Capt. John Taylor Wood

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John Taylor Wood

Also Known As: "Capt", "CSN/CSA"
Birthplace: Fort Snelling, Mississippi Territory, USA
Death: Died in Nova Scotia, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Crooke Wood, Sr. MD and Ann Margaret Mackall Wood
Husband of Lola Wood
Father of Anne Mackall Wood; Zachary T. Wood, Comm. de Yukon Terr. du Canada; Elizabeth Simms Wood; Lola Mackubin Wood; Robert Crooke Wood, IV and 6 others
Brother of Robert Crooke Wood, Jr.; Blandina Dudly von Grabow and Sarah Knox Wood

Occupation: US Naval Officer, Captain Confederate Navy, Merchant
Managed by: <private>
Last Updated:

About Capt. John Taylor Wood

John Taylor Wood (August 13, 1830 – July 19, 1904) was an officer in the United States Navy who became a captain in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War.

The son of Robert Crooke Wood, an Army surgeon who served the Union in the Civil War, and Anne Mackall Taylor, daughter of President Zachary Taylor, John Taylor Wood was born in Minnesota on August 13, 1830. He became a U.S. Navy Midshipman in 1847 and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1853. He served for a time aboard the USS Ohio.

Wood served at sea during the last part of the Mexican-American War, off the coast of Africa and in the Mediterranean, as well as performing shore duty as a Naval Academy officer.

In April 1861, Lieutenant Wood's southern sympathies led him to resign from the Navy and take up farming near Annapolis, Maryland. Fearing arrest, he later went to Virginia and, in October 1861, received a commission as a Confederate Navy First Lieutenant.

Following service with shore batteries on the Potomac, he became an officer in the famed ironclad Virginia/Merrimac and participated in her encounter with the USS Monitor in the Hampton Roads, Virginia area. In May 1862, after Virginia/Merrimac was destroyed to prevent it's capture, he assisted with the defense of Drewry's Bluff, on the James River.

During the next two years, Wood led several successful raids against Federal ships and also served as naval aide to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. Promoted to Commander in May 1863, he simultaneously held the rank of Colonel in the cavalry. These dual ranks, with his reputation for extraordinary daring and his family connections to Confederate leaders, allowed him to play an important liaison role between the South's army, navy and civil government.

In August 1864, Wood commanded CSS Tallahassee during her very fruitful cruise against U.S. shipping off the Atlantic coast. He received the rank of Captain in February 1865. A few months later, as the Confederacy was disintegrating, he took part in President Davis' attempts to evade capture. Though briefly taken prisoner, Wood was able to make his way to Cuba. He subsequently went to Halifax, Nova Scotia, where he became a businessman. John Taylor Wood died there on July 19, 1904. Link 1 Link 2 Link 3

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Capt. John Taylor Wood's Timeline

August 13, 1830
Mississippi Territory, USA
November 29, 1856
Age 26
Age 27
November 11, 1860
Age 30
Annapolis, Maryland, United States
March 13, 1862
Age 31
Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, Confederate States of America
March 15, 1865
Age 34
Richmond County, Virginia, Confederate States of America
Age 36
December 29, 1868
Age 38
Halifax, Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia, Canada
August 27, 1870
Age 40
Age 41