About Phillip Wigal
A Patriot of the American Revolution for PENNSYLVANIA (Soldier). DAR Ancestor #: A125939
Our family history The Wigal’s A list of Wigal’s buried in the Wigal Cemetery West Virginia
Wigal, Abraham, b. Jan 26, 1822, d. Mar 28, 1865, d/o John Wigal ad Magdaline Brookhart Wigal, Ava Rilla (Cochran), b. Dec 25, 1870, d. Oct 9, 1899, 1st w/o Leander Ferdinand Wigal Wigal, Belinda, d. Jun 6, 1869, aged 32 years, 1st w/o James Garfield Wigal, d/o Daniel and Elizabeth Palmer Wigal, Betty L., b. 1932, d., w/o Walter L. Wigal Wigal, Carroll Lewis, b. Sep 28, 1947, d., s/o Clyde E. Wigal and Grace Eaton Wigal, Clyde E., b. May 14, 1918, d. Apr 3, 2000, s/o Leander Thadeus Wigal and Nettie Anderson Wigal, David Franklin, b. Jul 19, 1861, d. Aug 20, 1891, s/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Lott Wigal, Dora E., d. Oct 2, 1894, d/o Frederick Hamilton and Elizabeth Catherine Wigal, (tombstone gives the age at death as 4 weeks and 4 days, but death record gives age at death as 4 months and 4 days) Wigal, Doris Ann, b. Aug 7, 1948, d., w/o Carroll Lewis Wigal, d/o Jerry M. and Jessie Towner Wigal, Dwight Edward, b. 1933, d. 1933, (Metal Funeral Home Marker) Wigal, Elizabeth Ann, b. May 9, 1842, d. Jul 29, 1875, 1st w/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr., Married Aug 30, 1860, d/o George Washington Lott and Mary Margaret Jenkins Wigal, Elizabeth Catherine, b. Mar 30, 1875, d. Nov 5, 1894, 1st w/o Frederick Hamilton Wigal, d/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Lott Wigal, Elizabeth Jane, b. 1832, d. 1911, 2nd w/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr., d/o Phillip Wigal Jr. and Nancy Sheets Wigal, Everett Wade, b. Mar 15, 1912, d. Sep 16, 1990, s/o Jacob Ferdinand Wigal and Lucetta Cochran Wigal, Ford W., b. Sep 9, 1914, d. Jul 30, 1916, s/o Leander Thadeus Wigal and Nettie Anderson Wigal, George Ferdinand Jr., b. May 5, 1839, d. Oct 11, 1931, s/o George Ferdinand Wigal Sr. and Sarah E. Gill Wigal, George Ferdinand Sr., b. Feb 15, 1799, d. Sep 15, 1888, s/o Phillip Sr. and Barbara Wigal Wigal, George M., Mar 8, 1864, d. Dec 12, 1880, s/o James Garfield Wigal and Belinda Palmer Wigal, Grace V. (Eaton), b. Feb 4, 1915, d. Aug 5, 1984, w/o Clyde E. Wigal Wigal, Ida Pearl (Sellers), b. May 7, 1884, d. Feb 19, 1978, w/o Samuel Floyd Wigal Wigal, Infant, d. May 27, 186?, c/o J.G. and B. Wigal Wigal, Jacob Ferdinand, b. Aug 16, 1873, May 6, 1930, s/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Lott Wigal, James Garfield, b. Oct 30, 1835, d. Aug 23, 1900, s/o George Ferdinand Wigal Sr. and Sarah E. Gill Wigal, John, b. Apr 17, 1789, d. May 18, 1853, s/o Phillip Sr. and Barbara Wigal Wigal, L. Eleanor, b. Sep 24, 1925, d. Oct 19, 1975 Wigal, Lawrence Woodrow, b. 1914, d., s/o Samuel Floyd Wigal and Ida Pearl Sellers Wigal, Blanche, b. Dec 1, 1913, d. Aug 29, 2002, w/o Lawrence Woodrow Wigal, d/o John Wesley Smith and Elizabeth Ellen Phillips Wigal, Leander Barnes, b. Jan 26, 1843, d. Apr 19, 1878, s/o George Ferdinand Wigal Sr. and Sarah E. Gill Wigal, Leander Thadeus, b. Oct 29, 1877, d. Jul 15, 1954, s/o Leander Barnes Wigal and Mary E. Leep Wigal, Lucetta (Cochran), b. 1874, d. 1960, w/o Jacob Ferdinand Wigal Wigal, Lydia Ann, b. Apr 20, 1880, d. Dec 4, 1905, 1st w/o Leander Thadeus Wigal, d/o Sheppard Barnhouse and Elvira Jane Kean Wigal, Magdaline, d. May 13, 1853, aged 65 years, w/o John Wigal, d/o Henry Brookhart Wigal, Mary Alice, b. Mar 23, 1872, d. Apr 3, 1894, d/o James Garfield Wigal and Miriam Jane Melrose Wigal, Mary Eunice, b. Mar 8, 1900, d. Aug 20, 1988 Wigal, Mary Irene, b. Oct 4, 1911, d. Jun 19, 1992, w/o Everett Wade Wigal, d/o Samuel Deem and Norra Poole Wigal, Mary Jane, b. Oct 26, 1866, d. Jun 3, 1892, d/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Lott Wigal, Mary, b. Oct 22, 1825, d. Dec 23, 1864, w/o Abraham Wigal, d/o Thomas Franklin Small and Sarah Hall Wigal, Miriam Jane, b. Jun 3, 1841, d. Oct 13, 1920, 2nd w/o James Garfield Wigal, d/o William Thomas Melrose and Hannah Clifton Reeder Wigal, Nettie (Anderson), b. 1891, d. 1976, 2nd w/o Leander Thadeus Wigal Wigal, Rebecca Ann, b. Feb 9, 1865, d. Apr 8, 1903, d/o George Ferdinand Wigal Jr. and Elizabeth Ann Lott Wigal, Samuel Floyd, b. Aug 14, 1873, d. Jan 26, 1934, d/o James Garfield Wigal and Miriam Jane Melrose Wigal, Sarah E. (Gill), b. Feb 20, 1803, d. Dec 29, 1871, 2nd w/o George Ferdinand Wigal Sr. Wigal, Scott Andrew, b. Jun 18, 1976, d. Aug 27, 2002, s/o Carroll Lewis Wigal and Doris Ann Towner Wigal, Walter C., b. 1909, d. 1922, s/o Jacob Ferdinand Wigal and Lucetta Cochran Wigal, Walter L., b. 1929, d. Wigal, William Howard, b. Jul 9, 1916, d. Jul 9, 1916 Misc: 1 broken stone, only the base remains 14 unmarked graves (may be more, but these were obvious) 1 unreadable stone 2 fieldstones with no information 1 unreadable Metal Funeral Home Marker
More West Virginia Genealogy Records: West Virginia Marriage Records, 1863-1900 West Virginia 5th Cavalry Roster Sims index to land grants in West Virginia
Phillip Wigal (Vigol) was one of the men involved in the infamous 1794 Whiskey Rebellion. Read on for the an account of the event and other historical information:
The Whiskey Rebellion
On July 16th, 1794, the Mingo Creek militia surrounded and attacked the home of John Neville, the local excise collector. The men were up in arms over a new internal tax - the whiskey excise tax. When the United States government assumed the states' debts, they needed a way to pay them off. Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton suggested an excise on whiskey. The tax would hurt those of the western regions most. It was not a popular measure. According to Congressman Josiah Parker, the excise would "convulse the Government; it will let loose a swarm of harpies, who, under the denomination of revenue officers, will range through the country, prying into every man's house and affairs, and like a Macedonian phalanx bear down all before them." Senator William Maclay thought the measure was "the most execrable system that ever was framed against the liberty of a people . . . . War and bloodshed are the most likely consequence of all this." However, the Excise Act was narrowly passed by Congress on March 3rd, 1791, supported by the Federalist party. For the agricultural west, it was more profitable to turn their crops into whiskey than sell them in their original form. The whiskey was easier to ship than bulky grains, and it would not spoil. Since this was their livelihood, farmers thought the excise was unfair. After all, it taxed up to twenty-five percent of the value of the whiskey. Westerners, having faith in their new government, petitioned and talked to representatives. For several years this went on without result, and farmers slowly became disillusioned. Some saw a parallel between their own plight - unfair taxation - and the American colonies'. A few farmers refused to pay the excise. Farmers who had not paid the excise were summoned to Philadelphia to appear in front of a federal court. United States Marshal David Lenox was sent west to serve processes. During that time, Lenox stayed with Hugh Henry Brackenridge. The marshal expressed his relief that he had not been attacked during his journey. Brackenridge explained to
him that the local people distinguished between tax collectors and officers of the law. Later, Lenox accepted the offer of John Neville to guide him through Allegheny County. On July 15th, the two men set out. Lenox served notice to four people, "all of whom
showed much contempt for the laws of the United States." At noon, the tax collector and marshal arrived at the home of William Miller. Lenox served the processes, and told Miller to appear in Philadelphia August 12th. Miller became very angry, and Lenox tried to reason with the man. About this time, Neville noticed 30 to 40 men, armed with pitchforks and muskets, coming up the lane. They had heard a rumor that a government man was hauling people off to Philadelphia. Already drunk, the men had become enraged. However, they soon learned that the rumor was false, and let the two lawmen pass and go on their way. As Lenox and Neville rode off, a single shot was fired.
