Pieter, baron van Reede van Oudtshoorn

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Baron Pieter Van Reede van Oudtshoorn tot Nederhorst, SV/PROV

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
Death: Died
Place of Burial: Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
Immediate Family:

Son of Barend, baron van Reede van Outshoorn and Catherina Cornelia van Eys , baronesse van Reede van Outshoorn
Husband of Sophia Boesses, barones van Reede van Oudtshoorn
Father of Petronella van Rheede van Oudtshoorn, b1; Adriana Sophia, barones van Reede van Oudtshoorn; Cornelia Thierens; Barend Hendrik, baron van Reede van Oudtshoorn; Johanna Egberta, barones van Reede van Oudtshoorn and 8 others

Occupation: Appointed governor of Cape. Died en route to Cape in 1773, Appointed Governor of the Dutch East India Company in the Cape, Gouverneur van de Kaapkolonie
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Pieter, baron van Reede van Oudtshoorn

  • gahetna.nl... ;
  • V. Pieter van Reede, van Oudtshoorn. Hij was een zoon van Barend Cornelis van Reede van Oudtshoorn en Catharina Cornelia van Eys en geboren 1714. gestorven 1773; hij huwt 1736 met Sophia Boesses (dochter van Adriaan Boesses en Mechteld de Knuyt), geboren 1720, gestorven, 1791.
  • V. Sophia Boesses. Zij was eene dochter van Adriaan Boesses en Mechteld de Knuyt en geboren 1720, gestorven 1791; zij huwt 1736 met Pieter van Reede van Oudtshoorn (V).
  • Baron Pieter van Rheede van Oudtshoorn tot Nederhorst was a Governor of the Cape in the mid-1700s. Prior to his appointment as Governor, he left the Cape in 1766 to assist in wrapping up his uncle’s affairs in Europe. The appointment to Governor was made in 1772 by the Prince of Orange while the Baron was still in Europe. He returned to the Cape on the 4th January 1773 aboard the ship Asia and while at sea, fell ill. After 19 days of suffering, he died and was placed in a ‘leaden’ coffin that he had taken along on the journey. One has to wonder why his luggage included a coffin.
  • The legend goes that the ship’s captain filled the coffin with brandy to preserve the body and this is quite likely, as the intention was to bury the Baron at the Cape. Journeys such as these would generally take three months to reach Cape Town. A few days after the ship docked, Baron Pieter van Rheede van Oudtshoorn was buried under the pavement of the Groote Kerk. Years later, the church was enlarged and the Baron’s remains were removed and placed in a vault – designed by the great French architect Louis Michel Thibault – at his fine homestead called Saasveld but his flagstone was retained and mounted on the eastern wall of the Groote Kerk where it can still be seen today
  • Baron of Reede. Lord of Oudtshoorn, Gnephoek and Ridderbuurt in the Netherlands. Lord of the Castle of Drakenburg ( de Guldenhof). Heir to the English perage of Hunsdon through his grandmother Lady Maria de Vlamingh van Oudtshoorn whose sister Geertruida, had married William Carey, Lord Hunsdon

-------------------- Governor of the Cape Buried in the wall of the NG Kerk Arcade, Cape Town Groot Kerk Pieter van Reede van Oudtshoorn From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Pieter van Reede van Oudtshoorn Personal details Born 8 July 1714 Utrecht, the Netherlands Died 23 January 1773 (aged 58) At sea Resting place Groote Kerk, Cape Town, South Africa Nationality Dutch Spouse(s) Sophia Catharina Boesses Religion Dutch Reformed

Baron Pieter van Reede (or van Rheede)[1] van Oudtshoorn (8 July 1714 – 23 January 1773) was a senior official and Governor designate of the Dutch Cape Colony. He was appointed Governor of the Cape Colony in 1772 to succeed the deceased Governor Ryk Tulbagh but died at sea on his way to the Cape Colony to take up his post.[2][3] The Western Cape town of Oudtshoorn is named after him.[4][5][6] He is the progenitor of the van R(h)eede van Oudtshoorn family in South Africa.[6][7]

Contents

   1 Career and death
   2 Family
   3 Oudtshoorn
   4 References
   5 Further reading
   6 External links

Career and death

De Hoog Edele Welgebore Gestrenge Heer De Heer Pieter Baron van Reede van Oudtshoorn tot Nederhorst Heer van Oudtshoorn Gnephoek Ridder Búúrt en Drakenburg Gouverneur en Directeur van Cabo de Goede Hoop Obiit op de reize herwaarts Aan boord van het Schip Asia Den XXIII Januarij MDCCLXXIII En is den XVII April Daeraen volgende Alhier begraven Gravestone inscription, Groote Kerk[8][9]

Born the son of a nobleman in Utrecht,[7] van Reede van Oudtshoorn first arrived in the Cape Colony aboard de Duijff as an employee of the Dutch East India Company in 1741.[10]:21[11]

