About Maria Luisa Gabriella of Savoy, Queen consort of Spain
Maria Luisa Gabriela di Savoia (1)
F, #103522, b. 17 September 1688, d. 14 February 1714
ast Edited=31 Dec 2008
Maria Luisa Gabriela di Savoia was born on 17 September 1688 at Turin, Italy. She was the daughter of Vittorio Amedeo II di Savoia, Re di Sicilia e Sardegna and Anne Marie d'Orléans.1,3 She married Felipe V de Borbón, Rey de España, son of Louis de Bourbon, Dauphin de France and Maria-Anna Prinzessin von Bayern, on 3 November 1701. She died on 14 February 1714 at age 25 at Madrid, Spain.
Children of Maria Luisa Gabriela di Savoia and Felipe V de Borbón, Rey de España
-1. Luis I de Borbón, Rey de España b. 25 Aug 1707, d. 31 Aug 1724
-2. Felipe de Borbón, Infante de España b. 7 Jul 1709, d. 1709
-3. Felipe Pedro Gabriel de Borbón, Infante de España b. 7 Jun 1712, d. 29 Dec 1719
-4. Fernando VI de Borbón, Rey de España b. 23 Sep 1713, d. 10 Aug 1759
Forrás / Source:
Marie-Adélaïde de Savoie (1685-1712), princesse de Savoie & de Sardaigne, dauphine de France, est la fille de Victor-Amédée II, duc de Savoie, et d'Anne Marie d'Orléans.
En 1697, elle épouse Louis de France (1682 † 1712), duc de Bourgogne, puis dauphin de France. Ils eurent trois enfants :
Louis de France (25 juin 1704 † 13 avril 1705), duc de Bretagne,
Louis de France (8 janvier 1707 † 8 mars 1712), duc de Bretagne puis dauphin de France,
Louis de France (15 février 1710 † 10 mai 1774), duc d'Anjou, futur Louis XV.
Elle fit la conquête du vieux roi Louis XIV, grand-père de son époux ainsi que de l'épouse secrète de celui-ci, Madame de Maintenon (qu'elle appelait familièrement "ma tante"). Elle séduisit aussi son pieux mari, et resta solidaire en lui de tout. Elle respectait aussi son beau-père, le Grand Dauphin, qui n'appréciait guère son fils aîné, le duc de Bourgogne. Bref, elle fut le trait d'union de toute la famille entre 1697 et 1712. Ses maternités raffermirent sa position à la Cour, et chacun voyait en elle une future reine.
Elle aimait la fête, la chasse, les plaisirs, mais se souciait beaucoup des autres. Son mari lui vouait un amour violent et passionné, peu payé en retour : la princesse écoutait son mari, le soutenait contre leurs ennemis (le Grand Dauphin, la duchesse de Bourbon et la princesse de Conti, toutes deux filles illégitimes de Louis XIV). Ainsi en 1708, vola-t-elle au secours de son époux, calomnié pour son peu de courage militaire ... Celui qu'elle admirait, c'était le roi.
Mais fut-elle réellement heureuse, dans un pays en guerre contre son pays natal, dans une Cour déchirée par les intrigues, dans une famille où flambait la haine ? Nul ne le saura, puisqu'elle mourut à 27 ans, le 12 février 1712, d'une rougeole épidémique qui emporta également son mari 6 jours après elle, et leur deuxième fils un mois plus tard.
Maria Luisa of Savoy
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Maria Luisa of Savoy
Queen consort of Spain
Tenure 1700 - 1714
Spouse Philip V
Louis I of Spain
Ferdinand VI of Spain
Father Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia
Mother Anne Marie d'Orléans
Born 17 August 1688(1688-08-17)
Royal Palace of Turin, Turin, Piedmont, Italy
Died 14 February 1714 (aged 25)
Burial El Escorial
Maria Luisa Gabrielle of Savoy (17 September 1688 – 14 February 1714) was a Spanish Queen consort and sometimes Regent, the first spouse of king Philip V of Spain.
* 1 Biography
o 1.1 Issue
* 2 Ancestry
* 3 Titles, styles, honours and arms
o 3.1 Titles and styles
* 4 Titles
She was the third daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia (1666 - 1732), Duke of Savoy and future king of Sicily and Sardinia , and his wife Anne Marie d'Orléans, daughter of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans and Princess Henrietta Anne of England.
In 1697 her older sister Princess Maria Adelaide married the Duke of Burgundy, a grandson of Louis XIV of France; Maria Luisa would be the aunt of the future Louis XV.
On 2 November 1701 Maria Luisa, then barely thirteen years old, married the younger brother of her brother-in-law, Philip V of Spain who had just become king of Spain .
In 1702 the long and ruinous War of Spanish Succession broke out, and Maria Louise acted as regent in the absence of her husband. Despite her young age, she demonstrated skill in this occupation as she made herself admired in Madrid, while at the same time beginning to create order in the junta and in doing this inspiring others individuals and cities to donate towards the war effort. She had a great influence on her husband, but was herself dominated by the Princess des Ursins.
Maria Luisa died in her 26th year like her aunt Marie Louise d'Orléans (Queen of Spain 1679-1689), grand mother Princess Henrietta Anne of England and sister Maria Adelaide (Dauphine of France 1711-1712). She was nicknamed La Savoyana by her adoring subjects and was well loved in Spain. She died of Tuberculosis.
After her death, two of her sons, her youngest and oldest, were to become Kings of Spain. She was buried at the Royal Seat of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. Her husband married again a year after Maria Luisa's death to Elisabeth of Parma. However, Maria Luisa has no descendants, both of her surviving son's Louis and Ferdinand (both of which ruled Spain as king) had no issue.
Her niece, Princess Maria Luisa (1729–1767) was named after her.
Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Luis Felipe of Spain
King of Spain Luis I, rey de España.jpg 25 August 1707 –
31 August 1724 King of Spain from 14 January 1724 until his death. His reign is recorded as one of the shortest in history, as he was king for just over seven months; married Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans and had no issue;
Escudo de Carlos III de España Toisón y su Orden variante leones de gules.svg 2 July 1709 –
18 July 1709 died in infancy;
Infant Felipe Pedro Gabriel
Escudo de Carlos III de España Toisón y su Orden variante leones de gules.svg 7 June 1712 –
29 December 1719) died in infancy;
King of Spain Allegory of King Ferdinand VI as a peaceful king.jpg 23 September 1713 –
10 August 1759 King of Spain from 1746 till death; married Barbara of Portugal and had no issue;
This page was last modified on 17 June 2010 at 16:29.
Maria Luisa of Savoy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Maria Luisa of Savoy (September 17, 1688 - February 14, 1714) was the first wife of king Philip V of Spain.
She was the third daughter of Victor Amadeus II of Savoy (1666 - 1732), Duke of Savoy and future king of Sicily and Sardinia , and his wife Anne Marie of Orléans, daughter of Philippe I of Orléans and Henrietta Anne Stuart.
Her older sister Marie Adelaide married 1697 Louis, duc de Bourgogne and was the mother of Louis XV of France.
On November 2, 1701 Maria Louisa , just under 13 years old , married the younger brother of her brother-in-law, Philip, duc d'Anjou who had just become king Philip V of Spain .
In 1702 the long and ruinous War of Spanish Succession broke out. Maria Louisa proved to have what it takes to be a great queen by making herself admired in Madrid. She also started to impose some order in the junta, and led by her example at least some individuals and cities to start supporting the government with troops and money.
She had a great influence on her husband, but was herself dominated by the Princess des Ursins.
They had 4 children :
Louis (25 August 1707–31 August 1724)
Philip Louis (2 July 1709–8 July 1709).
Philip Peter (7 June 1712–29 December 1719).
Ferdinand VI (23 September 1713–10 August 1759).
She died in 1714, well loved in Spain.
Princess Maria Luisa of Savoy's Timeline
September 17, 1688
Torino, Piemonte, Italia
November 3, 1701
Figueres, CT, Spain
August 25, 1707
Madrid, Comunidad de Madrid, España
July 2, 1709
June 7, 1712
September 23, 1713
Real Alcazar de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
February 14, 1714
Escorial, Madrid, Spain