About Osulf "fil Frane" du Plessis, seigneur de Belvoir
In An Essay towards a Topographical History of the COUNTY OF NORFOLK [Vol.5, 1806, pp. 431-432] Francis Blomefield states in relation to the village, ‘FRAMLINGHAM EARL’:
‘There are two small villages of this name in Henstede hundred, in the liberty of the Duke of Norfolk; they were both but one at the time of the Conquest, and, was early called Framlingham-Parva, or Little Framlingham, to distinguish it from Framlingham-Magna, or Great-Framlingham in Suffolk, which also belonged to the same family… Mr Le Neve says that the name of Framlingham signifies ‘the seat or abode of the son of Frame, who was a Saxon of great note in these parts…’ The term ‘son of Frame’ is quite specific and likely refers to Osulf fil Frame / Frane who was also a thegn to King Edward the Confessor. Chronology and status suggest that his father was probably Fráni or Frane ‘of Rockingham’ (fl.993).
This Fráni or Frane was a benefactor of Peterborough Abbey and his name was on a list of sureties (No.164) for estates bought for Peterborough by Æthelwold. His name is also recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (E version) for 993 and he was possibly among the thegns who witnessed the exemplar upon which the Thorney Charter was based [Cyril Roy Hart, The Early Charters of Eastern England, 1966, pp.174, 244]. Amongst a number of land holdings, Fráni’s son, Osulf fil Frane/Frame held Belvoir in Framland, Leicestershire prior to 1066. Post-Conquest, most of his landholdings passed to his son-in-law Robert de Tosny who married his daughter Adeliza. Osulf’s son, Grimoult du Plessis, was a lord of Le Fresne, canton Trévières Calvados, Normandy.
Alternately, this Osulf may have been the following:
Osulf II of Bamburgh
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Osulf (also Oswulf) was the son of Eadulf III, Earl of Bamburgh (killed 1041), and grandson of Uchtred the Bold, Earl of Northumbria (killed 1016). Osulf’s family ruled as "High-Reeves" or ealdormen of Bamburgh from 954 until 1041, when Siward the Stout killed Eadulf and reunited Northumbria under one ruler.
In 1065 Morcar succeeded Tostig as Earl of all Northumbria, and he appointed Osulf to rule the portion north of the River Tyne. However, because of Morcar’s resistance to William the Conqueror in 1066, he was deposed and imprisoned. William then appointed Copsig, Tostig’s former deputy, as Morcar's replacement.
In February 1067 Copsig came north and forced Osulf to seek shelter in the hills. Osulf began to gather an army. Because Copsig was seen as an invader and a tax-gatherer for William, he was deeply unpopular amongst the Northumbrians north and south of the Tees, and Osulf had no trouble in gathering recruits. On March 12 he surprised Copsig and his men at a banquet at Newburn-upon-Tyne. Copsig fled to a nearby church, but this was set on fire, forcing Copsig out. Osulf then had Copsig's head cut off.
Osulf seemed to have seized control of the earldom of Bamburgh, and was not threatened by any expeditions to remove him. However in the autumn of 1067, Osulf, who appears to have been carrying out his duties as earl, intercepted an outlaw and was run through by the man’s spear.
He was succeeded as earl by his cousin, Cospatric, who purchased the earldom from King William.
* Aird, William M., "Osulf , earl of Bamburgh (d. 1067)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 30 Dec 2008
* Kapelle, William E., The Norman Conquest of the North, University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
* Stenton, Sir Frank M. Anglo-Saxon England Third Edition. Oxford University Press, 1971.
http://www.freewebs.com/stanhopefamily/THE FAMILY OF FRESNE
Adeliza du Plessis was the sister of Grimoult du Plessis, who lost his estates, situated mainly in Coutances, after siding against William the Bastard at Val des Dunes. The name Plessis was of topographical origin, signifying [O.F] a pallisade, and [Lat.] an enclosure, referring to the castle held by the family at Plessis-Grimoult. [The Priory of Plessis-Grimoult was endowed by the Beaumont/Harcourt family; almost invariably a sign that there was a familial connection between them and the founder's family - Mem. Soc. Ant. Norm., vol ii., 23, no. 238.] The original name of the family was Fresne, or, more anciently, Freyne, signifying an ash tree, a derivative of which is the surname Frame. [ G. F. Black, Surnames of Scotland; Their Origin, Meaning, and History, p. 278, 1946.] The father of Adeliza and Grimoult was titled Osulf le Fresne. Their holdings in Coutances abutted those of the family of the wife of the aforementioned Onfroi de Vieilles, who, as said, was of the family of Haye/Haie; of Haye-du-Puits, Manche, arr. Coutances. [The lord of this barony, at the date of the conquest, was Raoul, sénéchal of the Earl of Mortaigne, and father of Robert de la Haie, a contemporary of Henry I. Raoul seems to have been the son of Hubert de Rye, to whom was entrusted the governorship of the castle and county of Nottingham, and who is frequently mentioned in Domesday Book.] In the Battle of Beaumont-le-Roger, in 1036, Onfroi de Vieilles fought against Roger de Toeni, and his close ally, Osulf du Fresne. Such military and political alliance usually stemmed from familial and consequent topographical connections. Later acts of the Abbey of Conches support this notion, with this Fresne family being noted as feudatories of the Anglo-Norman Toeni family, holding of them land centred around Mesnil-Hardray, canton Conches. In the same regard, Grimoult du Plessis was lord of le Freyne,
Osulf du Plessis, seigneur de Belvoir's Timeline
Colombiers, Lower-Normandy, France