Percy Wallace Loring MacKaye

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Percy Wallace Loring MacKaye

Birthplace: New York, NY, USA
Death: Died in Cornish, NH, USA
Immediate Family:

Son of James Morrison Steele MacKaye and Mary Ellen Keith MacKaye
Husband of Marion Homer MacKaye
Father of Robert ("Robin") Keith MacKaye; Arvia MacKaye and Christy MacKaye
Brother of Harold Steele MacKaye; William Payson MacKaye; James Medbury MacKaye; Emile Benton MacKaye and Hazel MacKaye
Half brother of Edith Theodora de Bons; Henry Goodwin MacKaye and Arthur MacKaye

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About Percy Wallace Loring MacKaye

Percy MacKaye (1875–1956) was an American dramatist and poet.


MacKaye was born in New York City, New York. After graduating from Harvard in 1897, he traveled in Europe for three years, residing in Rome, Switzerland and London, studying at the University of Leipzig in 1899–1900. He returned to New York City to teach at a private school until 1904, when he joined a colony of artists and writers in Cornish, New Hampshire, and devoted himself entirely to dramatic work.

He wrote the plays The Canterbury Pilgrims in 1903, Sappho and Phaon in 1907, Jeanne D'Arc in 1907, The Scarecrow in 1908, Anti-Matrimony in 1910, and the poetry collection The Far Familiar in 1937. In 1950, MacKaye published The Mystery of Hamlet King of Denmark, or What We Will, a series of four plays written as prequels to William Shakespeare's Hamlet.

He was made a member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1914. In the 1920s, MacKaye was poet in residence at Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. He lectured on the theatre at Harvard, Yale, Columbia and other universities in the United States. He was the son of actor, impresario and theatrical technology innovator Steele MacKaye, and brother of philosopher James MacKaye and conservationist Benton MacKaye.

Percy MacKaye is considered to be the first poet of the Atomic Era because of his sonnet "The Atomic Law," which was published in the Christmas 1945 issue of The Churchman.

Civic Theatre

In 1912 he published The Civic Theatre in Relation to the Redemption of Leisure; A Book of Suggestions. Here he presented a concept of Civic Theatre as "the conscious awakening of the people to self-government in its leisure". To this end he called for the active involvement of the public, not merely as spectators, professional staff not dominated by commercial considerations and the elimination of private profit by endowment and public support. This concept was influential on Platon Kerzhentsev and the Soviet Proletcult Theatre movement. This idea is most apparent in his play Caliban by the YellowSands.


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Percy Wallace Loring MacKaye's Timeline

March 16, 1875
New York, NY, USA
October 8, 1899
Age 24
Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
Age 26
Age 33
August 31, 1956
Age 81
Cornish, NH, USA