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Peter Rucker (Rücker)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Germany (Bavaria?) or France (Alsace-Lorraine?); he came from a French area and migrated with French Huguenots [check birth year--ranges from 1646-1664]
Death: Died in St. Mark's Parish, Orange (Spotsylvania) Co, VA
Immediate Family:

Son of Ambrose Levi Rucker, [DOUBTFUL father of Peter Rucker] and Elizabeth Ann Beauchamp, [DOUBTFUL mother of Peter Rucker]
Husband of Elizabeth Rucker
Father of John Rucker, Sr.; Peter Rucker, Jr; Elizabeth Rucker Pierce; William Rucker, I; Mary Rucker Offill and 5 others
Brother of Johann Rucker; Thomas Rucker; Ambrose Levi Rucker and Elizabeth Isabella Rucker

Occupation: Planter
Managed by: Daniel Robert May
Last Updated:

About Peter Rucker

The web-based trees, as well as the Geni trees for this family seem to lack a great deal of documentation, especially about Peter Rucker's ancestry. The Rucker Family Society (http://www.theruckerfamilysociety.org), does not believe that there is adequate evidence to claim any ancestry for Peter Rucker:

"We really, truly, don't know Peter Rucker's European origin. As of 2009, the best genealogical research has failed to produce substantiated evidence convincing enough to trace him across the Atlantic Ocean. Early researchers made claims which cannot be proven by any primary sources, and these claims continue to confuse and convince neophyte genealogists who may be eager to believe. Remember that earlier research is not necessarily better research, and we musn't believe everything we read. The Rucker Family Society has a great interest in tracing the origin of our American family's founder, and encourages all members in their efforts to put together the pieces of this puzzle."

(Also see 2004 note by Jeannie Robinson below).

It is not clear exactly when and under what conditions Peter Rucker came to America, but it was in the 1690-1700 range as he was naturalized in Virginia on April 24, 1704. Some accounts say that he had a two-step migration, from continental Europe to England, and from there to America. There are several conflicting accounts. One version says that father Peter Rucker came to America after sons John and Thomas did. He settled in Essex Co, VA (later Spotsylvania).

Peter Rucker's Naturalization from the Virginia House of Burgesses is dated Monday, 24 April 1704, approved by William Byrd, John Lightfoot, Robert Carter, John Custis, Phillip Ludwell, Henry Duke, Robert Quary and John Smith, Esq. The petitions that day were for naturalization of Jno. Veillon, Peter Fonyeilles, John Dep, Francois Colonies Jaqueline Jaques, Bartholomew Depuys, Isaac (Ifaac) Ssiguier (ffiguier), John Roffett and Paul Drapier; Cyprian Prou, Peter Rucker and Isaac Garret...the "French Refugees of Manakintown."

Edythe Rucker Whitley ("Ruckers and Connections" 1920) believed that he fled from Germany or France during the uprising between Catholics and Protestants between 1685 and 1700. "In England, there has been found that thousands of these refugees came to that country to make their home. After a short stay in England they were sent by the crown to various Colonies. (See also Huguenots Immigration and Settlers by R.A. Brock). All Hugenots or such settlers were naturalzed by proclamation in 1702, thus being the reason Peter Rucker was issued naturalization papers in the year 1704...."(p. 7)

Essex Co. Va deed book 13, p90-91, 1707/8 Frederick Coghill names Peter Rucker & his wife Elizabeth. Also, Coghill refers to "the kind love and affection I owe unto John Rucker, Peter Rucker & Thomas Rucker, sons of the within mentioned Peter Rucker"

A Peter & Elizabeth Rucker sold 463 acres to JOHN GOFF in Albemarle Co. (on the James River)[now Amherst Co] in 1751. However, this Peter was either the son of Peter (1707) or the son of John (Will 1743)

Peter Rucker's will, dated 18 Jan 1743 (WB 1, p. 299, Orange County, Virginia) is as follows:

