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Niall Caille O'Néill (MAC AEDH), High King of Ireland

Also Known As: "High King of /Ireland/", "9447"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Ireland
Death: Died in Armagh, County Armagh, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Áed Ordnidhe mac Néill, Ard-rí na h'Éireann and Eugenis ingen Donnchada Donnchada
Husband of Flann and Gormlaith ingen Dunchad
Father of ingen Niall; Joan of Mael Morda Macmuirecan O'Neill; Áed Findliath; Flaithbertach Finliath; Dubhionracht and 3 others
Brother of Fogartach; Maoldoon and Blathmac
Half brother of Máel Dúin mac Áeda Ó Néill, King Of Ailech; Ordnide O'Niel and Land ingen Aed

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Niall Caille

Kings of Ireland

Before the English conquest was Ireland divided in several different kingdoms which were subordinated to a common high king. Exactly how much power they had and how long Ireland had been ruled by high kings is disputed. The traditional list of high kings stretch as far back as 1934 BC and is obviously not true. The first confirmed historic king is Niall Noigiallach who is believed to be, next to Genghis Khan, the person with most living descendants today (according to DNA-analysis have someone from his time produced a significant number of children in Ireland). The existence of high kings is however only certain from the eight century and it was not until the next century that they had real power over the island. This unity was lost in the eleventh century when civil wars became endemic. The long period of English rule began with an intervention in another Irish civil war 1169. The pope granted the English kings the title "lord of Ireland" 1171 but complete control over Ireland was not to be achieved until after the middle age. The English kings styled themselves "king of Ireland" from 1541 until 1801 when Ireland was united with Great Britain and the separate Irish title disappeared.

High Kings

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458-466

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1166-1186

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1258-1260

1260-1315

1315-1318

1318-1541 Niall Noigiallach

Lóegaire mac Néill

Eogan

Ailill Molt

Lughaid mac Loeguire

Muircheartach

Tuathal Maelgarb

Diarmait mac Cerbaill

Fearghus & Domhnall

Ainmire mac Sétnai

Eochaidh & Baedan

Báetan mac Ninnedo

Áed mac Ainmuirech

Colmán Rímid

Áed Sláine

Aedh Uairidhnach

Máel Coba mac Áedo

Suibne Menn

Domnall mac Áedo

Conall Cael & Ceallach

Blathmac & Diarmaid

Seachnasach

Ceannfaeladh

Finnachta Fleadhach

Loingsech mac Óengusso

Congal Ceann Maghair

Fearghal

Fógartach

Cináed mac Írgalaig

Flaithbertach mac Loingsig

Áed Allán

Domnall Midi

Niall Frossach

Donnchad Midi mac Domnaill

Aed Oirdnide mac Neill

Conchobar

Niall Caille mac Áeda

Thorgest

Máel Sechnaill mac Maíl Ruanaid

Aed Finliath

Flann Sinna

Niall Glúndub

Donnchad Donn

Congalach Cnogba

Domnall ua Néill

Máel Sechnaill mac Domnaill

Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig (Brian Boru)

Máel Sechnaill (restored)

Corcran Claireach

Conn Ó Lochlain

Donnchad mac Briain

Toirdhealbhach Ua Briain

Domhnall MacLochlainn

Muircheartach Ua Briain

Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair

Muirchertach MacLochlainn

Ruaidri Ua Conchobair (Rory O'Connor)

English rule

Brian Ua Neill

English rule

Edubard a Briuis (Edward Bruce)

English rule

Kingdom of Ireland

(in personal union with England, also Scotland from 1601)

 

1541-1547

1547-1553

1553

1553-1558

1558-1603

1603-1625

1625-1649

1649-1650

1650-1660

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Interregnum

Charles II (restored)

James II

Mary II

William III

Anne

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Union with Great Britain

Irish Free State

Republic

-------------------- Called Niall of the River Caillen; he drowned in that river trying to save one of his men. -------------------- Called Niall of the River Caillen; he drowned in that river trying to save one of his men.


 

-------------------- Niall was the son of Aodh Ordnigh, the 164th High King of Ireland. He reigned as the 166th High King of Ireland from 831 until his death in 844. Niall was known as Caille because he was drowned in the river Callan. During his reign, Niall gained numerous victories in battle against the Danes and the Norewegians but, because of the Vikings' growing strength, he was unable to prevent them from taking and fortifying Dublin and other places on the eastern, southern and southwestern coasts of Ireland. Niall married Gormfhlaith, daughter of Donagh, the son of Donal, and had five sons, the oldest of which, Aodh Finnlaith, reigned as the 168th High King of Ireland from 860 to 876.

[1] "Annals of the Four Masters," p. 449.

[2] "Irish Pedigrees," p. 374.

[3] Desmond O Neill, "The Ancient and Royal Family of O Neill," Omeath, Co. Louth, Ireland, 1995.

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Niall Caille's Timeline

791
791
Ireland
815
815
Age 24
of Aileach, Donegal, Ireland
825
825
Age 34
Ireland
840
840
Age 49
Ireland
846
846
Age 55
Armagh, County Armagh, Ireland
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