict with the Emperor Frederick, and Henry and Matilda were forced to flee Germany and take refuge in Normandy at her father's court. During this time at the royal court at Argentan, Matilda became acquainted with the Troubadour Bertran de Born, who, calling her "Elena" or "Lana", made her the object of his desire in two of his poems of "courtly love".

1175
1175
Age 19
Germany
1181
1181
Age 25
Saxony, Germany
1184
April 11, 1184
Age 28
Winchester, Hampshire, Storbritannien
1185
1185
Age 29

Matilda, Henry, and their family remained in Normandy under the protection and support of King Henry until 1185, when they were allowed to return to Saxony.

1186
1186
Age 30
Brunswick, Germany