In the name of God amen, I Peter Rucker of St. Mark's Parish in the county of Orange planter being weak in body but of pursued mind and memory knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make and ordian this my last will and Testament in manner following:

Imprimis I do order that all my just debts and funeral charges be paid and satisfied. Item I lend unto my beloved wife Elizabeth Rucker all my estate both real and personal during her natural life and after her decease to be divided in the following manner. Item I give and bequeath my beloved daughter Margaret Tinsley and my son-in-law Isaac Tinsley a negro boy named yerkshire to them and their heirs forever. Item I give and bequeath to my beloved son Ephraim Rucker a negro girl named Phillis to him and his heirs forever.Item I give and bequeath to my beloved daughter Ann Cook and my son-in-law Shem Cook a negro girl named Jeney to her and her increase to them and their heirs forever. Item I do desire that the rest of my estate both real and personal after my wife's decease as aforesaid be sold by my Exr hereafter named at public auction to the highest bidder on six months credit for Current Money the buyer giving good security and the money arising from the sale to be equally divided amongst my beloved children by names as followeth: Thomas Rucker, Elizabeth Pierce, William Rucker, Mary Offell, James Rucker, Ephriam Rucker, and Ann Cook and their heirs forever, and lastly I do constitute and appoint my beloved sons James and Ephriam Rucker to be my whole and sole Executors of this my last will and testament...this 18th day of Jan 1743.

Signed and sealed in the presence of Wm. Jackson, Wm. Offell, Mich. Holt.

Peter Rucker his X mark....

Will Probated 23 Feb 1743: lists 9 children

----------------------

As of 2005, the following was considered the most definitive information on Peter Rucker by the Rucker Family Society:

Peter1 Rucker, Immigrant to America

                         by Jean Brydon
                         February 1995

http://www.theruckerfamilysociety.org/peterrucker.html

Peter1 Rucker, Immigrant to America, circa 1700 (1), settled in Essex Co., VA. He married shortly thereafter

and began the Rucker dynasty.

b. ca 1675, in Europe (2)

d. ca 1744, Orange Co., VA (3)

      m. ca 1700, to Elizabeth ______ (maiden name unknown) (4) 
          birth date and place unknown
          d. ca 1752, Culpeper Co., VA, when Peter Rucker's estate was divided 
                        (D. B. 1, p.400, 21 Feb 1752, Culpeper Co., VA).

The Ruckers lived in Essex County, later moving to Spotsylvania Co., where John Rucker purchased land for

them (5). In 1734 Spotsylvania Co. became Orange, in 1848 it became Culpeper, and in 1793, Madison.

Issue (probably born in Essex Co., VA, birth dates are estimated) (6):

1. John2 Rucker, b. ca 1701; m. Susannah _______.

2. Peter2 Rucker, b. ca 1703, probably died young (7).

3. Thomas2 Rucker, b. ca 1705; m. Elizabeth Reynolds.

4. Elizabeth2 Rucker, b. ca 1708; m. James Pierce.

5. Margaret2 Rucker, b. ca 1710; m. Isaac Tinsley.

6. William2 Rucker, b. ca 1713; m. Honar _____.

7. Mary2 Rucker, b. ca 1720; m. William Offill.

8. James2 Rucker, b. ca 1723; m. Margaret _____.

9. Ephraim2 Rucker, b. ca 1725; m. Margaret Vawter.

10. Ann2 Rucker, b. ca 1727; m. Shem Cook.

Footnotes:

1. It was previously thought that Peter arrived in 1690, but that was taking into consideration that immigrants had to be in the country fourteen years to be naturalized. However, the law now believed applicable in the early 1700s required only a four-year residency, and the fourteen-year residency requirement for aliens was a late 1700s law. Final approval of Peter's petition for naturalization was granted on 8 May 1704, leading us to believe he arrived in the year 1700.

2. No evidence has been found as to Peter Rucker's origin. His name is Germanic, yet he was naturalized with several French refugees, leading historians to believe he came from Alsace-Lorraine, an area that was part French, part German. In 1700 many French Huguenots arrived in Virginia. Peter Rucker’s birth date is speculation.

3. Peter Rucker's Will was dated 18 Jan 1742/1743, and proved 23 Feb 1743/1744 (Will Book 1, p.299, Orange Co., VA).

4. The surname Fielding came from Whitley's book and she has since admitted she was mistaken and that Fielding was not Elizabeth's maiden name. There is no evidence of a Fielding living near the Ruckers in Essex Co.

The family Coghill has been researched and no evidence exists of a female named Elizabeth Coghill. Frederick Coghill's wife's maiden name was Goss, but we can find no Elizabeth Goss.

5. Deed Book B, p.493, 5 Feb 1733/34, Spotsylvania Co., VA, 420 acres was deeded to Peter and Elizabeth Rucker from John Rucker.

6. Names of children are from Will of Peter Rucker, except for sons John, who predeceased his father by one year, and Peter (see #7).

7. The only record of son, Peter Rucker, was in the Frederick Coghill deed, dated 28 Jan 1707/8 (Deed Book 13, p. 91, Essex Co., VA): ". . . for the kind love and affection I owe unto John, Peter, and Thomas Rucker, sons of said Peter Rucker . . .."

Many thanks to Alice Rucker Allen, Austin, TX, for her research and advice on this paper.

-----------------------------------------

A posting on the Rucker family Genforum from 2004:

http://genforum.com/rucker/messages/1406.html

Ruckers trace origin to Germany England then USA

Posted by: Jeannie Robinson December 11, 2004

In Reply to: Ruckers trace origin to Germany England then USA by Norma Kirchhofer of 1751

Your information is NOT helpful. You have used a Rucker book that is not correct.

Peter Rucker came to Virginia in 1700 from the continent--there is no evidence that he ever went to England (unless the ship stopped there on the way). He was NOT of German Nobility.

Peter then married in Virginia to Elizabeth _____, we DO NOT KNOW HER MAIDEN NAME.

Peter was naturalized in 1704 after being here four years.

Oldest son, John Rucker, was born IN VIRGINIA circa 1702 and married Susannah _____ (again we do NOT know her maiden name).

If you or anyone wants to know the correct information, get Sudie Rucker Wood's book, THE RUCKER FAMILY GENEALOGY, 1932.

The most up-to-date infomation can be purchased from Alice Rucker Allen at <mopchy@texas.net>. Her book, RUCKER HERITAGE had the correct information for Ruckers for the first four generations. For $35 it is well worth it.

I have been researching Rucker genealogy for 25 years and am the founder of the Rucker Family Society.

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view all 24

Peter Rucker's Timeline

1675
1675
Germany (Bavaria?) or France (Alsace-Lorraine?); he came from a French area and migrated with French Huguenots [check birth year--ranges from 1646-1664]
1680
1680
Age 5
Essex or Orange, Virginia, United States
1685
1685
Age 10
Orange, Virginia, United States
1700
1700
Age 25

It was previously thought that Peter arrived in 1690, but that was taking into consideration that immigrants
had to be in the country fourteen years to be naturalized. However, the law now believed applicable in the early
1700s required only a four-year residency, and the fourteen-year residency requirement for aliens was a late 1700s
law. Final approval of Peter's petition for naturalization was granted on 8 May 1704, leading us to believe he arrived
in the year 1700.

1701
1701
Age 26
Orange, Virginia, USA
1704
1704
Age 29

It was previously thought that Peter arrived in 1690, but that was taking into consideration that immigrants
had to be in the country fourteen years to be naturalized. However, the law now believed applicable in the early
1700s required only a four-year residency, and the fourteen-year residency requirement for aliens was a late 1700s
law. Final approval of Peter's petition for naturalization was granted on 8 May 1704, leading us to believe he arrived
in the year 1700.

1708
1708
Age 33
Essex or Orange County, Virginia
1710
1710
Age 35
Essex County, Virginia
1713
1713
Age 38
Essex County, Virginia
1713
Age 38
Essex County, Virginia