About Nathan Sanford
Nathan Sanford (November 5, 1777 – October 17, 1838) was an American politician.
He was the son of Thomas Sanford and Phebe Sanford, née Baker. He studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1799, and commenced practice in New York City.
In 1803, he was appointed as United States Attorney for the District of New York, and remained in office until 1815 when the district was split into the Northern and the Southern District of New York.
He was a member of the New York State Assembly in 1808-1809 and 1811. In 1811, he was elected Speaker on January 29, but could not attend the session after February 10 because of ill health. The Assembly moved to elect a new Speaker and proceeded to the election of William Ross. He was a member of the New York State Senate (Southern D.) from 1812 to 1815.
In 1815, he was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1815, to March 4, 1821. He was Chairman of the Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (15th and 16th United States Congresses), and a member of the Committee on Naval Affairs (15th Congress) and the Committee on Finance (16th Congress). In 1821, he ran for re-election as a Clintonian, but was defeated by Bucktail Martin Van Buren.
He was a delegate to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1821, and was Chancellor of New York from 1823 to 1826. In 1824, he received 30 electoral votes for U.S. Vice President.
In 1826, he resigned the chancellorship after his nomination in caucus, and was elected again to the U.S. Senate. He took his seat on January 31, 1826, and served until March 4, 1831. He was Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations (19th United States Congress). Afterwards he resumed the practice of law in Flushing, New York.
His residence in Flushing, "Sanford Hall", became a private insane asylum in 1845, run by Dr. James Macdonald MD (1803–1849) and Gen. Allan Macdonald (1794–1862).