Philip II the Bold, Duke of Burgundy

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Philip II "the Bold" of France, Duke of Burgundy

French: Philippe II 'le Hardi' de France, duc de Bourgogne
Also Known As: "The Good", "Count of Flanders & /Artois/", "France-Duke Of /Burgundy/", ""The Bold" /Philip/", "Duke Of Burgundy", "The Bold /Philip/", "King Of France /Philippe/", ""The Bold"", "Le Hardi", "le hardi", "Philip the Bold (French: Philippe le Hardi)", "le Hardi"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Pontoise, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France
Death: Died in Halle, Flemish Brabant, Flanders, Belgium
Place of Burial: Dijon, Côte-d'Or, Burgundy, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Jean II le Bon de Valois, roi de France and Bonne de Luxembourg, reine consort de France
Husband of Marie d'Auberchicourt, dame de Bernissart and Margaretha van Male, duchesse de Bourgogne
Father of Henri du Risoir, seigneur de Bernissart; Jean Sans Peur, duc de Bourgogne; Charles de Bourgogne; Marguerite de Bourgogne; Louis de Bourgogne and 5 others
Brother of Charles V le Sage, roi de France; Louis I de France, duc d'Anjou; Jean I le Magnifique, duc de Berry; Blanche de France; Juana de Francia, reina consorte de Navarra and 5 others
Half brother of Blanche de France; Catherine de France and N.N. de France

Occupation: b. 1-17-1341/1342; m. 6-19-1369, Philip II, Duke of Burgundy; Philip II, Count of Flanders, Philip IV, Count of Artois and Philip IV, Count Palatine of Burgundy; Founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois., Duke of Burgundy, Duque da Borgonha
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Philip II the Bold, Duke of Burgundy

Born in 1342, Philip gained his cognomen the Bold when, at the age of 14, he fought beside his father at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was created Duke of Touraine in 1360, but in 1363, as a reward for his behaviour at Poitiers, he returned this to the crown, receiving instead from his father the Duchy of Burgundy in apanage, which his father had been Duke of since the death of Philip of Rouvres in 1361. Philip would rule the Duchy until his death.

On 19 June 1369, Philip married the 19 year old Margaret of Dampierre, the daughter of Louis II, Count of Flanders, who would become the heiress of Flanders, Brabant, Artois, and the Free County of Burgundy after the death of her brother in 1376. Margaret was the widow of his stepbrother, Philip of Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, Count Palatine of Burgundy, and Count of Artois, Boulogne and Auvergne, who had died childless in 1361. As her father's eventual heiress, Margaret would bring rich possessions to her husband and to their children.

From 1379 to 1382, he helped his father-in-law put down revolts in Flanders, particularly in Ghent, organising an army against Philip van Artevelde. The revolts were finally ended only in 1385, following the death of Louis II, with the Peace of Tournai. As jure uxoris Count of Flanders, he would keep in mind the economic interests of the Flemish cities, which made their money from weaving and spinning.

In 1390, Philip also became the Count of Charolais, a title used by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as the heirs of Burgundy.

Philip was very active in the court of France, particularly after the death of his brother, Charles V, who left the 12 year old Charles VI as King. Charles being a minor, a regency was undertaken by his uncles, Louis, Duke of Anjou, John, Duke of Berry, Philip himself, and Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, Charles VI's maternal uncle. The regency lasted until 1388, Philip taking the dominant rôle: Louis of Anjou was fighting for his claim to the Kingdom of Naples after 1382, dying in 1384, John of Berry was interested mainly in the Languedoc, and not particularly interested in politics; whilst Louis of Bourbon was a largely unimportant figure, due to his personality (he showed signs of mental instability) and his status (since he was not the son of a King). However, Burgundy, along with Berry and Bourbon, lost their power in 1388, when Charles VI, taking up personal rule, chose to favour the advice of the Marmousets, his personal advisors, over that of his uncles.

--------------------

Philip "the Bold"Duke of Burgundy, Count of Artois, Charolais and Flanders, Count Palatine of Burgundy.


Reign 1363 – 27 April 1404

Born 15 January 1342

Birthplace Pontoise, France

Died 27 April 1404

Place of death Halle, Brabant

Consort Margaret of Dampierre (1350-1405)

Father John II of France (1319-1364)

Mother Bonne of Bohemia (1315-1349)

Philip the Bold, also Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg. By his marriage to Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, he also became Philip II, Count of Flanders, Philip IV, Count of Artois and Philip IV, Count Palatine of Burgundy. He was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois.

Born in 1342, Philip gained his cognomen the Bold when, at the age of 14, he fought beside his father at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was created Duke of Touraine in 1360, but in 1363, as a reward for his behaviour at Poitiers, he returned this to the crown, receiving instead from his father the Duchy of Burgundy in apanage, which his father had been Duke of since the death of Philip of Rouvres in 1361. Philip would rule the Duchy until his death.

On 19 June 1369, Philip married the 19 year old Margaret of Dampierre, the daughter of Louis II, Count of Flanders, who would become the heiress of Flanders, Brabant, Artois, and the Free County of Burgundy after the death of her brother in 1376. Margaret was the widow of his stepbrother, Philip of Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, Count Palatine of Burgundy, and Count of Artois, Boulogne and Auvergne, who had died childless in 1361. As her father's eventual heiress, Margaret would bring rich possessions to her husband and to their children.

From 1379 to 1382, he helped his father-in-law put down revolts in Flanders, particularly in Ghent, organising an army against Philip van Artevelde. The revolts were finally ended only in 1385, following the death of Louis II, with the Peace of Tournai. As jure uxoris Count of Flanders, he would keep in mind the economic interests of the Flemish cities, which made their money from weaving and spinning.

In 1390, Philip also became the Count of Charolais, a title used by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as the heirs of Burgundy.

Philip was very active in the court of France, particularly after the death of his brother, Charles V, who left the 12 year old Charles VI as King. Charles being a minor, a regency was undertaken by his uncles, Louis, Duke of Anjou, John, Duke of Berry, Philip himself, and Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, Charles VI's maternal uncle. The regency lasted until 1388, Philip taking the dominant rôle: Louis of Anjou was fighting for his claim to the Kingdom of Naples after 1382, dying in 1384, John of Berry was interested mainly in the Languedoc, and not particularly interested in politics; whilst Louis of Bourbon was a largely unimportant figure, due to his personality (he showed signs of mental instability) and his status (since he was not the son of a King). However, Burgundy, along with Berry and Bourbon, lost their power in 1388, when Charles VI, taking up personal rule, chose to favour the advice of the Marmousets, his personal advisors, over that of his uncles.

In 1392, events conspired to allow Burgundy to seize power once more in France. Charles VI's friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, had recently been the target of an assassination attempt by agents of John V, Duke of Brittany; the would-be assassin, Pierre de Craon, had taken refuge in Brittany. Charles, outraged at these events, determined to punish Craon, and on 1 July 1392 led an expedition against Brittany. Whilst progressing towards Brittany, the King, already overwrought by the slow progress, was shocked by a madman who spent half-an-hour following the procession, warning the King that he had been betrayed; when a page dropped a lance, the King reacted by killing several of his knights, and had to be wrestled to the ground. Burgundy, who was present, immediately assumed command, and appointed himself regent, dismissing Charles' advisors. He would be the principal ruler of France until 1402.

His seizure of power would, however, have disastrous consequences for the unity of the House of Valois, and of France itself. The King's brother, Louis, Duke of Orléans, resented his uncle rather than himself being regent; the result was a feud between the Philip and Louis, which would be continued after their deaths by their families. In particular, both quarrelled over the royal funds, each desiring to appropriate this for their own ends: Louis to fund his extravagant lifestyle, Philip to further his ambitions in Burgundy and the low countries. Nonetheless, this struggle only served to enhance the reputation of Philip, and give him real popularity in Paris, since, in comparison with the profligate and irresponsible Orléans, he appeared a sober and honest reformer. Thus, although Charles VI, in a rare moment of sanity, confirmed his brother as regent in 1402, Orléans' misrule allowed Burgundy to regain control of France as regent in 1404, shortly before his death.

Philip died in Halle, County of Hainaut (modern Belgium), on 27 April 1404. His territories were bequeathed to his eldest son, John the Fearless, who inherited also Philip's political position in France and leadership of the Burgundians against Orléans.


In 1378, Philip the Bold acquired the domain of Champmol to allow him to build a Chartreuse (1383 - 1388, which then became a hospital in Dijon), which he intended to house his body after his death. His tomb and his gisant are one of the chief works of French sculpture. They were made by Jean de Marville (1381 - 1389), Claus Sluter (1389 - 1406) and Claus de Werve (1406 - 1410). Jean Malouel, official painter of the duke, was responsible for polychromy and gildings. After his death, the body of Philip the Bold was eviscerated and embalmed, then placed in a lead coffin. It was then deposited in the chorus of Chartreuse de Champmol on 16 June 1404. His internal organs were sent to the Saint Martin's church of Halle. In 1792, his body was transferred to the Saint-Benign cathedral of Dijon. His tomb was damaged a little later by the revolutionists in 1793. It was restored in first half of the 19th Century, and is today at museum of the Art schools of Dijon in the Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy.

--------------------

Philip the Bold

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Philip the Bold (French: Philippe le Hardi), also Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg. By his marriage to Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, he also became Philip II, Count of Flanders, Philip IV, Count of Artois and Philip IV, Count Palatine of Burgundy. He was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois.

Born in 1342, he gained his cognomen the Bold when, at the age of 14, he fought beside his father at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was created Duke of Touraine in 1360, but in 1363, as a reward for his behaviour at Poitiers, he returned this to the crown, receiving instead from his father the Duchy of Burgundy in apanage, which his father had been Duke of since the death of Philip of Rouvres in 1361. Philip would rule the Duchy until his death.

On 19 June 1369, Philip married the 19 year old Margaret of Dampierre, the daughter of Louis II, Count of Flanders, who would become the heiress of Flanders, Brabant, Artois, and the Free County of Burgundy after the death of her brother in 1376. Margaret was the widow of his stepbrother, Philip of Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, Count Palatine of Burgundy, and Count of Artois, Boulogne and Auvergne, who had died childless in 1361. As her father's eventual heiress, Margaret would bring rich possessions to her husband and to their children.

From 1379 to 1382, he helped his father-in-law put down revolts in Flanders, particularly in Ghent, organising an army against Philip van Artevelde. The revolts were finally ended only in 1385, following the death of Louis II, with the Peace of Tournai. As jure uxoris Count of Flanders, he would keep in mind the economic interests of the Flemish cities, which made their money from weaving and spinning.

In 1390, Philip also became the Count of Charolais, a title used by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as the heirs of Burgundy.

[edit]Involvement in France

Philip was very active in the court of France, particularly after the death of his brother, Charles V, who left the 12 year old Charles VI as King. Charles being a minor, a regency was undertaken by his uncles, Louis, Duke of Anjou, John, Duke of Berry, Philip himself, and Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, Charles VI's maternal uncle. The regency lasted until 1388, Philip taking the dominant rôle: Louis of Anjou was fighting for his claim to the Kingdom of Naples after 1382, dying in 1384, John of Berry was interested mainly in the Languedoc, and not particularly interested in politics; whilst Louis of Bourbon was a largely unimportant figure, due to his personality (he showed signs of mental instability) and his status (since he was not the son of a King). However, Burgundy, along with Berry and Bourbon, lost their power in 1388, when Charles VI, taking up personal rule, chose to favour the advice of the Marmousets, his personal advisors, over that of his uncles.

In 1392, events conspired to allow Burgundy to seize power once more in France. Charles VI's friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, had recently been the target of an assassination attempt by agents of John V, Duke of Brittany; the would-be assassin, Pierre de Craon, had taken refuge in Brittany. Charles, outraged at these events, determined to punish Craon, and on 1 July 1392 led an expedition against Brittany. Whilst progressing towards Brittany, the King, already overwrought by the slow progress, was shocked by a madman who spent half-an-hour following the procession, warning the King that he had been betrayed; when a page dropped a lance, the King reacted by killing several of his knights, and had to be wrestled to the ground. Burgundy, who was present, immediately assumed command, and appointed himself regent, dismissing Charles' advisors. He would be the principal ruler of France until 1402.