The Mingo Creek militia had been gathered, preparing to fight Indians. The same rumor that had angered the drunken farmers reached the militia. They, too, became irate. Believing Lenox still at Neville's home, they marched to and surrounded the house. One called out, saying they were there to protect Lenox. Neville did not fall for their ploy. He ordered them away from his house and shot off a round from his gun, mortally wounding
Oliver Miller. The militia began firing back. Neville signaled to his slaves, who started shooting the attackers from behind. The militia was forced to retreat. Knowing his attackers would be back, Neville applied for help. Major James Kirkpatrick and 10 soldiers from Fort Pitt volunteered. The next day, Kirkpatrick spirited Neville away just before the militia returned. McFarlane, now leading the rebels, demanded Neville. The major replied that Neville was no longer there. McFarlane then ordered the soldiers to leave. Kirkpatrick refused. He evacuated the rest of the Neville family, then the battle began. It lasted over an hour; during the fighting, McFarlane was shot. Finally, the militia set fire to the house. The major and his command were forced to surrender.
Most people feared the violent rebels. In Pittsburgh, citizens voted to banish three residents that rebels found particularly irritating. However, there were many moderate rebels, who followed Revolutionary traditions. They hung and burned public officials in effigy, and raised liberty poles. There was also a general respect for personal property. These people posed a problem for the United States government: why couldn't the people rebel if they were not happy with their government? The government dispatched a peace commission to meet with western delegates. The commission was made up of Attorney General William Bradford, Pennsylvania Supreme Court Justice Jasper Yeates, and Senator James Ross. They were instructed not to make any promises, but try to reconcile with the rebels. The peace commission was doomed to
failure. Those in the peace commission believed that, with time, the rebellion would fade. Nevertheless, the President and his Secretary of Treasury planned for war, even before the western delegates had a chance to consider the government's offer. Orders for Governor Henry Lee of Virginia to prepare his troops for battle were post-dated to September 1st. Around this time, most of the rebels were cooling off, and many became moderates. They signed oaths of allegiance to prove their loyalty to the United States. However, President Washington declared that the time for "overtures of forgiveness" was the over. Though the moderates had gotten things under control, the government felt it had to take some sort of action. The laws had to be obeyed, and a show of force would help convince Britain and Spain that the United States would not crumble. In the first and only time a president has led troops into battle, Washington led a force of 12,950 men to Pennsylvania to put down the rebellion. Though he only went as far as Bedford, the old general inspired his men. The "Watermelon Army" marched on west to Allegheny County. Once there, the troops were expecting a battle of some sort, but they couldn't find any rebels to fight. The government needed someone to blame for this rebellion, but the real "rabble rousers" had fled to the wilderness. Instead, the army captured 20 men who were supposed leaders of the rebellion. They were taken to Philadelphia for interrogation. All but two were released. The remaining two were John Mitchell and Philip Vigol, who were both described by their neighbors as "simple." These men were charged with treason, convicted, and sentenced to die. The President, perhaps from kindness or a wish to prevent "martyrs," pardoned Mitchell and Vigol. The Whiskey Rebellion was the first test of the new government. It was the major crisis of United States history until the occurrence of the Civil War. This event forced the government leaders to try to reconcile their pre- and post-Revolutionary beliefs. I imagine Britain must have had a chuckle at the irony of the situation. This is a list of those arrested in Whiskey Rebellion. Whiskey Rebellion Arrests Treason, Federalists, and Whiskey - Three of a Kind By C. M. Ewing (1930)
The prisoners marched on foot, each one between two troopers. General White ordered the guards to keep their swords always drawn and announced that in case of an attempted rescue the prisoners' heads were to be cut off and taken to Philadelphia.
