Owain Cyfeiliog ap Gruffydd (c.1125 - 1197) MP

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Birthplace: Probably Montgomeryshire, Wales, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Ystrad Marchell (near Welshpool), Powys, Wales, (Present UK)
Occupation: Prince of Southern Powys, a prince of the southern part of Powys and a poet
Managed by: David Prins
Last Updated:

About Owain Cyfeiliog ap Gruffydd

  1. ID: I30824
  2. Name: Owain Cyfeiliog ap Owain
  3. Given Name: Owain Cyfeiliog ap
  4. Surname: Owain
  5. Sex: M
  6. Birth: 1125 in Southern Powys, Wales
  7. Death: 1197 in Monastery of Strata Marcella
  8. Change Date: 21 Sep 2005 at 15:22

Marriage 1 Gwenllian verch Owain b: Abt 1125 in Caernarvonshire, Wales

   * Married:
   

Children

  1. Has Children Gwenwynwyn ap Owain b: 1165 in Powys, Wales

1160-1195 OWAIN CYFEILIOG, Prince of Southern Powys, received Cyfeiliog from his uncle Madog ap Maredudd 1149, abdicated in favour of his son Gwenwynwyn 1155 and retired to the monastery of Strata Marcella, born about 1125, married firstly Gwenllian. daughter of Owain Gwynedd, King of Gwynedd, and had issue,

   1. Gwnwynwyn, succeeded his father.
   2. Caswallon.

--------------------

Owain ap Gruffydd (c. 1130 - 1197) was a prince of the southern part of Powys and a poet. He is usually known as Owain Cyfeiliog to distinguish him from other rulers named Owain, particularly his contemporary, Owain ap Gruffydd of Gwynedd known as Owain Gwynedd.

Owain was the son of Gruffydd ap Maredudd and nephew of Madog ap Maredudd, the last prince of the whole of Powys. Madog gave his nephew the commote of Cyfeiliog to rule in 1147. On Madog's death in 1160 Owain became the ruler of most of southern Powys.

He is recorded as having been in alliance with the other Welsh princes to withstand the invasion of 1165 by king Henry II of England. Thereafter he usually followed a policy of supporting the English crown. In 1170 he gave land for the founding of the abbey of Strata Marcella. In 1188 however he refused to meet or support Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury and Giraldus Cambrensis when they journeyed around Wales to raise men for a crusade, and was excommunicated as a result.

In 1195 Owain handed the rule of his realm to his son Gwenwynwyn ab Owain and retired to the abbey of Strata Marcella, where he died and was buried two years later.

Owain was also a notable poet. Although only one of his poems has been preserved, this one, Hirlas Owain is commonly rated as one of the finest Welsh poems of this period. In the poem, Owain's bodyguard are gathered at his court following a raid in 1155 to free his brother Meurig from prison in Maelor. The mission accomplished, Owain calls for the drinking horn to be passed to each member of his bodyguard in turn, with words of praise for each one. There is a more sombre note when he remembers two of his men who fell in the fighting and grieves for their loss.

Owain also appears in the romance of Fulke FitzWarin as a knight who strikes Fulk with a spear.

