Rabbi Yechezkel / רבי יחזקאל Landau / לנדאו, "Noda B'Yehudah" / הנודע ביהודה (1713 - 1793) MP

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Rabbi Yechezkel Landau (Noda Beyehuda) - רבינו יחזקאל לאנדא - נודע ביהודה's Geni Profile

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Nicknames: "Noda b'Yehuda", "נודע ביהודה", "Author of Noda BeYehuda בעל הנודע ביהודה", "נודע ביהודה (Noda Be Yehuda)"
Birthplace: Opatw̤, Swietokrzyskie, Poland
Death: Died in Prague, Czech republic
Occupation: Rabbi, Av Beiא Din, Rabbi and ABD, Chief rabbi of Prague and Czechoslovakia and of the Diaspora
Managed by: Boaz Brickner
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Yechezkel / רבי יחזקאל Landau / לנדאו, "Noda B'Yehudah" / הנודע ביהודה

http://yi.wikipedia.org/wiki/יחזקאל_לאנדא

הרב יחזקאל הלוי לנדא - הנודע ביהודה

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Yechezkel ben Yehuda Landau (8 October 1713 – 29 April 1793, Hebrew: יחזקאל לנדא) was an influential authority in halakha (Jewish law). He is best known for the work Nodah bi-Yehudah (נודע ביהודה), by which title he is also known.

Biography

Landau was born in Opatow, Poland, to a family that traced its lineage back to Rashi, and attended yeshiva at Vladimir Volynski and Brody. In Brody, he was appointed dayan (rabbinical judge) in 1734, and in 1745 he became rabbi of Jampol. While in Jampol, he attempted to mediate between Jacob Emden and Jonathan Eybeschütz in a debate - "The Emden-Eybeschütz Controversy" - that "had disrupted Jewish communal life for many years". His role in the controversy is described as "tactful" and brought him to the attention of the community of Prague - where, in 1755, he was appointed rabbi. He also established a Yeshiva there; Avraham Danzig, author of Chayei Adam, is amongst his best known students.

Landau was highly esteemed not only by the community, but also by others; and he stood high in favor in government circles. Thus, in addition to his rabbinical tasks, he was able to intercede with the government on various occasions when anti-Semitic measures had been introduced. Though not opposed to secular knowledge, he objected to "that culture which came from Berlin", in particular Moses Mendelssohn's translation of the Pentateuch.

Works

His main work of responsa, titled Nodah bi-Yehudah (נודע ביהודה, "Known in Judah", a reference to Psalms 76:2 and his father's name), is one of the principal sources of Jewish law of his age. Famous decisions include those limiting autopsy to prevent a clear and present danger in known others. This collection was esteemed by rabbis and scholars, both for its logical discussion and for its independence with regard to the rulings of other Acharonim as well as its simultaneous adherence to the writings of the Rishonim.

Other works include Dagul Mervavah on the Shulkhan Arukh (cf. Song of Solomon 5:10) and Tziyun le-Nefesh Chayah (abbreviated as Tzelach, named in reference to his mother, whose name was Chayah) on the Talmud.

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Please note that in the English Wikipedia article his birth date is 8 October 1713, which corresponds to כ"ט תשרי תע"ד. In the Yiddish Wikipedia article however, his birth date is י"ז מרחשון תע"ד.

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http://wiki.geni.com/index.php/Jewish_Dynasties

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The Nodah Biyehudah is buried in the Fibichova cemetery, near the television tower in Prague 2. Keys can be obtained at MATANA Travel Agency, Maiselova 15.

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Rabbi Yechezkel Landau (Noda Beyehuda) - רבינו יחזקאל לאנדא - נודע ביהודה's Timeline

1713
October 8, 1713
Opatw̤, Swietokrzyskie, Poland
1732
1732
Age 18
1734
1734
- 1745
Age 20
Brody, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine
1745
1745
Age 31
1745
- 1754
Age 31
Yampoli, Khmelnytskyi Oblast, Ukraine
1746
1746
Age 32
Yampol
1746
- 1793
Age 32
Prague, Czech Republic
1755
December 4, 1755
- 1793
Age 42
Prague, Czech Republic
1756
1756
Age 42
1758
1758
Age 44
Prague