Pharamond / Faramund, King of the Franks at Cologne (b. - c.427) MP

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Nicknames: "Faramund", "Pharamand", "Pharamond", "Pharamund", "Guermond", "Warmond"
Birthplace: France
Death: Died
Occupation: 1st King of the Franks at Cologne -428, King of Westphalia, King of Tongres, Roy des Morins, Dux Francorum, Préfet,
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Pharamond / Faramund, King of the Franks at Cologne

Pharamond or Faramund (c. 370 - c. 427) is probably legendary rather than historical. Although he is often called the first king of the Salian Franks, he was first mentioned in the anonymous 8th century Carolingian text Liber Historiae Francorum, also known as the Gesta regnum Francorum.

A modern invention sometimes calls him a son of Frotmund (Fictional)

The legend of his miraculous birth suggests that the ancient Franks had a form of Divine Kingship, probably a descent from Odin.

  • Some sources show Pharamond and Marcomir as brothers
  • Some sources show Marcomir as Pharamond's father
  • Some sources show Marcomir as Pharamond's step-father
  • Source:Dutch Wikipedia !

Bronnen

De eerste bron die een koning Pharamond noemt, in één zin, is het achtste-eeuwse Liber Historiae Francorum, dat bedoeld was om de Franken een specifiek verleden te geven (de anonieme auteur was een monnik van de Abdij van Saint-Denis, die onder de invloed stond van hofmeier Karel Martel). De Benedictijner monnik Martin Bouquet (1685-1754) bedacht een heel verhaal om koning Pharamond heen. Een oude vertaalfout in het Liber Historiae Francorum leidde enkele historici uit de Vroegmoderne tijd ertoe om de vermelding van Pharamond ook aan de geschiedschrijver Prosper van Aquitanië (ca. 390-455) toe te schrijven, een tijdgenoot dus. En om de verwarring compleet te maken vermeldt Gregorius van Tours een andere Pharamond, een priester uit Parijs die leefde in de tweede helft van de zesde eeuw.

Maar in de negentiende eeuw werd uiteindelijk bewezen dat 'koning Pharamond' een verzinsel was.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

King Pharamond

Pharamond or Faramund is a legendary early king of the Franks first referred to in the anonymous 8th century Carolingian text Liber Historiae Francorum, also known as the Gesta regnum Francorum. In this work, which is customarily dated to 727, the anonymous author begins by writing of a mythical Trojan origin for the Franks. The emphasis of the Liber was upon "construct[ing] a specific past for a particular group of people."[1]

The story is told of the election of the first Frankish king.[2] It says that after the death of Sunno, his brother Marcomer, leader of the Ampsivarii and Chatti, proposed to the Franks that they should have one single king, contrary to their tradition. The Liber adds that Pharamond, named as Marchomir's son, was chosen as this first king (thus beginning the tradition of long-haired kings of the Franks), and then states that when he died, his son Chlodio was raised up as the next king. The work says no more of him.

Because there is no reference in any source prior to this work[3] to this figure named Pharamond, who is placed prior to Chlodio (that is, before ca. 428), scholars consider him a legendary rather than historical figure.[4] As a matter of fact in several sources, for example Gregory of Tours, multiple kings are attested to rule simultaneously in later times. It is thus a dubious matter to assume that, even had Pharamond existed, he was ever recognized as sole king. The first king of the Franks who may have been close to this position was Clovis I, but after his death his empire was divided again amongst his sons who ruled again simultaneously. Pharamond exact life time is not known, but he did live during the 4th cenruty.[5]

The myth of Pharamond has led to new legends and romances in later times. In past times this has led to attempts to falsely write Pharamond into Prosper Tiro[6]. Martin Bouquet at a much later date invented an entire history of Pharamond.[1] -------------------- Reigned 410 - 426 Originally Duke of the East Franks, King Pharamond is considered to be the first king of the Franks. Pharamond or Faramund is a legendary early king of the FranksFranks The Franks or Frankish people were a West Germanic ethnic group first identified in the 3rd century as living north and east of the Lower Rhine River....

first referred to in the anonymous 8th century CarolingianCarolingian

File:Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpgThe Carolingian dynasty was a Frankish noble family with its origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century....

text Liber Historiae FrancorumLiber Historiae Francorum

Liber historiae Francorum is a book that briefly starts as secondary source for early Franks in the time of Marcomer, and it gives a short breviarum until the time of the late Merovingians, where it becomes an important primary source of the contemporain history.... , also known as the Gesta regnum Francorum. In this work, which is customarily dated to 727, the anonymous author begins by writing of a mythical TrojanTroy Troy is a legendary city and center of the Trojan War, as described in the Epic Cycle, and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer....

