About Nicholas Wyeth (Wythe)
Name: Nicholas WYETH
Birth: 20 JAN 1600 (baptism) in Saxtead, Suffolk, England
Death: 19 JUL 1680 in Cambridge, Middlesex, Masschusetts
Marriage 1 Margaret Clarke b. 12 OCT 1608 in Westhorpe, Suffolk, England
Married: Abt 1630, at Saxtead, Suffolk, England
- Sarah WYETH b: 28 OCT 1632 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England
- John WYETH b: 18 OCT 1634 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England
- Nathaniel WYETH b: 11 DEC 1636 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England
Marriage 2 Rebecca CRADDOCK b: November 1, 1623 in London, Middlesex, England
Married: 1648 in Watertown,Middlesex,Massachusetts
- Mary WYETH b: 26 JAN 1649 in Watertown,Middlesex,Massachusetts
- Nicholas WYETH b: 10 AUG 1651 in Watertown,Middlesex,Massachusetts
- Martha WYETH b: 11 JAN 1653 in Watertown,Middlesex,Massachusetts
- John WYETH b: 15 JUL 1655 in Watertown,Middlesex,Massachusetts
- William WYETH b: 1 JAN 1657 in Cambridge,Middlesex,Massachusetts
His alternate date of birth: 1595 in Saxtead, Suffolk, England
Since Nicholas's children are buried at Saxtead, England as late as 1638 it is not believed that he came to America in 1630 with the Winthrop Colonies or in 1634 from Nellis, England. I believe that he came to America in about late 1643 and on January 7, 1644 he was added to the First Church of Christ of Cambridge by our Lord Jesus Christ.
Nicholas grew up at Saxtead, England and in 1616 he traveled to Wymondham in Norfolk County, England, to become an apprentice of a mason. He returned to live at Saxtead to work as a mason. In 1628, he and a friend, Nicholas Danforth, traveled to hear Mr. Banks preach 16 miles away. He met and married Margaret Clark in about 1631, the daughter of Thomas (1570-1627) and Rose (Kerridge) Clarke of Suffolk County, Westhorpe, England. Margaret's brother John Clarke emigrated to Boston in September of 1637 and was credited with helping found Rhode Island. Margaret was baptized at Westhorpe on October 12, 1608.
In about 1631 Nicholas & Margaret were blessed with a daughter Sarah, who was baptized on October 28, 1632 at Saxtead. She went to America with her father and married John Fiske at Watertown, Massachusetts. Their second son John Wyth was baptized at Saxtead and was buried there on April 23, 1638. Their next son also died young and was buried on May 21, 1637 at Saxtead. Therefore Nicholas and Margaret are in Saxtead until at least April 23, 1638. So sometime between 1638 and 1643 they left for America with his wife dying on the voyage. The sudden increase in the English cost of living may have caused them to make their decision to go to America as well as religious reasons. He came against the wishes of his family and settled in Newton, Massachusetts instead of Long Island where he had friends. He came as a Free Man and paid for the passage of himself, his wife and daughter. He was classified as a Yeoman in England and there was no doubt that he was a member of a family who had been large land owners at one time. He was listed under the heading of "Outdwellers toward Saxtead" on page 55, as dwelling on the same street as Nicholas Danforth. Robert Hawes in his "History of Framlingham, Suffolk County" says in the book that Nicholas Wythe held 89 acres wit four other men.
In the year of our Lord 1642 or 1643 the Wythe (Wyeth) family left England and landed in America and settled in Massachusetts where on January 7, 1644 Nicholas made his confession which could be found in the New England Historical Society papers. He became a Proprietor at Cambridge on May 20, 1645 and he bought a dwelling house and 1/2 acre of land from Robert Daniell. It was on the westerly side of Garden Street near Phillips Place, which remained in the Wyeth name for more than 2 centuries. Wyeth Street, near Harvard College, is named in his honor. In the same year he purchased from George Williams 2 more acres in Westfield and he received a grant of 6 acres. Nicholas was left to mourn the death of his sons, his wife and his friend Nicholas Danforth.
