Sir Ralph Lane, MP, Gov. of Roanoke Colony

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Ralph Lane, Knight

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Exmouth, Devon, England
Death: Died in Ireland
Place of Burial: Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Ralph Lane, of Orlingbury and Maud Parr
Brother of Lettice Wentworth; Sir Robert Lane, MP, of Hogshaw & Horton; William Lane, MP, of Horton; Sir Parr Lane and Elizabeth Tanfield

Occupation: English Explorer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Ralph Lane, MP, Gov. of Roanoke Colony

LANE, Ralph (c.1532-1603), of London.

Family and Education b. c.1528, 2nd s. of Sir Ralph Lane (d.1541) of Orlingbury, Northants. by Maud, da. and coh. of William Parr†, 1st Baron Parr of Horton; bro. of Sir Robert and William Lane I educ. M. Temple 1554. unm. Kntd. 1593.

Offices Held

Equerry of the stable by 1568; served against the northern rebels 1569; commr. piracy 1571; capt. in the Netherlands 1572-3; commr. for fortifications [I] 1583-4; gov. Kerry 1584, Virginia 1585-6; muster master, Norf. 1587; muster master gen. Tilbury 1588; muster master on the Portugal expedition 1589; capt. Southsea castle, Hants from 1588; muster master or clerk of the check [I] from Jan. 1592.

Biography Lane was returned for Northampton in 1563 as the younger son of a local gentry family. No evidence has been found of any parliamentary activity. Within a year or two he had gone to court, where he was to be an inveterate suitor all his life. Almost all his surviving letters to Burghley and Robert Cecil make some request, the grant of which would relieve his necessities, and at first he was surprisingly successful, obtaining a lucrative patent to search ships for uncustomed goods in August 1571 and a commission to suppress piracy later that year. His interest in military affairs between 1572 and 1583, and his part in the expedition of (Sir) Richard Grenville II to Virginia has been dealt with elsewhere. Finally, in 1592 Lane was appointed muster master of Ireland, but as he had put most of his money into a projected voyage with Ralegh—presumably the expedition to cut off the Spanish treasure fleet—he claimed to be without the means to set out for his new post. Once there, he never returned, despite repeated applications for a post elsewhere. In 1593 he distinguished himself in battle and was knighted, and in the following year he was dangerously wounded, after which he was thought to have ‘grown weak in his brains’. On 1 July 1595 Elizabeth wrote suspending him, a decree not immediately delivered as he was thought to be dying. Lane maintained that the abrogation of a life patent was unprecedented, and begged for a sinecure in exchange, but in spite of the efforts of his nephew, William Lane II, none was forthcoming, and he was deprived of his ‘dead pays’. By 1599 wellwishers, among them his friend Mountjoy, were hoping to obtain him a pension, as he was without other resources, but they met with no success. Lane died in office in October 1603, and was buried in St. Patrick’s, Dublin.

DNB; CSP Ire. passim; CPR, 1566-9, p. 213; B. Dietz, ‘Privateering in N.W. European Waters 1568-72’ (London Univ. PhD thesis 1959), pp. 340-1; CSP Col. 1574-1660, pp. 2-3; APC, xv. 296; xvi. 254, 273, 277; xviii. 54; xxi. 276; xxvi. 176, 177; xxvii. 279; xxviii. 186, 209, 216, 271, 468; xxxi. 155; Strype, Annals, ii(1), pp. 455, 518; Lansd. 39, f. 144; 61, f. 194; 69, ff. 28, 121; 70, f. 14; HMC Hatfield, vii. 310; xiii. 468.

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603 Author: S. M. Thorpe Notes

Sir Ralph Lane (c. 1532 – October 1603)[1][2] was an English explorer of the Elizabethan era. He was part of the unsuccessful attempt in 1585 to colonize Roanoke Island, North Carolina. He also served the Crown in Ireland and was knighted by the Queen in 1593.

Edward E. Hale summed up his career:

"He seems to have been an eager courtier, a bold soldier, a good disciplinarian, an incompetent governor, a credulous adventurer, and on the whole, though not a worthless, an unsuccessful man."

family

Never married.

from Wikipedia

Ralph's origins have not been proven. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography he was "of unknown parentage and education".[3]

It has been theorized that his parents were Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury, Hogshaw and Horton[disambiguation needed][4] and Maud Parr,[5] a cousin of Catherine Parr, the last queen consort of Henry VIII, however, no evidence has been found to prove this (for further information please refer to Talk:Ralph Lane).

