Pierre Desportes (c.1594 - 1629) MP

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Nicknames: "des Portes", "DesPortes"
Birthplace: Lisieux, Normandie, France
Death: Died in Paris, Île-de-France, France
Occupation: Vendeur, commis à Québec, Ancêtre en Nouvelle France - Chef du dépôt de Québec, Boulanger
Managed by: John Peter Le Garignon
Last Updated:

About Pierre Desportes

http://larryvoyer.com/genealogy/getperson.php?personID=I55821&tree=v7_28

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Pierre arrived in New France (Canada) in 1620.

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Pierre Desportes est arrivé à Québec en 1619.

Il est probablement retourné en France après la prise de Québec par Kirke (24 juillet 1629)

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Pierre Des Portes was born about 1595 in Lisieux, Normandie, Kingdom of France.

He emigrated in 1614 from France. One of 34 people of French origin in Quebec at the onset of the English occupation.

Left Quebec with wife and daughter, returning to France on July 24, 1629.

They left when the Kirke* Brothers took Quebec. *Biography: Kirke, Sir David, an English merchant and adventurer in Canada. At the outbreak of war between France and England in 1627, Kirke and his four brothers led an attack on Quebec that was orginized by a new English company seeking control of the St. Lawrence River fur trade. After completely dominating the river and the Gulf of St. Lawrence for two years, Kirke forced Samuel de Champlain to surrender the starved Quebec on July 19, 1629.

The city was restored to French rule in 1632. -Copyright 1993 Grolier Electronic Publishing, Inc.

He died after May 18 1629 in Québec, New France.

He has Ancestral File number 32046.

Parents: Louis Des Portes and Anne Dupoteau.

He was married to Françoise Langlois before 1620 in The Kingdom of France. Children were: Hélène Des Portes.

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Francoise Langlois

(1599-1629)

Francoise Langlois was born in 1599; in St. Xiste, Montpelliers, France; one of four children born to Guillaume Langlois and Jeanne Millette.

About 1618, she married Pierre Des Portes, an employee for the Company of 100 Associates, representing France's interest in the New World.

Soon after the birth of their only child, Marie-Helene; Pierre and Francoise left for Quebec, taking along her two younger sisters; Marie and Marguerite.

The little group arrived at Tadoussac aboard the 'Le Sallemande', on August 30, 1620; and from there were transferred to the Kebec Habitation, where Pierre would be engaged.

Who Was Pierre Des Portes?

Who exactly was Francoise's husband Pierre Des Portes, and what was his capacity in the Colony of New France?

His name does appear on the list of directors for The Company of One Hundred Associates or "Compagnie des Cent Associes"; run by Cardinal Richeleu; so we might assume that he held that position. He certainly did handle correspondence and filed reports to France on the condition of the settlement as early as 1621.

We know that he and Francoise were deported to France in 1629, by the Kirke Brothers, and most believe that they either died enroute or soon after in France; since only their daughter Helene returned later to Quebec, with her aunt Marguerite and Uncle Abraham Martin, as her guardians.

But herein lies the problem. There is a marriage contract registered in Paris that reads, in part:

"Pierre DesPortes, son of Louis DesPortes, attorney at the Parliament of Paris, and of Anne duPoteau, formally signed his marriage contract on 13 June 1599 with Genevieve duPuy, daughter of Jean-Baptiste duPuy and of Genevieve LeCuyer. He is to be one of the members of the future Company of the One Hundred Associates". (14359.FTW Your Ancient Canadian Family Ties - Page 95)

So was this the same Pierre Des Portes who would marry Francoise Langlois almost twenty years later? Remember, she was only born in 1599.

Another piece to the puzzle is in The Beginnings of New France 1524-1663; Marcel Trudel, Page 195-196; where he states " On Cape Breton, Captain Charles Daniel had withdrawn from his Fort Ste. Anne in the Grand Cibou, but on February 26, 1633; The Hundred Associates conceded the whole island to a new company formed by Pierre Desportes and Jean Belleteste, members of the Hundred Associates, who at once sent a shipment worth 6,200 livres to Fort Ste. Anne. Late in 1633, Desportes and Belleteste formed another new company with a capital of 45,000 livres; this company obtained the Cape Breton trade monopoly for a period of four years...."

And on page 203: "Cape Breton had been conceded by the Hundred Associates in February 1633; to two of their members; Pierre Desportes and Jeanne Belleteste, together with a trade monopoly for a four-year period. Desportes continued to maintain Fort Ste Anne in Grand Cibou Bay and entered into partnership with two members of the Hundred Associates, Charles Daniels and Nicolas Libert Le Jeune."

It would certainly appear that on the surface, they were the same person. However, this Pierre Desportes went by the name Pierre Des Portes de Liguere.

