Philippe Emmanuel de Lorraine, duc de Mercoeur

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Philippe Emmanuel de Lorraine, duc de Penthièvre

Birthplace: Nomeny, Lorraine, France
Death: Died in Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Nicolaas van Vaudémont, Nicolas de Lorraine, duc de Mercoeur and Jeanne de Savoie
Husband of Marie de Luxembourg
Father of Françoise de Lorraine, duchesse de Mercœur and Philippe Louis de Lorraine
Brother of Charles de Lorraine, cardinal and Marguerite de Lorraine
Half brother of Marguerite de Lorraine; Catherine de Lorraine; Henri de Lorraine, comte de Chaligny; Louise de Lorraine; Henri de Lorraine, comte de Chaligny and 1 other

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About Philippe Emmanuel de Lorraine, duc de Mercoeur,_Duke_of_Merc%C5%93ur

Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur

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Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur (1558-1602).

Philippe Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke of Mercœur (September 9, 1558, Nomeny, Meurthe-et-Moselle – February 19, 1602, Nürnberg), the eldest surviving son of Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur and Jeanne de Savoie-Nemours, was a French soldier and prominent member of the Catholic League.

He was made a knight of the Order of Saint Esprit in 1578, and married Marie de Luxembourg (1562–1623), Duchesse de Penthièvre, on July 12, 1579 in Paris.

In 1582 he was made governor of Brittany by Henry III of France, who had married his half-sister. Mercœur put himself at the head of the League in Brittany, and had himself proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church in the province in 1588. Invoking the hereditary rights of his wife, who was a descendant of the dukes of Brittany, he endeavoured to make himself independent in that province, and organized a government at Nantes, calling his son "prince and duke of Brittany". With the aid of the Spaniards he defeated the duc de Montpensier, whom Henry IV of France had sent against him, at Craon in 1592, but the royal troops, reinforced by English contingents, soon recovered the advantage. The king marched against Mercœur in person, and received his submission at Angers on March 20, 1598. Mercœur subsequently went to Hungary, where he entered the service of the emperor Rudolph II, and fought against the Turks, taking Székesfehérvár in 1599.

He had two children with Marie:

  1. Philippe Louis de Lorraine (May 21, 1589 – December 21, 1590)
  2. Françoise de Lorraine, Duchesse de Mercœur et de Penthièvre (November 1592 – September 8, 1669, Paris), married at Fontainebleau on July 16, 1608 César de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme.

[edit] References

   * This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

[edit] Recent bibliography

St François de Sales. Oraison funèbre de Philippe-Emmanuel de Lorraine, duc de Mercœur et de Penthièvre. Introduction de Pierre-Olivier Combelles. Editions Saint-Rémi (Cadillac), 2006.[1]

French nobility

Preceded by

Nicholas Duke of Mercœur

1577–1602 Succeeded by


Marquis of Nomeny

1577–1602 Succeeded by


Preceded by

Marie Duc de Penthièvre


with Marie

This page was last modified on 20 June 2010 at 22:53.

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Philippe Emmanuel de Lorraine, duc de Mercoeur's Timeline

September 9, 1558
Nomeny, Lorraine, France
Age 17
Paris, Paris, Île-de-France, France
Age 30
September 1592
Age 33
France - dtr of duc de Mercoeur
February 19, 1602
Age 43
Nuremberg, Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany