Sir Ralph Lane, Gov. of Roanoke Colony

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Ralph Lane, Knight

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Exmouth, Devon, England
Death: Died in Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury; Sir Ralph Lane I; Maud Parr and Maud Magdalen Parr
Husband of Unknown Unknown
Father of Alice Lane
Brother of Robert Lane; Dorothy Fielding; William Lane; Parr Lane and Lettice Wentworth

Occupation: English Explorer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Ralph Lane, Gov. of Roanoke Colony

Sir Ralph Lane (c. 1532 – October 1603)[1][2] was an English explorer of the Elizabethan era. He was part of the unsuccessful attempt in 1585 to colonize Roanoke Island, North Carolina. He also served the Crown in Ireland and was knighted by the Queen in 1593.

Edward E. Hale summed up his career:

"He seems to have been an eager courtier, a bold soldier, a good disciplinarian, an incompetent governor, a credulous adventurer, and on the whole, though not a worthless, an unsuccessful man."

family

Never married.

from Wikipedia

Ralph's origins have not been proven. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography he was "of unknown parentage and education".[3]

It has been theorized that his parents were Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury, Hogshaw and Horton[disambiguation needed][4] and Maud Parr,[5] a cousin of Catherine Parr, the last queen consort of Henry VIII, however, no evidence has been found to prove this (for further information please refer to Talk:Ralph Lane).

However, The Dictionary of National Biography, written in 1909 states,

"may probably be identified with Ralph, the second son of Sir Ralph Lane (d.1541) of Horton, Northamptonshire, by Maud daughter and coheiress of William lord Parr of Horton and cousin of Catherine Parr, Henry VIII's last queen. (Collins 1768 iii 164) His seal bore the arms of Lane of Horton (Cal State Papers Ireland 15 March 1598-9), and the arms assigned him by Burke quarter these with those of Maud Parr (General Armoury). In his correspondence, he speaks of nephews William and Robert Lane (Cal State Papers Ireland 26 Dec 1592, 7 June 1595), of a kinsman John Durrant (ib) and is associated with a Mr Feilding (ib 23 June 1593), all of whom appear in the Lane pedigree (Blore Hist. and Antig. of Rutlandshire p 169). William Feilding married Dorothy, a daughter of Sir Ralph Lane of Horton, and John Durrant was the husband of Catherine, her first cousin."

biographical notes

"Soldier Ralph Lane was released from his service in Ireland and appointed governor of the colony, while Sir Richard Grenville served as admiral for the fleet. On April 9, 1585, seven ships and some six hundred men sailed for Roanoke. A storm scattered the fleet and sank one of the smaller pinnaces, causing Lane to put in at Puerto Rico to build a new one. They landed at Roanoke in late June, but a storm grounded the flagship, Tiger, and ruined most of its provisions. Lane ordered the Roanoke colonists to erect homes, a storehouse, and a diamond~shaped fort with a firing step. In August the "fleet departed, leaving behind 107 colonists to live off the land until a relief expedition arrived."

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Lane

Sir Ralph Lane (c. 1530 – October 1603) was an English explorer of the Elizabethan era. He was part of the unsuccessful attempt in 1585 to colonize Roanoke Island, North Carolina. He also served the Crown in Ireland and was knighted by the Queen in 1593.


Early life and education


Ralph's origins have not been proven. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography he was "of unknown parentage and education".


One theory is that Ralph was born about 1530 in Lympstone, Devon, England[citation needed] and that his parents were Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury[citation needed] and Maud Parr[citation needed], a cousin of Catherine Parr, the last queen consort of Henry VIII.


Career


Lane began serving the Crown in 1563 as an equerry under Queen Elizabeth I of England. His duties as an officer of the royal household included law enforcement and collection of customs duties.


Lane is best remembered for his attempt to establish a settlement on Roanoke Island at the request of Sir Walter Raleigh. Queen Elizabeth was looking for places to colonize and the Americas appeared ripe for English expansion. The voyage began on 9 April 1585, when Lane set sail from Plymouth with Raleigh's cousin, Sir Richard Grenville, a scientist who upon return to England wrote a book about his findings in the Chesapeake. The voyage on the Tiger proved difficult, as Lane quarreled with the aggressive leadership of Grenville.


When they finally arrived in the New World, Lane was left on Roanoke Island, Virginia on 17 August 1585 [3] with 107 colonists to explore and fortify the area. Almost immediately, Grenville and crew set sail for England. Lane served as governor of the island and had his men explore the area within a 130-mile radius. They erected a stockade to defend the outpost.


Contact was quickly made with the local Native Americans. The English treated them with suspicious harshness; on several occasions the colonists kidnapped Indians to extract supplies or information. In June 1586 Sir Francis Drake arrived at Roanoke and offered Lane and his men a return voyage to England that Lane readily accepted for fear of a weakened supply of food and increased tensions with local leaders. The Account of Ralph Lane first appeared in Richard Hakluyt's Principall Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation in 1589.


Lane later participated in other expeditions. In January 1592 he was appointed muster-master general of Ireland and was knighted the following year.


Death


In 1594, Lane was severely wounded during an Irish rebellion against the Crown. He never fully recovered and died in 1603.

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Sir Ralph Lane, Gov. of Roanoke Colony's Timeline

1530
1530
Exmouth, Devon, England
1585
April 9, 1585
- 1587
Age 55
Roanoke, VA, USA

"Soldier Ralph Lane was released from his service in Ireland and appointed governor of the colony, while Sir Richard Grenville served as admiral for the fleet. On April 9, 1585, seven ships and some six hundred men sailed for Roanoke. A storm scattered the fleet and sank one of the smaller pinnaces, causing Lane to put in at Puerto Rico to build a new one. They landed at Roanoke in late June, but a storm grounded the flagship, Tiger, and ruined most of its provisions. Lane ordered the Roanoke colonists to erect homes, a storehouse, and a diamond~shaped fort with a firing step. In August the "fleet departed, leaving behind 107 colonists to live off the land until a relief expedition arrived."

1593
1593
Age 63
1598
1598
Age 68
London, England
1603
October 1603
Age 73
Ireland