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Omri King of Israel

Hebrew: עמרי מלך ישראל מלך ישראל
Birthdate:
Birthplace: BC,Gibbithon,Philistia,Israel
Death: Died in Omri,Samaria,N Kingdom,
Place of Burial: Samaria
Immediate Family:

Son of Father of King Omri NN and Mother of King Omri NN
Husband of Wife of Omri, King of Israel NN
Father of Ahab / אחאב מלך ישראל King of Israel, King of Israel

Occupation: Roy d'Israël, capitaine des armées
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Omri King of Israel

1 Kings 16:16-28

King Omri

המלך עמרי

Omri (Hebrew: עָמְרִי, Modern ʿOmri Tiberian ʿOmrî; short for Hebrew: עָמְרִיָּה, Modern ʿOmriyya Tiberian ʿOmriyyāh ; "The Lord is my life") was king of Israel and father of Ahab. William F. Albright has dated his reign to 876 – 869 BC, while E. R. Thiele offers the dates of 888 BC to 880 BC for his rivalry with Tibni and 880 – 874 BC for his sole reign. He was "commander of the army" for Elah when Zimri slew Elah and made himself king. The troops at Gibbethon chose instead to elect Omri as king, and he led them to Tirzah where they trapped Zimri in the royal palace, and where Zimri died (1 Kings 16:15-19).

Although Zimri was eliminated, "half of the people" supported Tibni in opposition to Omri. It took Omri some years to subdue Tibni and at last proclaim himself undisputed king of Israel in the 31st year of Asa, king of Judah (1 Kings 16:21-23).

Some authors, especially Tel Aviv's Israel Finklestein, maintain that the writer of the Book of Kings minimized Omri's accomplishments. While the writer acknowledges that Omri built his new capital Samaria on a hill he bought from Shemer (16:24), he may have omitted possible widespread public construction both Omri and his son Ahab commissioned during their reigns. Israel Finkelstein and his student Norma Franklin have identified monumental construction at Samaria, Jezreel, Megiddo and Hazor similar in design and build. Most archaeologists in Israel, including Amnon Ben-Tor, Amihai Mazar, and Lawrence Stager, reject this theory, claiming that it is contradicted by scientific understandings of strata formulation and the general development of the region.

Omri's rule over Israel was secure enough that he could bequeath his kingdom to Ahab, thus beginning a new dynasty (sometimes called the Omrides), and his descendants not only ruled over the kingdom of Israel for the next forty years, but also briefly over Judah. He was significant enough that his name is mentioned on a stele erected by Mesha, king of Moab, who records his victory over a son of Omri—but omits the son's name. Thomas L. Thompson (The Bible in History), however, interprets the Mesha stele as suggesting that Omri is an eponym, or legendary founder of the kingdom rather than an historical person. Most archaeologists reject this interpretation, seeing Omri as historical. Assyrian kings frequently referred to Omri's successors as belonging to the "House of Omri" (Bit Hu-um-ri-a).

The Omride Dynasty

The short-lived dynasty founded by Omri constitutes a new chapter in the history of the Northern Kingdom of Israel. It ended almost fifty years of constant civil war over the throne. There was peace with the Kingdom of Judah to the south, and even cooperation between the two rival states, while relations with neighboring Sidon to the north were bolstered by marriages negotiated between the two royal courts. This state of peace with two powerful neighbors enabled the Kingdom of Israel to expand its influence and even political control in Transjordan, and these factors combined brought economic prosperity to the kingdom.

On the other hand, peace with Sidon also resulted in the penetration of Phoenician religious ideas into the kingdom and led to a kulturkampf between traditionalists (as personified by the prophet Elijah and his followers) and the aristocracy (as personified by Omri's son and heir Ahab and his consort Jezebel). In foreign affairs, this period paralleled the rise of the Kingdom of Aram based in Damascus, and Israel soon found itself at war in the northeast. Most threatening, however, was the ascendancy of Assyria, which was beginning to expand westward from Mesopotamia: the Battle of Qarqar (853 BC), which pitted Shalmaneser III of Assyria against a coalition of local kings, including Ahab, was the first clash between Assyria and Israel. It was the first in a series of wars that would eventually lead to the destruction of the Kingdom of Israel in 722 BC and the reduction of the Kingdom of Judah to an Assyrian tributary state.