In 1648 Nicholas married Rebecca Damaris Andrews, the widow of Thomas Andrews and daughter of Matthew & Damaris (Winne) Craddock. She was baptized in London, England on November 1, 1623. She later married Thomas Fox in 1685 after the death of Nicholas. She died in may of 1698 at Salem, Massachusetts. But before her death she became a party to a cause celebre. By her first husband she had, Thomas, Daniel, and Rebecca, all three baptized at the First Church of Christ in Cambridge. Rebecca was born in Cambridge on April 18, 1646 and married John Frost in 1666, and second George Jacobs, Jr. of Salem, Massachusetts. In the witch scare which swept Salem at the end of the 17th Century, Rebecca Andrews Jacobs father-in-law George Jacobs, Sr. and one of his daughters were imprisoned on suspicion of witchcraft. Her husband fled the town to escape arrest. Rebecca was imprisoned on suspicion, and although she was mentally deranged, she was kept in prison without a trial for almost a year, leaving the care of her own children to the mercy of the neighbors. Rebecca Wythe (Wyeth) her mother and the wife of Nicholas wrote a plea to the court asking them for her daughter Rebecca Jacobs release. The court took no action on her plea, but when the trial came to court she was acquitted and released.
Between 1648 and 1657 they had seven children. The family was recorded in the new church roster in 1658. Nicholas died on July 19, 1680 and was buried in the Old Burying Ground on Garden Street where he first lived and it lies between Christ's Church and the First Church of Christ in Cambridge, which was the church Nicholas belonged to founded in 1632. He was buried in the Gamage Tomb with no tombstone to mark his grave, however there is a monument listing Nicholas, his son John, Ebenezer, Jonas & Jonas Wyeth right down the line. The lot where the marker is located was originally purchased by Jonas Wyeth II and inherited by his son Edwin A. Wyeth, who died in 1917. Nicholas was enterprising, prosperous, and a man of great integrity and Christian character. He was a brick mason and he taught his sons the trade.
NICHOLAS WYTHE - bap. Jan. 20, 1600, Saxtead, Suffolk, England; d. July 19, 1680, Cambridge, MA. He was the son of John Wythe and Margaret of Suffolk England. He joined the church in 1645 Nicholas married first before about 1630, at Saxtead, Suffolk. Nicholas married second at Cambridge, Middlesex Co., MA Rebecca CRADDOCK (bap. Nov. 1, 1623, London, England; d. Mary 1698, Salem, MA), widow of Thomas ANDREWS. Rebecca was married third on Dec. 16, 1685 to Thomas FOX. Nicholas' step-daughter, Rebecca (ANDREWS) FROST JACOBS, was one of those accused of witchcraft in Salem, together with her husband George JACOBS, Jr., and daughter Margaret. Nicholas' step-son Daniel ANDREWS was arrested and jailed for witchcraft in 1692. The Widow Rebecca wrote the govener and pleaded for the life of her daughter Rebecca Jacobs. She was later found not guilty and set free. Margaret CLARKE - b. Oct. 12, 1608, Westhorpe, Suffolk, England; about 1647. Whether Margaret came to America with her husband and daughter is uncertain, but the 1645 testimony of Nicholas uses the plural "we" several times, seeming to imply his wife was with him and his daughter.
About 1645 Nicholas Wyeth bought a house and land in Cambridge, Massachusetts on the westerly side of what is now Garden Street near Phillips Place. This land remained in possession of the Wyeth family for over two centuries. Nicholas came to this country with his daughter Sarah and probably his wife Margaret. He later married Rebecca, the widow of Thomas Andrew. Nicholas was a mason and died July 19, 1680, aged 85 years. We have from one source that Nicholas was baptised in 1600, yet Cambridge Vital Records give his age at death as 85 in 1680, so the birth record, and his ancestry for that matter, may be in doubt. The death record also claims that he "settled in Newtowne in 1630". Another source has the Nicholas Wyeth family of four coming to New England with Reverend Shepard's company in 1635 in the ship Defence.
Nicholas was granted lot 70 of 90 acres in the Shawshine grant of 1652. Shawshine later became the town of Billerica. In the early 1660's, after the death of Oliver Cromwell and the restoration of the English monarchy under Charles II, the king cracked down on the Puritan colonies after their decade of freedoms under Cromwell. On Oct. 8, 1664 Nicholas was one of the signers (by mark in his case) of a document professing loyalty to the king but, at the same time, exhibiting an unwillingness to submit to arbitrary government, much like was done a hundred years later in the Revolution. The petition stated "... For as much as we have heard that theire have beene representations made unto his Majesty conserning divisions among us and dissatisfactions about the present goverment of this colonie; we whose names are under written, the inhabitants and householders of the towne above mentioned, doe hereby testify our unanimous satisfaction in and adhearing to the present government so long and orderly estableshed, and our earnest desire of the continuance theirof and of all the liberties and privileges pertaining theirunto which are contained in the charter granted by King James and King Charles the First of famous memory, under the encouredgment and security of which charter we or our fathers ventered over the ocean into this wildernesse through great hazards, charges, and difficulties; and we humbly desire our honored General Court would addresse themselves by humble petition to his Majesty for all his royall favour in the continuance of the present estableshment and of all the previleges theirof, and that we may not be subjected to the arbitrary power of any who are not chosen by this people according to theire patent".
Nicholas may have lived in Mellis, county of Suffolk, in England and come to New England about 1638. From his own words in his "confession" to Thomas Shepard upon joining the Cambridge church, Nicholas mentioned traveling four miles every sabbath to hear Mr. Salby and, later, sixteen miles to hear Mr. Burrows. Richard Selby was the rector of the church in Bedfield, Suffolk from 1584 to about 1610. Jeremiah Burroughs preached at Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk from about 1624 until 1631. Ipswich is four miles from Bedfield and sixteen miles from Bury St. Edmunds. Mellis is nearby Ipswich. Nicholas was baptised in Saxtead, which is about ten miles north north east of Ipswich.
Nicholas and his wife left England for religous reasons. "Hence I came to New England being persecuted and courted for going from the place where we lived and hence I used means to come hither where we might enjoy more freedom". Nicholas makes reference to many difficulties before and during his cross Atlantic voyage. He also mentioned that "God took away my son" at this point. It is not clear whether the boy died during the trip or when he was planning to leave England because those who were trying to discourage him from going used the death as an excuse that "the Lord was displeased for going on".
Notwithstanding reports of earlier arrival, it is proabable that Nicholas did not arrive in America until shortly before purchasing a house and land at Cambridge, MA, and joining the church in 1645. He made a rather detailed "confession" or testimony, recorded by Rev. Thomas SHEPARD, upon his acceptance as a church member. In his testimony, reference is made to traveling 4 miles to hear Mr. Salby, and 16 miles to hear Mr. Burrows preach. Richard Salby was rector at Bedfield, Suffolk to 1610, and Jeremiah BURROUGHS was at Bury St. Edmonds in the late 1620s, with the area around Ipswich, Suffolk meeting the distance criteria.
Nicholas further testified that he had left England to avoid persecution and to enjoy freedom. On Oct. 8, 1664, He subscribed to an oath of loyalty to the King, with the oath including language claiming liberties and privileges, and freedom from "arbitrary power of any who are not chosen by this people."
Nicholas married first before about 1631, possibly at Saxtead, Suffolk. Nicholas married second at Cambridge, Middlesex Co., MA Rebecca CRADDOCK (bap. Nov. 1, 1623, London, England; d. May 1698, Salem, MA), widow of Thomas ANDREWS. Rebecca was married third on Dec. 16, 1685 to Thomas FOX.
Nicholas' step-daughter, Rebecca (ANDREWS) FROST JACOBS, was one of those accused of witchcraft in Salem, together with her husband George JACOBS, Jr., and daughter Margaret. Nicholas' step-son Daniel ANDREWS was arrested and jailed for witchcraft in 1692.
Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s about Nicholas Wyeth
Name: Nicholas Wyeth
Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts
Source Publication Code: 275
Primary Immigrant: Wyeth, Nicholas
Annotation: Comprehensive listing of early immigrants, in various arrangements to assist the researcher. Pages 1-189 contain passenger lists; pages 193-295 are indexes. Source Bibliography: BANKS, CHARLES EDWARD. Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England, 1620-1650. Edited, indexed and published by Elijah Ellsworth Brownell. Philadelphia: Bertram Press, 1937. 295p. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1957. Repr. 1987. Page: 31
U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 about Nicholas Wyeth
Name: Nicholas Wyeth
Birth Place: En
Birth Year: 1601
Spouse Name: Rebecca Andrews
Number Pages: 1
Nicholas Wyeth's Timeline
January 20, 1600
Saxtead, Suffolk, Suffolk, England
January 20, 1601
Saxtead, Suffolk, England
Newport, Westerly, Rhode Island
October 28, 1632
Saxtead, Suffolk, England
October 18, 1634
December 11, 1636
January 26, 1648
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachesetts, USA
Cambridge, Middlesex, MA, USA
August 10, 1651
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachesetts, USA