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Oda Billung

Nicknames: "van Saksen", "von Sachsen", "de Saxe", "of Saxony", "of the Saxons", "Saxônia"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Stammesherzogtum Sachsen (within present Germany), Frankish Empire
Death: Died in Stammesherzogtum Sachsen (within present Germany), Frankish Empire
Immediate Family:

Daughter of unbekannter Prinz Billung von Sachsen; Billing; Athalia and Aeda
Wife of Liudolf I "the Great", Herzog von Sachsen
Mother of Hatumoda; Liutgard von Sachsen; Waldrada of Worms; Bruno; Oda von Sachsen and 12 others

Occupation: Duchess Consort of Saxony, Princess
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Oda Billung

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billunger

Billunger

Weitere Familienmitglieder

  • Billung, „princeps“ ∞ Aeda, Eltern von
  1. Oda,* 805/806, † 17. Mai 913, 107 Jahre alt, begraben in der Stiftskirche in Gandersheim ∞ Liudolf († 866) Graf in Sachsen (Liudolfinger)

------------------------------------

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Saxony:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Odadied913

Onomastics suggest a family connection between the family of the founders of Brunswick and the Billung family, as well as with the family of Otto I King of Germany, but any such relationship cannot be proved. As will be seen below, there is considerable uncertainty about the early generations of this family, in particular the supposed descendants of Count Wichmann [II]. However, the suggested relationships set out here appear to be reasonably robust.

BILLUNG . Princeps.

m AEDA, daughter of --- & his wife --- [daughter of Pepin King of Italy] ([798/810]-).

The Carmen de Primordiis Cœnobii Gandersheimensis names the wife of "Liudulfus" as "Oda…Francorum…de stirpe potentum, filia Billungi…atque Aedæ"[179]. Her precise origin is mentioned in the charter dated 885 by which "Oda comitissa, Pipini regis Italiæ ex filia neptis, Hliudolfi Ducis vidua" founded Kloster Calbe an der Milde, although the accuracy of this document is not known[180].

Billung & his wife had one child:

a) ODA (-17 May 913).

The Carmen de Primordiis Cœnobii Gandersheimensis names the wife of "Liudulfus" as "Oda…Francorum…de stirpe potentum, filia Billungi…atque Aedæ"[181].

"Oda comitissa, Pipini regis Italiæ ex filia neptis, Hliudolfi Ducis vidua" founded Kloster Calbe an der Milde, by charter dated 885[182]. "Arnolfus…rex" confirmed donations of his predecessor of land "in pago Nordthuringa dicto in comitatu Liudulfi in loco Uuanzleua" to Kloster Gandersheim naming "fideli costræ in sanctimoniali habitu constitutæ…Odæ" by an undated charter, placed in the compilation among charters dated [891/92], which names "filia eius Gerberga abbatissa"[183].

"Otto…rex" confirmed privileges to Kloster Gandersheim "avo illius Sigihardo comiti in pago Chiemihgovue in comitatu Sigihardi" to "comiti nostro Eberhart" by charter dated 4 May 947 in which he names "proavo nostro Liutulfo…et eius coniuge Oda…et avo nostro Ottone" recalling their involvement in the foundation of the monastery[184].

m LIUDOLF, son of [BRUN[HART] & his wife ---] (-11 Mar 866, bur Brunshausen).

References:

  • [176] DD Kar. 1 213, p. 284.
  • [177] Falke [the full reference is not given], p. 42, quoted in Regesta Historiæ Brandenburgensis, p. 19. .
  • [178] Falke [the full reference is not given], p. 56, quoted in Regesta Historiæ Brandenburgensis, p. 19. .
  • [179] Carmen de Primordiis Cœnobii Gandersheimensis, MGH SS IV, p. 306.
  • [180] Riedel Mark 1 [the full reference is not given], p. 25, quoted in Regesta Historiæ Brandenburgensis, p. 24.
  • [181] Carmen de Primordiis Cœnobii Gandersheimensis, MGH SS IV, p. 306.
  • [182] Riedel Mark 1 [the full reference is not given], p. 25, quoted in Regesta Historiæ Brandenburgensis, p. 24.
  • [183] D Arn 107, p. 157.
  • [184] D O I 89, p. 171.

----------------------------

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Saxony:

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Liudolfdied866B

LIUDOLF, son of BRUNO & his wife --- (-11 Mar 866, bur Brunshausen).

Brun was named as father of Liudolf in the early 13th century Gandersheimer Reimchronik[105], but no earlier source has so far been found which confirms the relationship. The Chronicon Hildesheimense records that Liudolf founded the abbey of Gandersheim in 852, first at Brunshausen[106].

