Edward Augustus of the United Kingdom, von Hannover (Welf, Guelph), Prince (1739 - 1767)

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Nicknames: "Edward Augustus /Hanover/"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Norfolk House, Westminster, Middlesex, ENG
Death: Died in Monaco
Occupation: Duke of York, Duke of York and Albany
Managed by: Bianca Brennan
Last Updated:

About Edward Augustus of the United Kingdom, von Hannover (Welf, Guelph), Prince

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Edward,_Duke_of_York

Prince Edward, Duke of York (Edward Augustus; 25 March 1739 – 17 September 1767), was the younger brother of George III of the United Kingdom, the second son of Frederick, Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.


Early life

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The young prince was baptised Edward Augustus, at Norfolk House, by The Bishop of Oxford, Thomas Secker, and his godparents were his great-uncle The King in Prussia (for whom The Duke of Queensberry stood proxy), The Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (who was represented by Lord Carnarvon), and his maternal aunt The Duchess of Saxe-Weissenfels (for whom Lady Charlotte Edwin, a daughter of the late 4th Duke of Hamilton, stood proxy).


Seven Years War


Edward showed an interest in naval affairs and sought permission to serve with the Royal Navy. He participated in the naval descents against the French coast taking part in the failed Raid on St Malo, which ended in the Battle of St. Cast in 1758.


He was made Captain on 14 June 1759, Rear-Admiral of the Blue in 1761 and Vice-Admiral of the Blue in 1762.


Later life


He was created Duke of York and Albany and Earl of Ulster by his paternal grandfather, George II, on 1 April 1760.


When Edward's brother ascended the throne on 25 October 1760 as George III, he named Edward a privy counsellor.


From the time his brother became king and until the birth of the king's first child, George, Prince of Wales on 12 August 1762, the duke was heir presumptive to the British throne.


In the late summer of 1767, on his way to Genoa, Edward fell ill and had to be landed in the harbour of Monaco. Despite the care and attention he was given, he died in the Palace of Honoré III, Prince of Monaco, on 17 September. The state bedchamber where the ill duke died has since been known as the York Room. After his death, his body was returned to London aboard HMS Montreal, and is interred in Westminster Abbey.


Legacy


Literature


In 1762, James Boswell published “The Cub at Newmarket”, a poem which he dedicated to Prince Edward, without getting his permission. Boswell met the prince at the Newmarket races in 1760 during his first visit to London. The cub referenced in the work is Boswell himself. The dedication reads:


TO


His ROYAL HIGHNESS


EDWARD


Duke of YORK


Sir,


PERMIT me to take this method of thanking your Royal Highness, for condescending to like the following Sketch. Or, in other Words, permit me to let the World know that this fame Cub has been laughed at by the Duke of YORK;---- has been read to your Royal Highness by the Genius himself, and warmed by the immediate beams of your kind Indulgence.


HAD I been able to conceal this, I should have imagined that I had not the least Spark of the Enthusiasm of Parnassus in my Composition.---- To be so deficient in Vanity, which, if I am not mistaken, may be reckoned an inseparable Characteristic of a Poet.


THIS Trifle, SIR, would not presume to interrupt you, when engaged in matters of Consequence. It only begs leave to pay it's Respects in an hour devoted to cheerful Festivity.


I wish your Royal Highness a long, a merry, and a happy Life; and am,


Your obliged

Devoted Servant.

Places and people named after Prince Edward

Prince Edward County, Virginia.
The Cape York Peninsula, located in Far North Queensland, Australia, and Cape York, at the tip of the peninsula, which is the northernmost point on the Australian continent.
The Duke of York Islands, (formerly German: Neu Lauenburg), are a group of islands located in East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. They are found in St George's Channel between New Britain and New Ireland islands and form part of the Bismarck Archipelago.
Duke of York Island, the largest island of Duke of York Islands, Papua New Guinea.
Prince Edward Augustus, fourth son of King George III, who was born the day after he was buried at Westminster Abbey.
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Prince Edward, Duke of York's Timeline

1739
March 25, 1739
Norfolk House, Westminster, Middlesex, ENG
April 11, 1739
Norfolk House, St. James's Square, St. James's, England
April 11, 1739
Norfolk House, Westminster, Middlesex, ENG
April 11, 1739
Norfolk House,Westminster,Middlesex,England
1767
September 17, 1767
Age 28
Monaco
November 3, 1767
Age 28