Piero 'the Unfortunate de' Medici
|Also Known As:||"The Unfortunate", "lo Sfortunato"|
|Birthplace:||Florence, Tuscany, Italy|
|Death:||Died in Florence, Italy|
|Place of Burial:||Statesman Of Florence|
Son of Lorenzo I de' Medici, 'il Magnifico' and Clarice Orsini
|Occupation:||Governor, Ruler of Florence|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Piero de' Medici, 'il Fatuo'
Piero de' Medici (15 February 1472 – 28 December 1503), called Piero the Unfortunate, was the Gran maestro of Florence from 1492 until his exile in 1494.
Born in Florence, Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici was the oldest son of Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo the Magnificent) and Clarice Orsini, and older brother of the future Pope Leo X.
He was educated to succeed his father as head of the Medici family and de facto ruler of the Florentine state, under notable figures such as Angelo Poliziano. However, his feeble, arrogant and undisciplined character was to prove unsuited to such a role.
Piero took over as leader of Florence in 1492. After a brief period of relative calm, the fragile pacific equilibrium between the Italian states, laboriously constructed by Piero's father, collapsed in 1494 with the decision of King Charles VIII of France to cross the Alps with an army in order to take the Kingdom of Naples, claiming hereditary rights. Charles had been lured to Italy by Ludovico Sforza, (Ludovico il Moro), ex-Regent of Milan, as a way to eject Ludovico's nephew Gian Galeazzo Sforza and replace him as Duke.
After settling matters in Milan, Charles moved towards Naples. He needed to pass through Tuscany, as well as leave troops there, securing his lines of communication with Milan. Piero attempted to stay neutral, but this was unacceptable to Charles, who intended to invade Tuscany. Piero attempted to mount a resistance, but received little support from Florentine elites, who had fallen under the influence of the fanatical Dominican priest Girolamo Savonarola; even his cousins defected to Charles's side.
Piero quickly gave up as Charles's army neared Florence and surrendered the chief fortresses of Tuscany to the invading army, giving Charles everything he demanded. His poor handling of the situation and failure to negotiate better terms led to an uproar in Florence, and the Medici family fled. The family palazzo was subsequently looted, and the substance as well as the form of the Republic of Florence was re-established, with the Medici formally exiled. A member of the Medici family was not to rule Florence again until 1512.
Piero and his family at first fled to Venice with the aid of Philippe de Commines. In 1503 however, as the French and Spanish continued their struggle in Italy over the Kingdom of Naples, Piero was drowned in the Garigliano River while attempting to flee the aftermath of the battle, which the French (with whom he was allied) had lost.
Piero married Alfonsina Orsini in 1488. She was a daughter of Roberto Orsini, Count of Tagliacozzo and Caterina Sanseverino. They had four children:
- Lorenzo de' Medici (9 September 1492 - died at a young age).
- Lorenzo II, Duke of Urbino (4 September 1493 - 4 May 1519).
- Clarice de' Medici (1493 - 3 May 1528). She married Filippo Strozzi the Younger (1488–1538).
- Cosimo de' Medici (died at a young age).
- Piero II de Medici1
- M, #4788, b. 15 February 1471, d. 28 December 1503
- Last Edited=30 Sep 2005
- Piero II de Medici was born on 15 February 1471. He was the son of Lorenzo I de Medici and Clara Orsini.1 He married Alfonsina Orsini, daughter of Robert Orsini, Conte di Tagliacozzo and Catherine Saint-Severin, circa 1487. He died on 28 December 1503 at age 32.
- He held the office of Governor of Florence between 1492 and 1494.1 He was deposed as Governor of Florence in 1494.1
- Child of Piero II de Medici and Alfonsina Orsini
- 1.Lorenzo II de Medici, Duca di Urbino+ b. 9 Sep 1492, d. 4 May 1519
- 1.[S38] John Morby, Dynasties of the World: a chronological and genealogical handbook (Oxford, Oxfordshire, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1989), page 108. Hereinafter cited as Dynasties of the World.
- From: http://thepeerage.com/p479.htm#i4788
- Piero 'the Unfortunate' di Lorenzo de Medici, Lord of Florence1
- M, #98847, b. 15 February 1471, d. 28 December 1503
- Father Lorenzo I 'the Magnificent' de Medici, Lord of Florence1 b. 1 Jan 1449, d. 9 Apr 1492
- Mother Clarice d' Orsini1 b. 1453, d. 30 Jul 1488
- Piero 'the Unfortunate' di Lorenzo de Medici, Lord of Florence was born on 15 February 1471.1 He married Alfonsina d' Orsini, daughter of Roberto d' Orsini, Count of Tagliacozzo & Alba, Signore di Pacentro, Sant'Angelo, San Polo, & San Gregorio and Caterina (Violante) Sanseverino, in 1488.1 Piero 'the Unfortunate' di Lorenzo de Medici, Lord of Florence died on 28 December 1503 at Garigliano River, Cassino, Frosinone, Italy, at age 32.1
- Family Alfonsina d' Orsini
- Lorenzo II de Medici, Duke d'Urbino+1 b. 12 Sep 1492, d. 4 May 1519
- 1.[S13] Worldroots.com.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p3291.htm#i98847
Piero de' Medici, 'il Fatuo''s Timeline
February 15, 1472
Florence, Tuscany, Italy
September 12, 1492
Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
Florence, Florence, Tuscany, Italy
December 28, 1503
Statesman Of Florence