Widukind records that "Liudulfus" transferred relics of Pope Innocent to Rome[107].

The Annales Alamannicorum record "Ludolfus dux Saxoniæ avus Heinrici" among those who swore allegiance in 864[108].

The Annales Xantenses record the death in 866 of "Liudolfus comes a septentrione"[109].

m ODA, daughter of BILLUNG princeps & his wife Aeda (-17 May 913).

Liudolf & his wife had [twelve] children:

1. BRUNO (-killed in battle in Saxony 2 Feb 880).

  • The Annalista Saxo records "Brunonis ducis" as brother of "Otto filius Liudolfi ducis"[114]. "Hludowicus…rex" granted immunities to Kloster Gandersheim, naming "Brun et Otto nostri fideles comites…[et] Liutolf genitor eorum…[et]…Gerbirg soror eorundem comitum" by charter dated 26 Jan 877[115].
  • The Annales Fuldenses name "Brun ducem et fratrem reinæ, Wicmannum, Bardonem, alterum Bardonem et tertium Bardonem, Thiotherium, Gerrichum, Liutolfum, Folcwartum, Avan, Thiotricum, Liutharium" as those killed in battle in 880 in Saxony against "Nordmannis"[116]. The Gesta Francorum lists "Brun ducem et fratrem reginæ" as one of the twelve counts who were killed fighting the Danes in 880[117]. Thietmar records that "Duke Bruno…great uncle" of Bruno Archbishop of Köln, was drowned in a flooded river on 2 Feb while on an expedition against the Danes[118]. The Erchanberti Breviarum records that "Ludovicus rex Franciæ" had one son "Hug…de concubina" who [in 880] fought the Vikings "cum Theoderico et Marcwardo…episcopis et Bardone fratre Liutkardæ reginæ"[119], "Bardone" presumably being an error for "Brunone", although this version appears to conflate two battles (one at the river Scheldt and one in Saxony) which are reported separately in the Annales Fuldenses. The Gesta Francorum lists "Bardonum…alterum Bardonum [et] tertium Bardonum" as three of the twelve counts who were killed fighting the Danes in 880[120]. The other two counts named "Bardo" or "Bruno" have not been identified.

2. OTTO "der Erlauchte" (-30 Nov 912[121], bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).

  • The Annalista Saxo records "Otto" as "filius Liudolfi ducis"[122].
  • Graf im Südthüringau.
  • Graf im Eichsfeld 888.

3. THANKMAR .

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[123] names Thankmar as a son of Liudolf & his wife but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.
  • [Abbot of Corvey 877/79]. “Ludolphus comes” donated property “in Daelhem et in Adonhusen” to Corvey monastery “pro filio suo Tancmaro”[124].

4. LIUTGARD (-17 or 30 Nov 885, bur Aschaffenburg).

  • Widukind names "Liudgardam sororem Brunonis ac magni ducis Oddonis" as wife of "orientales Francos imperantium Hluthowicus"[125]. "Hludowicus…rex" made a donation of property in "villa…Winenheim" to Kloster Lorsch in the name of "comiti…Werinhario" by charter dated 4 Jan 877, naming "coniuge nostra Liutgarda"[126].
  • The necrology of Fulda records the death in 885 of "Liutgart regina"[127]. The death and burial place of "Liudgardis regina" are recorded in the Annalista Saxo[128].
  • m (before 29 Nov 874) LUDWIG, son of LUDWIG II "der Deutsche" King of the East Franks & his wife Emma [Welf] ([835]-Frankfurt-am-Main 20 Jan 882, bur Kloster Lorsch).
  • He succeeded his father in 876 as LUDWIG III "der Jüngere" King of the East Franks, Saxony and ½ Lotharingia.
  • King of Bavaria 879.
  • King of Lotharingia 880.

5. ENDA .

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[129] names Enda as a daughter of Liudolf & his wife, and her marriage, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.
  • m ---.

6. HATHUMOD (840-29 Sep 874, bur Brunnshausen).

  • The Chronicon Hildesheimense records that "Hathamodam eius ducis [Liudolfi] filiam" was was installed as first abbess of Gandersheim in 852, and that she died 18 years later[130].
  • Her life and death are recounted in the Vita et Obitus Hathamodæ[131]. Her death is recorded in the Annalista Saxo[132].

