Matthaus Bader (1707 - 1769) MP

public profile

View Matthaus Bader's complete profile:

  • See if you are related to Matthaus Bader
  • Request to view Matthaus Bader's family tree

Share

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg
Death: Died
Occupation: Shepherd
Managed by: Marion L Crouch
Last Updated:

About Matthaus Bader

Matthaus Bader was born May 3, 1707 in Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemburg, in what is now southwestern Germany. He married Anna Maria Schneider. They had at least five children. Matthaus Bader, with his wife Anna Maria and their children, emigrated to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on October 10, 1752, on the ship Forest from Rotterdam, with a stop in Plymouth, England.

Matthaus has long been believed to be the son of Adam Bader and Barbara Schneider of Groß Oesingen, Gifhorn, Lower Saxony. Recent research has put this in doubt. There is a church record in Jettenburg, Germany for a Matthaus Bader, Adam's son was born December 12, 1700 in Jettenburg, seven years before this Matthaus' birth. There is a distance of almost 600 km between Oesingen and Jettenburg and no data to suggest that Adam and Barbara were there, other than the birth of Matthaus.

Matthaus lived in Jettenburg and left for America from that town in 1752. His supposed parents lived in Groß Oesingen. However, his supposed mother's birth name was Schneider and his wife's birth name was Schneider. It is possible that familial connections brought the Bader family to Jettenburg. It's not completely impossible that Adam and Barbara are the correct parents.

It is also possible that there were two men named Matthaus Bader. The Matthaus who brought his family to America was the husband of Anna Maria, according to Jettenburg church records. One source gives their Matthaus a wife named Katharina Kuppler, who lived in Groß Oesingen and had at least two children, with the same names and similar dates of birth as those attributed to Anna Maria. Certainly more research is needed.

The town of Jettenburg is in an area of Germany called the Haerten, which lies on the south bank of the Necker River between the old university city of Tuenbingen and the industrial city of Reutlingen in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg in the former Kingdom of Wuerttemberg. In the 12th Century there was a Konrad von Jettenberg living in Strassburg. In 1330, the oldest family name is Rentz. In 1442, Eberhard Becht von Reutlingen sold Jettenburg to Wuerttemberg. In 1752 Matthaus Bader, born 3 May 1707, was the first who left Jettenburg with his family and immigrated to Pennsylvania. Today, the area called Haerten consists of five towns: Wankheim, Machringen, Immenhausen, Jettenburg, and Kusterdingen. In 1975 during a reorganization process, these five towns were combined into one town called Kusterdingen, the largest of the five.

The following church records are from Jettenburg (Evangelische Kirchengemeinde);

  • Matthias (Matthaus) Bader 3/5/1707
  • wife, Anna Maria
  • son, Johann Georg 31/7/1733
  • son, Mattheus 30/12/1737, d 26/6/1739
  • son, Hans Maratin 12/10/1741
  • daughter, Anna Margaretha 28/8/1745
  • son, Matthias 26/1/1749
  • son, Michael 3/11/1751

In the 1700’s this area had been fought over for more than a 100 years. The people who lived in this area were too often faced with the terror of looting armies as well as with the fear of sudden death from the vicious marauders that hung around battlefields. Matthaus (or Matthias) and Anna Maria Bader were the first in Jettenburg to take advantage of the English King George’s offer to assist in the transport of their family to “the rich farmlands in peaceful America.”

At this time the English Kings were originally German. King George I and George II were born in Hanover, and they sat on the English throne from 1714 to 1760. The English-held land in America were being threatened by the possible enlargement of the French- and Spanish- controlled areas in America. English populations were not large enough to provide a needed mass immigration, so the decision was made to entice Germans to swell the number of English settlers in America. The success of this plan was so great that at one time the imported Germans numbered about half of the total population in the English colonies.

Records say that Matthaus Bader was a shepherd. In addition to caring for animals, he must have owned the herds/flocks, because he apparently could afford the cost of moving his family down the Necker and Rhine Rivers to Rotterdam. It was there his family boarded the English ship Forrest (John Ewing, Master), sailed to Plymouth, England, and then crossed the Atlantic to arrive in Philadelphia on 10 Oct 1752. Matthaus settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, which covered an area that stretched west from Philadelphia to the “wild” frontier. Conflict with Indians and with French forces, and then the American Revolution, soon made soldiers out of many of his descendants.

After the family is settled in Pennsylvania, information on the family becomes easier to find. Matthaus' wife Anna Maria died c.1757 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. He remarried on February 28, 1758, to the widow Magdalena Baltensperger. Madgalena had a daughter, Salome, from her first marriage. Salome married Matthaus's son Johann Georg two years later. There is a discrepancy for the date of Matthaus' death. It is given as early as June 3, 1769 and as late as November 26, 1783.

Links to addtional material:

view all 12

Matthaus Bader's Timeline

1707
May 3, 1707
Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg
1733
July 31, 1733
Age 26
Kusterdingen, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
1737
December 30, 1737
Age 30
Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemburg
1741
October 12, 1741
Age 34
Juttenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemberg
1745
August 28, 1745
Age 38
Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemburg
1749
January 26, 1749
Age 41
Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemburg
1751
November 3, 1751
Age 44
Jettenburg, Tübingen, Baden-Wurttemburg
1752
1752
- October 10, 1752
Age 44
Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Matthaus moved his family down the Necker and Rhine Rivers to Rotterdam. It was there his family boarded the English ship Forrest (John Ewing, Master), sailed to Plymouth, England, and then crossed the Atlantic to arrive in Philadelphia on 10 Oct 1752. Matthaus settled in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

1758
February 20, 1758
Age 50
Lancaster, Pennsylvania
1769
June 3, 1769
Age 62