Omri in archaeological sources

Jehu bows before Shalmaneser III.In archaeology, Omri appears several times over the next century or so, beginning with the Mesha stele, which recounts one of his acts as king: the annexation of Moab. He is also mentioned in the contemporary Assyrian Black Obelisk which states that Jehu was the "son of Omri." Later, Israel would become identified in sources as the "House of Omri" (Bit-Humria), with the term "Israel" being used less and less as history progressed (the other defining term for "Israel" is "Samaria", beginning in the reign of Joash). Archaeologically speaking, it would appear that Omri is the founder of the Israelite Kingdom, but problems persist since he is not the first king of Israel to appear in sources; Ahab is. However, dating complications (arising from the fact that if he followed Ahab he would be given less than three years to rule, far too short for a king that was as powerful and influential as Omri) make it easier to put Omri first in Israel's internationally recognised line of kings, although this by no means firmly establishes that he was the first king of Israel according to these sources.

Attitude in contemporary Israel

The Bible displays a negative attitude to King Omri, and it has been followed by later rabbinical tradition. However, Zionism was created mainly by non-religious (sometimes anti-religious) people who re-evaluated many Biblical characters (as well as characters from later Jewish history) according to the criteria of a secular national movement in need of National Heroes. As with many European national movements which served as an example to the founders of Zionism, ancient Jewish warriors in general and warrior kings in particular were often regarded positively. Omri, a successful warrior king and the founder of a strong dynasty, is a conspicuous example.

In the present-day Israeli society, "Omri" is quite a common male name, which would have been unthinkable in a traditional Jewish milieu. The same is true for the name "Nimrod", another Biblical character negatively regarded by pre-Zionist Jewish tradition. Omri Sharon, the elder son (and close political associate) of former PM Ariel Sharon seems the most well-known among present bearers of the name. Omri Katz is an Israeli-American actor, born in Los Angeles to Israeli parents.

-------------------- Entonces el pueblo de Israel fue dividido en dos partes: la mitad del pueblo seguía a Tibni hijo de Ginat para hacerlo rey, y la otra mitad seguía a Omri. Mas el pueblo que seguía a Omri pudo más que el que seguía a Tibni hijo de Ginat; y Tibni murió, y Omri fue rey. . . Y comenzó a reinar Omri sobre Israel, y reinó doce años; en Tirsa reinó seis años. Y Omri compró a Semer el monte de Samaria por dos talentos de plata, y edificó el monte; y llamó el monte de la ciudad que edificó, Samaria, del nombre de Semer, que fue dueño de aquel monte. Y Omri hizo lo malo ante los ojos de Jehová, e hizo peor que todos los que habían reinado antes de él; pues anduvo en todos los caminos de Jeroboam hijo de Nabat, y en el pecado con el cual hizo pecar a Israel, provocando la ira de Jehová Dios de Israel con sus ídolos. Los demás hechos de Omri, y todo lo que hizo, y las valentías que ejecutó, ¿no está escrito en el libro de las crónicas de los reyes de Israel? Y Omri durmió con sus padres, y fue sepultado en Samaria, y reinó en lugar suyo Acab su hijo. 1 Reyes 16:21-28. ____________________________________________________________________________ Omrí ( De Wikipedia ) Saltar a: navegación, búsqueda Omrí Rey de Israel

Omrí en Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum


Información personal Reinado 876 a. C. - 869 a. C. ó 880 a. C. - 874 a. C. Fallecimiento Samaria Entierro Samaria Predecesor Zimri Sucesor Ahab Familia Heredero Ahab

Omri (en hebreo: עָמְרִי, hebreo moderno: ʿOmri, hebreo tiberiano: ʿOmrî; acortado del hebreo: עָמְרִיָּה, hebreo moderno: ʿOmriyya, hebreo tiberiano: ʿOmriyyāh; en español: "El Señor es mi vida") fue rey de Israel y padre de Ahab. Existen tres cronologías para la época de los reyes que situarían su reinado en los siguientes períodos: La propuesta de Edwin R. Thiele (888 - 880 a. C. para su disputa dinástica con Tibni y 880 a. C. - 874 a. C. para su reinado propiamente dicho); la de William Foxwell Albright (876 a. C. - 869 a. C.); y la propuesta por Gershon Galil (884-873).[1] Su historia está recogida en el primer Libro de los Reyes 16:16-16:27. Existen además fuentes arqueológicas que completan el testimonio bíblico.