His seizure of power would, however, have disastrous consequences for the unity of the House of Valois, and of France itself. The King's brother, Louis, Duke of Orléans, resented his uncle rather than himself being regent; the result was a feud between the Philip and Louis, which would be continued after their deaths by their families. In particular, both quarrelled over the royal funds, each desiring to appropriate this for their own ends: Louis to fund his extravagant lifestyle, Philip to further his ambitions in Burgundy and the low countries. Nonetheless, this struggle only served to enhance the reputation of Philip, and give him real popularity in Paris, since, in comparison with the profligate and irresponsible Orléans, he appeared a sober and honest reformer. Thus, although Charles VI, in a rare moment of sanity, confirmed his brother as regent in 1402, Orléans' misrule allowed Burgundy to regain control of France as regent in 1404, shortly before his death.

Philip died in Halle, County of Hainaut (modern Belgium), on 27 April 1404. His territories were bequeathed to his eldest son, John the Fearless, who inherited also Philip's political position in France and leadership of the Burgundians against Orléans.

Tomb of Philip the Bold

In 1378, Philip the Bold acquired the domain of Champmol to allow him to build a Chartreuse (1383 - 1388, which then became a hospital in Dijon), which he intended to house his body after his death. His tomb and his gisant are one of the chief works of French sculpture. They were made by Jean de Marville (1381 - 1389), Claus Sluter (1389 - 1406) and Claus de Werve (1406 - 1410). Jean Malouel, official painter of the duke, was responsible for polychromy and gildings. After his death, the body of Philip the Bold was eviscerated and embalmed, then placed in a lead coffin. It was then deposited in the chorus of Chartreuse de Champmol on 16 June 1404. His internal organs were sent to Notre-Dame de Hal. In 1792, his body was transferred to the Saint-Benign cathedral of Dijon. His tomb was damaged a little later by the revolutionists in 1793. It was restored in first half of the 19th Century, and is today at museum of the Art schools of Dijon in the Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy.

Marriage and Issue

Philip the Bold married Margaret III, Countess of Flanders (1350–1405) on 19 June 1369, a marriage which would eventually not only reunite the Duchy of Burgundy with the Free County of Burgundy and the County of Artois, but also unite it to the rich county of Flanders. Philip and Margaret had the following children:

John the Fearless (1371–1419, murdered at Montereau), his eldest son and successor as Duke of Burgundy

Charles (1372–1373)

Marguerite of Burgundy (October 1374 – March 8, 1441, Le Quesnoy), Countess of Mortain married William VI, Count of Holland and Duke of Bavaria-Straubing

Louis (1377–1378)

Catherine of Burgundy (April 1378, Montbard – January 24, 1425, Grey-sur-Saone), married Leopold IV, Duke of Austria

Bonne (1379–1399, Arras)

Antoine, Duke of Brabant (August, 1384 – October 25, 1415, at Agincourt)

Mary of Burgundy (September 1386, Dijon – October 2, 1422, Thonon-les-Bains), married Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy

Philip II, Count of Nevers and Rethel (1389–1415, at Agincourt)

In arranging the marriages of his children, Philip followed an intelligent diplomatic and strategic design, which would be followed by his successors in Burgundy as far as Emperor Maximilian I. For example, the marriages in 1385 of his son, John the Fearless, and his daughter, Marguerite, to Margaret of Bavaria and William of Bavaria, son and daughter of Albert, Count of the neighbouring Hainault and Holland, prepared the later union of Hainault and Holland with Burgundy and Flanders, as carried out by Philip's grandson, Philip the Good; the marriages also inserted the new Valois Burgundy dynasty into the Wittelsbach network of alliances: the other daughters of Count Albert had married William I, Duke of Guelders and Wenceslaus, King of Bohemia; their cousin, Isabeau of Bavaria, had married Charles VI of France, and become Queen of France.

In addition to his alliance with the low county Bavarians, Philip also made links with the Dukes of Austria and of Savoy, by marrying his daughter Catherine to Leopold IV of Austria, and his daughter Mary to Amadeus VIII Savoy.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_the_Bold

Philip the Bold

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

For the King of France known as Philip the Bold, see Philip III of France.

Philip the Bold

Duke of Burgundy

Reign 1363 – 27 April 1404

Predecessor John the Good

Successor John the Fearless

Spouse Margaret III, Countess of Flanders

Issue

John the Fearless

Margaret of Burgundy

Anthony, Duke of Brabant

Philip II, Count of Nevers

House Valois of Burgundy

Father John II of France

Mother Bonne of Bohemia

Born 15 January 1342

Pontoise, France

Died 27 April 1404 (aged 62)

Halle, Brabant

Philip the Bold (Dutch: Filips de Stoute French: Philippe le Hardi), also Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth and youngest son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg. By his marriage to Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, he also became Philip II, Count of Flanders, Philip IV, Count of Artois and Philip IV, Count Palatine of Burgundy. He was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois.

Contents

[show]

   * 1 Early life
   * 2 Involvement in France
   * 3 Tomb of Philip the Bold
   * 4 Marriage and issue
   * 5 Titles
   * 6 Notes
   * 7 References
   * 8 Ancestors

[edit] Early life

Coat of arms (after 1363)

Born in 1342, Philip gained his cognomen the Bold when, at the age of 14, he fought beside and was captured with his father at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was created Duke of Touraine in 1360, but in 1363, as a reward for his behaviour at Poitiers, he returned this to the crown, receiving instead from his father the Duchy of Burgundy in apanage, which his father had been Duke of since the death of Philip of Rouvres in 1361. Philip would rule the Duchy until his death.[1]

On 19 June 1369, Philip married the 19 year old Margaret of Dampierre, the daughter of Louis II, Count of Flanders, who would become the heiress of Flanders, Brabant, Artois, and the Free County of Burgundy after the death of her brother in 1376. Margaret was the widow of his stepbrother, Philip of Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, Count Palatine of Burgundy, and Count of Artois, Boulogne and Auvergne, who had died childless in 1361. As her father's eventual heiress, Margaret would bring rich possessions to her husband and to their children.[2]

From 1379 to 1382, he helped his father-in-law put down revolts in Flanders, particularly in Ghent, organising an army against Philip van Artevelde. The revolts were finally ended only in 1385, following the death of Louis II, with the Peace of Tournai. As jure uxoris Count of Flanders, he would keep in mind the economic interests of the Flemish cities, which made their money from weaving and spinning.

In 1390, Philip also became the Count of Charolais, a title used by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as the heirs of Burgundy.

[edit] Involvement in France

Philip was very active in the court of France, particularly after the death of his brother, Charles V, who left the 12 year old Charles VI as King. Charles was a minor, so a regency was undertaken by his uncles, Louis, Duke of Anjou, John, Duke of Berry, Philip himself, and Louis II, Duke of Bourbon, Charles VI's maternal uncle. Among his acts while regent was the putting down of the 1382 tax revolt known as the Harelle. The regency lasted until 1388, Philip taking the dominant rôle: Louis of Anjou was fighting for his claim to the Kingdom of Naples after 1382, dying in 1384, John of Berry was interested mainly in the Languedoc,[3] and not particularly interested in politics; whilst Louis of Bourbon was a largely unimportant figure, due to his personality (he showed signs of mental instability) and his status (since he was not the son of a King). However, Burgundy, along with Berry and Bourbon, lost their power in 1388, when Charles VI, taking up personal rule, chose to favour the advice of the Marmousets, his personal advisors, over that of his uncles.[4]

In 1392, events conspired to allow Burgundy to seize power once more in France. Charles VI's friend and advisor, Olivier de Clisson, had recently been the target of an assassination attempt by agents of John V, Duke of Brittany; the would-be assassin, Pierre de Craon, had taken refuge in Brittany. Charles, outraged at these events, determined to punish Craon, and on 1 July 1392 led an expedition against Brittany. Whilst progressing towards Brittany, the King, already overwrought by the slow progress, was shocked by a madman who spent half-an-hour following the procession, warning the King that he had been betrayed; when a page dropped a lance, the King reacted by killing several of his knights, and had to be wrestled to the ground. Burgundy, who was present, immediately assumed command, and appointed himself regent, dismissing Charles' advisors. He was the principal ruler of France until 1402.[5]

