Régnier I "Langhals", comte de Hainaut

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Reginar [LongNeck] van Maasgouw, graaf van Maasgouw

Also Known As: "Regnier", "Rainer", "Reginar", "Langhals", "Ranier I", "Ranier I of Lorraine", "van Henegouwen", "Duke Reginar of /Lorraine/", "(Count de Hainault) (Duke De Lorraine)", "Duke Of LORRAINE", "Rainer /(Regnier)/I", "Longhals", "Duk", "/Regnier/", "Reginaldo I "Cuello Lar...", "Longneck"
Birthplace: Verdun,Meuse,Lorraine,France
Death: Died in Meersen, Limburg, Netherlands
Place of Burial: Meersen, Limburg, the Netherlands
Immediate Family:

Son of Giselbert Van Maasgau, Count of Darnau; Giselbert Count of the Moselle; Ermengarde Von Maasgau, de Lorraine and Ermengarde (Irmgard) Duchess o Moselle
Husband of Hersent Duchess of Lorraine; Hersende de Lorraine and Alberade de Mons, duchesse de Basse Lorraine
Father of Regnier II, count of Hainaut; Gilbert, Duke of Lorraine; Adèle de Hainault; Symphoriane von der Darnau, of Hainaut; Alberade de Hainault and 5 others

Occupation: Count Of Hainault, Châtelain, De Valenciennes, Sieur, d'Ostrevant, Count of Lorraine (he is the ancestor of all European Royalty), Count of Hainaut., Comte de Hainaut et du Maasgau (Graf im Hennegau und im Maasgau), Longneck Toxandrien Reginar
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Régnier I "Langhals", comte de Hainaut

Reginar (Ragnald, Rainier) Longneck

Parents: Giselbert [I] Graf van Maasgau & his wife (unknown) of Lotharingia Spouses: 1. Hersenda (parents unknown, no children) 2. Alberada (parents unknown) Children:

  • Giselbert
  • Reginar
  • (daughter) married Berengar, Comte de Namur



REGINAR [I] "Langhals/Longneck", son of [GISELBERT Graaf van Maasgau & his wife --- of Lotharingia] ([850]-Meerssen [25 Aug 915/19 Jan 916]). The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified. The Annales Hanoniæ name "Manicherius filius [Albonis]" (in a later passage clarified to be "Manicerius Registensis dominus") as "pater aut avunculus primi Ragineri" and "Raginerus dictus Longi-colli filius eius"[6], which, as explained in the Introduction, must be incorrect. The Annales Hanoniæ name "Rignerius Montensis comes" as the ally of "Francone episcopo Leodiensi" against the Vikings in 870, and in a later undated passage "Raginerus" fighting "cum Frissonibus in Walacria contra Rollonem"[7], although it is unclear from the context whether these references are to "Raginerus dictus Longi-colli". Guillaume de Jumièges describes how "Rainier au long cou duc de Hasbaigne et du Hainaut et Radbold prince de Frise" fought the Viking Rollo but were forced back to their castles[8]. The date when Reginar was installed as Comte de Hainaut is uncertain but was probably during the last quarter of the 9th century. An agreement dated 14 Jun 877 of Emperor Charles II "le Chauve", presumably written with his own death in mind, names "Arnulfus comes, Gislebertus, Letardus, Matfridus, Widricus, Gotbertus, Adalbertus, Ingelgerus, Rainerus" as those willing to support the emperor's son if he travels across the Meuse[9], although it is curious that "Giselbertus…Rainerus" should both be included if one was the father of the other. "Ragenarius comes…et coniuge mea Hersenda" confirmed the donation of revenue from "Sathanacense atque Mousense" to Saint-Dagobert de Stenay made by "Carolus…Augustus Imperiali" by charter dated to after 886[10]. The Annales Vedastini name "Balduinus…comes et Rodulfus frater eius necnon et Ragnerus" when recording that they joined Zwentibold of Lotharingia in 895[11]. The Breve Chronicon Epternacense names “Reinerus” as abbot of Echternach from 897 to 915[12]. Regino records that in 898 Zwentibold King of Lotharingia banished "Reginarium ducem…sibi fidissimum et unicum consiliarium" who went with "Odacro comite et quibusdam aliis, cum mulieribus et parvulis" to "Durfos" (near "Mosa fluvius") where they were besieged[13]. The passage appears to be the only indication that Reginar was granted the title duke. Reginar was presumably rehabilitated after King Zweintibold was murdered, as shown by the following charter. Ludwig IV "das Kind" King of Germany confirmed an exchange of property between Kloster Stablo and "Reginarius comes" by charter dated 10 Sep 902[14]. King Ludwig IV also confirmed an exchange of property involving "Reganarius comes" by charter dated 20 Oct 906[15], and a donation of property "…in pago ac in comitatu Hainuense" to the church of Tongern at the request of "Kepehardus et Reginharius comites" by charter dated 18 Jan 908[16]. "Raginarius comes" and the abbot of Stavelot granted property "in pago Hasbanio in locis Honavi, Versines et Serangio" to "quidam fidelium nostrorum Harduinus" by charter dated 911, signed by "Ragenarii comitis, Issaac comitis, Macineri comitis…"[17]. Reginar was installed as marchio by Charles III "le Simple" King of the West Franks in 915. Lay-abbot of St Servatius at Maastricht before May 898, and of Stablo and Malmédy 900-902. Richer records the death of "Ragenerus vir consularis et nobilis cognomento Collo-Longus" at "apud Marsnam palatium"[18].

m [firstly] HERSENDA, daughter of ---. "Ragenarius comes…et coniuge mea Hersenda" confirmed the donation of revenue from "Sathanacense atque Mousense" to Saint-Dagobert de Stenay made by "Carolus…Augustus Imperiali" by charter dated to after 886[19].

m [secondly] ALBERADA, daughter of ---. Her marriage is confirmed by the charter dated 10 Feb 968 under which her daughter-in-law "Gerberga…Francorum regina" donated "alodo…Marsnam in comitatu Masaugo" to Reims Saint-Rémy, confirmed by "comitibus Emmone et Ansfrido", for the souls of "senioris nostri piæ memoriæ Gisleberti suique…patris…et matris Rageneri et Albradæ"[20]. The estimated birth date of her son Giselbert suggests that Alberada may have been her husband´s second wife, assuming that the charter which names his other wife Hersenda can be dated to soon after 886 (see above). Another possibility is that both documents refer to the same person, one or other having incorrectly represented her name. Maybe heiress of Hainaut[21]. Guillaume de Jumièges describes how the wife of "Rainier au long cou" returned captured prisoners to Rollo and paid him gold, silver and all the taxes of the duchy, but does not name her[22].

Count Reginar [I] & his [second] wife had three children:

1. GISELBERT [II] ([885/900]-drowned in the Rhine, near Andernach 2 Oct 939). Richer records that "Gisleberto eius filio" succeeded on the death of "Ragenerus vir consularis et nobilis cognomento Collo-Longus"[23]. Created dux in 928 by Heinrich I King of Germany, effectively creating him GISELBERT Duke of Lotharingia.


2. REGINAR [II] ([885/900]-932 or after). The Annales Hanoniæ name "Raginerus" as son of "Raginerus dictus Longi-colli"[24]. The Miraculæ S. Maximi record that [25]. The primary source which confirms that Reginar [II] was Comte de Hainaut has not yet been identified, but this is probably correct.

         -        see below. 

3. other children: see GRAAFEN van MAASGAU. --------------------

-------------------- He stands at the head of the clan of Reginarids, an important Lotharingian nobel family. Led an army against the Vikings in Walacria. -------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reginar,_Duke_of_Lorraine

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Régnier I "Langhals", comte de Hainaut's Timeline

October 25, 860
Age 14
Age 19
Rheims, Champagne-Ardenne, France
Age 29
Count of Hainault
Age 31
Lorraine, France
Age 34
- 915
Age 36
Age 37
Hainaut, Belgium
Age 39
Mons, Bélgica
Age 43
Hainault, Belgium