Hirlas Owain

Oddi ar Wicitestun

Neidio i: llywio, chwilio

gan Owain Cyfeiliog

   Gwawr pan ddwyreai, gawr a ddoded -
   Galon yn anfon anfud dynged.
   Geleurudd ein gwyr gwedi lludded - trwm
   Tremid gofwy mur Maelawr drefred.
   Deon a yrrais dygyhused,
   Diarswyd ar frwydr, arfau goched.
   A rygoddwy glew, gogeled - rhagdaw:
   Gnawd yw o'i ddygnaw ddefnydd codded.
   Dywallaw di, fenestr, gan foddhäed
   Y corn yn llaw Rys yn llys llyw ced -
   Llys Owain ar brain yd ry borthed,
   Porth mil a glywy, pyrth egored.
   Menestr a'm gorthaw, na'm adawed,
   As deuy â'r corn, er cydyfed,
   Hiraethlawn, amliw, lliw ton nawfed,
   Hirlas ei arwydd, aur ei duded.
   A dyddwg o fragawd wirawd worgred
   Ar llaw Wgawn draws dros ei weithred.
   Canawon Goromwy gwrdd gynired - gwyth,
   Gwyr a obryn tâl ym mhob called;
   Gwyr ynd ngawr gwerthfawr gwrdd ymwared,
   Bugelydd Hafren, balch eu clywed,
   Bugunad cyrn medd, mawr afneud.
   Dywallaw di'r cprm ar Gynfelyn
   Anrhydeddus feddw o fedd gorewyn;
   Ac or mynny hoedl hyd un flwyddyn,
   Na didawl ei barch, can yd berthyn.
   A dyddwg i Ruffudd, waywrudd elyn,
   Gwin â gwydr golau yn ei gylchyn;
   Dragon Arwystli, arwystl terfyn,
   Dragon Owain hael o hil Cynfyn,
   Dragon a'I dechrau, ac niw dychryn - cad,
   Cyflafan argrad, cymwy erlyn.
   Cydwyr ydd aethant er clod edwyn.
   Talasant eu medd mal gwyr Belyn - gynt
   Teg eu hydrefynt tra fo undyn.
   Dywallaw di'r corn, can y'm puchant,
   Hirlas yn llawen yn llaw Forgant,
   Gwr a ddyly gwawd, gwahan foliant,
   Gwenwyn ei adwyn, gwân edrywant,
   Areglydd defnydd dioddeifiant,
   Llafn llyfn ei ddeitu, llym ei amgant.
   Dywallaw di, fenestr, o lestr ariant
   Celennig edmig can ardduniant;
   Ar llawr Gwestun Fawr gwelais irdant;
   Ardwy Goronwy oedd gwaith I gant.
   Cedwyr cyfafaeth ydd ymwnaethant;
   Cad ymerbyniaid, enaid ddichwant.
   Cyfarfu ysgwyn ac ysgarant - aer,
   Llas maer, llosged caer cer môr lliant.
   Mwynfawr garchaeawr a gyrchasant -
   Meurig fab Gruffudd, frym darogant.
   Neud oedd gochwys pawb pan atgorsant;
   Neud oedd lawn o haul hirfryn a phant.
   Dywallaw di'r corn i'r cynifiaid,
   Canawon Owain, cyngrain cydnaid.
   Wynt a ddyrllyddant, yn lle honnaid,
   Glud, men ydd ânt, gloyw hëyrn ar naid.
   Madawg a Meilyr, gwyr gorddyfnaid
   Trais, tros gyferwyr gyferbyniaid;
   Taranogion torf, terfysg ddysgaid;
   Trinheion faon, traws arddwyaid.
   Ciglau am dâl medd myned haid - Gatraeth,
   Cywir eu harfaeth, arfau llifaid.
   Cosgordd Fynyddawg, am ei cysgaid
   Cawsant eu hadrawdd, casflawdd flaeniaid.
   Ni waeth wnaeth fy nghydwyr yng ngraid - Faelawr
   Ddillwng carcharawr, ddyllest folaid.
   Dywallaw di, fenestr, fedd hidlaid - melys,
   O gyrn buelin balch oreuraid.
   Ergyrayw gwrys gochwys yn rhaid,
   Er gobryn bobrwy gwerth eu henaid.
   A'r gnifer anun a borth cuniaid
   Nis gwyr namyn Duw, ac a'i dywaid.
   Gwr ni dwng, ni dâl, ni bydd wrthwir,
   Daniel, draig cannerth, mor ferth hywir.
   Menestr, mawr o waith ydd oleithir
   Gwyr ni olaith llaith oni llochir.
   Menstr, medd ancwyn a'm cydroddir,
   Gwrdd dân gloyw golau, gwrddleu babir.
   Menestr, gwelud galchöed - gyngrain,
   Yng nghichyn Owain gylchwy enwir.
   Pan breiddwyd Cawres, taerwres trwy ddir,
   Praidd ostwng orflwng a orfolir.
   Menestr, na'm diddawl, ni'm diddolir;
   Poed ym mharadwys y'n cynhwysir.
   Gan ben tëyrnedd boed hir - ein trwydded,
   Yn y mae gweled gwaradred gwir.

Wedi dod o "http://cy.wikisource.org/wiki/Hirlas_Owain"

Categorïau: Owain Cyfeiliog | Cerddi Caeth

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Owain Cyfeiliog ap Gruffydd's Timeline

1125
1125
Probably Montgomeryshire, Wales, (Present UK)
1144
1144
Age 19
Montgomeryshire, , Wales
1160
1160
Age 35
1164
1164
Age 39
Aberffraw, Anglesey, Wales, (Present UK)
1165
1165
Age 40
Powys (Montgomeryshire), Wales, (Present UK)
1197
1197
Age 72
Ystrad Marchell (near Welshpool), Powys, Wales, (Present UK)
????
????
????
Ystrad Marchell (near Welshpool), Powys, Wales, United Kingdom