Nachman Nahum Syrkin Sirkin

public profile

Is your surname Syrkin Sirkin?

Research the Syrkin Sirkin family

Nachman Nahum Syrkin Sirkin's Geni Profile

Records for Nachman Nahum Syrkin Sirkin

3 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Nachman Nahum Syrkin Sirkin

Hebrew: נחמן נחום סירקין
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Belarus
Death: Died in New York, NY, USA
Cause of death: Heart attack
Place of Burial: In 1924 he was buried in NY. In 1951 his remains were reinterred at Kibbutz Kinneret Cemetery, Kibutz Kinneret, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Eliezer Sirkin and Tzvia Sirkin
Husband of Batya בתיה Syrkin סירקין and Masha מאשה Syrkin סירקין
Father of Marie Brodansky, Reznikoff and <private> Wurtele (Syrkin)
Brother of Yitzchak Sirkin

Occupation: Founder of Labour Zionism and Writer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:
view all

Immediate Family

About Nachman Nahum Syrkin Sirkin

Nachman Syrkin

Nachman Syrkin (or Nahman Syrkin or Nahum Syrkin; b. 11 February 1868; d. 6 September 1924) was a political theorist, founder of Labour Zionism and a prolific writer in Hebrew, Yiddish, Russian, German and English language.

Born in the Russian Empire (now Belarus), Syrkin was influenced by Hovevei Zion and socialism in his youth and dedicated himself to synthesising the two concepts. In this task he was joined by Ber Borochov, although, unlike Borochov, Syrkin was no orthodox Marxist. He was one of the leaders of the socialist Zionist faction at the First Zionist Congress in 1897 and was an early proponent of the Jewish National Fund. He was also the first person to propose that emigrants to Palestine form collective settlements.

Unlike many other socialist thinkers of the time, Syrkin was quite comfortable with his Jewish heritage and, although he does not spell it out explicitly in his essay "The Jewish Problem and the Jewish Socialist State" (1898), it is clear that he had in mind the biblical emphasis on strict social justice, irrespective of wealth, power or privilege. However, he saw Zionism as a replacement for traditional Judaism:

   The new, Zionist Judaism stands in complete contrast to the Judaism of exile … Zionism uproots religious Judaism in a stronger way than Reform or assimilation, by creating new standards of 'Judaism' which will constitute a new ideology that can be elevated to the status of a religion.

Syrkin worked to establish socialist Zionist groups throughout Central Europe. After studying and working in Germany and France and after being banned from Germany in 1904, Syrkin returned to Russia after the Russian Revolution of 1905. He took part at the 1905 Basle Seventh Zionist Congress as a delegate of the new Zionist Socialist Workers Party. In 1907 he moved to the United States, where he became one of the leaders of the Poale Zion party in America.

In 1919, Syrkin was a member of the American Jewish delegation to the Versailles Peace Conference. He was also a leading figure in the World Poale Zion conference that year and was given the task of visiting Palestine to develop a plan for kibbutz settlement. He intended to relocate to Palestine, but died of a heart attack in 1924 in New York City.

In 1951 his mortal remains were buried in the Kibbutz Kinneret beside the other founders of Labour Zionism. Kfar Sirkin (founded 1933) close to Petach Tikva is named after Nachman Syrkin.

Works (in English)

   * Essays on socialist Zionism (New York, Young Poale Zion Alliance of America, 1935, 64p). Includes:
         o The Jewish problem and the Jewish socialist state (1898)
         o National independence and international unity (1917)

Links

--------------------

About נחמן נחום סירקין (עברית)

מגילות יחש של משפחת יפה- צבי יפה 1996/ גניגר ישראל עמוד 4א

view all

Nachman Nahum Syrkin Sirkin's Timeline

1868
February 11, 1868
Belarus
1899
March 22, 1899
Age 31
Berne, Bern District, Canton of Bern, Switzerland
1899
Age 30
1915
1915
Age 46
1924
September 6, 1924
Age 56
New York, NY, USA
1924
Age 55
Kibutz Kinneret, Israel