Pierre LeJeune, I (c.1595 - d.) MP

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Birthplace: Martaizé, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
Death: Died in Acadia, Canada
Managed by: Kathryn Meghan Holloway
Last Updated:

About Pierre LeJeune, I

There have been many misconceptions about this man's name, but his full name is Martin Pierre Lejune dit Briard. He is often known as Pierre, or Martin. There has been large confusion about him, and some records show a Pierre Lejeune marrying another woman a few generations later. This is a different Pierre Lejeune however. Martin Pierre Lejeune dit Briard had a son named Pierre Lejeune, sometimes dubbed Pierre Lejeune II. The second had a son named Pierre Lejeune as well, who is also known as Pierre Lejeune III. Martin Pierre Lejeune dit Briard emigrated over from France in the early 17th century. He was born circa 1595 and is one of the earliest Acadian forefathers.

Sources: Une colonie feodale en Amerique: L'Acadie (1604-1881). Tome 2. Pgs 318-320, Edme Rameu de St-Pere.

The following has been added as pure speculation and not necessarily proof.

Pierre LEJEUNE was born 1595 in Martaize, Poitou, Vienne, France, died in Port Royal, Acadia, Canada. He married Unknown on or Bef. 1624.

More About Pierre LEJEUNE I: Arrival: 1611, Port Royal, Acadia with Pointrincourt & Biencourt. If this is true then this puts Pierre b. 1595 in Acadia at the tender age of 16.

More About Pierre LEJEUNE I and Unknown: Marriage: Bef. 1624 This shows he must of got married before or around his 28th birthday and his arrival date would mean that he got married in Acadia and not in France as so many speculate.

In the early days, men often married women in their teens or at least 10-15 yrs younger then themselves. (This would explain all the graves that have teenage mothers buried along with their infant children) If the age difference holds true for Pierre Lejeune Sr.who would have been abt. 28 when he got married, then it would mean his wife must of been born somewhere between 1605 and 1610.

The fact that Edmee (aka Aimee) & Catherine are often referred to as Savages, along with their haplogroup of U6a, leads me to believe that they were in fact Metis (Amerindian & Portuguese). It is a known fact that the Portuguese arrived in the eastern part of Canada long before the French so their European haplogroup would be understandable. It is also rumoured or speculated that Henri Membertou himself was the child of a Mi'kmaq woman & either a Portuguese or Basque fisherman.

Basque sailors from Wikipedia regarding the History of the Basque.

Basque fishing sites in Canada in the 16th and 17th centuries Basques played an important role in early European ventures into the Atlantic Ocean. The earliest document to mention the use of whale oil or blubber by the Basques dates from 670. In 1059, whalers from Lapurdi are recorded to have presented the oil of the first whale they captured to the viscount. Apparently the Basques were averse to the taste of whale meat themselves, but did successful business selling it, and the blubber, to the French, Castilians and Flemings. Basque whalers used longboats or traineras which they rowed in the vicinity of the coast or from a larger ship. Whaling and cod-fishing are probably responsible for early Basque contact with both the North Sea and Newfoundland. The Basques began cod-fishing and later whaling in Labrador and Newfoundland as early as the first half of the 16th century. In Europe, the rudder seems to have been a Basque invention, to judge from three masted ships depicted in a 12th century fresco in Estella (Navarre; Lizarra in Basque), and also seals preserved in Navarrese and Parisian historical archives which show similar vessels[citation needed]. The first mention of use of a rudder was referred to as steering "à la Navarraise" or "à la Bayonnaise".[28] Magellan's exploration around the world was sailored by Basques[citation needed], and when Magellan was killed in the Philippines, his Basque second-in-command, Juan Sebastián Elcano took the ship all the way back to Spain, making the Basques the first people to circumnavigate the globe.

In short this proves we had visitors long before the arrival of the French. The term Metis applies to any European culture that mixed with the Amerindian. I am adding the following (that I got off the net) to show the nearest proof I can find that would support the idea that the earliest settlers came here with their families not just men alone; otherwise, Why would they need a church?

The History Of The Basque In Placentia Bay

The first visitors to Placentia Bay were Basque fishermen, followed by French fishermen and officials. The Portuguese were present as early as 1500, the first of Gaspar and Miguel Corte-Real's visits. Gaspar charted the first map of Newfoundland in 1501 following his 1500 voyage, and the 1504 Revial and 1541 Mercator maps both show Placentia Bay as "Insulae Cortrealis". The first mention of "Isle de Plazienca" was on the Kallard map of 1547. The Basque name means "a harbor within a womb of hills". This seems to refer to the level beach set among towering hills. The first settlement was behind the beach which had a number of stages.

The community's name is possibly derived from the Basque town of Placenza on the River Tagus near Lisbon, Portugal. In 1524, the King of France sent a Florentine captain, John Verozzani, to find new lands, and he explored the south coast of Newfoundland. The community of Plaisance was included on a Portuguese map of 1546, but French settlement did not officially take place until much later.

The first church in the area and in Newfoundland was built by the Portuguese in the early 1500's, rebuilt by the French as early as 1650, and again by the English in the 1700's. A Basque priest was stationed in Newfoundland, probably at Placenza, in 1549, close to the centre of the Basque fishery employing 6,000 men. Both Portuguese and Spanish ships were very active throughout the 1500's.

Sir Humphrey Gilbert wanted to attack the French, Spanish and Portuguese fishing fleets in Newfoundland but Queen Elizabeth I was unwilling to risk a naval expedition, although in 1585 she did authorize Sir Bernard Drake to capture or destroy the Spanish fishing fleet in Newfoundland.

The first church in the area and in Newfoundland was built by the Portuguese in the early 1500's, rebuilt by the French as early as 1650, and again by the English in the 1700's. A Basque priest was stationed in Newfoundland, probably at Placenza, in 1549, close to the centre of the Basque fishery employing 6,000 men. Both Portuguese and Spanish ships were very active throughout the 1500's.

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Pierre LeJeune I's Timeline

1595
1595
Martaizé, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, France
1623
1623
Age 28
Port-Royal, Acadie
1628
1628
Age 33
Acadia
1633
May 1633
Age 38
Cap-de-Sable, Nova Scotia, Canada
????
Acadia, Canada
????