Following is a list of the prisoners: Rev. John Corbley,
Col. John Hamilton, Col. William Crawford, John Black, Daniel Bolton, James Kerr, Thomas Sedwick, John Burnett, Capt. Robert Porter, Joseph Scott, Marmaduke Curtis, James Stewart, Thomas Burney, Isaac Walker, [Philip Vigol,(Weigel),] Westmoreland County Joseph Parry,
Caleb Mounts, Fayette County John Laughery, Ohio County, Virginia Christmas evening, after a weary march of just one month through mud and snow, the prisoners were shunted into the new jail, and kept all night without food or heat. Here they found the following men confined as insurgents: Herman Husbands, Bedford County Robert Philson, George Lucas, George Wisegarver, William Bonham,
John Criswell, Cumberland County The Supreme Court Case involving Vigol and his role in the Whiskey Rebellion. The point of law he was involved in is the first cases of armed resistance to Federal Authority. There have been a number of lower court cases in some of which convictions were obtained. As a result of the Whiskey Rebellion, convictions of treason were obtained on the basis of the ruling that forcible resistance to the enforcement of the revenue laws was a constructive levying of war. United States v. Vigol, 29 Fed. Cas. 376 (No. 16621) (C.C.D. Pa. 1795); United States v. Mitchell, 26 Fed. Case. 1277 (No. 15788) (C.C.D. Pa. 1795). After conviction, the defendants were pardoned. See also for the same ruling in a different situation the Case o
f Fries, 9 Fed. Cas. 826, 924 (Nos. 5126, 5127) (C.C.D. Pa. 1799, 1800). The defendant was again pardoned after conviction. A Chronology on the events leading up to Whiskey rebellion. Whiskey Insurrection Time Line
Causes of the Whiskey Rebellion 1610 - British Parliament became concerned that inland or interior taxes (excise taxes) may become a general practice 1643 - British Parliament levied first English excise tax to finance its army during the Civil War 1647 - Riots against the excise tax throughout England 1752 - Washington inherits an interest in a 500,000 acre Ohio Company grant from his older brother October 31, 1753 - George Washington travels through western Pennsylvania while delivering a warning letter to the French Commander Joncaire at Venango and looking for land to buy December 15, 1764 - Armed settlers killed and scalped about twenty Indians protected by the government at Conestoga Manor near Lancaster PA
December 27, 1764 - Sixteen more Indians brutally slain by the same settlers at Lancaster PA where they had been taken for their own protection
March 18, 1770 - Massy Harbison and her children captured by the Indians 1770's (late) - Hamilton (treasurer of the United States) believed in a monarchy and continually worked toward it - Federalist Party - Aristocrats tried to decrease state powers - Federalists, mainly west of the mountains - Democratic Society (Democracy) March 6, 1782 - The Pittsburg militia marched to Ohio and moved nearly one hundred Christian Indians to Gnadenhutten where they were later slaughtered. Sept 13,1782
Last battle of the American Revolution fought on Dutch Fork, Washington, Cty. PA (Company of British Rangers and 238 Indians against 6 settlers-British retreated)
western peoples basically self-sufficient, used to fighting their own battles with the Indians with no support from the east September 19, 1784 - George Washington, an absentee landlord, begins to takes action to remove Scottish settler from his land on Miller's Run, a branch of Chartiers Creek, in Washington, Cty. PA. April 1786 - State excise officer confronted by Washington Cty, PA frontiersman August 1786 to February 1787 - Shay's Rebellion May 14, 1787 - Constitutional Convention
States considered themselves separate entities
This bickering and competition between states decreased somewhat after the convention Western region tended to retain the separatist feelings longer
Little loyalty between east and west in Virg. and Pa.
sympathetic to the British cause to determine the likelihood of the west separating from the east 1789 - Excise taxes still not enforceable in rural England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales Aug 27, 1789 Letter to Lord Sydney, advising him to aid the west in separating from the union - British encouraged separation from the East 1789 1790 - First eastern expedition against the Indians under Gen. Josiah Harmer - Indians won 1790 - Eastern, rich(friends of Hamilton) buy western, revolutionary scrip at a fraction of the value and later they receive face value of the scrip, cost the government 21 Million
1791 - Second expedition against the Indians under Gen. Arthur St. Clair Indians won
Tax on whiskey 1780's March 3, 1791 - Excise tax passed by Congress March 22, 1791 - Massacre of the Russ household by the Indians on the banks of the Allegheny River July 27, 1791 - First "illegal" meeting at Redstone Old Fort in Brownsville, Pa. September 6, 1791 - First incidence of violence occurred when Robert Johnson, an excise collector was tarred and feathered.
September 7, 1791 - Delegates from four counties meet in Pittsburg and pass a number of resolutions against the excise.
1792 - Tax to pay for the 21 million was a tariff on spirits imported to the east 1791
Washington Cty - whiskey sold for .25/gal tax=.07
eastern whiskey - sold for .50 tax = .07 tax collected at the source not upon sale Offices open only during June for whiskey still registration - one/county No office in Washington Cty because of the anti-aristocratic feelings Land bought by outsiders even though already occupied 1792 Agricultural society, mainly whiskey for export 1700's - early 1800's Trials for crimes in either Philadelphia or York August 22, 1792 - Second Pittsburg meeting with resolutions sent to Congress.
September 15, 1792 - Washington issues a proclamation to desist from all unlawful proceedings. Aug 20, 1794 - First successful expedition against the Indians - Tax on whiskey supplied the money
The Whiskey Insurrection August(mid) - Armed men painted as Indians were reported to be lurking in bushes between Pittsburg and
Washington, supposedly to waylay Neville
December 1791 - Neville wrote Clymer that the people were threatening to close the Pittsburg excise office as soon as Wayne's army moved down river.
Summer 1792 - Captain Faulkner tarred and feathered for trying to open a Washington county office
July 15 1794 - Confrontation of Marshall Lennox and Gen. Neville at William Miller's home in Allegheny County. Shot fired by Miller's (Allegheny County) group after visit by Neville (serving writs) July 16 1794 Thirty men approach Neville's home demanding interview. After being greeted at the door, they were met with a volley of shots from the house and Negro quarters. Fire was returned but Oliver Miller was killed and a number of others wounded July 17 1794 James McFarlane in command of 500 met at Couche's fort and advanced on Bower Hill (Neville's home) Attack began after Gen. Neville and the women and children left White flag flown from a window of Nelville's home McFarlane ordered firing stopped, in the process exposing himself someone in the house shot and killed James McFarlane (thought to be Kirkpatrick)
barn, home and several outbuildings were burned
people in the house were released unharmed McFarlane buried in cemetery at Mingo Creek Presbyterian Church July 18,19 1794
Meeting at Mingo Creek Meeting house David Bradford, a successful attorney, businessman and Deputy Attorney General, assumed leadership after saying that he would not attend the meeting
July 1794 - Meetings at Bradford's home to consider the problem of the Easterners knowing what's happening almost before it happens
July 26 1794
Mail from Pittsburg to Philadelphia was intercepted under Bradford's orders - mail taken to Canonsburg and examined July 28 1794 - Bradford's group sent letter to the local militias requesting a gathering on Aug 1, 1794 on Braddock's field to begin a possible four day military excursion August 1-2, 1794 five to seven thousand troops gathered at Braddock's field, eight miles from Pittsburg Brackenridge convinced leaders to warn Pittsburg to banish all obnoxious characters within eight days or face destruction
army marches through Pittsburg with no problems or damage done, in part, because the 379 residents of Pittsburg supplied the "invading" army with food and whiskey army crossed the Monongahela and torches Kirkpatrick's barn near Mt. Washington August 7, 1794 George Washington mobilizes 12,950 troops from eastern Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland, and New Jersey under Gen. Harry Lee, the Governor of Virginia and father of Robert E. Lee. August 8, 1794 - U. S. Commissioners appointed to confer with the representative from west of the Alleghenies August 14, 1794 Meeting at Parkinson's Ferry "to take into consideration the condition of the western country"
Presidential commission attends meeting
August 19, 1794 Secretary of State Edmund Randolph asked by President Washington to defend himself in relation to a letter from the French Minister to the French Government which analyzed
the causes of the Whiskey Rebellion.
