Nathaniel Gist (1733 - 1812) MP

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Col. Nathaniel Gist's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
Death: Died in Clarke, Kentucky, United States
Managed by: Stephen Anthony Randolph
Last Updated:

About Nathaniel Gist

Info added per DARs "Lineage Book of the Charter Members" by Mary S Lockwood and published 1895 stating he was "a colonel and grigadier of the Virginia Line"

Sequoyah's father was either white or mixed-race white and Cherokee. Sources differ as to the exact identity of Sequoyah's father, but many (including Mooney) suggested that he was possibly a fur trader, who would have been a man of some social status and financial backing. Based on available documentation, for decades historians believed that Sequoyah's father was Nathaniel Gist, a commissioned officer with the Continental Army associated with George Washington.

Allegiance - United States, Service/branch - Infantry, Years of service - 1755–1760 and 1777–1783. Rank - Colonel. Battles/wars fought in - Braddock's Expedition (1755), Forbes Expedition (1758), Cherokee War (1760), Battle of Paulus Hook (1779), and Siege of Charleston (1780).


Nathaniel Gist (15 October 1733 – 1812) was born in Maryland and fought during the French and Indian War and the American Revolutionary War. He was reputed to be the father of Sequoyah the famous Cherokee by Wut-teh. Like his father Christopher Gist (1706–1759), Nathaniel became a frontiersman and he once briefly traveled with Daniel Boone. He served in Braddock's Expedition in 1755 and the Forbes Expedition in 1758. The outbreak of the American Revolution found him on the frontier. At first suspected of sympathizing with the British, he convinced the Americans of his loyalty.


George Washington, a close friend of his father, authorized him to form Gist's Additional Continental Regiment in January 1777. Gist probably participated in Light Horse Harry Lee's Paulus Hook Raid in 1779. He and his regiment were captured at the Siege of Charleston in May 1780. After the war, he took an American wife Judith Cary Bell (1750–1833) and the couple had four daughters, one of whom married Francis P. Blair. He is variously said to have died in 1796, 1812, or at the end of the War of 1812. He is confused with his uncle Nathaniel Gist (1707–1780). He was a first cousin of Mordecai Gist.

Lineage Book - National Society of the Daughters of the American ..., Volume 36 'Daughters of the American Revolution - 1912 http://books.google.com/books?id=mmUZAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA147&img=1&zoom=3&hl=en&sig=ACfU3U2JDMpQ-izsNKrT7m-b3lT2sTOEMA&ci=81%2C628%2C768%2C380&edge=0

Nathaniel was the son of Captain Christopher Gist[, himself famous as an explorer of the West in 1750 and as guide to the young George Washington in the Ohio River Region. His personal journals are considered the bedrock of history of the West for the earliest emigrant times.

Nathaniel had a brilliant career in the southeast Indian Nation; trading in 1750's, later as Lieutenant to Major George Washington in 1755. Due to his intimate negotiations with the Stuarts, agents, and Old Hop, and other chiefs, he was suspected of being a double agent in the Revolutionary War Years, 1770's and came close to hanging; but Gist was diplomatically reunited with Geo. Washington who elevated him to Colonel of a Continental regiment. He retired in January, 1781.

Find A Grave Memorial # 51971154.

"Chronicles of Oklahoma, Volume 14, No. l. March 1937" for the excellent in-depth survey of the Nathaniel Gist and Sequoyah Lives complex history; www.ok.history.mus.ok.

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Col. Nathaniel Gist's Timeline

1733
October 15, 1733
Baltimore, Baltimore, Maryland
1751
1751
Age 17
1752
1752
Age 18
1758
1758
Age 24
Tuskeegee, Monroe, Tennessee
1765
1765
Age 31
Tennessee, USA
1783
1783
Age 49
Buckingham, Virginia, USA
1784
1784
Age 50
Buckingham, Virginia
1785
1785
Age 51
Buckingham, Virginia
1788
1788
Age 54
Buckingham, Virginia
1790
1790
Age 56
Buckingham, Virginia, USA