Pierre de Montesquiou d'Artagnan
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About Pierre de Montesquiou d'Artagnan
Pierre de Montesquiou
Count d'Artagnan, then Count de Montesquiou (1640 – 12th August, 1725), soldier of France, Musketeer to the King before becoming Marshal of France.
Fourth son of Henry, the Ist Montesquiou, and Lord of Artagnan through his wife, Jeanne, daughter of Jean de Gassion, he was also the cousin of Charles de Batz de Castelmore, the Count d’Artagnan, the celebrated d’Artagnan of the novels of Alexandre Dumas. He served for 23 years as a Musketeer in the French Guards before being promoted to the rank of Brigadier in 1688, Marshal-de-camp in 1691 and Lieutenant-General on the 3rd of January, 1696.
He was named Marshal of France on the 15th of September, 1709, on the personal decision of King Louis XIV, following the heroic Battle of Malplaquet, where he saved a large part of the French Army by a well-ordered retreat in spite of incessant attacks by the enemy forces. He himself was wounded in combat, and had three horses shot from under him. He died at his home, the Château of Plessis-Piquet, on the 12th of August, 1725, and was buried in the parish church on the 14th of that month. His tomb disappeared during the French Revolution.
He spent 23 years as a guardsman with French Guards, before being promoted to sergeant in 1688, a brigadier in 1691 and lieutenant general on January 3 1696 He became Marshal of France on 15 September 1709 on personal decision of King Louis XIV, after the heroic Battle of Malplaquet where he saves a large part of the French army by a retreat in good order despite the incessant attacks of the enemy. He is himself wounded in the fighting and three horses he rides are killed. He died in his castle Plessis-Piquet on 12 August 1725 and was buried 14 in the parish church. His tomb will disappear in the French Revolution.