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About Ouranos - Οὐρανός - Uranos .

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

sources:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

source:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Ouranos or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Creation myth
   * 2 Ouranos and Váruṇa
   * 3 Cultural context of flint
   * 4 Planet Uranus
   * 5 Consorts and children
   * 6 Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
   * 7 Notes
   * 8 References
   * 9 External links

[edit] Creation myth

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him.

Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.

Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea.

For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods"[3].

From the blood which spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the three avenging Furies — the Erinyes — Meliae, the ash-tree nymphs, and according to some, the Telchines.

From the genitals in the sea came forth Aphrodite. The learned Alexandrian poet Callimachus[4] reported that the bloodied sickle had been buried in the earth at Zancle in Sicily, but the Romanized Greek traveller Pausanias was informed that the sickle had been thrown into the sea from the cape near Bolina, not far from Argyra on the coast of Achaea, whereas the historian Timaeus located the sickle at Corcyra;[5] Corcyrans claimed to be descendants of the wholly legendary Phaeacia visited by Odysseus, and by ca 500 BCE one Greek mythographer, Acusilaus, was claiming that the Phaeacians had sprung from the very blood of Uranus' castration.[6]

Greek deities

series

   * Titans and Olympians
   * Aquatic deities
   * Personified concepts
   * Other deities

Primordial deities

   * Chaos
   * Aether
   * Gaia
   * Uranus

   * Eros
   * Erebus
   * Nyx
   * Tartarus

Chthonic deities

Hades and Persephone,

Gaia, Demeter, Hecate,

Iacchus, Trophonius,

Triptolemus, Erinyes

After Uranus was deposed, Kronos re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes in Tartarus. Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Kronos in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate.

These ancient myths of distant origins were not expressed in cults among the Hellenes[7] The function of Uranus was as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began.

After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerényi). Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas. In formulaic expressions in the Homeric poems ouranos is sometimes an alternative to Olympus as the collective home of the gods; an obvious occurrence would be the moment at the end of Iliad i, when Thetis rises from the sea to plead with Zeus: "and early in the morning she rose up to greet Ouranos-and-Olympus and she found the son of Kronos..."

"'Olympus' is almost always used of that home, but ouranos often refers to the natural sky above us without any suggestion that the gods, collectively live there," William Sale remarked;[8] Sale concluded that the earlier seat of the gods was the actual Mount Olympus, from which the epic tradition by the time of Homer had transported them to the sky, ouranos. By the sixth century, when a "heavenly Aphrodite" was to be distinguished from the "common Aphrodite of the people", ouranos signifies purely the celestial sphere itself.

--------------------

Z15.2B AION WITH ZODIAC

Museum Collection: Staatliche Antikensammlung und Glyptothek, Munich, Germany

Catalogue Number: TBA

Type: Floor Mosaic

Context: From villa in Sentinum, Italy

Date: --

Period: Imperial Roman

SUMMARY

Aion, the god of time, stands turning the wheel of heaven inscribed with the signs of the zodiac. The signs visible on the portion here depicted are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo.

Aion was identified with both Khronos (Father Time) and Ouranos (Heaven). As the latter he was often depicted alongside Gaia.

Encyclopedia Mythica™ Search (access key + s) Search for:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

You are here: » Home » Areas » Mythology » Europe » Greek mythology » Uranus

Cite/copy/print/rate article

Send comment References Uranus

by Ron Leadbetter

Uranus, also known as Ouranos, was the embodiment of the sky or heavens, and known as the god of the sky. He was the first son of Gaia (the earth) and he also became her husband. According to Hesiod, their children included the Titans: six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). There were other offspring: the Cyclopes, (who were named Brontes, Steropes and Arges and were later known as "one eyed giants"), and also the three monsters known as the Hecatonchires, who each had one hundred hands and fifty heads. Their names were Briareus, Cottus and Gyes. Other offspring of Uranus and Gaia were the Erinyes, who were spirits of punishment and goddesses of vengeance. The Erinyes avenged wrongs which were done to family, especially murder within a family. After Uranus had been castrated, his blood fell to earth (Gaia) and conceived the Giants. These were of monstrous appearance and had great strength. Similiarly, in some versions Aphrodite is believed to have risen from the foam created by the sex organs of Uranus after they were thrown into the sea by his son Cronus.

Uranus was aghast by the sight of his offspring, the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires. (In a differing version Uranus was frightened of their great strength and the fact that they could easily depose him). He hid them away in Tartarus (the bowels of the earth) inside Gaia, causing her intense pain. The discomfort became so great that she asked her youngest son, Cronus, to castrate his father, as this would cease his fertility and put an end to more monstrous offspring. To accomplish this deed Gaia made an adamantine sickle, which she gave to Cronus. That night Uranus came to lay with Gaia. And as the sky god drew close, Cronus struck with the sickle and cut off Uranus's genitals. From the blood that fell from the open wound were born nymphs and giants, and when Cronus threw the severed genitals into the sea a white foam appeared. From this foam Aphrodite the goddess of love and desire was born.

A slightly differing version tells of Uranus being so vast that he could cover Mother Earth (Gaia) and easily take advantage of her fruitfulness, but Gaia tired of her exuberant fertility and begged her sons to free her from the excessive embrace of Uranus. All refused except Cronus. Armed with a sickle he castrated Uranus, and the blood which fell from the mutilation gave birth to the Erinyes (Furies), the Giants and the Meliae (Nymphs of the manna ash trees). And when Cronus threw the sickle into the sea the island of Corfu, home of the Phaeacians, sprang up).

After Uranus (the sky) had been emasculated, the sky separated from Gaia (the earth) and Cronus became king of the gods. Later, Zeus (the son of Cronus) deposed his father and became the supreme god of the Greek Pantheon.

Uranus (mythology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Uranus (god))

Jump to: navigation, search

For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation).

Ouranos (Uranus)

Aion-Uranus with Terra (Roman Gaia) on mosaic

Primordial God of the Sky

Abode Sky

Consort Gaia

Parents Gaia or Nyx

Children The Titans, Hecatoncheires, Cyclops

This box: view • talk • edit

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), Father Sky is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

--------------------

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosopher Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus_(mythology)]

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky (a cognate of the English word air). In Greek mythology Uranus or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("Concerning the Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Uranus was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. -------------------- Deus Primordial

Foi gerado espontaneamente por Gaia (a Terra) e casou-se com sua mãe. Ambos foram ancestrais da maioria dos deuses gregos. Odiava seus filhos e por isso mantinha todos presos no interior de Gaia, a Terra. Esta então instigou seus filhos a se revoltarem contra o pai. Cronos, o mais jovem, assumiu a liderança da luta contra Urano e, usando uma foice oferecida por Gaia, castrou seu pai e jogou seus testículos ao mar. --------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

sources:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

source:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Ouranos or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Creation myth
   * 2 Ouranos and Váruṇa
   * 3 Cultural context of flint
   * 4 Planet Uranus
   * 5 Consorts and children
   * 6 Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
   * 7 Notes
   * 8 References
   * 9 External links

[edit] Creation myth

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him.

Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.

Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea.

For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods"[3].

From the blood which spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the three avenging Furies — the Erinyes — Meliae, the ash-tree nymphs, and according to some, the Telchines.

From the genitals in the sea came forth Aphrodite. The learned Alexandrian poet Callimachus[4] reported that the bloodied sickle had been buried in the earth at Zancle in Sicily, but the Romanized Greek traveller Pausanias was informed that the sickle had been thrown into the sea from the cape near Bolina, not far from Argyra on the coast of Achaea, whereas the historian Timaeus located the sickle at Corcyra;[5] Corcyrans claimed to be descendants of the wholly legendary Phaeacia visited by Odysseus, and by ca 500 BCE one Greek mythographer, Acusilaus, was claiming that the Phaeacians had sprung from the very blood of Uranus' castration.[6]

Greek deities

series

   * Titans and Olympians
   * Aquatic deities
   * Personified concepts
   * Other deities

Primordial deities

   * Chaos
   * Aether
   * Gaia
   * Uranus

   * Eros
   * Erebus
   * Nyx
   * Tartarus

Chthonic deities

Hades and Persephone,

Gaia, Demeter, Hecate,

Iacchus, Trophonius,

Triptolemus, Erinyes

After Uranus was deposed, Kronos re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes in Tartarus. Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Kronos in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate.

These ancient myths of distant origins were not expressed in cults among the Hellenes[7] The function of Uranus was as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began.

After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerényi). Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas. In formulaic expressions in the Homeric poems ouranos is sometimes an alternative to Olympus as the collective home of the gods; an obvious occurrence would be the moment at the end of Iliad i, when Thetis rises from the sea to plead with Zeus: "and early in the morning she rose up to greet Ouranos-and-Olympus and she found the son of Kronos..."

"'Olympus' is almost always used of that home, but ouranos often refers to the natural sky above us without any suggestion that the gods, collectively live there," William Sale remarked;[8] Sale concluded that the earlier seat of the gods was the actual Mount Olympus, from which the epic tradition by the time of Homer had transported them to the sky, ouranos. By the sixth century, when a "heavenly Aphrodite" was to be distinguished from the "common Aphrodite of the people", ouranos signifies purely the celestial sphere itself.

--------------------

Z15.2B AION WITH ZODIAC

Museum Collection: Staatliche Antikensammlung und Glyptothek, Munich, Germany

Catalogue Number: TBA

Type: Floor Mosaic

Context: From villa in Sentinum, Italy

Date: --

Period: Imperial Roman

SUMMARY

Aion, the god of time, stands turning the wheel of heaven inscribed with the signs of the zodiac. The signs visible on the portion here depicted are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo.

Aion was identified with both Khronos (Father Time) and Ouranos (Heaven). As the latter he was often depicted alongside Gaia.

Encyclopedia Mythica™ Search (access key + s) Search for:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

You are here: » Home » Areas » Mythology » Europe » Greek mythology » Uranus

Cite/copy/print/rate article

Send comment References Uranus

by Ron Leadbetter

Uranus, also known as Ouranos, was the embodiment of the sky or heavens, and known as the god of the sky. He was the first son of Gaia (the earth) and he also became her husband. According to Hesiod, their children included the Titans: six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). There were other offspring: the Cyclopes, (who were named Brontes, Steropes and Arges and were later known as "one eyed giants"), and also the three monsters known as the Hecatonchires, who each had one hundred hands and fifty heads. Their names were Briareus, Cottus and Gyes. Other offspring of Uranus and Gaia were the Erinyes, who were spirits of punishment and goddesses of vengeance. The Erinyes avenged wrongs which were done to family, especially murder within a family. After Uranus had been castrated, his blood fell to earth (Gaia) and conceived the Giants. These were of monstrous appearance and had great strength. Similiarly, in some versions Aphrodite is believed to have risen from the foam created by the sex organs of Uranus after they were thrown into the sea by his son Cronus.

Uranus was aghast by the sight of his offspring, the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires. (In a differing version Uranus was frightened of their great strength and the fact that they could easily depose him). He hid them away in Tartarus (the bowels of the earth) inside Gaia, causing her intense pain. The discomfort became so great that she asked her youngest son, Cronus, to castrate his father, as this would cease his fertility and put an end to more monstrous offspring. To accomplish this deed Gaia made an adamantine sickle, which she gave to Cronus. That night Uranus came to lay with Gaia. And as the sky god drew close, Cronus struck with the sickle and cut off Uranus's genitals. From the blood that fell from the open wound were born nymphs and giants, and when Cronus threw the severed genitals into the sea a white foam appeared. From this foam Aphrodite the goddess of love and desire was born.

A slightly differing version tells of Uranus being so vast that he could cover Mother Earth (Gaia) and easily take advantage of her fruitfulness, but Gaia tired of her exuberant fertility and begged her sons to free her from the excessive embrace of Uranus. All refused except Cronus. Armed with a sickle he castrated Uranus, and the blood which fell from the mutilation gave birth to the Erinyes (Furies), the Giants and the Meliae (Nymphs of the manna ash trees). And when Cronus threw the sickle into the sea the island of Corfu, home of the Phaeacians, sprang up).

After Uranus (the sky) had been emasculated, the sky separated from Gaia (the earth) and Cronus became king of the gods. Later, Zeus (the son of Cronus) deposed his father and became the supreme god of the Greek Pantheon.

Uranus (mythology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Uranus (god))

Jump to: navigation, search

For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation).

Ouranos (Uranus)

Aion-Uranus with Terra (Roman Gaia) on mosaic

Primordial God of the Sky

Abode Sky

Consort Gaia

Parents Gaia or Nyx

Children The Titans, Hecatoncheires, Cyclops

This box: view • talk • edit

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), Father Sky is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

--------------------

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosopher Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus_(mythology)]

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky (a cognate of the English word air). In Greek mythology Uranus or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("Concerning the Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Uranus was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. -------------------- Deus Primordial

Foi gerado espontaneamente por Gaia (a Terra) e casou-se com sua mãe. Ambos foram ancestrais da maioria dos deuses gregos. Odiava seus filhos e por isso mantinha todos presos no interior de Gaia, a Terra. Esta então instigou seus filhos a se revoltarem contra o pai. Cronos, o mais jovem, assumiu a liderança da luta contra Urano e, usando uma foice oferecida por Gaia, castrou seu pai e jogou seus testículos ao mar. --------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

sources:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

source:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Ouranos or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Creation myth
   * 2 Ouranos and Váruṇa
   * 3 Cultural context of flint
   * 4 Planet Uranus
   * 5 Consorts and children
   * 6 Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
   * 7 Notes
   * 8 References
   * 9 External links

[edit] Creation myth

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him.

Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.

Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea.

For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods"[3].

From the blood which spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the three avenging Furies — the Erinyes — Meliae, the ash-tree nymphs, and according to some, the Telchines.

From the genitals in the sea came forth Aphrodite. The learned Alexandrian poet Callimachus[4] reported that the bloodied sickle had been buried in the earth at Zancle in Sicily, but the Romanized Greek traveller Pausanias was informed that the sickle had been thrown into the sea from the cape near Bolina, not far from Argyra on the coast of Achaea, whereas the historian Timaeus located the sickle at Corcyra;[5] Corcyrans claimed to be descendants of the wholly legendary Phaeacia visited by Odysseus, and by ca 500 BCE one Greek mythographer, Acusilaus, was claiming that the Phaeacians had sprung from the very blood of Uranus' castration.[6]

Greek deities

series

   * Titans and Olympians
   * Aquatic deities
   * Personified concepts
   * Other deities

Primordial deities

   * Chaos
   * Aether
   * Gaia
   * Uranus

   * Eros
   * Erebus
   * Nyx
   * Tartarus

Chthonic deities

Hades and Persephone,

Gaia, Demeter, Hecate,

Iacchus, Trophonius,

Triptolemus, Erinyes

After Uranus was deposed, Kronos re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes in Tartarus. Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Kronos in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate.

These ancient myths of distant origins were not expressed in cults among the Hellenes[7] The function of Uranus was as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began.

After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerényi). Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas. In formulaic expressions in the Homeric poems ouranos is sometimes an alternative to Olympus as the collective home of the gods; an obvious occurrence would be the moment at the end of Iliad i, when Thetis rises from the sea to plead with Zeus: "and early in the morning she rose up to greet Ouranos-and-Olympus and she found the son of Kronos..."

"'Olympus' is almost always used of that home, but ouranos often refers to the natural sky above us without any suggestion that the gods, collectively live there," William Sale remarked;[8] Sale concluded that the earlier seat of the gods was the actual Mount Olympus, from which the epic tradition by the time of Homer had transported them to the sky, ouranos. By the sixth century, when a "heavenly Aphrodite" was to be distinguished from the "common Aphrodite of the people", ouranos signifies purely the celestial sphere itself.

--------------------

Z15.2B AION WITH ZODIAC

Museum Collection: Staatliche Antikensammlung und Glyptothek, Munich, Germany

Catalogue Number: TBA

Type: Floor Mosaic

Context: From villa in Sentinum, Italy

Date: --

Period: Imperial Roman

SUMMARY

Aion, the god of time, stands turning the wheel of heaven inscribed with the signs of the zodiac. The signs visible on the portion here depicted are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo.

Aion was identified with both Khronos (Father Time) and Ouranos (Heaven). As the latter he was often depicted alongside Gaia.

Encyclopedia Mythica™ Search (access key + s) Search for:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

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Cite/copy/print/rate article

Send comment References Uranus

by Ron Leadbetter

Uranus, also known as Ouranos, was the embodiment of the sky or heavens, and known as the god of the sky. He was the first son of Gaia (the earth) and he also became her husband. According to Hesiod, their children included the Titans: six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). There were other offspring: the Cyclopes, (who were named Brontes, Steropes and Arges and were later known as "one eyed giants"), and also the three monsters known as the Hecatonchires, who each had one hundred hands and fifty heads. Their names were Briareus, Cottus and Gyes. Other offspring of Uranus and Gaia were the Erinyes, who were spirits of punishment and goddesses of vengeance. The Erinyes avenged wrongs which were done to family, especially murder within a family. After Uranus had been castrated, his blood fell to earth (Gaia) and conceived the Giants. These were of monstrous appearance and had great strength. Similiarly, in some versions Aphrodite is believed to have risen from the foam created by the sex organs of Uranus after they were thrown into the sea by his son Cronus.

Uranus was aghast by the sight of his offspring, the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires. (In a differing version Uranus was frightened of their great strength and the fact that they could easily depose him). He hid them away in Tartarus (the bowels of the earth) inside Gaia, causing her intense pain. The discomfort became so great that she asked her youngest son, Cronus, to castrate his father, as this would cease his fertility and put an end to more monstrous offspring. To accomplish this deed Gaia made an adamantine sickle, which she gave to Cronus. That night Uranus came to lay with Gaia. And as the sky god drew close, Cronus struck with the sickle and cut off Uranus's genitals. From the blood that fell from the open wound were born nymphs and giants, and when Cronus threw the severed genitals into the sea a white foam appeared. From this foam Aphrodite the goddess of love and desire was born.

A slightly differing version tells of Uranus being so vast that he could cover Mother Earth (Gaia) and easily take advantage of her fruitfulness, but Gaia tired of her exuberant fertility and begged her sons to free her from the excessive embrace of Uranus. All refused except Cronus. Armed with a sickle he castrated Uranus, and the blood which fell from the mutilation gave birth to the Erinyes (Furies), the Giants and the Meliae (Nymphs of the manna ash trees). And when Cronus threw the sickle into the sea the island of Corfu, home of the Phaeacians, sprang up).

After Uranus (the sky) had been emasculated, the sky separated from Gaia (the earth) and Cronus became king of the gods. Later, Zeus (the son of Cronus) deposed his father and became the supreme god of the Greek Pantheon.

Uranus (mythology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Uranus (god))

Jump to: navigation, search

For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation).

Ouranos (Uranus)

Aion-Uranus with Terra (Roman Gaia) on mosaic

Primordial God of the Sky

Abode Sky

Consort Gaia

Parents Gaia or Nyx

Children The Titans, Hecatoncheires, Cyclops

This box: view • talk • edit

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), Father Sky is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

--------------------

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosopher Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus_(mythology)]

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky (a cognate of the English word air). In Greek mythology Uranus or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("Concerning the Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Uranus was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. -------------------- Deus Primordial

Foi gerado espontaneamente por Gaia (a Terra) e casou-se com sua mãe. Ambos foram ancestrais da maioria dos deuses gregos. Odiava seus filhos e por isso mantinha todos presos no interior de Gaia, a Terra. Esta então instigou seus filhos a se revoltarem contra o pai. Cronos, o mais jovem, assumiu a liderança da luta contra Urano e, usando uma foice oferecida por Gaia, castrou seu pai e jogou seus testículos ao mar. --------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

sources:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

source:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Ouranos or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Creation myth
   * 2 Ouranos and Váruṇa
   * 3 Cultural context of flint
   * 4 Planet Uranus
   * 5 Consorts and children
   * 6 Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
   * 7 Notes
   * 8 References
   * 9 External links

[edit] Creation myth

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him.

Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.

Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea.

For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods"[3].

From the blood which spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the three avenging Furies — the Erinyes — Meliae, the ash-tree nymphs, and according to some, the Telchines.

From the genitals in the sea came forth Aphrodite. The learned Alexandrian poet Callimachus[4] reported that the bloodied sickle had been buried in the earth at Zancle in Sicily, but the Romanized Greek traveller Pausanias was informed that the sickle had been thrown into the sea from the cape near Bolina, not far from Argyra on the coast of Achaea, whereas the historian Timaeus located the sickle at Corcyra;[5] Corcyrans claimed to be descendants of the wholly legendary Phaeacia visited by Odysseus, and by ca 500 BCE one Greek mythographer, Acusilaus, was claiming that the Phaeacians had sprung from the very blood of Uranus' castration.[6]

Greek deities

series

   * Titans and Olympians
   * Aquatic deities
   * Personified concepts
   * Other deities

Primordial deities

   * Chaos
   * Aether
   * Gaia
   * Uranus

   * Eros
   * Erebus
   * Nyx
   * Tartarus

Chthonic deities

Hades and Persephone,

Gaia, Demeter, Hecate,

Iacchus, Trophonius,

Triptolemus, Erinyes

After Uranus was deposed, Kronos re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes in Tartarus. Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Kronos in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate.

These ancient myths of distant origins were not expressed in cults among the Hellenes[7] The function of Uranus was as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began.

After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerényi). Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas. In formulaic expressions in the Homeric poems ouranos is sometimes an alternative to Olympus as the collective home of the gods; an obvious occurrence would be the moment at the end of Iliad i, when Thetis rises from the sea to plead with Zeus: "and early in the morning she rose up to greet Ouranos-and-Olympus and she found the son of Kronos..."

"'Olympus' is almost always used of that home, but ouranos often refers to the natural sky above us without any suggestion that the gods, collectively live there," William Sale remarked;[8] Sale concluded that the earlier seat of the gods was the actual Mount Olympus, from which the epic tradition by the time of Homer had transported them to the sky, ouranos. By the sixth century, when a "heavenly Aphrodite" was to be distinguished from the "common Aphrodite of the people", ouranos signifies purely the celestial sphere itself.

--------------------

Z15.2B AION WITH ZODIAC

Museum Collection: Staatliche Antikensammlung und Glyptothek, Munich, Germany

Catalogue Number: TBA

Type: Floor Mosaic

Context: From villa in Sentinum, Italy

Date: --

Period: Imperial Roman

SUMMARY

Aion, the god of time, stands turning the wheel of heaven inscribed with the signs of the zodiac. The signs visible on the portion here depicted are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo.

Aion was identified with both Khronos (Father Time) and Ouranos (Heaven). As the latter he was often depicted alongside Gaia.

Encyclopedia Mythica™ Search (access key + s) Search for:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

You are here: » Home » Areas » Mythology » Europe » Greek mythology » Uranus

Cite/copy/print/rate article

Send comment References Uranus

by Ron Leadbetter

Uranus, also known as Ouranos, was the embodiment of the sky or heavens, and known as the god of the sky. He was the first son of Gaia (the earth) and he also became her husband. According to Hesiod, their children included the Titans: six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). There were other offspring: the Cyclopes, (who were named Brontes, Steropes and Arges and were later known as "one eyed giants"), and also the three monsters known as the Hecatonchires, who each had one hundred hands and fifty heads. Their names were Briareus, Cottus and Gyes. Other offspring of Uranus and Gaia were the Erinyes, who were spirits of punishment and goddesses of vengeance. The Erinyes avenged wrongs which were done to family, especially murder within a family. After Uranus had been castrated, his blood fell to earth (Gaia) and conceived the Giants. These were of monstrous appearance and had great strength. Similiarly, in some versions Aphrodite is believed to have risen from the foam created by the sex organs of Uranus after they were thrown into the sea by his son Cronus.

Uranus was aghast by the sight of his offspring, the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires. (In a differing version Uranus was frightened of their great strength and the fact that they could easily depose him). He hid them away in Tartarus (the bowels of the earth) inside Gaia, causing her intense pain. The discomfort became so great that she asked her youngest son, Cronus, to castrate his father, as this would cease his fertility and put an end to more monstrous offspring. To accomplish this deed Gaia made an adamantine sickle, which she gave to Cronus. That night Uranus came to lay with Gaia. And as the sky god drew close, Cronus struck with the sickle and cut off Uranus's genitals. From the blood that fell from the open wound were born nymphs and giants, and when Cronus threw the severed genitals into the sea a white foam appeared. From this foam Aphrodite the goddess of love and desire was born.

A slightly differing version tells of Uranus being so vast that he could cover Mother Earth (Gaia) and easily take advantage of her fruitfulness, but Gaia tired of her exuberant fertility and begged her sons to free her from the excessive embrace of Uranus. All refused except Cronus. Armed with a sickle he castrated Uranus, and the blood which fell from the mutilation gave birth to the Erinyes (Furies), the Giants and the Meliae (Nymphs of the manna ash trees). And when Cronus threw the sickle into the sea the island of Corfu, home of the Phaeacians, sprang up).

After Uranus (the sky) had been emasculated, the sky separated from Gaia (the earth) and Cronus became king of the gods. Later, Zeus (the son of Cronus) deposed his father and became the supreme god of the Greek Pantheon.

Uranus (mythology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 (Redirected from Uranus (god))

Jump to: navigation, search

For other uses, see Uranus (disambiguation).

Ouranos (Uranus)

Aion-Uranus with Terra (Roman Gaia) on mosaic

Primordial God of the Sky

Abode Sky

Consort Gaia

Parents Gaia or Nyx

Children The Titans, Hecatoncheires, Cyclops

This box: view • talk • edit

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), Father Sky is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

--------------------

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosopher Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus_(mythology)]

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky (a cognate of the English word air). In Greek mythology Uranus or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("Concerning the Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Uranus was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. -------------------- Deus Primordial

Foi gerado espontaneamente por Gaia (a Terra) e casou-se com sua mãe. Ambos foram ancestrais da maioria dos deuses gregos. Odiava seus filhos e por isso mantinha todos presos no interior de Gaia, a Terra. Esta então instigou seus filhos a se revoltarem contra o pai. Cronos, o mais jovem, assumiu a liderança da luta contra Urano e, usando uma foice oferecida por Gaia, castrou seu pai e jogou seus testículos ao mar. -------------------- Uranus is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods.

Other sources claim a different parentage of Ouranos. Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods") claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx.

His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every single night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him. Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes. He imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea. For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods"[1].

From the blood which spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the three avenging Furies — the Erinyes — Meliae, the ash-tree nymphs, and according to some the Telchines. From the genitals in the sea came forth Aphrodite. Some say the bloodied sickle was buried in the earth and from this was born the fabulous Phaeacian tribe.

After Uranus was deposed, Cronus re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes in Tartarus. Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Cronus in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate.

These ancient myths of distant origins were not expressed in cults among the Hellenes (Kerenyi p. 20). The function of Uranus is as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began. After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerenyi).

Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas. --------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

sources:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

  1. ID: I249634
  2. Name: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods
  3. Sex: M
  4. Birth: in c 1400 BC

Father: Chaos [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1425 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1425 BC

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown

Children

  1. Has Children Aphrodite [<^>v] de Gods

Marriage 2 Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

   * Married: BEF 100

Children

  1. Has Children Ladon [<^>v] de Gods
  2. Has Children Idaea [<^>v] de Gods b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  3. Has Children Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC
  4. Has Children Tethys [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC
  5. Has Children Rhea [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1370 BC
  6. Has Children Khronus [<^>v] de Titans b: in c 1362
  7. Has Children Phoebe [<^>v] de Titans
  8. Has Children Coeus [<^>v] de Titans
  9. Has Children Iapetus [<^>v] de Titans

source:

.


http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Ouranos or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Creation myth
   * 2 Ouranos and Váruṇa
   * 3 Cultural context of flint
   * 4 Planet Uranus
   * 5 Consorts and children
   * 6 Argive genealogy in Greek mythology
   * 7 Notes
   * 8 References
   * 9 External links

[edit] Creation myth

In the Olympian creation myth, as Hesiod tells it in Theogony, Uranus came every night to cover the earth and mate with Gaia, but he hated the children she bore him.

Hesiod names the Titans, six sons and six daughters, the one-hundred-armed giants (Hecatonchires) and the one-eyed giants, the Cyclopes.

Uranus imprisoned Gaia's youngest children in Tartarus, deep within Earth, where they caused pain to Gaia. She shaped a great flint-bladed sickle and asked her sons to castrate Uranus. Only Cronus, youngest of the Titans, was willing: he ambushed his father and castrated him, casting the severed testicles into the sea.

For this fearful deed, Uranus called his sons Titanes Theoi, or "Straining Gods"[3].

From the blood which spilled from Uranus onto the Earth came forth the Gigantes, the three avenging Furies — the Erinyes — Meliae, the ash-tree nymphs, and according to some, the Telchines.

From the genitals in the sea came forth Aphrodite. The learned Alexandrian poet Callimachus[4] reported that the bloodied sickle had been buried in the earth at Zancle in Sicily, but the Romanized Greek traveller Pausanias was informed that the sickle had been thrown into the sea from the cape near Bolina, not far from Argyra on the coast of Achaea, whereas the historian Timaeus located the sickle at Corcyra;[5] Corcyrans claimed to be descendants of the wholly legendary Phaeacia visited by Odysseus, and by ca 500 BCE one Greek mythographer, Acusilaus, was claiming that the Phaeacians had sprung from the very blood of Uranus' castration.[6]

Greek deities

series

   * Titans and Olympians
   * Aquatic deities
   * Personified concepts
   * Other deities

Primordial deities

   * Chaos
   * Aether
   * Gaia
   * Uranus

   * Eros
   * Erebus
   * Nyx
   * Tartarus

Chthonic deities

Hades and Persephone,

Gaia, Demeter, Hecate,

Iacchus, Trophonius,

Triptolemus, Erinyes

After Uranus was deposed, Kronos re-imprisoned the Hecatonchires and Cyclopes in Tartarus. Uranus and Gaia then prophesied that Kronos in turn was destined to be overthrown by his own son, and so the Titan attempted to avoid this fate by devouring his young. Zeus, through deception by his mother Rhea, avoided this fate.

These ancient myths of distant origins were not expressed in cults among the Hellenes[7] The function of Uranus was as the vanquished god of an elder time, before real time began.

After his castration, the Sky came no more to cover the Earth at night, but held to its place, and "the original begetting came to an end" (Kerényi). Uranus was scarcely regarded as anthropomorphic, aside from the genitalia in the castration myth. He was simply the sky, which was conceived by the ancients as an overarching dome or roof of bronze, held in place (or turned on an axis) by the Titan Atlas. In formulaic expressions in the Homeric poems ouranos is sometimes an alternative to Olympus as the collective home of the gods; an obvious occurrence would be the moment at the end of Iliad i, when Thetis rises from the sea to plead with Zeus: "and early in the morning she rose up to greet Ouranos-and-Olympus and she found the son of Kronos..."

"'Olympus' is almost always used of that home, but ouranos often refers to the natural sky above us without any suggestion that the gods, collectively live there," William Sale remarked;[8] Sale concluded that the earlier seat of the gods was the actual Mount Olympus, from which the epic tradition by the time of Homer had transported them to the sky, ouranos. By the sixth century, when a "heavenly Aphrodite" was to be distinguished from the "common Aphrodite of the people", ouranos signifies purely the celestial sphere itself.

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Z15.2B AION WITH ZODIAC

Museum Collection: Staatliche Antikensammlung und Glyptothek, Munich, Germany

Catalogue Number: TBA

Type: Floor Mosaic

Context: From villa in Sentinum, Italy

Date: --

Period: Imperial Roman

SUMMARY

Aion, the god of time, stands turning the wheel of heaven inscribed with the signs of the zodiac. The signs visible on the portion here depicted are Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo.

Aion was identified with both Khronos (Father Time) and Ouranos (Heaven). As the latter he was often depicted alongside Gaia.

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by Ron Leadbetter

Uranus, also known as Ouranos, was the embodiment of the sky or heavens, and known as the god of the sky. He was the first son of Gaia (the earth) and he also became her husband. According to Hesiod, their children included the Titans: six sons (Oceanus, Coeus, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus and Cronus) and six daughters (Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe and Tethys). There were other offspring: the Cyclopes, (who were named Brontes, Steropes and Arges and were later known as "one eyed giants"), and also the three monsters known as the Hecatonchires, who each had one hundred hands and fifty heads. Their names were Briareus, Cottus and Gyes. Other offspring of Uranus and Gaia were the Erinyes, who were spirits of punishment and goddesses of vengeance. The Erinyes avenged wrongs which were done to family, especially murder within a family. After Uranus had been castrated, his blood fell to earth (Gaia) and conceived the Giants. These were of monstrous appearance and had great strength. Similiarly, in some versions Aphrodite is believed to have risen from the foam created by the sex organs of Uranus after they were thrown into the sea by his son Cronus.

Uranus was aghast by the sight of his offspring, the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires. (In a differing version Uranus was frightened of their great strength and the fact that they could easily depose him). He hid them away in Tartarus (the bowels of the earth) inside Gaia, causing her intense pain. The discomfort became so great that she asked her youngest son, Cronus, to castrate his father, as this would cease his fertility and put an end to more monstrous offspring. To accomplish this deed Gaia made an adamantine sickle, which she gave to Cronus. That night Uranus came to lay with Gaia. And as the sky god drew close, Cronus struck with the sickle and cut off Uranus's genitals. From the blood that fell from the open wound were born nymphs and giants, and when Cronus threw the severed genitals into the sea a white foam appeared. From this foam Aphrodite the goddess of love and desire was born.

A slightly differing version tells of Uranus being so vast that he could cover Mother Earth (Gaia) and easily take advantage of her fruitfulness, but Gaia tired of her exuberant fertility and begged her sons to free her from the excessive embrace of Uranus. All refused except Cronus. Armed with a sickle he castrated Uranus, and the blood which fell from the mutilation gave birth to the Erinyes (Furies), the Giants and the Meliae (Nymphs of the manna ash trees). And when Cronus threw the sickle into the sea the island of Corfu, home of the Phaeacians, sprang up).

After Uranus (the sky) had been emasculated, the sky separated from Gaia (the earth) and Cronus became king of the gods. Later, Zeus (the son of Cronus) deposed his father and became the supreme god of the Greek Pantheon.

Uranus (mythology)

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Ouranos (Uranus)

Aion-Uranus with Terra (Roman Gaia) on mosaic

Primordial God of the Sky

Abode Sky

Consort Gaia

Parents Gaia or Nyx

Children The Titans, Hecatoncheires, Cyclops

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Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), Father Sky is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times,[1] and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.[2]

--------------------

Uranus (IPA: /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky. In Greek mythology Uranus (often cited as Ouranos), or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosopher Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("The Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Ouranos was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. His equivalent in Roman mythology was Caelus, likewise from caelum the Latin word for "sky".

[source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uranus_(mythology)]

--------------------

Uranus (pronounced /ˈjʊərənəs, jʊˈreɪnəs/) is the Latinized form of Ouranos (Οὐρανός), the Greek word for sky (a cognate of the English word air). In Greek mythology Uranus or Father Sky, is personified as the son and husband of Gaia, Mother Earth (Hesiod, Theogony). Uranus and Gaia were ancestors of most of the Greek gods, but no cult addressed directly to Uranus survived into Classical times, and Uranus does not appear among the usual themes of Greek painted pottery. Elemental Earth, Sky and Styx might be joined, however, in a solemn invocation in Homeric epic.

Most Greeks considered Uranus to be primordial (protogenos), and gave him no parentage. Under the influence of the philosophers, Cicero, in De Natura Deorum ("Concerning the Nature of the Gods"), claims that he was the offspring of the ancient gods Aether and Hemera, Air and Day. According to the Orphic Hymns, Uranus was the son of the personification of night, Nyx. -------------------- Deus Primordial

Foi gerado espontaneamente por Gaia (a Terra) e casou-se com sua mãe. Ambos foram ancestrais da maioria dos deuses gregos. Odiava seus filhos e por isso mantinha todos presos no interior de Gaia, a Terra. Esta então instigou seus filhos a se revoltarem contra o pai. Cronos, o mais jovem, assumiu a liderança da luta contra Urano e, usando uma foice oferecida por Gaia, castrou seu pai e jogou seus testículos ao mar.