It's quite possible that Francoise's husband was born about 1580, not 1599, as stated in many geneologies, and that he had been married before to a Genevieve Dupuis. It is also possible that only Francoise died while exiled in France, and her husband returned to the New World, shifting his interest to Capte Breton.

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France's earliest attempt to stake a claim in the new world occurred in 1534 when French sailor Jacques Cartier arrived in Chaleur Bay off the Gaspé peninsula. Disembarking, Cartier planted a 30-foot wooden cross to which he attached a shield bearing the fleur-de-lis and upon which he carved the words Vive le Roy de France, thus claiming the land for France. Cartier promptly returned home, but, in two later trips, he explored and claimed the St. Lawrence River and the present Maritimes area for his country. Although fishing and fur trading expeditions were successful, France made no serious attempt to colonize "New France" until the 17th century.

Samuel de Champlain, a French commoner who became an expert in exploration and cartography, was convinced the area had great potential. In the early 1600's, he obtained commercial and governmental sponsorship to inhabit the area and begin land surveys. His first fort, Port Royal in Acadia, failed due to several very severe winters and a lack of people having the farming and survival skills needed. After capturing the interest of a commercial group in France, he began work in 1608 on his second colony which he called "Québec" or Kebec, a local Indian word for the place where the St. Lawrence River narrows. In the shadow of the cliffs known as Cap-aux-Diamants, Champlain and his men built three two-story buildings, each with a deck around the second story. To fortify the settlement, they dug ditches fifteen feet wide and six feet deep around the buildings.

The ships that brought the founding colonists returned to France in the fall of 1608 leaving Champlain and a company of twenty-eight men in Québec, fifteen of whom died of scurvy during the winter. The tiny settlement struggled through its first winter with the help of the friendly local Indian tribes. The following spring, ships arrived from France with supplies and the colony's future became more secure.

Most of the early colonists in New France were fur traders and missionaries, who began arriving in 1615 to convert the "pagan savage souls" to Catholicism. The first settler to build his own independent house at Québec was Louis Hébert, pharmacist, who, in 1617, built a house for his family on the cliffs overlooking the original settlement and began cultivation of the land. Hébert is credited with being the first European to establish a farm in Canada.

In 1627, there were fewer than one hundred Europeans living in Québec. That year the Compagnie des Cent-Associés was created by Cardinal Richelieu to capitalize on the growing fur trade and colonize and manage the area. The company had one hundred associates or partners, made up mainly of trade leaders. As organized, it was to own and exploit the vast regions of New France with a perpetual monopoly on the fur trade and a monopoly on all other trades for fifteen years. In return, the company was required to send two or three hundred settlers yearly from France to the new colony, to support each new colonist for three years in return for his labor, and to provide each settlement with three priests.

In early 1628, the Compagnie des Cent-Associés sent out its first group of two hundred settlers from the port of Dieppe in more than a dozen ships. However, the flotilla was intercepted at the mouth of the St. Lawrence by the Kirke Brothers, who had claimed the area for England. With three armed ships and two hundred men, the Kirkes won a fierce battle, as a result of which the French ships and their contents became spoils of war and the passengers were sent to England as prisoners. The Kirkes blockaded the St. Lawrence, sacked Québec and shipped settlers to England until 1632, when the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye returned the area to France. In early 1633, there remained six families and five Indian translators living in New France. [Some accounts indicate that our ancestors Abraham Martin and Marguerite Langlois, who had arrived in 1620, were among these six families.]

Champlain returned to Québec on May 23, 1633, as Governor of New France. With him came two hundred new colonists recruited by the Compagnie des Cent-Associés, Jesuit missionaries, and soldiers to defend the renewed French colony. Champlain never returned to France and died at Québec on Christmas Day, 1635. He was replaced as Governor of New France by the Sieur de Montmagny who arrived in Québec six months later.

-------------------- 'Pierre was member of the Company of One HundredAssociates...? If this is so...did he really die in France?

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Pierre may have had another wife ( Françoise LANGLOIS... who may be the mother of Helen DESPORTES, rather than Genevieve DUPUY)
possibly, Pierre married Francoise LANGLOIS after Helene's 1620 birth ?'''''

-------------------- Pierre Desportes et don epouse, Francoise Langlois arrive deus and apres la famille de Louis Hebert, en 1619.

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Pierre Desportes's Timeline

1594
1594
Lisieux, Normandie, France
1599
June 13, 1599
Age 5
Seine, Paris, France
1619
1619
Age 25
1620
July 7, 1620
Age 26
Quebec, Quebec, Canada

There is much debate here. Some claim she was born in Quebec City "The first child born to survive in Quebec"; others claim she was born in France and arrived in Quebec in the first few months of her life.

August 10, 1620
Age 26
Lisieux, Calvados, Normandie, France
1629
May 18, 1629
Age 35
Paris, Île-de-France, France
1629
Age 35
Returned to France
1629
Age 35
Normandie, France
????
France
????