Perictione (deceased)

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Birthplace: 5th Century BC, Athens, Attica, Greece
Death: Died in Athens, Attica, Greece
Managed by: Yigal Burstein / יגאל בורשטיין
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About Perictione

Perictione

Perictione (or Periktíone, Greek: Περικτιόνη; 5th century BC) was the Greek mother of Plato. She was a descendant of Solon, the Athenian lawgiver. She was married to Ariston, and had three sons — Glaucon, Adeimantus, and Plato — and a daughter, Potone. After Ariston's death, she remarried Pyrilampes, her own uncle, and a friend of the Athenian statesman, with whom she had a fifth child, the Antiphon who recites the Parmenides.

Two spurious works attributed to Perictione have survived in fragments. These are On the Harmony of Women and On Wisdom. The works do not date from the same time, and are usually assigned to a Perictione I and a Perictione II. Both works belong to the pseudonymous Pythagorean literature. On the Harmony of Women, concerns the duties of a woman to her husband, her marriage, and to her parents; it is written in Ionic Greek, and probably dates to the late 4th or 3rd century BC. On Wisdom offers a philosophical definition of wisdom; it is written in Doric Greek, and probably dates to the 3rd or 2nd century BC.

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