However, The Dictionary of National Biography, written in 1909 states,

"may probably be identified with Ralph, the second son of Sir Ralph Lane (d.1541) of Horton, Northamptonshire, by Maud daughter and coheiress of William lord Parr of Horton and cousin of Catherine Parr, Henry VIII's last queen. (Collins 1768 iii 164) His seal bore the arms of Lane of Horton (Cal State Papers Ireland 15 March 1598-9), and the arms assigned him by Burke quarter these with those of Maud Parr (General Armoury). In his correspondence, he speaks of nephews William and Robert Lane (Cal State Papers Ireland 26 Dec 1592, 7 June 1595), of a kinsman John Durrant (ib) and is associated with a Mr Feilding (ib 23 June 1593), all of whom appear in the Lane pedigree (Blore Hist. and Antig. of Rutlandshire p 169). William Feilding married Dorothy, a daughter of Sir Ralph Lane of Horton, and John Durrant was the husband of Catherine, her first cousin."

biographical notes

"Soldier Ralph Lane was released from his service in Ireland and appointed governor of the colony, while Sir Richard Grenville served as admiral for the fleet. On April 9, 1585, seven ships and some six hundred men sailed for Roanoke. A storm scattered the fleet and sank one of the smaller pinnaces, causing Lane to put in at Puerto Rico to build a new one. They landed at Roanoke in late June, but a storm grounded the flagship, Tiger, and ruined most of its provisions. Lane ordered the Roanoke colonists to erect homes, a storehouse, and a diamond~shaped fort with a firing step. In August the "fleet departed, leaving behind 107 colonists to live off the land until a relief expedition arrived."

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Lane

Sir Ralph Lane (c. 1530 – October 1603) was an English explorer of the Elizabethan era. He was part of the unsuccessful attempt in 1585 to colonize Roanoke Island, North Carolina. He also served the Crown in Ireland and was knighted by the Queen in 1593.


Early life and education


Ralph's origins have not been proven. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography he was "of unknown parentage and education".


One theory is that Ralph was born about 1530 in Lympstone, Devon, England[citation needed] and that his parents were Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury[citation needed] and Maud Parr[citation needed], a cousin of Catherine Parr, the last queen consort of Henry VIII.


Career


Lane began serving the Crown in 1563 as an equerry under Queen Elizabeth I of England. His duties as an officer of the royal household included law enforcement and collection of customs duties.


Lane is best remembered for his attempt to establish a settlement on Roanoke Island at the request of Sir Walter Raleigh. Queen Elizabeth was looking for places to colonize and the Americas appeared ripe for English expansion. The voyage began on 9 April 1585, when Lane set sail from Plymouth with Raleigh's cousin, Sir Richard Grenville, a scientist who upon return to England wrote a book about his findings in the Chesapeake. The voyage on the Tiger proved difficult, as Lane quarreled with the aggressive leadership of Grenville.


When they finally arrived in the New World, Lane was left on Roanoke Island, Virginia on 17 August 1585 [3] with 107 colonists to explore and fortify the area. Almost immediately, Grenville and crew set sail for England. Lane served as governor of the island and had his men explore the area within a 130-mile radius. They erected a stockade to defend the outpost.


Contact was quickly made with the local Native Americans. The English treated them with suspicious harshness; on several occasions the colonists kidnapped Indians to extract supplies or information. In June 1586 Sir Francis Drake arrived at Roanoke and offered Lane and his men a return voyage to England that Lane readily accepted for fear of a weakened supply of food and increased tensions with local leaders. The Account of Ralph Lane first appeared in Richard Hakluyt's Principall Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation in 1589.


Lane later participated in other expeditions. In January 1592 he was appointed muster-master general of Ireland and was knighted the following year.


Death


In 1594, Lane was severely wounded during an Irish rebellion against the Crown. He never fully recovered and died in 1603.

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Sir Ralph Lane, MP, Gov. of Roanoke Colony's Timeline

1530
1530
Exmouth, Devon, England
1585
April 9, 1585
- 1587
Age 55
Roanoke, VA, USA

"Soldier Ralph Lane was released from his service in Ireland and appointed governor of the colony, while Sir Richard Grenville served as admiral for the fleet. On April 9, 1585, seven ships and some six hundred men sailed for Roanoke. A storm scattered the fleet and sank one of the smaller pinnaces, causing Lane to put in at Puerto Rico to build a new one. They landed at Roanoke in late June, but a storm grounded the flagship, Tiger, and ruined most of its provisions. Lane ordered the Roanoke colonists to erect homes, a storehouse, and a diamond~shaped fort with a firing step. In August the "fleet departed, leaving behind 107 colonists to live off the land until a relief expedition arrived."

1603
October 1603
Age 73
Ireland
????
Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland