Paulus Kuster, Sr. (1644 - 1707)

‹ Back to Kuster surname

Is your surname Kuster?

Research the Kuster family

Paulus Kuster, Sr.'s Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Share

Birthplace: Kaldenkirchen, Kaldenkirchen, Viersen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
Death: Died in Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Occupation: Bricklayer and Stonemason, Mason, Bricklayer And Stonemason.
Managed by: Rod Michael Johnson
Last Updated:

About Paulus Kuster, Sr.

BIOGRAPHY: He and Gertrude left Krefeld with four of their children in 1684 and settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania.

Source: SON OF THE MORNING STAR by Evan S Connell

He was a mason according to the 1693 tax list

WILL: Paul Kuster of Germantown. 11/28/1707/8. Noncupative will. Wife Gertrude. Children names not given. Letters of administration were granted to Arnold Kusters, Hermanus Kusters and Johannes Kusters, the widow Gertrude being dead -------------------- Descendants of Paulus Kuster

Generation No. 1

1. PAULUS4 KUSTER (ARNOLD3, JOHANNES2, REINER1) was born Abt. 1644 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and died Aft. 28 Jan 1707/08 in German Town, Philiadelphia County, Pennsylvania. He married GERTRUDE DOORS 16 Oct 1668 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany, daughter of THEIS DOORS and AGNES. She was born Abt. 1645 in Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and died Aft. 28 Jan 1707/08 in German Town, Philiadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

Notes for PAULUS KUSTER:

THIS IS A WORK IN PROGRESS. ALL CORRECTIONS AND ADDITIONAL INFORMATION APPRECIATED

     The basis for identifying Arnold as the father of Paulus seems to be taken from "The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine" Volume XXXI 1980 Number 3 in the article "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens page 505:
    "Going by the first name of the eldest son, the father of Paulus Kuesters, must have been the Catholic, Arret Kuesters, who lived in Kaldenkirchen."
    
     From "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage" Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986

p.28 in an article titled "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen,

Germany and Germantown, Pennsylvania" by Chester E. Custer:

"Within the civil records in the archives at Düsseldorf the Kuster

family can be traced to Reiner Kuster, who was born about 1542 and died

on July 3, 1616. The name of Reiner's wife in unknown. Reiner was the

father of Johannes Kuster, born in 1576. Johannes married ____

Walburgis in 1598 and died April 8, 1650. They were the parents of

Arnold, born about 1606. Arnold married Catherine von Haeren on October

13, 1629, and died November 24, 1679. Arnold and Catharine were

mentioned earlier in connection with the baptism of Margarita Doors.

Each of Arnold's sons named his first-born son after him. Emigrant

Paulus Kuster was the son of Arnold and Catharine. The birth date for

Paulus cannot be determined because the baptismal records of the

Catholic church at Kaldenkirchen between 1640 and 1646 are missing.

...Paulus Kuster, reared as a Roman Catholic, married Gertrude Doors on

October 16, 1668, in the Reformed church at Kaldenkirchen......

Paulus apparently left the Catholic church prior to or at the time of

his marriage. Gertrude and her parents had been in the Reformed church

since 1655."

    
     From "The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine" Volume XXXI Number 3 1980 in an article

titled "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens page 505:

    "...in the church records of the Reformed congregation of Kaldenkirchen. On 16 October 1668 were married there Paulus Kusters, bachelor of Kaldenkirchen and Gertrud Doors, spinster of Kaldenkirchen. Children of theirs baptized there were: 1. Arnold, baptized 9 June 1669; 2. Johannes, baptized 12 December 1670; 3. Matthys, baptized 6 December 1671; 4. Reiner, baptized 2 December 1674. Later other children were born, but not baptized at Kaldenkirchen; Elizabeth and Hermann"

This is a direct quote from the above source.

    From "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage" Vol IX, Number 3 July 1986 in the article "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany and Germantown, Pennsylvania" by Chester E. Custer on page 28 this account of the children is given:

"Paulus and Gertrude had seven known children, all of whom were baptized in the Reformed church at Kaldenkirchen." (cites baptismal information from the Kaldenkirchen Reformed Church Records).

     Arnold was baptized on June 9, 1669.
     Johannes was baptized on October 12, 1670. (Month differs from Niepoth's account)
     Matthys was baptized on December 6, 1671.
     Reiner was baptized on December 2, 1674.
     Anna was baptized on December 26, 1677. (Anna is not included in Niepoth's account)
    Hermanus was baptized on October 19, 1681 or on March 15, 1682 (Niepoth did not find a record for Hermanus whereas the archivist and linguist Leo Peters who translated the confusing combination of German and Dutch language in the records found two). Both were sons of a Gertrude and both had witnesses from the Doors family.
     Catrin was baptized March 9, 1687. (Also not included in Niepoth's account)
     Elizabeth also not found in the records by Leo Peters working with Chester Custer.

Since Chester Custer's research examined the original records in the Reformed Church at Kaldenkirchen (written in a combination German/Dutch language), the Catholic Church at Kaldenkirchen (written in Latin and housed in the archives of Kempen), the archives in Duesseldorf, and the Mennonite library in the Weierhof and had the help of the archivist and linguist, Leo Peters, I have used this research as the source for the children of Paulus and Gertrude Doors.

Notes for GERTRUDE DOORS:

     From "The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine" Volume XXXI 1980 Number 3 in an article

titled "The Ancestry of the Thirteen Krefeld Emigrants of 1683" by Wilhelm Niepoth, translated by John Brockie Lukens page 506:

    Niepoth relates a story about Gertrude's parents' experiences with religious persecution which is taken from the "Julich-Berg Historical Journal". A few days before the birth of Gertrude's sister, the bailiff had struck her mother in the face. The father was fined 100 gold Guilders and his goods taken. However the government intervened and declared that Gertrude's father should stay and not be persecuted.
    
    
    
    

Children of PAULUS KUSTER and GERTRUDE DOORS are:

2. i. ARNOLD5 CUSTER, b. Abt. 1669, Kaldenkirchen, Germany; d. 1739, Hanover Township, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

 	ii. 	  	JOHANNES CUSTER, b. Abt. 1670, Germany (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantown, Pennsylvania," page 28, Johannes was baptized on October 12, 1670. Jyn Huylkins and Agnes Doors, Gertrude's mother, were the witnesses. Both Arnold and Johannes would have been baptized by Jakob Flodrop.); d. Abt. 1708; m. ELIZABETH CASSEL, 31 Aug 1692, Abington Meeting Of Friends, Pennsylvania; d. Unknown.
 	iii. 	  	MATTHIAS CUSTER, b. Abt. 1671, Germany (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Matthys was baptized on December 6, 1671, by Johann Melchoir with Matthys Doors and Lisbet Doors (Gertrude's father and sister) as witnesses.); d. Unknown.
 	iv. 	  	REINER CUSTER, b. Abt. 1674 (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Reiner was baptized by Johann Melchior on December 2, 1674. The baptismal record states that Reiner's father was Roman Catholic, that his mother had been a member of the Reformed Church, and that she "for a period of time was unable to use her mental faculties." Gertrude's parents, Theiss and Agnes Doors, promised to assume responsibility for the child in her behalf. The witnesses to Reiner's baptism were Wys Doors (Gertrude's father, Matthys), Jochim Huiskens, and Elisabeth Doors (Gertrude's sister).); d. Unknown.
 	v. 	  	ANNA CUSTER, b. Abt. 1677 (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Anna was baptized on December 26, 1677. Peter Keurlings (Gertrude's brother-in-law, the husband of Elizabeth), Wilhelm Betten, Agness Doors (Gertrude's mother), and Jenneken Scremkens were witnesses. Arnold Theodor Scriba was the pastor at the time.); d. Unknown.

3. vi. HERMANUS CUSTER, b. Abt. 1681, Germany; d. 1760, Pennsylvania.

 	vii. 	  	CATRIN CUSTER, b. Abt. 1687 (Source: Chester E. Custer, "Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage Volume IX, Number 3 July 1986 "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany, and Germantorwn, Pennsylvania," page 28, Catrin was baptized on March 9, 1687. The witnesses at her baptism were Nelis Hueben and Frin (?) Hueskens. This is the only baptism for which a member of Gertrude's immediate family is not listed as a witness. By this date most of the family had migrated to America. Arnold Hamboch was pastor of the church when Catrin was baptized and when Paulus and Gertrude left Kaldenkirchen for Germantown.); d. Unknown.
 	viii. 	  	EVA CUSTER, b. Aft. 1687; d. Unknown; m. GODSCHALK GODSCHALK; d. Unknown.
	Notes for EVA CUSTER:
     Milo Custer in "Custer Genealogies" lists the children of Paulus and

then in parentheses has: (Possibly also MARGARET (KOSTER) DEWEES, wife of

Cornelius Dewees, and EVA (KUSTER) GODSCHALK, wife of Godschalk

Godschalk.?) "The Descendants of Paulus and Gertrude Kusters", published by the Castor Association of America refers to the Agnes W. Storer book, "Eleanor C. Custer, Her Family and Connections" as citing "The Perkiomen Region" Whole Number 37, page 65 as a

reference to Eva Kuster who married Godschalk Godschalk as a daughter of Paulus and

Gertrude.

     Would appreciate a copy of "The Perkiomen Region" should anyone find it and would quote that reference for other researchers.
     July 09, 2003 Dick Sell sent the following in an e-mail:

"Hi, Grace:

I looked at your Paulus Kuster page on your FTM Genealogy Site, and see you requested at the bottom of the list a copy of the page in "The Perkiomen Region" noting that Eve Kuster married Godschalk Godschalk.

I just wrote to the Mennonite Historians of Eastern PA librarian at <www.mhep.org> , Joel Alderfer, and he sent me a fax with that page 65. Would you like me to send it to you? Or I can try to scan it, or U.S. Mail it."

Attached to the e-mail was page 65 with the information that Eve Kuster married Godschalk Godschalk.

     July 09, 2003 Dick sent the full citation:

"The Perkiomen Region, Vol.X, No.2, April 1932, Whole No.37, page 65."

___________________________________________

Paulus CUSTER (Arnold Arets , Johannes , Reinhart \ Reiner , Ololus ) was born 1, 2, 3, 4 in 1644 in Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Germany. He died on 23 Feb 1707 in Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. He was buried in Germantown Mennonite Cemetery, Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. Paulus joined religion Catholic/Reformed Mennonite. He had a will probated on 18 Jan 1708 in Germantown, Philadelphia, PA. He was employed as Bricklayer And Stonemason.
   BIOGRAPHY: He and Gertrude left Krefeld with four of their children in 1684 and settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania.
   Source: SON OF THE MORNING STAR by Evan S Connell
   He was a mason according to the 1693 tax list
   WILL: Paul Kuster of Germantown.
   11/28/1707/8.
   Noncupative will.
   Wife Gertrude.
   Children names not given.
   Letters of administration were granted to Arnold Kusters, Hermanus Kusters and Johannes Kusters, the widow Gertrude being dead

Paulus married Gertrude DOORS daughter of Matthais DOORS and Agness OP DEN GRAEFF on 16 Oct 1668 in Reformed Church, Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Germany. Gertrude was born 1, 2 in 1645 in Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Germany. She died on 23 Feb 1708 in Germantown, Montgomery, PA.

   (Note by Grace Ebneter, Custer researcher)
   Some of this information was updated in the 1980s when a German scholar researched the people who settled Germantown, Pennsylvania. More recent research is based on translations from church records in Germany which were not available at that time or at least not found until studies by Wilhelm Niepoth of Germany were translated (in the 1980s) and Chester Custer wrote "The Kusters and Doors of Kaldenkirchen, Germany and Germantown, Pennsylvania" in Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage in 1986.He discovered the church records which document many of the CUSTER/KUSTER family births, marriages, etc. The most important discovery made with all this research and translation of it is that the wife of Paulus KUSTER was not Gertrude STREYPERS, but Gertrude DOORS.
   When the information lists her last name as STREYPERS, this usually tells that their information comes from an article in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography in 1880 by Samuel W. Pennypacker called "The Settlement of Germantown, and the Causes Which Led to It"

-------------------- PAULUS b. 1644

Paulus and Gertrude (Doors) Kuster came to America after 1684, and were

naturalized May 7, 1691. It is believed that most of the 13 original families to

settle Germantown, are brothers and sisters of Gertrude Doors. Gertraudt Doors

was baptized in the Reformed Church of Krefeld Germany in 1681. Paulus and

Gertrude were sponsors for the baptisms of the children of Jan and Entgen (Doors)

Strepers. In 1669, Jan Streipers sponsored a child of Paulus and Gertrude Kuster.

In 1670, a child was sponsored by Agnes Doors. Paulus' first four children born in

Germany were baptized in the Reformed Church of Kaldenkirchen. Two more

children born in Germany, Elisabeth (Anna) and Hermann, were not baptized in

Kaldenkirchen. Paulus' father, Arret, was probably Roman Catholic. Paulus who also

was Catholic, later became a member of the Reformed Church of Kaldenkirchen

Germany, and Mennonite in Germantown. Paulus' sons, Arnold and Hermanus, came

to America with him. They were preceded by Johannes, another son of Paulus.

Paulus was a stone mason and farmer. On Dec. 2, 1700, he was chosen as a

committeeman of the corporation of Germantown PA. Paulus purchased 50 acres

of land from Henry Bucholz Dec. 4, 1704. Paulus was appointed Jan. 5, 1706 as

overseer of fences in Germantown. Paulus died in Jan. or Feb. 1708, and Gertrude

soon after.

-------------------- Paul (Paulus) Custer and Gertrude came to America in 1684 and settled with other Mennonites in Germantown. At least the following three sons came from Crefeld, Germany with their parents: Arnold, Johannes, and Hermanus.

view all 32

Paulus Kuster, Sr.'s Timeline

1644
1644
Kaldenkirchen, Viersen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
1668
October 16, 1668
Age 24
Reformed Church, Kaldenkirchen, Germany
1669
June 9, 1669
Age 25
Germany
June 9, 1669
Age 25
Kaldenkirchen, Viersen, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
1670
December 10, 1670
Age 26
Kaldenkirchen, Rheinland, Prussia
1670
Age 26
1671
December 6, 1671
Age 27
Crefeld, Krefeld, Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
1674
February 12, 1674
Age 30
Crefeld, Krefeld, Nordrhein-Westfeld, Germany
1675
1675
Age 31
Germantown, , Pa
1676
1676
Age 32