His seizure of power, however, had disastrous consequences for the unity of the House of Valois, and of France itself. The King's brother, Louis, Duke of Orléans, resented his uncle rather than himself being regent; the result was a feud between Philip and Louis, which was continued after their deaths by their families. In particular, both quarrelled over the royal funds, each desiring to appropriate this for their own ends: Louis to fund his extravagant lifestyle, Philip to further his ambitions in Burgundy and the low countries. Nonetheless, this struggle only served to enhance the reputation of Philip, and gave him real popularity in Paris, since, in comparison with the profligate and irresponsible Orléans, he appeared a sober and honest reformer. Thus, although Charles VI, in a rare moment of sanity, confirmed his brother as regent in 1402, Orléans' misrule allowed Burgundy to regain control of France as regent in 1404, shortly before his death.[6]

Philip died in Halle, County of Hainaut (modern Belgium), on 27 April 1404.[7] His territories were bequeathed to his eldest son, John the Fearless, who inherited also Philip's political position in France and leadership of the Burgundians against Orléans.

[edit] Tomb of Philip the Bold

Tomb of Philip the Bold at the Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy at Dijon

In 1378, Philip the Bold acquired the domain of Champmol just outside Dijon, to build the Chartreuse de Champmol (1383 - 1388), a Carthusian monastery ("Charterhouse"), which he intended to house the tombs of his dynasty. His tomb and his recumbent effigy are one of the chief works of Burgundian sculpture. They were made by Jean de Marville (1381 - 1389), Claus Sluter (1389 - 1406) and Claus de Werve (1406 - 1410). Jean Malouel, official painter to the duke, was responsible for the polychrome and gilt decoration. After his death, the body of Philip the Bold was eviscerated and embalmed, then placed in a lead coffin. It was then deposited in the choir of Chartreuse de Champmol on 16 June 1404. His internal organs were sent to the church of Saint Martin at Halle. In 1792, his body was transferred to Dijon Cathedral and in the following year his tomb was damaged by revolutionaries and looters. It was restored in the first half of the 19th century, and is today in the former palace of the dukes, now part of the Musée des Beaux-Arts of Dijon.

[edit] Marriage and issue

Philip the Bold in later life, after Jean Malouel

Philip the Bold married Margaret III, Countess of Flanders (1350–1405) on 19 June 1369, a marriage which would eventually not only reunite the Duchy of Burgundy with the Free County of Burgundy and the County of Artois, but also unite it to the rich county of Flanders. Philip and Margaret had the following children:

   * John the Fearless (1371–1419, murdered at Montereau), his eldest son and successor as Duke of Burgundy
   * Charles (1372–1373)
   * Marguerite of Burgundy (October 1374 – March 8, 1441, Le Quesnoy), Countess of Mortain married William VI, Count of Holland and Duke of Bavaria-Straubing
   * Louis (1377–1378)
   * Catherine of Burgundy (April 1378, Montbard – January 24, 1425, Grey-sur-Saone), married Leopold IV, Duke of Austria
   * Bonne (1379–1399, Arras) betrothed to John I, Duke of Bourbon
   * Antoine, Duke of Brabant (August, 1384 – October 25, 1415, at Agincourt)
   * Mary of Burgundy (September 1386, Dijon – October 2, 1422, Thonon-les-Bains), married Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy
   * Philip II, Count of Nevers and Rethel (1389–1415, at Agincourt)

In arranging the marriages of his children, Philip followed an intelligent diplomatic and strategic design, which would be followed by his successors in Burgundy as far as Emperor Maximilian I. For example, the marriages in 1385 of his son, John the Fearless, and his daughter, Marguerite, to Margaret of Bavaria and William of Bavaria, son and daughter of Albert, Count of the neighbouring Hainault and Holland, prepared the later union of Hainault and Holland with Burgundy and Flanders, as carried out by Philip's grandson, Philip the Good; the marriages also inserted the new Valois Burgundy dynasty into the Wittelsbach network of alliances: the other daughters of Count Albert had married William I, Duke of Guelders and Wenceslaus, King of Bohemia; their cousin, Isabeau of Bavaria, had married Charles VI of France, and become Queen of France.

In addition to his alliance with the low county Bavarians, Philip also made links with the Dukes of Austria and of Savoy, by marrying his daughter Catherine to Leopold IV of Austria, and his daughter Mary to Amadeus VIII Savoy.

See also: Dukes of Burgundy family tree

[edit] Titles

Duchy of Burgundy-

House of Valois, Burgundian Branch

Blason comte fr Touraine.svg

John the Good

Children

  Charles V of France
  Louis I of Anjou
  John, Duke of Berry
  Philip the Bold

Philip the Bold

Children

  John the Fearless
  Margaret of Burgundy, Duchess of Bavaria
  Catherine of Burgundy
  Anthony, Duke of Brabant
  Mary, Duchess of Savoy
  Philip, Count of Nevers

John the Fearless

Children

  Mary of Burgundy, Duchess of Cleves
  Margaret, Countess of Richemont
  Philip the Good
  Anne of Burgundy
  Agnes of Burgundy

Philip the Good

Children

  Charles the Bold
  Anthony the Bastard

Charles the Bold

Children

  Mary of Burgundy

Mary of Burgundy

   * Blason comte fr Touraine.svg 1360-1363: Duke of Touraine as Philip II
   * Blason fr Bourgogne.svg 1363-1404: Duke of Burgundy as Philip II
   * Blason Charolais.svg 1390-1404: Count of Charolais as Philip I
   * Blason comte fr Nevers.svg 1384-1404: Jure Uxoris Count Palatine of Burgundy as Philip IV
   * Artois Arms.svg 1384-1404: Jure Uxoris Count of Artois as Philip IV
   * Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg 1384-1404: Jure Uxoris Count of Flanders as Philip II
   * Blason france franche comté grand.jpg 1384: Jure Uxoris Count of Nevers as Philip I
   * Blason Rethel.png 1384-1402: Jure Uxoris Count of Rethel as Philip I

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Bold: the formation of the Burgundian state, (The Boydell Press, 2002), 3.
  2. ^ Vaughan, 16.
  3. ^ Vaughan, 40-41
  4. ^ Vaughn, 42.
  5. ^ Kitchin, George William, A History of France, Vol.1, (Clarendon Press, 1849), 499-500.
  6. ^ Vaughn, 56-57
  7. ^ The New International Encyclopædia, Vol.14 , Ed. Daniel Coit Gilman, Harry Thurston Peck, Frank Moore Colby, (Dodd Mead and Company, 1903), 15.

[edit] References

   * Kitchin, George William, A History of France, Vol.1, Clarendon Press, 1849.
   * The New International Encyclopædia, Vol.14 , Ed. Daniel Coit Gilman, Harry Thurston Peck, Frank Moore Colby, Dodd Mead and Company, 1903.
   * Vaughan, Richard, Philip the Bold: the formation of the Burgundian state, The Boydell Press, 2002.

This page was last modified on 28 June 2010 at 21:50. -------------------- http://www.familysearch.org/eng/search/PRF/individual_record.asp?recid=1341544823 -------------------- Philippe II de Bourgogne dit Philippe le Hardi[1] (1342 - 1404), est le fils du roi Jean II de France, dit Jean le Bon, et de Bonne de Luxembourg. Né à Pontoise le 17 janvier 1342, il fut duc de Bourgogne, comte de Flandre et d'Artois, comte palatin de Bourgogne, comte de Nevers, de Rethel, d'Étampes, de Gien, de Charolais, seigneur de Salins et de Malines. Longtemps appelé Philippe sans terre[2] parce qu'il était le dernier des quatre fils du roi Jean, il est fait duc de Touraine en 1360[3]. Il est nommé Philippe le Hardi par la bouche du roi d'Angleterre pour trois actes qu'il fait[4], le plus célèbre étant son valeureux comportement au côté de son père à la bataille de Poitiers en 1356. Son père lui donne le duché de Bourgogne en apanage en 1363. Il épouse à Gand en juin 1369[5] Marguerite III de Flandre, riche héritière présomptive des comtés de Flandre, d'Artois, de Rethel, de Nevers et du comté de Bourgogne et veuve[6] du précédent duc de Bourgogne Philippe Ier de Bourgogne décédé sans descendance à l'âge de 15 ans. La mort de son beau-père, Louis de Male, le rend maître des territoires apportés en dot par sa femme et fait de lui le plus puissant des « sires de fleurs de lys ». Tenant sous son autorité la Flandre, l'Artois et leurs appartenances, il rassemble sous son contrôle le duché de Bourgogne et le comté de Bourgogne lesquels vont, pendant une période d'un siècle, suivre à nouveau une destinée commune.

