NARADA

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NARADA

Death: (Date and location unknown)
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About NARADA

(Sanskrit: नारद, Nārada, possibly derived from "nāra", meaning man) [1] is a Vedic sage Narada  who plays a prominent role in a number of Hinduism's earliest texts, notably the Ramayana and the Bhagavata Purana. Narada is arguably ancient India's most travelled sage with the ability to visit distant worlds and realms (Sanskrit lokas). He is depicted carrying a tanpura, and is generally regarded as one of the great masters of the ancient musical instrument.[2][3] which he uses to accompany his singing of hymns, prayers and mantrasas an act of devotion to Lord Vishnu. Narada is described as both wise and mischievous, creating some of Vedic literature's more humorous tales. Vaishnav enthusiasts depict him as a pure, elevated soul who glorifies Vishnu through his devotional songs, singing the names Hari and Narayana, and therein demonstrating bhakti yoga. The Narada Bhakti Sutra is attributed to him.
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NARADA's Timeline

-5100
-5100
Ayodhya, Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
-3082
October 26, -3082
New Delhi, New Delhi, Delhi, India

1) YAJNA ALLOTMENT OF WORK AND WORK IN PROGRESS

2) FIRST HONOUR WORSHIP (LIBATION) GIVEN TO SRIKRISHNA IN ACCORDANCE WITH SHASTRAS.

3) OBJECTIONS & ABUSES BY SHISHUBALA

4) SHISHUPALA'S PAST LIFE

5) SLAYING OF SHISHUPALA

Duryodhana slips into water
When the princes come of age, Yudhisthira is given half the kingdom and made king of Indraprastha, so as to avoid a clash with the Kaurava princes over the whole Kuru kingdom. Duryodhana becomes the prince regent of Hastinapura, and owing to the age and blindness of his father, he accumulates much control and influence, managing the state affairs himself with a group of his advisors that include his uncle Shakuni, brother Dushasana and friend Karna.
But Duryodhana remains jealous of Yudhisthira, owing to Indraprastha's prosperity and fame exceeding Hastinapura's. When Yudhisthira performs the Rajasuya sacrifice that makes him emperor of the World, Duryodhana is unable to contain his anger, which is intensified when Yudhisthira's queenDraupadi arrogantly taunts him, and his father's blindness, when he slips into a pool of water in the court.

CONDUCTING RAJASUUYA YAGNA & SHISHUPALA’S END.

With all the Kings either allied with him, or acknowledging his overlordship by paying him tribute,Yudhishtra was now eligible to conduct the great sacrifice known as the Rajasooya. His treasure was overflowing with the plundered wealth from the conquests of his brothers. His ministers approached him and said, "O King, It is now time for you to begin preparations for conducting the Rajasooya Yagna. You should appoint suitable Ritwiks and issue orders to invite all your friends to witness this ceremony. Let there not be any further delay."
While they were talking thus, Krishna arrived at Indrprasta, bearing untold wealth as gifts from the Vrishnis to his dear Pandavas. Yudhishtra received his cousin with affection and enquired about the welfare of his family. Once Krishna had been seated, and the rest of the Pandavas, accompanied by their priest Dhaumya and the sage Dwaipayana (Vyasa) also present at the court, Yudhishtra said toKrishna said, "Dear cousin, O jewel of the Vrishnis, it is by your grace that I have obtained this vast wealth. I wish to give away my treasures according to the manner prescribed in the scriptures to deserving Brahmanas and to those who offer sacrificial libations. Grant me permission to perform the Rajasooya Yagna. I humbly request you to assist me in its conduct."
Krishna replied, "Dear King, You deserve all the imperial dignity that you command. Let, therefore, the great sacrifice be performed by you. I will gladly assist you in its conduct. Appoint me to some office, and I shall discharge my duties diligently, obeying your commands with alacrity."
Having obtained the consent of his well-wisher Krishna, the eldest son of Pandu then collected the materials for the performance of the Rajasooya sacrifice, with the help of his brothers. He then summoned Sahadeva and said, "Let persons be appointed to collect all those articles which theBrahmanas deem as necessary for the performance of this sacrifice. Consult with our priest Dhaumyato find out all that is needed."
Sahadeva did the King's bidding. Yudhishtra then went to sage Vyasa and said, "Sir, you are best qualified to appoint the Ritwiks for the Yagna. There is nothing that you do not know about conducting rituals, please choose the suitable priests for this ceremony."
With the help of Vyasa, the Ritwiks and other sacrificial officers were chosen. Vyasa himself became the Brahma priest of the ceremony. A learned Brahmana named Susaman became the chanter of the Vedic hymns. Yagnavalky became the Adhyaryu priest, and another named Paila became the Hotri. The sons of these illustrious priests became the Hotragts. [Note: These are the various classes of priests for the Vedic ritual. I will soon have an article explaining their roles.]
The King then bade Sahadeva to dispatch messengers to invite all the Kings to the ritual. In addition to the Kings, well known Brahmanas, wealthy merchants and virtuos peasants were also invited to the ceremony. Next, skilled architects constructed the central sacrificial hall, the ancilliary halls and the pavilions for the specators. When the preparations were complete, Yudhishtra then sent Nakula to Hastinapura, to personally invite Bhishma, Dhritharashtra and rest of the Kuru personages to participate in the Rajasooya.
The logistical challenges involved were immense. All the Kings and other illustrious persons had to housed suitably and entertained while they were in Indraprasta. Escorts had to be arranged to make sure that all the people were comfortable. Just providing suitable food to all these people alone consumed a vast sum of money.
Yudhishtra respectfully received the Kuru elders and said to them, "Sir, all the treasure that is mine, is also yours. Consult with each other and spend it as you deem fit. Conducting this Rajasooya sacrifice in a proper manner will bring glory to our clan, so it will be yours as much it shall be mine."
Having said that, he appointed every one of them to suitable office. Dushasana was asked to look after the food department. Ashwatthama was given the task of attending on the Brahmanas. Sanjayawas given the task of looking after the kings. Bhishma and Drona were appointed supervisors. Kripawas asked to distribute gifts to the Brahmanas. Vidura became the disburser. Duryodhana received the tributes on Yudhishtra's behalf. Krishna offered worship to the Brahmanas.
None of the Kings came to visit the sacrifice without offering tribute of less than a thousand (in number, weight or measure.) Many costly and rare gifts were exchanged. Finally, Yudhishtra took the oath, and became the Yajaman of the sacrifice. Six sacrificial fires were raised, and oblations were constantly being poured into them. The Gods were gratified at the sacrifce by offerings of clarified butters and libations, poured into sacrificial fire accompanied by Vedic incantations by the priests. The sacrifice continued for many days in this fashion.
On the last day of the sacrifice, when the King would be sprinkled with sacrificial water, all the Kings and other spectators assembled in the central sacrificial hall. Even the divine sages, led by Narada, were seated, waiting for the culmination of the ceremony. In the outer halls, many scholarly debates were taking place.
Bhishma got up and said, "O Yudhishtra, it is time for you to offer Arghya (ceremonial worship, offered after washing the feet of the person being worshipped), to those deserving of it. You should offer it to your elders, to the learned Brahmanas, your friends, and your perceptor."
Yudhishtra said, "Dear Grandfather, tell me who should be worshipped first? To whom shall I offer the first Arghya?"
Bhishma, the illustrious son of Shantanu said, "As Surya is foremost among luminous objects, Krishnais the foremost in this assembly. He is worthy of your first worship."
Thus commanded by the Grandsire, Yudhishtra ordered the materials for the Arghya to be brought. He then washed the feet of Krishna and offered him worship. Smiling, Krishna accepted it. All the onlookers felt that this was just and proper.

All that is, except for Shishupala, the King of Chedi. He was related to Krishna, but hated the Vrishni hero with all his heart. He stood up and spoke in an angry voice, "O Yudhishtra, this wretch of the Vrishni race does not deserve royal worship as if he were a king, especially when all these illustrious monarchs are present. O son of Pandu, you have little knowledge on the rules of worship. ThisBhishma, the son of Ganga is old in years, but is still lacking knowledge. How is it that you are worshipping someone who is not a King before other Kings? You have not considered him worthy of worship due to his age, for his aged father Vasudeva is present here. How is he deserving of worship before your perceptors Drona and Kripa? He is not the Ritwik of your sacrifice, for the great Vyasais present. Here is Duryodhana, he of great might, to whom you might have offered this worship. You might have worshipped Kripa, who was your first teacher. You might have worshipped Ashwatthama, with the unique jewel on his head proclaiming his worth. If you wanted to honor warriors, how could you have overlooked Karna, Ekalavya, and Salya? Or it would have been acceptable for you to have worshipped even Bhishma, the oldest of your clan. Ignoring all these worthy of the first worship, you have chosen a cowherd, a coward, one who associates with low persons to honor with the first worship! All of you, listen to me! I have not paid tribute to Yudhishtra because of fear of him. I have acknowledged him as my overlord, out of affection for the Pandavas. And he repays my trust with this insult! O Krishna, how can you calmly sit here and accept this worship, of which you are not worthy? Like a dog that laps the sacrificial butter, you are revelling in the Arghya which ought not have been offered to you. O Krishna, as a wife is to one who is impotent, as a fine show is to one who is blind, so is this worship to you who are not a king."
Having uttered these cutting words in rage, Shishupala left the assembly. Many of his allies also accompanied him.

October -3082
Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

1) DURYODHANA BURNING WITH ENVY & RESENTMENT

2) DURYODHANA SCHEMING FOR GAMBLING

3) GAME OF DICE & LOSS OF INDRAPRASTA

4) YUDHISTHIRA WAGERING BROTHERS, SELF & DRAUPADI AND LOOSING GAME.

5) DRAOUPADI HUMILIATED and BHISMA'S VOWS.

6) ANOTHER VOW OF BHIMA WHEN SECOND GAME OF DIES LOST BY YUDHISTHIRA WHICH SENT PANDAVAS FOR 13 YEARS EXILE.
(BANISHED TO FOREST 12 YEARS & 13TH YEAR LIVE IN INCOGNITO)

-3075
-3075
Himalayas

1) ARJUNA'S ABSENCE FELT BY ALL

2) PILGRIMAGE WITH RISHI LOMASHA

3) HOLY SPOT PRABHASA

4) GANHAMADANA FOREST & GATOTKACHA'S HELP

5) SAUGANDHIKA FOREST, RARE FLOWER SEARCH & MEETING HANUMAN.

-3075
Himalayas

1) ARJUNA'S ABSENCE FELT BY ALL

2) PILGRIMAGE WITH RISHI LOMASHA

3) HOLY SPOT PRABHASA

4) GANHAMADANA FOREST & GATOTKACHA'S HELP

5) SAUGANDHIKA FOREST, RARE FLOWER SEARCH & MEETING HANUMAN.

-3075
Himalayas

1) ARJUNA'S ABSENCE FELT BY ALL

2) PILGRIMAGE WITH RISHI LOMASHA

3) HOLY SPOT PRABHASA

4) GANHAMADANA FOREST & GATOTKACHA'S HELP

5) SAUGANDHIKA FOREST, RARE FLOWER SEARCH & MEETING HANUMAN.

-3067
December 10, -3067
- December 10, -3067
Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh, India

AFTER THE MAHABHARATA WAR,

1) MEANWHILE DRISTADYUMNA'S CHARIOTEER HAD SOMEHOW ESCAPED, THE MASSACRE AND RUSHED TO YUDHISTHIRA WITH THE TERRIBLE NEWS; RELATINGTHE GRUESOME DETAILS OF THE MIDNIGHT MASSACRE HE SAID, " O KING I ALONE ESCAPED WHILE ENTIRE ARMY HAS BEEN DESTROYED".
2) YUDHISTHIRA FAINTED WITH A SHOCK; ON RECOVERING YUDHISTHIRA LAMENTED ALOUD A ND AFTER SENDING NAKULA TO FETCH DRAUPADI, HE SORROWFULLY WENT TO HIA CAMP WITH HIS OTHER BROTHERS. THE SCENE OF MASSACRE WAS TOO TRAGIC FOR DRAUPADI.
3) AFTER RECOVERING DRAUPADI WHO WAS BURNING WITH RAGE AT THE MONSTROUS ACT , ASKED THEM TO AVENGE THE DEATH OF HER SONS BY KILLING THAT WICKED ASHWATHAMA AND BRING HIS PRECIOUS JEWEL. BHEEMA LEFT WITH NAKULA AS HIS CHARIOTEER. AND SET OUT TO FOLLOW ASHWATHAMA'S TRAIL. KRISHNA ASCENDED HIS CHARIOT, TAKING ARJUNA AND YUDHISTHIRA WITH HIM.
4)THEY FOUND ASHWATHAMA CLAD IN BARK, SITTING AMIDST VYASA AND OTHER SAGES.BHEEMA RAN UP TO HIM WITH HIS BOW & ARROW.
5)ASWATHAMA PICKED UP A BLADE OF GRASS AND MEDIDATED ON THE CELESTIAL WEAPON "MAY THIS WEAPON DESTROY ALL PANDAVAS". NO SOONER HAD HE SAID THIS, THAN ENORMOUS FLAMES BEGAN TO EMERGE FROM THAT BLADE OF GRASS. .
6) KRISHNA HAD READ ASHWATHAMA'S MIND, HE ASKED ARJUNA TO USE HIS BRAHMASTRA. JUMPING DOWN FROM THE CHARIOT, ARJUNA TOOK UP HIS BOW AND ARROW "MAY THIS WEAPON COUNTER ASHWATHAMA'S WEAPONS.
7) JUST THEN THE SAGES VYASA AND NARADA GOT UP AND STODD BETWEEN ARJUNA AND ASHWATHAMA REQUESTED THEM TO RECALL THE WEAPON AS THAT WAS NOT USED ON HUMAN BEINGS.
8) ARJUNA HAD THE POWER AND ABILITY TO WITHDRAW IT, ASHWATHAMA HOWEVER COULD NOT DO SO, MUCH AS HE TRIED AND APPEALED TO VYASA " SINCE I CANNOT RECALL IT LET IT EFFORTS BE DIRECTED TO THE FUTURE PROGENY OF THE PANDAVAS IF NOT TO THEM AND NOW TO COMPENSATE FOR THE WICKED ACT, I GIVE THEM THE JEWEL FROM MY HEAD'".
9) .ASHWATHAMA'S CURSE WOULD HAVE AFFECTED THE UNBORN BABY OF UTTARA, ABHIMANYU'S WIDOW, BUT KRISHNA INTERVENED IN TIME & SAID " THIS SON OF UTTARA WILL BE REVIVED AT BIRTH; NOT ONLY WILL HE SURVIVE YOUR CURSE BUT WILL GROW UP TO BE A MIGHTY KING AND CONTINUE THE PANDAVA DYNASTY".
10) THE PANDAVAS RETURNED IN HASTE TO DRAUPADI WITH THE PRECIOUS JEWEL, AND ASHWATHAMA WENT MOROSELY INTO JUNGLE. BHEEMA PRESENTED THE GEM TO DRAUPADI AND DRAUPADI IN TURN GAVE IT TO YUDHISTHIRA FOR ADORNING HIS HEAD.

-3052
-3052
- -3050
Haridwar, Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India

AFTER MAHABHATA WAR-- PART IV.

AFTER RETIRING TO THE FOREST DHRITARASHTRA LEARNT THE RITES & RITUALS OF FOREST LIFE FROM OTHER ASCETICS AND BECAME ACCUSTOMED TO A LIFE OF PRAYER AND MEDITATION..GANDHARI, KUNTI, VIDURA AND SANJAYA WHO HAD ACOMPANIED HIM ALSO ADOPTED AN AUSTERE LIFE STYLE. MONTHS OF SEVERE PENANCE REDUCED DHRITARASHTRA TO SKIN & BONES.

2) DHRITARASHTRA & OTHERS WERE VERY OFTEN REMEMBERED BY THE PANDAVAS. YUDHISTHIRA SAID " WE WILL LEAVE FOR THE FOREST TOMORROW". YUYUTSU AND ROYAL PRIEST DHAUMYA WERE LEFT IN CHARGE OF THE KINGDOM. LEAVING THEIR HORSES AND CHARIOT AT A DISTANCE, THE PANDAVA WALKED UP TO DHRITARASHTRA'S HERITAGE. DHRITARASHTRA SAID " HAVING ALL OF YOU AROUND MAKES ME FEEL, I AM BACK IN THE PALACE.". AT THE HERITAGE A CURIOUS CROWED HAD ALREADY GATHERED. SANJAYA INTRODUCED THE PANDAVAS TO THEM.

3) VIDURA PAUSED IN THE THICK OF THE FOREST AND STOOD AGAINST A TREE STARING INTERN AT YUDHISTHIRA. IN A MOMENT YUDHISTHIRA REALIZED THAT HE WAS STARING AT VIDURA'S LIFELESS BODY.. THE DEATH OF VIDURA TOOK EVERY ONE BY SURPRISE. YUDHISTHIRA AND HIS RETINUE SPENT THE NIGHT UNDER THE TREES..

4) FOR A MONTH YUDHISTHIRA ANS THE OTHERS STAYED IN THE FOREST, VISITING VARIOUS ASHRAMS AND BESTOWING GENEROUS GIFTS ON THE SAGES. THEN WITH PERMISSION AND BLESSINGS OF DHRITARASHTRA AND GANDHARI, THEY MADE THEIR WAY BACK TO HASTINAPURA..

5) TWO YEARS AFTER THEIR VISIT TO THE FOREST, SAGE NARADA VISITED YUDHISTHIRA ANXIOUSLY SAID, "AFTER YOU RETURNED, THEY LEFT FOR HARIDWAR AND SPENT THEIR DAYS IN FASTING AND PRAYERS. ONE DAY WHEN DHRITARASHTRA WAS RETURNING TO HIS ASHRAMA AFTER HIS BATH, A STORM BROKE AND WITH IT A FOREST FIRE, SOON THE FOREST WAS AFLAME; SO WEAK AND HELPLESS HAD THEY BECAME THAT DHRITARASHTRA, KUNTI AND GANDHARI COULD NOT RUN AWAY, PERSUADING SANJAYA TO ESCAPE, THE THREE OF THEM SAT DOWN. SO WHILE THREE OF THEM WERE CONSUMED BY THE FOREST FIRE SANJAYA WENT TO HIGHER HIMALAYAS.",..

6) THE NEWS CAME AS A REAL SHOCK TO THE YUDHISTHIRA AND HIS BROTHERS. THEY WERE REDUCED TO TEARS AND TRIED TO COMFORT ONE ANOTHER.

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