Owain ap Hywel Dda

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About Owain ap Hywel Dda

Wikipedia page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Owain_ap_Hywel

Source: "A history of Wales from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest" by Sir John Edward Lloyd, 1911: http://books.google.com/books?id=jELQAAAAMAAJ

History: By 950 A.D., Dinefwr was the principal court from which Hywel Dda, "The Good," ruled a large part of Wales including the southwest area known as Deheubarth. His great achievement was to create the country's first uniform legal system. Hywel shared with his brothers lands in Ceredigon and Ystrad Tywi after the death of their father, Cadell, about 909. He united their inheritance in 920, and acquired Gwynedd after the death of Idwal Foel in 942. He married Elen, daughter of Llywarch of Dyfed, and on Llywarch's death in 904 he took over the southern kingdom. In the perspective of the Dark Ages he was a powerful prince, and it may be that later generations borrowed his personal authority to buttress their own power.

Like his grandfather, Rhodri the Great, Hywel was given an epithet by a later generation. He became known as Hywel Dda (Hywel the Good), although it would be wrong to consider that goodness to be innocent and unblemished. In the age of Hywel, the essential attribute of a state builder was ruthlessness, an attribute which Hywel possessed, if it is true that it was he who ordered the killing of Llywarch of Dyfed, as some have claimed.

Although contemporary evidence is lacking, there is no reason to reject the tradition that Hywel was responsible for some of the consolidation of the Laws of Wales. Among Hywel's contemporaries there were rulers who won fame as law-givers. The law was Hywel's law, cyfraith Hywel; his name gave to the law an authority comparable with that given to the laws of Mercia by King Offa or the laws of Wessex (and a larger area of England) by King Alfred. He almost certainly knew of them; he was a regular visitor to the English court and in 928, when in the flower of his manhood, he went on pilgrimage to Rome. In later centuries it was claimed that he took copies of his laws to Rome, where they were blessed by the Pope. Tradition also provided details of the circumstances under which the laws were compiled and promulgated.

It was probably the need to give cohesion to his different territories that prompted Hywel to codify the law. He was also successful in defending his territories, for there is no record that they were ravaged by the Vikings during his reign. Neither were they attacked by the English. Hywel adhered to the close relationship with England initiated by his father-in-law, Llywarch of Dyfed, yet it is unlikely that he relished the diminution in status and the heavy demands for tribute which resulted from his association with the kingdom of England. He recognized the facts of power - the power which in his lifetime extinguished the Brythonic kingdom of Cornwall and which brought about the death of his cousin, Idwal of Gwynedd.

Hywel's creation of the kingdom of Deheubarth, survived his death. In 950 it passed to his son Owain. Gwynedd and Powys returned to the line of Idwal ap Anarawd while Glamorgan continued to be subject to its own kings. Although the union between Gwynedd, Powys and Deheubarth was broken, Wales had only three kingdoms after 950, compared with over twice that number two centuries earlier. -------------------- Owain ap Hywel Dda was King of Deheubarth (a portion of Wales). As Owain grew too old to lead in battle, his son Maredudd took his place -------------------- On Hywel's death in 950 Deheubarth was shared between Owain and his two brothers, Edwin and Rhodri. The sons of Hywel were not able to keep hold of Gwynedd, which was reclaimed for the traditional dynasty of Aberffraw by Iago ap Idwal and Ieuaf ap Idwal, the sons of Idwal Foel.

In 952 Iago and Ieuaf invaded the south, penetrating as far as Dyfed. The sons of Hywel retaliated by invading the north in 954, reaching as far north as the Conwy valley before being defeated in a battle at Llanrwst and being obliged to retreat to Ceredigion.

Rhodri died in 953 and Edwin in 954, leaving Owain to rule Deheubarth alone. Owain did not again try to reclaim Gwynedd, but instead he and his son Einon turned eastwards to attack the kingdom of Morgannwg (modern Glamorgan) in 960, 970 and 977. Owain was now ageing, and it appears that Einon took over the rule of the kingdom on behalf of his father. On a further raid on the east in 984, Einon was killed by the noblemen of Gwent.

Following Einon's death, Owain's second son, Maredudd, took over the leadership in war, and in 986 did what his father had failed to do by seizing the throne of Gwynedd, ousting Ieuaf's son Cadwallon ab Ieuaf. The following year Owain died and Maredudd became king of Deheubarth as well as Gwynedd.

