Rabbi Zvi Hirsch HaLevi Horowitz

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Zvi Hirsch Ha'Levi Horowitz, z.Eichel

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Witkovo
Death: Died in Frankfurt Am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen
Place of Burial: Battonnstraße Jewish cemetery, Frankfurt Am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen
Immediate Family:

Son of Rabbi Pinchas Halevi Horowitz, "Ba'al Hafla'ah", ABD Frankfurt am Main and Rachel Deborah Horowitz
Husband of Tova Horowitz and Sarah Horowitz
Father of Yoel HaLevi Horowitz; David Joshua Heschel Horowitz; Son Halevi Horowitz; Pinchas Horowitz and R' Jacob Joshua Horowitz
Brother of Meir Jacob Horowitz; Malka Horowitz and Miriam Halevi Horowitz

Occupation: Rabbi
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Zvi Hirsch HaLevi Horowitz

Author of Machne Levy

Hirsch Zwi Ben Pinchas Halevi Horowitz held the office of chief rabbi in Frankfurt from 1805 to 1817. Hirsch Levy Horowitz, as he was familiarly known, was born in Poland in 1754. He was the son of Frankfurt chief rabbi Pinchas Halevy Horowitz, whom he succeeded. His rabbinacy was characterised by violent dissension between the progressive ideas of Moses Mendelssohn (which were gradually gaining ground at the time) and the ultraconservative orthodoxy to which he belonged.

Contrary to his wishes, the Philanthropin, a Jewish Reform school, evolved successfully, and the number of its pupils continued to expand. The Philanthropin stood for the comprehensive restructuring of Jewish educational methods, and sought to accord secular subjects the same importance as traditional religious ones. The rabbinate were restricted to purely confessional matters, effectively depriving them of their power. Hirsch Levy Horowitz, whose nickname was"Nesher Hagadol" ("Great Eagle"), was thus obliged to witness the departure of many Jews from orthodox Judaism. He died in 1817 in Bockenheim, then a separate town, but was buried in the cemetery in the Battonstrasse. Horowitz was the author of an Anthology of Responsa entitled "Machaneh Halevi" ("The Camp of Levi"); he also published his collected sermons under the title "Lachmei Toda" ("Bread of Gratitude").

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Rabbi Zvi Hirsch HaLevi Horowitz's Timeline

1753
1753
Witkovo
1817
September 8, 1817
Age 64
Battonnstraße Jewish cemetery, Frankfurt Am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen
1817
Age 64
Frankfurt Am Main, Hessen-Nassau, Preussen
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