Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira (1629 - 1703) MP

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Nicknames: "Saguingoira"
Birthplace: Bourg d'Eschillais en Saintonge, Saint-Giles, Eschillas, Rochefort, France
Death: Died in Montreal, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Montréal, QC, Canada
Occupation: plowman
Managed by: Carlie Woodman
Last Updated:

About Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira

Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira was the first settler of Lachine. At the age of 60, he became a captive of the Iroquois at the massacre, when both he and his wife were taken. He remained a prisoner for 8 1/2 years before he returned to the settlement alone. He lived to be 74 years old and died at the home of his son Joseph. -------------------- kidnappé par les iroquois, sa fille mariée à Saint-Denis

http://www.association-gauthier.org/pages/drouin.htm

About Brouage..

http://bernezac.com/Brouage_uk.htm -------------------- The Gauthier Patronym

As published in the red Drouin (volume number 3)

"The Gauthier family is one of the grand families to have taken root in New France which welcomed the arrival of settlers, pioneers, woodsmen, surgeons, administrators, pharmacists, makers of tools, cutlers, weavers, soldiers and priests. The Gauthiers had all these trades and more. These men and women whose ancient patronym is sometimes said to be the name of woodsmen, and at other times that of governors or chiefs came from all parts of France. They came via La Rochelle or Rochefort after having left the regions of Angoumois, Île de France, Poitou, Artois, Normandy, Saintonge, Guyenne, Bourgogne, Aunis, Provence, Champagne, Anjou.

They were more than thirty, men and women, the first bearing surnames which sometimes replaced that of Gauthier. When they were soldiers, they had names like Francoeur, Frappe dAbord, Labonté, Jolicoeur, Larose or Larouche. Their lands and villages gave them names like De Varennes, LaVérendrie, Boisverdun, La Chenaye, Landreville, Delisle and Poitevin. Life gave them names without explanation, of which Saguingoira is the best example.

Because they came from all corners of France, they came to America, focussing on all areas of life. Some were explorers, reaching what would become the USA. Others, who stayed in New France, chose Quebec, Trois-Rivières, the Richelieu valley or that of the Saint Lawrence and also Montreal. Because they went everywhere, marrying all over, whose children took root everywhere, even marrying other Gauthiers, it is difficult for their descendants to link with one ancestor as opposed to another. Genealogists have been able to discover that Mathurin Gauthier dit Landreville, Jean Gauthier dit Larouche, Charles Gauthier dit Jolicoeur, Germain Gauthier dit Saint-Germain and Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira still have descendant, numbering in the thousands.

Of all these ancestors, Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira is certainly the one whose existence was the most tumultuous. Born around l629, in the village of Eschillais, close to Brouage, in Saintonge, he was the son of Jacques and Marie Boucher. Research by Alphonse Gauthier shows that it is impossible to determine the year of his arrival in Canada. In l668, he is among the residents of Lachine on land granted by the Seminary to Cavelier de LaSalle.

On 3 November, l668, holding land on which he can build his house, Pierre Gauthier «inhabiting in the Seigneurie de La Salle», 39 years old, marries Charlotte Roussel or Rousselle, aged 22. The contract is signed in Momtreal, in the house of Jean Gervaise, before the notary Bénigne Basset. The couple whose marriage is celebrated 9 days later, settled in La Chine where Jean is born in September of the following year. The land does not yet belong to Gauthier, but in l67l, on the 31st of May, the act of concession is signed between Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira and the Sulpiciens to whom Cavelier de La Salle had sold his seigneurie. By this act, Gauthier contracts to build a house in the village. In November of the same year, this hovel "of posts in the ground, its appurtenances and dependencies" is sold by Gauthier and Jean Gervaise, the two entrepreneurs, to the merchants Charles LeMoyne and Jacques LeBer. The sale or transaction, is concluded quietly. If he borrows money, as he does on 3 January 1678 from Jean-Baptiste Migeon, sieur de Bransat, Gauthier promises to reimburse the sum in money, wheat or with ¨good pelts¨. In l684, 7 children share the life of Charlotte Roussel and Pierre Gauthier who is tasked as guardian of the estates of Antoine Roy dit Desjardins and Julien Talus dit Vandamont, the last having killed the first because of adultery.

For the Gauthiers as for all inhabitants of the montreal region, l689 is a sad year indeed, one of great tribulation. In La Chine, during the night between the 4th to the 5th of August, a massacre occurs, and among its victims and lost ones, we note the names of Pierre Gauthier and Charlotte Roussel. This family of eight children will now have to rely on Anne, born in 1676 and who married Jacques Denis dit Saint-Denis on 22 February l689.

For those who wish to stay in La Chine, life goes on, even though they have lost some folks. Charlotte Roussel has been killed during the first days after her capture but Gauthier, luckier, is not dead; in 1698, Jacques Denis accepts in his name a concessionof sixty acres.

It is said that Gauthier is a ¨captive of the Iroquois, our ennemy¨.

It is during this period that he is released. On l6 August l699, he is present at the marriage of his son Joseph to Clémence Jarry. The widower is also witness to the marriage of his daughter Marie to Alexandre Turpin, on 25 february l702. On the following year, he distributes his lands and belongings between his eight children because of the death of their mother. A lottery decides how the lands in Lachine are distributed. Most are sold the next day to Jean Messiot.

In September, Pierre Gauthier draws up his last will. He dies on 8 December l703, at the age of 74."

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Pierre Gauthier dit Saguingoira's Timeline

1629
November 12, 1629
Saint-Giles, Eschillas, Rochefort, France
1668
November 12, 1668
Age 39
Montréal, , Quebec, Canada
1672
March 20, 1672
Age 42
Ile de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1674
May 7, 1674
Age 44
Montréal, QC, Canada
1676
February 27, 1676
Age 46
Montreal, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Montréal, QC, Canada
1679
March 25, 1679
Age 49
Ile de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1681
August 15, 1681
Age 51
Ile de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1684
April 19, 1684
Age 54
Lachine, Ile-de-Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1686
November 26, 1686
Age 57
Ile de Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1703
December 8, 1703
Age 74
Montreal, Communauté-Urbaine-de-Montréal, QC, Canada