Amateur d'art, mécène fastueux, passionné pour l'architecture[7] mais aussi homme politique habile, esprit avisé et subtil il mène la politique bourguignonne avec prudence[8] et jette les bases d'un État bourguignon puissant qui, à son apogée, se dressera en rival du royaume de France allant jusqu'à le mettre en péril. Il ouvre une page prestigieuse de l'histoire de la Bourgogne et la dynastie des Valois de Bourgogne qu'il fonde régnera plus d'un siècle.

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Philippe II de Bourgogne. Une page de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre.

http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philippe_II_de_Bourgogne

============================
  1. ID: I33717
  2. Name: Duke PHILIPII
  3. Sex: M
  4. ALIA: The /Bold/
  5. Title: Duke of Burgundy
  6. Birth: 15 JAN 1342 in Pontoise, Flanders, Belgium
  7. Death: 27 APR 1404 in Halle, Flanders, Belgium

Father: JOHNII b: 16 APR 1319 in France

Mother: BONNE b: 20 MAY 1315 in Luxenburg, Germany

Marriage 1 Countess MARGARETIII b: ABT 1350 in Flanders, Belgium

   * Married: 19 JUN 1369

Children

  1. Has Children JOHNII b: 28 MAY 1371 in Dijon, France
  2. Has Children MARY of Burgundy b: ABT 1380

RootsWeb. http://www.geni.com/profile/edit_about_me/6000000009580759400?tab=about -------------------- Philip the Bold (Dutch: Filips de Stoute French: Philippe le Hardi), also Philip II, Duke of Burgundy (January 15, 1342, Pontoise – April 27, 1404, Halle), was the fourth and youngest son of King John II of France and his wife, Bonne of Luxembourg. By his marriage to Margaret III, Countess of Flanders, he also became Philip II, Count of Flanders, Philip IV, Count of Artois and Philip IV, Count Palatine of Burgundy. He was the founder of the Burgundian branch of the House of Valois.

Born in 1342, Philip gained his cognomen the Bold when, at the age of 14, he fought beside his father at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was created Duke of Touraine in 1360, but in 1363, as a reward for his behaviour at Poitiers, he returned this to the crown, receiving instead from his father the Duchy of Burgundy in apanage, which his father had been Duke of since the death of Philip of Rouvres in 1361. Philip would rule the Duchy until his death.[1]

On 19 June 1369, Philip married the 19 year old Margaret of Dampierre, the daughter of Louis II, Count of Flanders, who would become the heiress of Flanders, Brabant, Artois, and the Free County of Burgundy after the death of her brother in 1376. Margaret was the widow of his stepbrother, Philip of Rouvres, Duke of Burgundy, Count Palatine of Burgundy, and Count of Artois, Boulogne and Auvergne, who had died childless in 1361. As her father's eventual heiress, Margaret would bring rich possessions to her husband and to their children.[2]

From 1379 to 1382, he helped his father-in-law put down revolts in Flanders, particularly in Ghent, organising an army against Philip van Artevelde. The revolts were finally ended only in 1385, following the death of Louis II, with the Peace of Tournai. As jure uxoris Count of Flanders, he would keep in mind the economic interests of the Flemish cities, which made their money from weaving and spinning.

In 1390, Philip also became the Count of Charolais, a title used by Philip the Good and Charles the Bold as the heirs of Burgundy.

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Philip II the Bold, Duke of Burgundy's Timeline

1342
January 15, 1342
Pontoise, Val-d'Oise, Île-de-France, France
1369
June 19, 1369
Age 27
Gent
1371
May 28, 1371
Age 29
Dijon, Burgundy, France
1372
March 1372
Age 30
1374
October 1374
Age 32
1377
May 1377
Age 35
1378
April 1378
Age 36
Montbard, Burgundy, France
1379
1379
Age 36
1384
August 1384
Age 42
Dijon, Burgundy, France
1386
September 1386
Age 44
Dijon, Burgundy, France