About Philippe de Bourbon
Philippe de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme the "Grand Prior" (1655–1727) was the fourth Duke of Vendôme. The Grand Prior for France in the Order of Malta, Vendôme held senior military positions throughout his life, in various command roles.
Vendôme was born in 1655 to Louis de Bourbon, duc de Vendôme, and Laura Mancini. Among his earlier military campaigns was the Siege of Candia in 1669, during which he fought against Turkish forces. During the siege, his uncle, François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, was killed.
In his later position of Grand Prior for France in the Order of Malta, Vendôme was able to attain numerous military commands, fighting in engagements including Fleurus, Steenkirk and Marsaglia.
During the Spanish War of Succession Vendôme was briefly in command of French forces in Italy. The opposing Austrian forces were commanded by Prince Eugene of Savoy, a more skilled commander than Vendôme, whose brother Louis Joseph, another senior French commander, had to assist him during the Battle of Cassano. He was subsequently demoted to a position subordinate to that of his brother, and served in this role during further campaigning occurring in Flanders.
After the death of Louis-Joseph, Vendôme inherited the ducal titles, but died without issue. The dukedom became extinct after his death.