origin for the FranksFranks

The Franks or Frankish people were a West Germanic ethnic group first identified in the 3rd century as living north and east of the Lower Rhine River.... Pharamond or Faramund is a legendary early king of the FranksFranks The Franks or Frankish people were a West Germanic ethnic group first identified in the 3rd century as living north and east of the Lower Rhine River....

first referred to in the anonymous 8th century CarolingianCarolingian

File:Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpgThe Carolingian dynasty was a Frankish noble family with its origins in the Arnulfing and Pippinid clans of the 7th century....

text Liber Historiae FrancorumLiber Historiae Francorum

Liber historiae Francorum is a book that briefly starts as secondary source for early Franks in the time of Marcomer, and it gives a short breviarum until the time of the late Merovingians, where it becomes an important primary source of the contemporain history.... , also known as the Gesta regnum Francorum. In this work, which is customarily dated to 727, the anonymous author begins by writing of a mythical TrojanTroy Troy is a legendary city and center of the Trojan War, as described in the Epic Cycle, and especially in the Iliad, one of the two epic poems attributed to Homer....

origin for the FranksFranks

The Franks or Frankish people were a West Germanic ethnic group first identified in the 3rd century as living north and east of the Lower Rhine River.... . The emphasis of the Liber was upon "construct[ing] a specific past for a particular group of people."

Austrasien var ett frankiskt kungarike under merovingerna, från 500-talet till 700-talet. Det omfattande områden på båda sidor av mellersta Rhen, med huvudorterna Metz och Reims.

Under Pharamond reign the Franks were united under one crown. He succeeded his father as Duke of the East Franks in 404 A.D.; became King of the West Franks in 419 A.D. and King of Westphalia in 420 A.D. He married Argotta, daughter of Grimald, Duke of the West Franks, in 409 A.D. At his father-in- law's death in 419 A.D., Pharamond became Duke of the West Franks. A son is recorded from this marriage: Clodio , b. 389 A.D.

--------------------

Pharamond was King of Westphalia, and is considered the first king of the Salian Franks after the departure of the Romans from Gaul. He was born about 370, and he married Argotta, daughter of Genebald, Duke of East Franks. They were the parents of Clodius “Long Hair”, King of the Franks.

--------------------

Noteringar PHARAMOND , kung över hela Franks Enligt Pharamond regeringstid frankerna förenades under en krona. Han efterträdde sin far som hertig av East frankerna i 404 AD , blev kung av West Franks i 419 AD och kung av Westfalen i 420 e.Kr. Han gifte sig Argotta , dotter till Grimald , hertig av West Franks , i 409 AD Vid faderns - svärfar död 419 e.Kr. , blev Pharamond hertig av West Franks . En son är inspelad från detta äktenskap : Clodio , b. 389 A.D.

Pharamond är stamfader som har en tydlig dokumenterad linje. Tidigare härskare dokumenterades från gamla skivor och annaler nämns i kyrkan historia.


-------------------- PHARAMOND, KING OF ALL FRANKS Under Pharamond reign the Franks were united under one crown. He succeeded his father as Duke of the East Franks in 404 A.D.; became King of the West Franks in 419 A.D. and King of Westphalia in 420 A.D. He married Argotta, daughter of Grimald, Duke of the West Franks, in 409 A.D. At his father-in- law's death in 419 A.D., Pharamond became Duke of the West Franks. A son is recorded from this marriage: Clodio , b. 389 A.D.

--------------------

Faramund (auch Pharamund, französisch Pharamond) war angeblich ein König der salischen Franken von 418 oder 420 bis zu seinem Tod 428.

Er wurde in der französischen Geschichtsschreibung als erster merowingischer König angesehen, ist aber sehr wahrscheinlich nur eine Sagengestalt. Sollte es sich um eine historische Gestalt handeln, so hat er nach einem gescheiterten Versuch des 4. Jahrhunderts (Toxandrien) den neuerlichen und diesmal erfolgreichen Versuch unternommen, die Franken dauerhaft westlich des Rheins anzusiedeln. Diese fränkischen Stämme wurde dann als Salfranken bekannt, während die östlich verbliebenen Rheinfranken oder Ripuarier genannt wurden.

Der im 8. Jahrhundert verfasste Liber historiae Francorum nennt erstmals einen König namens Faramundus; er sei ein Sohn des Marcomer (Marchamirus) und Vater Chlodios gewesen.[1]

Faramund wurde lange Zeit als erster König aus dem Geschlecht der Merowinger angesehen. Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts wurde seine Existenz jedoch als mythisch erkannt. Der Autor des Liber historiae Francorum fasste die sechs ersten Bücher des Geschichtswerks Gregors von Tours zusammen und fügte dabei 21 Zusatzinformationen an, darunter die zu Faramund und Marcomir. Er verfügte aber über keine eigenen authentischen Informationen zur Geschichte des 5. Jahrhunderts, sondern stützte sich auf Gregors Angaben. Es ist sehr unwahrscheinlich, dass er drei Jahrhunderte nach den Ereignissen Kenntnisse über frühe Merowinger besaß, die weiter reichten als diejenigen Gregors.

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faramund_(König)

--------------------

http://pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Faramundo

Pharamond (c. 370 - c. 430) é considerado como sendo o primeiro rei dos francos salianos, embora ele seja possivelmente uma figura mais lendária que histórica. Ele era possivelmente filho ou genro de Marcomer.

Apenas os historiadores Próspero da Aquitânia e Martin Bouquet escreveram sobre seu reinado em datas bastante posteriores. Em 420, ele supostamente conduziu seu povo na travessia do Reno na direção oeste. Esse movimento efetivamente separou sua tribo da tribo majoritária dos francos ripurianos que haviam se fixado próximo a Colônia. Faramundo foi finalmente sucedido por seu filho Clódio. Sua esposa foi Argotta.

Genealogia

Ele era filho de Marcomer ou Marcomir (filho de Clodius ou Cláudio) e Frimutel ou Frimuta. Clodius (324-389) era filho de Dagobert ou Dagoberto (300-379). Dagoberto era filho de Genebald ou Genebaldo (262-358), por sua vez, filho de outro Dagoberto, de filiação desconhecida.

--------------------

Duc des Francs Saliens (420-428) -

Hertog van Salische Franken (420-428) -

Duke of Salian Franks (420-428)

--------------------

Pharamond 1 2 •Sex: M •Title: King of Franks •Birth: ABT 370 in Westphalia, Germany 3 •Death: 430 1 2

• Pharamond, Duke of the East Franks, 404 A.D., elected King of the West Franks, 419, died in 430, 16th in descent from Boadicea. He married Argotta, "the mother of all the kings of France." They were the great great grandparents of Clovis. He was descended 13 generations from Athildis, who married in 129 A.D. Marcomir IV., King of Franconia, who died in 149. Athildis was the daughter of "Old King Cole," known also as Colius I., who died in 170 A.D.

He was educated in Rome, King of Britain in 125. Colius I. was the son of Marius (Ref.: Wurts p. 2530). 

Father: Marcomir b: ABT 347 in Germany

Marriage 1 Argotta b: ABT 376 in Kingdom of the East Franks •Married: 394 3 Children 1. Chlodo b: ABT 395 in Westphalia, Germany

Pharamond (c.370-426)

Considered to be the first king of the Salian Franks from AD 409, Pharamond is scarcely known to history, living on the fringes of the Roman empire as he did. His parentage is unknown, but he could have been a son or son-in-law of Marcomer.

Contemporary historian Prosper Tiro wrote about Pharamond. In 420, he reportedly led his people across the River Rhine to head into the Roman Empire. This movement effectively separated his tribe from the majority of the Ripuarian Franks who had settled near Cologne. However, there were certainly Franks already settled on the west bank of the Rhine in 407, possibly Sicambrian Franks, so perhaps Pharamond was leading the first group of Salian Franks to arrive.

Pharamond was eventually succeeded by his son Clodio. His wife was Argotta. A Pharamond appears as the king of France in the prose Tristan and later Arthurian works; he was clearly inspired by the historical leader.

http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~pmcbride/james/f010.htm#I425X4

-------------------- http://gw.geneanet.org/nobily?lang=fr;pz=elisabeth+therese+marie+helene;nz=de+belgique;ocz=0;p=pharamond;n=de+francie

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King Pharamond (Fictional)'s Timeline

400
400
Nordrhein-Westfalen, Germany
427
427
427
1923
September 18, 1923
1927
December 1, 1927
1991
August 6, 1991
August 6, 1991
November 8, 1991
November 8, 1991
November 13, 1991