Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913

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Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Death: Died in Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Place of Burial: Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Immediate Family:

Son of Maharishi Devendranath Tagore and Sarada Devi Tagore
Husband of Mrinalini Devi Tagore
Father of Madhurilata Tagore; Rathindranath Tagore; Renuka Devi Tagore; Mira Devi Tagore and Shamindranath Tagore
Brother of Dwijendranath Tagore; Satyendranath Tagore; Hemendranath Tagore; Birendranath Tagore; Saudamini Devi Gangopadhyay and 8 others

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About Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913

Rabindranath Tagore (Bengali: রবীন্দ্রনাথ ঠাকুর, robindronath ţhakur)α[›]β[›] (7 May 1861 – 7 August 1941),γ[›] sobriquet Gurudev,δ[›] was a Bengali poet, novelist, musician, painter and playwright who reshaped Bengali literature and music. As author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse", he was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, His poetry in translation was viewed as spiritual, and this together with his mesmerizing persona gave him a prophet-like aura in the west but his "elegant prose and magical poetry" still remains largely unknown outside the confines of Bengal.

A Pirali Brahmin from Kolkata, Tagore was already writing poems since he was eight years old. At age 16, he published his first substantial poetry under the pseudonym Bhanushingho ("Sun Lion") and wrote his first short stories and dramas in 1877. Tagore achieved further note when he denounced the British Raj and supported Indian independence. His efforts endure in his vast canon and in the institution he founded, Visva-Bharati University.

Tagore modernised Bengali art by spurning rigid classical forms. His novels, stories, songs, dance-dramas, and essays spoke to political and personal topics. Gitanjali (Song Offerings), Gora (Fair-Faced), and Ghare-Baire (The Home and the World) are his best-known works, and his verse, short stories, and novels were acclaimed for their lyricism, colloquialism, naturalism, and contemplation. Tagore was perhaps the only litterateur who penned anthems of two countries - Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem and Amar Shonar Bangla, the Bangladeshi national anthem.

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Rabindranath Tagore, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1913's Timeline

1861
May 7, 1861
Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
1883
December 9, 1883
Age 22
Kolkata, West Bengal, India
1886
1886
Age 24
1888
1888
Age 26
1891
1891
Age 29
1894
1894
Age 32
1896
1896
Age 34
1941
August 7, 1941
Age 80
Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
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Kolkata, Kolkata, West Bengal, India