In 1743 then Cape Governor Hendrik Swellengrebel granted him land in the Table Mountain valley named Garden Oudtshoorn, bounded by Hof Street and Kloof Street in the present-day suburb of Gardens. After van Reede van Oudtshoorn's death the developed estate was subdivided into three separate properties named La Belle Alliance, Trafalgar and Mount Nelson where the Mount Nelson Hotel stands today.[12][13][14][15]

He was fiscal independent from September 1741 to September 1762,[10]:438 and Secunde (deputy Governor) of the Cape Colony from December 1760 to April 1766 after Ryk Tulbagh had succeeded Swellengrebel as Governor.[10]:43,451,485 He returned to the Netherlands in 1766,[10]:59 and bought the Drakensteyn castle.[2][6] He was later re-appointed to the vacant Secunde position in the Cape Colony and in 1772,[3] following the arrival of news of Tulbagh's death before he had departed for the Cape Colony, appointed as Tulbagh's successor. However, he became ill and died at sea aboard Asia on his voyage to take up his post as Governor. His body was transported to Cape Town in a coffin he had carried aboard on the same voyage.[10]:95–96[16] On 17 April 1773 he was given a state funeral in Cape Town and buried at the Groote Kerk.[17][18][19] After the church building was enlarged in 1841, the stone that had covered his grave was attached to the church's eastern wall.[10]:95–96[12][8] A print depicting his funeral procession is preserved in the Atlas van Stolk museum in Rotterdam.[20] [Source[ Wikipedia:]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pieter_van_Reede_van_Oudtshoorn Baron Joachim van Plettenberg, who had been acting Governor since Tulbagh's death on 11 August 1771, was appointed Governor on 18 May 1774.[10]:95–96,451 Family Saasveld House, originally built in Kloof Street on the Garden Oudtshoorn estate by Pieter's son William Ferdinand, was demolished and rebuilt in Franschhoek where it houses the Huguenot Memorial Museum.[6][12]

Pieter was Lord of Oudshoorn, Ridderbuurt and Gnephoek,[6] the only son of Barend Cornelis van Reede van Oudtshoorn (1690–1750) and his wife Catharina Cornelia van Eys.[2][21][22] He was baptised in St Catherine's Cathedral, Utrecht on 10 July 1714.[23] His father was the first to bear the surname van Reede van Oudtshoorn. Barend Cornelis was the only child of Pieter van Reede tot Nederhorst (1645–1692), Lord of Oudshoorn, Ridderbuurt and Gnephoek, and his wife Maria de Vlamingh van Outshoorn (1646–1732). Maria was the only child of Cornelis de Vlamingh van Outshoorn (1613–1688), Lord of Outshoorn and Gnephoek, and his wife Claesgen Hooft.[21][24][25] The King of the Netherlands recognised the family's title of baron in 1822.[24][26][27] Pieter was also the heir of William Ferdinand Carey, the 8th Baron Hunsdon,[2][6] son of William Carey and Maria de Vlamingh van Outshoorn's sister Geertruida.[28][29]

On 18 January 1741 in Den Bosch Pieter married Sophia Catharina Boesses, who was born to a military officer in 1720 in Bergen op Zoom, after living together since 1736.[2][22] They departed for the Cape Colony on 7 May 1741.[2] Some of their children settled in the Cape Colony,[10]:28,95 including their son William Ferdinand (1755–1822) who also worked for the Dutch East India Company.[6][7][12] Following the British occupation the independently wealthy William Ferdinand, who had been a senior official of the Cape Colony before the occupation, refused to swear allegiance to the British Crown.[27]

In 1782, Pieter's then 61-year-old widow was the subject of a scandal in the Cape Colony when she attempted unsuccessfully to withdraw her inheritance and elope with a 20-year-old soldier.[8][30] She died in Cape Town in 1791.[22] Oudtshoorn

Ernestina Johanna Geesje, William Ferdinand's daughter and Pieter's granddaughter, married Egbertus Bergh,[31] a magistrate of the Western Cape town of George.[32] Bergh was one of the founding fathers of the Western Cape town of Oudtshoorn, which was named in honour of his wife's distinguished grandfather.[4][5][6][33] The coat of arms of the local municipality is based on the Dutch family's coat of arms.[34][35] Oudtshoorn is a twin town of Alphen aan den Rijn in the Netherlands which incorporates the historic Dutch villages of Oudshoorn, Ridderbuurt and Gnephoek.[6][33]

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Pieter, baron van Reede van Oudtshoorn's Timeline

1714
July 8, 1714
Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands
July 10, 1714
1736
1736
Age 21
The Netherlands
1737
September 24, 1737
Age 23
Netherlands
1739
March 14, 1739
Age 24
Netherlands
1740
October 20, 1740
Age 26
1742
June 29, 1742
Age 27
Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
1744
March 3, 1744
Age 29
Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
1746
April 17, 1746
Age 31
Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa
1748
January 20, 1748
Age 33
Cape Town, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa