Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany

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Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany

Nicknames: "2nd Duke of Albany", "Murdoch", "Murdoah Stewart", "Murdoch Stewart", "Murdock Stewart", "Murdoch Stuart Duke Of Albany 2nd"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dunreath, Strathblane, Argylshire, Scotland
Death: Died in Stirlingshire, Scotland
Cause of death: beheaded
Place of Burial: Church of the Black Friars, Stirlingshire
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany and Margaret Graham, Countess of Menteith (in suo iure)
Husband of Isabel Stewart; Joan (Joanna) Douglas and Isabella, Countess of Lennox
Father of Isabel Stewart; Sir Walter Stewart of Lennox, Master of Fife; Robert Stewart, Master of Fife; Sir James Mhor the GREAT Stewart (Albany & Baldorran); Alasdair Stewart and 3 others
Brother of Janet Stewart, of Albany; Mary Stewart of Albany; Margaret Stewart, of Albany; Joan Stewart of Albany; Beatrix Stewart, of Albany and 2 others
Half brother of John Stewart, 3rd Earl of Buchan; Marjorie (Marcellina) Stewart; Elizabeth Stewart; Robert Stewart, Earl of Ross and Margaret de Campbell / Sutherland

Occupation: 2nd Duke of Albany, Duke of Albany, Murdoch
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany

Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany married, firstly, Joan Douglas before 1389. He married, secondly, Isabel of Lennox, Countess of Lennox, daughter of Duncan, 8th Earl of Lennox & Helen Campbell, between 17 February 1392 and 8 November 1392. thepeerage.com/

Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany (1362 – 24 May 1425) was Governor of Scotland (1420 - 1424). In 1389 he was Justiciar North of the Forth. He was the grandson of King Robert II of Scotland, who founded the Stewart dynasty.

His father, Robert Stewart, Duke of Albany was a prominent Scottish nobleman who was Regent of Scotland at various stages during the reigns of three kings, (Robert II, Robert III, and James I). Murdoch inherited the Dukedom of Albany in 1420. He also inherited the Earldom of Fife and the Earldom of Menteith.

He served in military actions against the English in the early 15th century and was captured in 1402, but was traded for Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland.

Upon the return of James I to Scotland he lost his position as Regent, and during the parliament of March 1424 Murdoch, with Lord Alexander Stewart, his younger son, were suddenly arrested and immediately afterwards twenty six of the principal nobles and barons shared the same fate. Albany was first confined in the castle at St. Andrews and afterwards transferred to Caerlaverock Castle. His wife was found in the fortified palace of Doune, their favourite residence, and committed to Tantallon Castle. Walter, the eldest son of Albany, had already been shut up in the strong castle of The Bass, belonging to Sir Robert de Lauder, a firm friend of the king. Walter was tried in Stirling Castle on May 24, 1424, in the presence of the king. The trail was a hurried affair in that it only took one day for a jury of nobles to find him guilty of treason, and he was executed.[1]

Albany and his son Alexander were tried before the same jury the following day, declared traitors and publicly executed on Heading Hill before Stirling Castle.[2] Several other members of his family and close associates were also purged, some sharing the same fate. He was attainted and all of his peerage titles were forfeited.

His sole surviving male heir was his youngest son, James the Fat, who was able to escape to Ireland following the execution of his father and brothers. James remained in Ireland, unable to return, and died there in 1429. He was not able to inherit his father's titles since they had been declared forfeit.

[edit] Marriage and children

Murdoch was married to Isabella, daughter of Donnchadh, Earl of Lennox. They had four sons and a daughter:

  1. Robert Stewart (d. 1421)
  2. Walter Stewart (d. 1425)
  3. Alasdair Stewart (d. 1425)
  4. James the Fat (Seamas Mòr) Stewart (d. 1451)
  5. Isabel, who married Sir Walter Buchanan, 13th Laird Buchanan

Citations

  1. Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 216. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
  2. Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 2, page 2767.

REF:

  1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murdoch_Stewart,_Duke_of_Albany

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son of Robert, 1st Duke of Albany & Mary/Margaret Graham; nephew of King Robert III (John) & grandson of King Robert II

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murdoch_Stewart,_Duke_of_Albany

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From thePeerage.com:

    Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany was born in 1362. He was the son of Robert Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany and Margaret Graham, Countess of Menteith. He married, firstly, Joan Douglas before 1389. He married, secondly, Isabel of Lennox, Countess of Lennox, daughter of Duncan, 8th Earl of Lennox and Helen Campbell, between 17 February 1392 and 8 November 1392. He died on 24 May 1425 at Castle Hill, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland, beheaded. He was buried at Church of the Black Friars, Stirling, Stirlingshire, Scotland.
    Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany held the office of Justiciar North of the Forth on 2 April 1389.1 Between September 1402 and 1415 he was held prisoner by the English, when he was finally exchanged for the Earl of Northumberland. He fought in the Battle of Homildon Hill on 14 September 1402 at Homildon Hill, Scotland, where he was taken prisoner. He held the office of Regent of Scotland between 1420 and 1424. He succeeded to the title of 2nd Duke of Albany [S., 1398] on 3 September 1420. He succeeded to the title of 2nd Earl of Fife on 3 September 1420. He succeeded to the title of Earl of Monteith on 3 September 1420. On 25 March 1425 he was attainted and forfeited all of his honours.

Child of Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany

   * unknown Stewart

Children of Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany and Isabel of Lennox, Countess of Lennox

   * Isabella Stewart
   * Robert Stewart, Master of Fife b. bt 1393 - 1407, d. bt 1416 - 1421
   * Sir Walter Stewart+ b. bt 1394 - 1410, d. 24 May 1425
   * Sir Alexander Stewart b. bt 1395 - 1410, d. 25 May 1425
   * James Stewart, 1st of Baldoran+ b. bt 1395 - 1426, d. b 18 May 1451

-------------------- Beheaded at Castle Hill

view all 15

Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany's Timeline

1362
December 9, 1362
Strathblane, Argylshire, Scotland
1389
1389
Age 26
1389
Age 26
Served as Justiciar North of the Forth
1392
February 17, 1392
Age 29
1393
1393
Age 30
UK
1394
March 1394
Age 31
Lennox, Dunbartonshire, Scotland, United Kingdom
1394
Age 31
Falkland Castle, Fifeshire, Scotland
1397
1397
Age 34
UK
1400
1400
Age 37
Scotland
1400
Age 37
Loch Ard, Aberfoyle, Perthshire, Scotland