Menachem Mendel Morgenstern, Kotzker Rebbe)

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Menachem Mendel Morgenstern, Kotzker Rebbe)

Hebrew: Menachem Mendel מנחם מנדל מורגנשטרן, Kotzker Rebbe)
Nicknames: "Menachem Mendel Morgensztern/Shtern/Morgenshtern", "The Kotzker Rebbe", "Menachem Mendel of Kotsk"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Goray, Poland
Death: Died in Kotzk, Poland
Place of Burial: kotzk, Poland, Poland
Immediate Family:

Son of Yehuda Leibush Morgenstern and Elka Esther Morgenstern (Heilpern)
Husband of Glika Morgenstern and Chaya Morgenstern
Father of Reb Moshe Yerucham Morgenstern; Rabbi Dovid Morgensztern of Kotzk; Sara Tzina Morgenstern; Binyamin Morgenstern; Bracha Rapaport and 4 others
Brother of Leibe Morgenshtern; Yechiel Sztern, Ha Cohen; Haim Sztern, Ha Cohen and Yisrael Shmuel Morgenstern, Ha Cohen

Occupation: Rabbi and head of the Chassidic community, Rabbi (Kotsk), famed Kotzker Rebbe, Rebbe, The Admor from Kock The "Kotchker"
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Menachem Mendel Morgenstern, Kotzker Rebbe)

Rabbi Menachem Mendel Morgensztern of Kotzk, better known as the Kotzker Rebbe (1787-1859) was a Hasidic leader. Born to a non-Hasidic family in Goraj near Lublin, Poland, he became attracted to Hasidim in his youth. He was known for having acquired impressive Talmudic and Kabbalistic knowledge at a young age. He was a student of the Rebbe Reb Bunim of Peshischa, and upon the latter's death attracted many of his followers. The Kotzker Rebbe is well known for his incisive and down-to-earth philosophies, and sharp-witted sayings.

He is considered to be the spiritual founder upon which the Ger dynasty in Poland is based, through the teachings of its founder Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter.

He never published any works. He wrote many manuscripts, but he had them all burned before his death. Several collections of his sayings have been published, most notably Emes VeEmunah (Truth and Faith).

His sayings:

"If I am I because I am I, and you are you because you are you, then I am I and you are you. But if I am I because you are you and you are you because I am I, then I am not I and you are not you!"

Man must "guard himself and his uniqueness, and not imitate his fellow ... for initially man was created in his own image, and only afterwards in the image of God."

"A person must renew himself, and his world with him, each and every day. But one who does not do so, and rather performs his deeds as a mechanical function, does nothing other than the actions of a monkey. Just as this monkey has no personality of his own, but rather copies his own actions and his fellow, so too this person."

"All that is thought should not be said, all that is said should not be written, all that is written should not be published, and all that is published should not be read."

"Where is God to be found? In the place where He is given entry"

"People are accustomed to look at the heavens and to wonder what happens there. It would be better if they would look within themselves, to see what happens there."

"Do not be satisfied with the speech of your lips and the thought in your heart, all the promises and good sayings in your mouth, and all the good thoughts in your heart; rather you must arise and do!"

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http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Jewish_Dynasties

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Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Kotzk

Born: Goray, near Lublin, Poland, 1787

Died: Kotzk, Poland, 1859

Popularly known as the Kotzker Rebbe. A man of deep mystery, the Kotzker Rebbe secluded himself for 20 years, refusing contact with anyone. His thoughts and commentaries were collected and published in Ohel Torah and Emet Ve'emunah. He was an awe-inspiring figure who left an indelible mark on chassidic thought.

Menachem Mendel received a thorough Torah education from his father, Leibush Morgenstern, a zealous opponent of Chasidism.

When he was 13 years old he had mastered the entire Talmud. After his marriage at 14, his father introduced him to the world of Chasidut, and before long he became an ardent follower of the Chozeh (Seer) of Lublin and Rabbi Simcha Bunam of Pshis'cha, whom he eventually succeeded.

When he became the Rebbe of Kotzk, thousands of chasidim flocked to that city and a great number of outstanding young Torah scholars were attracted by his saintly personality and wide range knowledge. Most prominent among his students were

the Chidushei Harym of Ger and

Rabbi Chanoch of Alexander.

R' Menachem Mendel was a new type of chassid. If the Baal Shem Tov embodied chesed (kindness), Reb Mendel represented din (justice). While the Baal Shem sought to reach all the people, Reb Mendel knew that what he sought could only be attained by the elite. The Baal Shem lifted the people up, Reb Mendel rebuked them for their inadequacies and always demanded more.

Reb Mendel attracted a young, brilliant, aspiring youth. He demanded withering self-analysis and disdained mitzvot performed with a whiff of self-interest. He recognized the centrality of the ego, but refused to accept it. An uncompromising champion of the truth, he denounced falsehood and hypocrisy. With piercing aphorisms that have became classics he forces the Jew to face the truth, strip himself of all pretense and self-deception, and thus come closer to God.

The Kotzker Rebbe's wisdom was also recorded in the book > Amod HaEmet (Hebrew)

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http://www.mytzadik.com/tadik.asp?kever_id=231&safaid=6

http://yuchasin.co.il/?page_id=197

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His eldest son, Rabbi Dovid Morgensztern, succeeded him as Kotzker Rebbe (1809–1893). The third Kotzker Rebbe was Rabbi Chaim Yisrael Morgenstern (the Pilover Rebbe, 1840–1905). The fourth Kotzker Rebbe was Rabbi Yitzchak Zelig Morgenstern (the Sokolover Rebbe, 1866–1940). In 1924, the Sokolover Rebbe, Rabbi Yitzchak Zelig Morgensztern, visited Jerusalem, Safed, Hebron, Tiberias and Tel Aviv. He was accompanied on this trip by Rabbi Avraham Mordechai Alter (the Imrei Emes), Rabbi Hirsh Heynekh Lewin, and Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter. Over a six-week period, they visited Jerusalem, Safed, Hebron, Tiberias and Tel Aviv. The fifth Kotzker Rebbe was Rabbi Jacob Mendel Morgenstern (the Vengrov Rebbe, 1887–1939). Rabbi Shalom (Jonathan) Morgenstern, Rabbi of the Young Israel of Scarsdale, New York, is an 8th generation direct descendant of the Kotzker Rebbe. The Kotzker Rebbe's disciple Rabbi Avrohom Bornsztain, author of Avnei Nezer and first Sochatchover Rebbe, was his son-in-law (having married Sara Tzina Morgenstern, the daughter of the Kotzker Rebbe). The first Rebbe of Ger, Rabbi Yitzchak Meir Alter, known for his work as the Chidushei Harim, was a preeminent disciple of the Kotzker Rebbe.

ויקיפדיה

About Menachem Mendel מנחם מנדל מורגנשטרן, Kotzker Rebbe) (עברית)

נפטר כ"ב שבט תרי״ט

נולד בשנת ה'תקמ"ז בעיירה גוראי. אבי סבו, ר' לייבוש מהעיירה קורעב היה גביר והחזיק על חשבונו בית מדרש בו פרנס עשרה תלמידי חכמים.

ר' מנחם מנדל נשא לאישה את בתו של ר' אייזיק ניי, מרת גילקל בשנת ה'תקס"ז בעיירה טומשוב.

כל ילדיו מזיווג ראשון נפטרו בצעירותם מלבד בנו, ר' דוד.

עם הסתלקות ר' שמחה בונם חלק מהתלמידים מינוהו לרבם, ולאחר כשנת כהונה בטומשוב בשנת ה'תקפ"ט עבר ר' מנחם מנדל לקוצק. מנהיגותו בקוצק החלה להתרחב ורבים נהרו אליו, גם ר' לייבלי (נכדו של ר' עקיבא אייגר) נעשה חסיד וברח לחצרו של הרבי מקוצק.

בשנת ה'תקצ"ז אשתו נפטרה ונטמנה בעיירה וורקא. כעבור תקופה קצרה ר' יצחק מאיר תלמידו, הציע לו כזיווג שני את אחות אשתו, מרת חיה שהתייתמה בגיל צעיר וגדלה בביתו. נולדו להם תאומות ושני בנים.

הרבי מקוצק נודע כתקיף בדיבורו. איש של אמת אשר אינו מסוגל לשקר בנפשו ולהעמיד פנים של שקר, טען שאסור אפילו לחשוב בלב דבר שקר, שנאמר "ודובר אמת בלבבו". לדבריו הבריחה מהכבוד אין היא ממידת השלמות, אדם חייב להגיע למדרגה שלא יתפעל מהכבוד כלל ושלא ירגיש שהכבוד הוא דבר שצריך לברוח ממנו. מידי פעם היה בא לבית המדרש וצועק על החסידים שהם רק מעמידים פנים ומרוב פחד, כולם היו נמלטים. אך כאשר היה מבחין בר' אברהם מרדכי (בנו של בעל החידושי הרי"ם) היה שותק וחוזר מייד לחדרו.

בפסח האחרון לפני הסתלקותו כאשר הגיע לסדר אמר בפנים מאירות: "בשנה הבאה לא אשב כאן יותר". הסובבים לא הבינו את כוונתו מלבד חתנו ר' אברהם שהבין את הרמז בדבריו.

לאחר שחלה בחורף לא הסכים לקבל את טיפול הרופאים, בנו ר' דוד שלח מכתב אל החידושי הרי"ם בבקשו שידבר עם אביו להישמע להוראות הרופאים. כאשר הגיע ר' יצחק מאיר וראה את מצבו של ר' מנחם מנדל התבטא בפניו שעל פי דין תורה חייבים לתת את התרופות בעל כורחו. הרבי מקוצק נשכב במיטה והסכים לקבל את הוראות הרופאים. אך ימיו כבר היו ספורים וביום חמישי הסתלק בשנת ה'תרי"ט. בלוויה אמר בעל החידושי הרי"ם: "העולם אינו יודע מה איבד, הצדיק אבד ואין איש שם על לב. הצדיק אבד אך יותר חמור שאין מי שיחדיר את דברי הצדיק ללבבות בני ישראל".

מתוך פרוייקט "גיבורים סביב לו" על ראשי החסידות:

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Menachem Mendel Morgenstern, Kotzker Rebbe)'s Timeline

1787
1787
Goray, Poland
1801
1801
Age 14
X-Unknown
1809
1809
Age 22
Kotzk, Poland
1829
1829
Age 42
Kotsk, Poland
1829
Age 42
Kotsk, Poland
1838
1838
Age 51
Kotsk, Poland
1839
1839
Age 52
Kotzk, Poland
1839
Age 52
Gmina Kock, Lublin Voivodeship, Poland
1840
1840
Age 53
1840
Age 53
Gmina Kock, Lublin Voivodeship, Poland