7. GERBERGA (-5 Sep [896/97]).

  • The Chronicon Hildesheimense records that "Gerbergam sororem [Hathamodæ]" succeeded her sister as second abbess of Gandersheim[133].
  • "Gerburgis" is named sister of "Hathumod"[134], whom she succeeded as Abbess of Gandersheim in 874[135]. "Hludowicus…rex" granted immunities to Kloster Gandersheim, naming "Brun et Otto nostril fideles comites…[et] Liutolf genitor eorum…[et]…Gerbirg soror eorundem comitum" by charter dated 26 Jan 877[136].

8. CHRISTINA (-1 Apr [919/20], bur Gandersheim Stiftskirche).

  • Thankmar records that "Sororem autem eius [=Gerburgis [et] Hathumod] Cristinam" entered Gandersheim, specifying that they were all daughters of "Oda"[137].
  • Abbess of Gandersheim 897-897.

9. daughter (-young).

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[138] refers to an unnamed daughter of Liudolf & his wife who died young, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.

10. 11. 12. son (-young).

  • Europäische Stammtafeln[139, 140, 141] refers to two or three unnamed sons of Liudolf & his wife who died young, but the primary source which confirms this has not so far been identified.

References:

  • [105] Wolff, L. (ed.) (1969) Die Gandersheimer Reimchronik des Priesters Eberhard 2nd Ed. (Altdeutsche Textbibliothek, Tübingen), 9, lines 139-44, cited in Jackman (1997), p. 146 footnote 40.
  • [106] Chronicon Hildesheimense 4, MGH SS VII, p. 851.
  • [107] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ I.16, MGH SS III, p. 425.
  • [108] Annales Alamannicorum continuation Sangallensis prima 864, MGH SS I, p. 50, alternative text quoted in footnote 1.
  • [109] Annales Xantenses 866, MGH SS II, p. 231.
  • [114] Annalista Saxo 907.
  • [115] D LJ 3, p. 335.
  • [116] Annales Fuldensium Pars Tertia, auctore incerto 880, MGH SS I, p. 393.
  • [117] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 880, MGH SS I, p. 393.
  • [118] Thietmar 2.23, p. 108.
  • [119] Erchanberti Breviarum, MGH SS II, p. 330.
  • [120] Gesta quorundam regum Francorum 880, MGH SS I, p. 393.
  • [121] Thietmar 1.7.
  • [122] Annalista Saxo 907.
  • [123] ES I.1 10.
  • [124] Traditiones Corbeienses 235, p. 96.
  • [125] Widukindi Res Gestæ Saxonicæ I.16, MGH SS III, p. 425.
  • [126] D LJ 2, p. 334.
  • [127] Annales Necrologici Fuldenses, MGH SS XIII, p. 123.
  • [128] Annalista Saxo 885, which gives the exact date.
  • [129] ES I.1 10.
  • [130] Chronicon Hildesheimense 4, MGH SS VII, p. 851.
  • [131] Agii, Vita et Obitus Hathamodæ, MGH SS IV, p. 166 et seq.
  • [132] Annalista Saxo 870.
  • [133] Chronicon Hildesheimense 4, MGH SS VII, p. 851.
  • [134] Thangmari, Vita Bernwaldi Episcopi Hildesheimensis 12, MGH SS IV, p. 763.
  • [135] Annalista Saxo 870.
  • [136] D LJ 3, p. 335.
  • [137] Thangmari, Vita Bernwaldi Episcopi Hildesheimensis 12, MGH SS IV, p. 763.
  • [138] ES I.1 10.
  • [139] ES I.1 10.
  • [140] ES I.1 10.
  • [141] ES I.1 10.

--------------------

Oda supposedly died at the age of 107.

--------------------

Oda, daughter of a Frankish princeps named Billung and his wife Aeda. Oda died on 17 May 913, supposedly at the age of 107.

They had six children:

  • 1. Brun
  • 2. Otto the Illustrious, father of Henry the Fowler
  • 3. Liutgard married King Louis the Younger in 874.
  • 4. Hathumoda, became an abbess
  • 5. Gerberga, became an abbess
  • 6. Christina, became an abess

--------------------

From the English Wikipedia page on the House of Billung:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billung

The House of Billung was a dynasty of Saxon noblemen in the 9th through 12th centuries.

The first known member of the house was Count Wichmann, mentioned as a Billung in 811. Oda, the wife of Count Liudolf, oldest known member of the Liudolfing House, was also a Billung.

In the 10th century, the property of the family was centered in the Bardengau around Lüneburg and they controlled the march named after them. In the middle of the 10th century, when the Saxon dukes of the House of Liudolfing had also become German kings, King Otto the Great entrusted more and more of his ducal authority to Hermann Billung. For five generations, the House of Billung ruled the Duchy of Saxony.

The house became extinct when Duke Magnus died in 1106 without sons; the family's property was divided between his two daughters. His daughter Wulfhild married Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria, a member of the House of Welf; his daughter Eilika married Otto, Count of Ballenstedt, a member of the Ascanian House. As a consequence, for the following decades control of Saxony was contested among Welfs and Ascanians.

The Billung dukes of Saxony were:

  • 1. Hermann, died 973
  • 2. Bernard I, died 1011
  • 3. Bernard II, died 1059
  • 4. Ordulf, died 1072
  • 5. Magnus, died 1106

--------------------------

From the Wikipedia page on Liudolf, her husband:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liudolf,_Duke_of_Saxony

Before 830 Liudolf married Oda, daughter of a Frankish princeps named Billung and his wife Aeda. Oda died on 17 May 913, supposedly at the age of 107.[3]

They had six children:[4]

  • 1. Brun
  • 2. Otto the Illustrious, father of Henry the Fowler
  • 3. Liutgard married King Louis the Younger in 874.[5]
  • 4. Hathumoda, became an abbess
  • 5. Gerberga, became an abbess
  • 6. Christina, became an abess[6]

By marrying a Frankish nobleman's daughter, Liudolf followed suggestions set forth by Charlemagne about ensuring the integrity of the Frankish Empire in the aftermath of the Saxon Wars through marriage.

In 845/846, Liudolf and his wife traveled to Rome in order to ask Pope Sergius II for permission to found a house of secular canonesses, duly established at their proprietary church in Brunshausen around 852, and moved in 881 to form Gandersheim Abbey. Liudolf's minor daughter Hathumod became the first abbess.

Liudolf is buried in Brunshausen.

References:

3. Saint Odilo (Abbot of Cluny), Queenship and sanctity: The lives of Mathilda and The epitaph of Adelheid, translated by Sean Gilsdorf, (Catholic University of America Press, 2004), 24.

4. Althoff, Gerd, Christopher Carroll, Family, friends and followers: political and social bonds in medieval Europe, (Cambridge University Press, 2004), 38.

5. The rise of the medieval world, 500-1300: a biographical dictionary, Ed. Jana K. Schulman , (Greenwood Press, 2002), 271.

6. The rise of the medieval world, 500-1300: a biographical dictionary, 271.

--------------------

Oda stiftet Gandersheim.

Hun døde i mai 913 i en alder av 107 år.

Tekst: Tore Nygaard

Kilder:

Allgemeine deutsche Biographie. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 53. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 68.

--------------------

From the German Wikipedia page on Liudolf (Sachsen):

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liudolf_(Sachsen)

Liudolf war verheiratet mit Oda, der Tochter des princeps Billung aus dem Geschlecht der Billunger und der Aeda.

In English: Liudolf was married to Oda, daughter of "Princeps Billung" from the House of Billung and the Aeda. -------------------- Before 830 Liudolf married Oda, daughter of a Frankish princeps named Billung and his wife Aeda. Oda died on 17 May 913, supposedly at the age of 107.[3]

They had six children:[4]

1. Brun 2. Otto the Illustrious, father of Henry the Fowler 3. Liutgard married King Louis the Younger in 874.[5] 4. Hathumoda, became an abbess 5. Gerberga, became an abbess 6. Christina, became an abess[6] By marrying a Frankish nobleman's daughter, Liudolf followed suggestions set forth by Charlemagne about ensuring the integrity of the Frankish Empire in the aftermath of the Saxon Wars through marriage.

In 845/846, Liudolf and his wife traveled to Rome in order to ask Pope Sergius II for permission to found a house of secular canonesses, duly established at their proprietary church in Brunshausen around 852, and moved in 881 to form Gandersheim Abbey. Liudolf's minor daughter Hathumod became the first abbess.

Liudolf is buried in Brunshausen.

view all 26

Oda Billung's Timeline

816
816
Stammesherzogtum Sachsen (within present Germany), Frankish Empire
840
840
Age 24
845
845
Age 29
Sachsen, Germany
845
Age 29
Sachsen, Ostfrankenreich (Present Germany)
849
849
Age 33
849
Age 33
Saxony, Germany
850
850
Age 34
of,Paris,Seine,France
851
851
Age 35
Memleben, Herrschaft Ostfalen (Present Bugenlandkreis), Herzogtum Sachsen (Present Sachsen-Anhalt), Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
857
857
Age 41
Saxony
861
861
Age 45
Saxony