Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of England

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Philippa de Hainault, Queen consort of England

Also Known As: "Philippe", "Philippa d'Avesnes of Hainault", "Philippa of Hainault"
Birthplace: Valenciennes, Hainault, Flanders
Death: Died in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Cause of death: dropsy
Place of Burial: Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Guillaume III de Hainaut, graaf van Holland and Jeanne de Valois
Wife of Edward III of England
Mother of Edward, the Black Prince; Isabella Plantagenet, Lady of Coucy; Joan Plantagenet; Prince William of Hatfield; Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence and 8 others
Sister of Guillaume IV de Hainaut, graaf van Holland; Sibylla Countess Of Holland; Margaret II of Hainault, Empress of the Holy Roman Empire; Catherine d'Avesnes; Jeanne d'Avesnes, comtesse de Hainault and 4 others
Half sister of Claas van de Gheijne, d' Avesnes et Hainault; Jan van Dolre; Jan Aelman, Ridder and Daniel van der Poel

Occupation: Queen of England, Queen Consort of England
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of England

short summary from Wikipedia

Philippa of Hainaut

Queen consort of England

Tenure 24 January 1328 – 15 August 1369

Coronation 4 March 1330 Spouse Edward III of Windsor


Edward, Prince of Wales The Black Prince

Isabella, Lady of Coucy

Lady Joan

Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence

John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster

Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York

Mary of Waltham, Duchess of Brittany

Margaret of Windsor, Countess of Pembroke

Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester

House House of Plantagenet

Father William I, Count of Hainaut

Mother Joan of Valois

Born 24 June 1314


Died 15 August 1369 (aged 55)

Windsor Castle

Burial Westminster Abbey


Wikipedia links:

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other links:


Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), Volume XII/2, page 895. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 69.

[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 257.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family, page 113.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), page 92. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Family.

[S45] Marcellus Donald R. von Redlich, Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants, volume I (1941; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2002), page 64. Hereinafter cited as Pedigrees of Emperor Charlemagne, I.

[S105] Brain Tompsett, Royal Genealogical Data, online Hereinafter cited as Royal Genealogical Data.

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 1 p. 3, 7, vol. 30 p. 20.

[S41] #1325 Ogle and Bothal; or, A history of the baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the families of Ogle and Bertram, Ogle, Henry A., (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England : Reid, 1902), 929.242 Og5o., p. 298a.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 1 p. 453, vol. 8 p. 545.

[S42] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (1st edition. Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co, 1996), FHL book 973 D2fp., p. 229.

[S45] Journal of British Studies, (The University of Chicago Press), FHL Book 942 H25j., "Edward III and His Family", vol. 26 no. 4 p. 398.

[S3] Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Cawley, Charles, (, England, Kings 1066-1603 [accessed 28 Jun 2006].

[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1967 ed. p. lxiii.

[S13] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700: the Lineage of Alfred the Great, Charlemagne, Malcolm of Scotland, Robert the Strong, and Some of Their Descendants (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 98.

[S8] Les Capétiens, 987-1328 (2000), Van Kerrebrouck, Patrick, (Villeneuve-d'Ascq [France]: P. Van Kerrebrouck, 2000), FHL book 929.244 C171v., p. 386.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 20. -------------------- Lineage Richard II's grandmother, Philippa of Hainault (1310/15-1369), was the daughter of Count William the Good of Hainault and Holland. Her mother, Jeanne de Valois, was a granddaughter of Philippe III of France and cousin to Edward II's estranged queen, Isabella.

Betrothal and marriage Philippa was betrothed to the future Edward III in 1327, an alliance contracted against the wishes of Edward II by the queen and her lover, Roger Mortimer, to win support for their invasion of England. Nonetheless, the match between Philippa and Edward seems to have been loving and companionate. Philippa accompanied Edward in the 1330s and 1340s on his expeditions to Scotland and on the early campaigns of the Hundred Years War. They had at least twelve sons and daughters, nine of whom survived infancy. Their eldest son, Edward, Prince of Wales, Richard II's father, later known as the Black Prince, was born in 1330, their youngest, Thomas of Woodstock, in 1355. Their third son, Lionel, was born in Antwerp in 1338 and their fourth, John (of Gaunt), at Ghent in 1340.

Philippa as patron Philippa spent her early years at the cultured Hainault court. She seems to have had well developed literary tastes and perhaps a real interest in learning. For New Year 1333 she gave Edward a ewer enamelled with figures from epic and romance poetry. Among manuscripts associated with Philippa is a richly illuminated compilation now in the national library in Paris (MS fr. 571). She was the patron of the chronicler, Jean Froissart, who first arrived in England from Hainault in 1362. He wrote a lament on the queen's death in 1369. In 1341 one of her chaplains, Robert Eglesfield, founded in Oxford the future Queen's College, but placed it under the queen's protection. She used her influence on its behalf, especially after Eglesfield's death. Some of Philippa's jewels and plate are almost certainly listed among Richard II's treasure, but none is known to survive today. Her alabaster tomb in Westminster Abbey is our best witness to her patronage. It stands to the east of Edward III's monument on the south side of the Confessor's chapel and was commissioned in 1367, during Philippa's lifetime, from Jean de Liège of Brabant. The bronze figures of angels, however, were cast by John Orchard in 1376. Philippa's effigy represents a 'realistic' rather than an idealised image of the ageing queen. This was an innovation in English tomb sculpture. Jean de Liège had already worked for the French court. He had executed on the orders of Charles V the effigies of Blanche and her sister, the king's baby daughters. He later carved the effigies of Charles IV (d. 1328) and his widow, Jeanne d' Evreux (d. 1371), for the French royal mausoleum of Saint-Denis. -------------------- Philippa of Hainault, from the House of Avesnes in northern France, was Queen of England as the wife of King Edward III. Edward, Duke of Guyenne, her future husband, promised in 1326 to marry her within the following two years. She was married to Edward, first by proxy, when Edward dispatched the Bishop of Coventry "to marry her in his name" in Valenciennes (second city in importance of the county of Hainaut) in October 1327. The marriage was celebrated formally in York Minster on 24 January 1328, some months after Edward's accession to the throne of England. In August 1328, he also fixed his wife's dower.

The eldest of her fourteen children was Edward, the Black Prince, who became a renowned military leader. Philippa died at the age of fifty-five from an illness closely related to dropsy. The Queen's College, Oxford was founded in her honor.

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Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of England's Timeline

June 24, 1314
Hainault, Flanders

Flanders in Philippa's time was in Belgium; now it's France.

January 22, 1328
Age 13
June 15, 1330
Age 15
Woodstock Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
June 16, 1332
Age 18
Woodstock Palace, Oxfordshire, England
February 2, 1335
Age 20
Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England
February 16, 1337
Age 22
Hatfield, Hertfordshire, England
November 29, 1338
Age 24
Antwerp, Flemish Region, Belgium
March 6, 1340
Age 25
St. Bavon's Abbey, Ghent, Belgium

Castle of Gravesteen.

June 5, 1341
Age 26
Hertfordshire, England
March 1342
Age 27
Tower of London, London, England