Mulla Muhammad Salih Baraghani (deceased)

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About Mulla Muhammad Salih Baraghani

Mulla Muhammad Salehi Baraghani (born 1753) was the father of Fatemeh Baraghani, also known as Táhirih, the great Bábí heroine and early figurine of women's emancipation.[1][2] He was an Usuli mujtahid in Qazvin, Iran, one of three or four brothers from Baraghan who all established themselves as leading mujtahids in Qazvin.

His older brother Mulla Muhammad Taqi was a fervent usuli. Against common practice, Mulla Muhammad Taqi took money for issuing legal opinions and putting them into writing.

The younger of the brothers, Mulla Ali, was close to a Shaykhi position.

Mulla Muhammad Salih Baraghani got married to Amineh Salehi, the sister of an influential Shaykhi alim, Mulla Abd al-Wahhab Sharif Qazvini (d. 1853), imam of the Shah mosque in Qazvin.

Baraghani opened the Salehiyya madrasa in Qazvin in 1817 which soon gained prominence across Iran and India. As many as 700 students attended it. The madrasa also had a women's section. His wife as well as his four daughters studied in the Salehiyya.

His oldest daughter, Fatimah, became one of the most reputed religious scholars of the 19th century Iran. She eventually turned towards Babism and was eventually executed for her deviance from usuli Twelver Shiism. Mulla Muhammad's other daughters also became religious authorities, though not as prominent as Fatimah. They are Marziye, Robabeh and Khadija Sultan.

Mulla Muhammad Salih Baraghani is remembered for his interpretations of the Qur'an, his eulogies of the tragedies of Karbala, his zeal for the execution of punishments, and active opposition to the consumption of wine.[1]