Randolph resigned ( the letter may have been fairly truthful)
August 20, 1794 1st Pittsburg Conference between Parkinson Ferry Committee, U.S. Commissioners and Pennsylvania Commissioners Presidential commission meets with insurgent leaders to negotiate terms of peace and offer amnesty required that they openly declare their submission to the laws in general and the excise law in particular the required number of signatures was not obtained August, 1794 - Attorney General William Bradford argues for war August 28-29, 1794 - Meeting at Redstone Old Fort, at which Albert Gallatin moderates the revolutionary fervor of the rebels. August (late) 1794 - President decides to send an army to western Pennsylvania September 11-12, 1794 - Western inhabitants vote whether or not to submit to the laws of the United States. September 19, 1794 - Federal troops leave Philadelphia for the west. September 24, 1794 Report of U.S. Commissioners that force will be necessary to make western inhabitants comply with the excise law. September (late) 1794
Troops reach Carlisle, Pennsylvania . Two Carlisle inhabitants killed October 2, 1794 Meeting of those who attended the Aug, 14 meeting at Parkinson's Ferry Resolved unanimously to submit to the laws of the United States and agree to peace terms of August 14 and 21 Resolved unanimously to appoint two representatives (William Findley and David Redick) to wait on the president of the United States and the Governor of Pennsylvania
October, 14 1794
President Washington arrives in Carlisle, PA President Washington, General Henry Knox, and General Alexander Hamilton review the troops at Carlisle, PA October 19, 1794 - Washington and branches of the army arrive in Bedford, Pennsylvania October 1794 William Findley and David Redick presented the resolutions to President Washington and Alexander Hamilton agreeing to comply with all the laws of the United states and the agreement of August 14, 21 and Oct 2, 1794 (surrender) October 20 1794 President Washington addresses General Lee in Bedford prior to returning to the east President Washington stays at Espy House in Bedford, Pa October 24, 1794 - Army arrives in Washington County, Pa. to "subdue" the inhabitants Late October, 1794 - Hamilton's legal council arrived and stayed at a red house at 63 South Main, Washington, PA for two days
October 1794 David Bradford escapes and heads for New Orleans Bradford goes to the Ohio River at Mckee's Rocks and then a coal barge to New Orleans November 13, 1794 - A "Dreadful Night" 150 men herded to prison quarters November 19, 1794 Main army begins the return march driving a string of prisoners with them General Morgan and 1500 men remain through most of the winter a large contingent of this remaining army, camps on the campus of Washington College (removing all the virgin timber for fuel) Headquarters were on South Main in Washington, Pa where the Donnan building now stands November 25, 1794 Seventeen prisoners removed from the guard house at Fort Fayette (Pittsburg) and marched to Greensburg Three Westmoreland county prisoners added to their number December 25, 1794 Entry of part of the army of 13,800 men into Philadelphia twenty prisoners taken to Philadelphia from the following Pennsylvania counties 9 - Washington Cty, 6 - Allegheny Cty 3 - Westmoreland Cty 1 - Fayette Cty
1 - Ohio Cty Virginia (W. Virg)
six prisoners were already in jail for related crimes
4 - Bedford Cty 1 - Northumberland Cty 1 - Cumberland Cty December 1794 - Washington's annual message to congress contains a scathing denunciation of the Democratic Societies as dangerous to the public welfare January 13-March 23, 1795 - eight prisoners released on bail due to ridiculousness of the charges as seen by the people in the east Jan-Feb, 1795 John Mitchell gave himself up to General Morgan (he was mentally handicapped) Edward Wright (Allegheny Cty) was arrested and taken to Philadelphia May 1795 - Trial in Philadelphia - eight more were acquitted by the grand jury
July 10, 1795
President Washington issued a proclamation releasing all those not under indictment five remained for trial
Two found guilty, the other 3 released for one reason or another Vigol -- verdict not accepted Mitchell -- later pardoned due to citizen indignation and protest
1799 - David Bradford pardoned 1801 -
David Bradford returns to PA to sell property 1802 - Thomas Jefferson repeals the excise tax 1803 - David Bradford's wife and family sell the Bradford house and move to Bayou Sara, Louisiana Territory near Natchez to live with David on his Spanish land grant "farm" 1810 - David Bradford dies in New Orleans, Louisiana. Husband of Barbara Wigal Father of William Wigal; Elizabeth Wigal and John Wigal
Phillip Wigal I cause of death burned above Wife Barbara ￼ Young Donald Preston Wigal
Naomi Wigal Collier Green center above . Yvonne Wigal daughter of Don Wigal above right top . Mary Wigal bottom lower left shoveling snow ￼
Donald Preston Wigal’s gravestone Fultonham Ohio Cemetery
Donald Preston and Mary Alice Chesser Wigal
Edward Harold Wigal and wife Velma Gertrude King Wigal
￼ Clara Wigal Ward above married Adam Ward with their children above
Phillip Wigal's Timeline
Huntington, Adams, PA, USA