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Owain ap Hywel   

Owain was born about 0913 in Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales.1 Owain's father was Hywel (The Good) ap Cadell and his mother was Elen verch Llywarch. His paternal grandparents were Cadell ap Rhodri and Rheingar; his maternal grandparents were Llywarch ap Hyfaidd and <Unknown>. He had seven brothers and two sisters, named Maredydd, Rhodri, Rhain, Dyfnwal, Edwin, Cynan, Einion, Angharad and Gwenllian. He was the second oldest of the ten children.1 General Notes Owen took the rule of Cardigan and succeeded to the chief dominion of South Wales. He died 987. His 1st wife's name is unknown, and the 2nd was Anghared. By the 1st he had Einon and Cadwallon, and by the 2nd Meredith, Prince of All Wales, died 998, and Llymarch, died 986. (Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 801)

OWEN AP HOWEL who succeeded his father as Prince of South Wales and Powis 948 and died 987; married Angharad Verch Llewellyn, Princess of Powys, daughter of Llewellyn ap Mervyn who was excluded from his crown by his uncle Cadell (or Cadelh) and his cousin Howel Dha. Llewellyn ap Mervyn was son of Mervyn ap Rhodri Mawr, King of Wales. (Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 182)

Owain ap Hywel & Angharad verch Llewelyn 

They had five sons named Einion, Cadwallon, Maredydd, Llywarch and Iestyn.

Personal Details

Owain ap Hywel

Owain was born about 0913 in Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales.1 1

Angharad verch Llewelyn

Angharad was born about 0918 in Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales.1

Children

 Einion ap Owain

Einion was born about 0933 in Deheubarth, Wales.2 He died in 0984 in Gwent, Monmouthshire, Wales.2

 Cadwallon ap Owain

Cadwallon was born about 0935.3

 Maredydd ap Owain

Maredydd was born about 0938 in Dynevor Castle, Carmenthenshire, Wales.1 He died in 0999.1

 Llywarch ap Owain

Llywarch was born about 0940.3

 Iestyn ap Owain

Iestyn was born about 0942.3

-------------------- Name: Owain Ap Hywel Dda King Of South Wales 1 Sex: M Birth: ABT 913 in Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales 1 Death: ABT 987 1

Father: Hywel 'Dda' Ap Cadell b: ABT 887 in Deheubarth, Wales Mother: Elen Verch Llywarch Of Dyfed b: ABT 893 in Dyfed, Wales

Marriage 1 Angharad Verch Llywelyn b: ABT 918 in Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales Children

Einion Ap Owain b: ABT 933 in Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jcrow&id=I18417

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IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0 British Isles

   

Owen ap Howel Dda Pedigree

 Male   Family    

Event(s):

Birth:  About 0906   Of Dehenbarth, , , Wales 
Death:  0987       

Parents:

 Father:  Howel Dda ap Cadell  Family     

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Marriages:

Spouse:  Unavailable  Family   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Record submitted by a member of the LDS Church. 
  • *************************************************************************

IGI Individual Record FamilySearch™ International Genealogical Index v5.0 British Isles

   

Owen ap Howel Dda Pedigree Male Family

Event(s):

Birth:  About 0911   Of, , Caernarvon, Wales   
Death:  0987     

Parents:

 Father:  Howel Dda Ap Cadell OR Howel the Good  Family 
 Mother:  Eleanor or Elen        

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Marriages:

Spouse:  Unavailable  Family   

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Record submitted by a member of the LDS Church. 
================================

-------------------- http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~summer/Owen.htm

Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd (died 1170) was a Welsh poet and military leader. Hywel was the illegitimate son of Owain Gwynedd, prince of Gwynedd, and an Irishwoman named Pyfog. In recognition of this, he was also known as Hywel ap Gwyddeles (=Hywel son of the Irishwoman).

In 1143 Owain Gwynedd's brother Cadwaladr, who held lands in Meirionnydd and Ceredigion was implicated in the murder of Anarawd ap Gruffydd of Deheubarth. Owain responded by sending Hywel to strip him of his lands in the north of Ceredigion, which he did, capturing and burning the castle of Aberystwyth in the process. In 1147 Hywel and his brother Cynan drove Cadwaladr out of Meirionnydd, taking his castle at Cynfael by storm. Hywel lost southern Ceredigion in 1150 when Cadell ap Gruffydd of Deheubarth drove him north of the River Aeron and reclaimed the territory.

Upon the death of Owain Gwynedd in 1170, his sons fell into dispute over the lordship of Gwynedd. Hywel, as one of the elder, proven sons, was regarded by many as Owain's natural heir, but under Welsh law, all sons (legitimate or not) had equal rights of inheritance. Hywel's half-brothers, Dafydd and Rhodri, forced him to flee to Ireland. He raised an army in Ireland and returned the same year in an attempt to claim a share of the kingdom, but was defeated and killed at the Battle of Pentraeth on Anglesey. The seven sons of Hywel's foster-father, Cadifor, were killed while defending him in this battle, and were commemorated in verse:

   The sons of Cadifor, a noble band of brothers
   In the hollow above Pentraeth
   Were full of daring and of high purpose
   They were cut down beside their foster-brother.

Hywel was an accomplished poet and eight of his poems have been preserved. The best known is probably Gorhoffedd Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd in which he praises his father's kingdom of Gwynedd, both its natural beauties and its beautiful women. Other poems include the earliest known love poetry in the Welsh language, and may show a French influence. Hywel is known to have sired the following sons;

wikipedia.com

-------------------- Owain ap Hywel was king of Deheubarth in south Wales and probably also controlled Powys.

Owain was the son of Hywel Dda, originally king of Deheubarth but by the end of his life king of most of Wales. On Hywel's death in 950 Deheubarth was shared between Owain and his two brothers, Rhodri and Edwin.

The sons of Hywel were not able to keep hold of Gwynedd, which was reclaimed for the traditional dynasty of Aberffraw by Iago ap Idwal and Ieuaf ap Idwal, the sons of Idwal Foel.

In 952 Iago and Ieuaf invaded the south, penetrating as far as Dyfed. The sons of Hywel retaliated by invading the north in 954, reaching as far north as the Conwy valley before being defeated in a battle at Llanrwst and being obliged to retreat to Ceredigion.

Rhodri died in 953 and Edwin in 954, leaving Owain to rule Deheubarth alone. Owain did not again try to reclaim Gwynedd, but instead he and his son Einon turned eastwards to attack the kingdom of Morgannwg (modern Glamorgan) in 960, 970 and 977. Owain was now aging, and it appears that Einon took over the rule of the kingdom on behalf of his father. On a further raid on the east in 984, Einon was killed by the noblemen of Gwent.

Following Einon's death, Owain's second son, Maredudd, took over the leadership in war, and in 986 did what his father had failed to do by seizing the throne of Gwynedd, ousting Ieuaf's son Cadwallon ab Ieuaf. The following year Owain died and Maredudd became king of Deheubarth as well as Gwynedd.

The Annales Cambriae were compiled at Owain's instigation. -------------------- Owain and Angharad were second cousins.

From: http://www.robertsewell.ca/powys.html -------------------- Brenin Deheubarth Owain ap Hywel Dda was born in 913 at Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales.6,7 He was the son of Hywel Dda ap Cadell, Brenin Cymru and Elen ferch Llywarch o Ddyfed.1,2,3,4,5 Brenin Deheubarth Owain ap Hywel Dda married Angharad verch Llywelyn o Powys, daughter of Llywelyn ap Merfyn o Powys, before 938; 2nd cousins. (Dubious.).3 King of Deheubarth at Wales between 957 and 986.8 Brenin Deheubarth Owain ap Hywel Dda married N. N. (?) before 960; His 2nd. Brenin Deheubarth Owain ap Hywel Dda died in 988 at age 75 years.6,2,7,3,9

Family 1

N. N. (?) b. 930

Child

   * Einon ab Owain+ b. 933, d. 9842,10

Family 2

Angharad verch Llywelyn o Powys b. 918

Child

   * Brenin Deheubarth Maredudd ab Owain o Deheubarth+ b. 938, d. 9991

http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/p329.htm#i7962 -------------------- OWAIN had a long reign, and apart from his political position as ruler, he earned genealogists’ eternal gratitude when he ordered an important intellectual program. J. Davies describes it: “Some time around 960, a collection was made—probably at St David’s—of a variety of documents, pedigrees and annals. It is believed that the pedigrees were drawn up at the request of Owain ap Hywel Dda and they are central to an understanding of the early history of the Welsh kingdoms” (p.46). Elsewhere Davies calls OWAIN a “man of historical interests, for it would appear that the genealogies and the Annales Cambriae were compiled at his request” (p.95). As OWAIN aged during the 970s and 980s he became too infirm to play a major role. His elder son EINION took over as military leader of Deheubarth and seems to have been accepted in that role. He made repeated attacks on Gower, which appears to have fallen into his hands, but he died in 984, and his brother MAREDUDD took over, then became sole ruler on OWAIN’s death in 988. He had already annexed Gwynedd in 986, but in 994 he was defeated there by his cousins, the sons of MEURIG ab IDWAL

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Owain ap Hywel Dda's Timeline

865
865
Dyrener, Castle, Wales
873
873
Morgannwg, , Gwlad, Wales
875
875
892
892
Gwyr, Glamorgan, , Wales
898
898
Morgannwg, , Gwlad, Wales
915
915
Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales
926
926
Age 11
Dynevor, Llandyfeisant, Carmarthenshire, Wales
932
932
Age 17
Wales
935
935
Age 20
Deheubarth, Wales
938
938
Age 23
UK