Contenido :

1 Ascenso al trono

2 Reinado

3 Referencias

4 Enlaces externos


  Ascenso al tronoFue "comandante del ejército" de Ela, cuando este fue asesinado por Zimri quien usurpó el trono y se nombró rey; sin embargo, las tropas en Gibetón eligieron a Omrí como rey de Israel para destronar a Zimri. Asedió la capital Tirsá donde se encontraba Zimri y consiguió la victoria tras el suicidio de este en su propio palacio.[2]
  Si bien Zimri fue eliminado, "la mitad del pueblo" apoyaba a Tibni, otro aspirante al trono, hijo de Guinat. Le tomó a Omrí algunos años subyugar a Tibni y, finalmente, se proclamó a sí mismo rey indisputado de Israel en el 31º año de Asa, rey de Judea.[3]
Reinado : 

Inscripción en la estela de Mesha

  "Omri, rey de Israel, humilló a Moab muchos días".Omrí construyó su nueva capital Samaria en una colina comprada a Sémer por dos talentos de plata[4] (cerca de 68 kilos de plata). Según lo descrito en la biblia, al igual que sus antecesores, anduvo en los mismos pecados[5] edificando y manteniendo lugares de culto a falsos dioses[cita requerida] ajenos, esto se puede explicar facilmente, teniendo en cuenta que según nueva evidencia arqueológica, estos reyes eran cananitas, ya que en esa época, el pueblo judío aún no contaba con la identidad religiosa que sus gobernantes le proporcionarían posteriormente.
  La arqueología arroja más datos sobre el periodo de Omrí. Arqueólogos como Israel Finkelstein y su estudiante Norma Franklin han encontrado paralelismos entre Samaria y la construcción de otras ciudades, Jezreel, Megiddo y Hazor; suficientes para intuir que se corresponden a una misma etapa o incluso a una misma política fundacional. Por otro lado, se halló una estela en Moab (Estela de Mesha) que comenta como el rey Omri habría sometido y anexionado el reino de Moab y como un líder local llamado Mesha habría expulsado a los israelitas de esta tierra venciendo al hijo de Omri (probablemente Ahab).
  A partir de Omrí, se establece una nueva dinastía en Israel que perdurará hasta el final de este reino. Existen más testimonios arqueológicos de esta dinastía que también hacen alusión a la nueva capital, que poco a poco se hará haciendo con el nombre del reino. Asimismo, se ha encontrado epigrafía tardía que se refiere al reino de Israel como el de Samaria.
  Omrí murió y fue enterrado en Samaria. Le sucedió en el trono su hijo Ahab.

Referencias1.↑

Thiele, Edwin. The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, (1a edición; Nueva York: Macmillan, 1951; 2da. edición; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1965; 3ra. edición; Grand Rapids: Zondervan/Kregel, 1983). ISBN 0-8254-3825-X, 9780825438257

2.↑ I Reyes, 16:15-19.

3.↑ I Reyes, 16:21-23.

4.↑ I Reyes, 16:24.

5.↑ I Reyes, 16:25-26.

Enlaces externosOmrí en Biografías y vidas Smith's Bible Dictionary: Omri

Predecesor:

Zimri Rey de Israel

885 a. C. - 874 a. C.

Sucesor:

Ahab

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Omri King of Israel's Timeline

-950
-950
BC,Gibbithon,Philistia,Israel
-910
-910
Age 39
Tirzah,Manasseh,Nkingdom,
-876
-876
Age 73
Omri,Samaria,N Kingdom,
????
????
Samaria