Miriam Bat RASHI Ben Natan

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Miriam Bat RASHI Ben Natan (Yitzchaki)

Hebrew: מרים אשת הריב"ן (יצחקי), מרים בת רש"י אשת ריב"ן
Also Known As: "Miriam bat RASHI"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Troyes, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Rashi רש״י; RASHI; רבי שלמה רש"י יצחקי and Rivkah wife of Rashi d. Isaac Benabun or Yosef Klonymos ?
Wife of Yehuda Bar Natan הריב"ן and Yehuda Azriel ben Nathan (RIBAN), -
Mother of Yom Tov of Falaise; Shimshon ben Yehuda [Gd.son of RASHI]; Eliezer ben Yehuda [Gd.son of RASHI]; Dolce (of Falasi) and Elvina wife Shmuel bar Natrony
Sister of Yocheved bat RASHI Kalonimus and Rachel bat Rashi

Occupation: Daughter of Rashi
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Miriam Bat RASHI Ben Natan

Miriam married Judah ben Nathan and had a daughter, Alvina, a learned woman whose customs served as an example for other Jewish women. Miriam’s son, Yom Tov, later moved to Paris and headed a yeshiva there, along with his brothers, Samson and Eliezer.

Miriam may have had other daughters whose names are unknown. She is assumed to have died in Troyes, her birthplace, but her date of death is not recorded.

There are three legends about Rashi’s daughters, all suggesting that they possessed unusual piety and scholarship. The most well-known, and most likely to be true, states that they were learned in Torah and Talmud at a time when women were forbidden to study these sacred texts. While it seems impossible for girls with a yeshiva in their home to grow up without knowledge of Torah, there is more evidence than this.

A responsum of Rashi notes that he is too weak to write so he is dictating to his daughter, which indicates that she was capable of understanding and writing complicated legal issues in Hebrew. Interestingly, there are two versions of this responsa, the other stating that Rashi was dictating to the "son of my daughter" instead of just "my daughter." However, it seems unlikely that Rashi would use the awkward expression, "son of my daughter" instead of, "my grandson," and more likely that "son of" was added in later.

There is also evidence that Rashi’s daughters and granddaughters taught Torah to local women and served as models for the proper performance of Jewish rituals.

These legends state that Rashi’s daughters wrote his commentary on the Talmud on Tractate Nedarim. There are several "Rashi" Talmudic commentaries that were obviously not written by him, some of which have been attributed to his grandson, Samuel, and son-in-law, Judah. In fact, the true authors of all but one of these pseudo-Rashi commentaries have now been identified; only Nedarim’s author remains unknown. Perhaps his daughters did write it and their identities were later suppressed.

In additon, stories persist of Rashi's daughters wearing tefillin.There is some precedent for prominent women wearing tefillin. Mikhal the daughter of King Saul, and King David's wife. Likewise, Fazonia, the first wife of Rabbi Haim ben Attar, wore tallit and tefillin, as did Rabbi Haim's second wife. The Maid of Ludomir (Hanna Rachel Werbermacher) in the 19th century also wore tefillin. These are just a few prominent cases; little is know of less prominent women.

Miriam's daughter, named Alvina, was a learned woman whose customs served as the basis for later halakhic decisions.