Ramon Berenguer IV el Sant, comte de Barcelona

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Ramon Berenguer IV 'el Sant' de Barcelona, comte de Barcelona

Nicknames: "RAIMOND BERENGER V", "/BARCELONA/", "the Holy", "Ramon Berenger Count /Barcelona/", "Marquis of Barcelona", "the Saint", "El Santo", "den Hellige", "RAIMUNDSØN"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Barcelona, CT, Spain
Death: Died in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy
Immediate Family:

Son of Ramon Berenguer III el Gran, comte de Barcelona and Douce I de Gévaudan, comtesse de Provence
Husband of Patronila of Aragon; N.N. and Petronila Ramírez, reina de Aragón
Father of Alfonso II of Aragon; Ramón Berenguer de Barcelona, arzobispo de Narbona; Pedro, infante de Aragón; Alfonso II el Casto, rey de Aragón; Raimond Bérenger III, comte de Provence and 2 others
Brother of Almodis de Barcelona, vescomtessa de Bas; Bérenger-Raimond I, comte de Provence; Berenguela de Barcelona, reina consorte de León y Castilla; Bernat, Infant de Barcelona; Estefania de Barcelona, vescomte consort de Dacs and 1 other
Half brother of Ximena de Barcelona, comtesse d'Osona and Maria de Barcelona, comtessa consort de Besalú

Occupation: Count of Barcelona, Count of Barcelonia, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon, Conde de Barcelona, Gerona, Osona, Cerdaña y Ribagorza, y princeps de Aragón, COUNT OF BARCELONA
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Ramon Berenguer IV el Sant, comte de Barcelona

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona -------------------- Rambon Berenguer lV Prince of Aragbon -------------------- Ramon «den Hellige» var

Greve av Barcelona 1131-1162.

Fyrste av Aragon 1137 - 1162.

Greve av Provence 1144-1162 (som Raimond Berenguer I).

Ramon var den siste som hadde titelen greve av Barcelona. Ifølge sin fars testamente arvet han i 1131 som den førstefødte grevskapene Barcelona, Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona, Ausona, Peralada, Besalù, Vallespir, Fonollet, Perapertusa, Cerdaña, Conflet, Carcasona og Redés. 11.08.1137 ble han konge av Aragon.91

Ramon was the last one to have the title of Conde de Barcelona. Acording his fathers will,

he inherit in 1131 as the first born the countys of Barcelona, Tarragona, Manresa, Gerona, Ausona, Peralada, Besalu, Vallespir, Fonollet, Perapertusa, Cerdana, Conflet, Carcasona and Redes. 08.11.1137 he became king of Aragon.

91 Erich Brandenburg: Die Nachkommen Karls des Grossen. Leipzig 1935. Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 1001. Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Bind 2 (1933), side 418. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 16, 25.

--------------------

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Ramon Berenguer IV

Count of Barcelona

Reign 19 August 1131 - 6 August 1162

Predecessor Ramon Berenguer III

Successor Alfonso I

Spouse Petronila of Aragon

Issue

Dulce Berenguer

Alfonso II of Aragon

Peter, Count of Cerdanya

Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence

Sancho, Count of Provence

Ramon, Archbishop of Narbonne

Father Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona

Mother Douce I, Countess of Provence

Born c. 1113

Died 6 August 1162

Piedmont, Italy

Raymond Berengar IV or Ramon Berenguer IV (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162), sometimes called the Holy, was the Count of Barcelona who effected the union between the Kingdom of Aragon and the Principality of Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Early reign
   * 2 Crusades and wars
   * 3 Death
   * 4 Notes
   * 5 References

[edit] Early reign

He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon the Monk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramon Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.[citation needed] Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

[edit] Crusades and wars

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of French and Genoese crusaders.[1] The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenguer also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Catalanoaragonese empire.

[edit] Death

He died in 1162 in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who next year inherited the title of King of Aragon from his mother's abdication Petronila of Aragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees.

[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Riley-Smith (1991) p.48.

[edit] References

   * Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1991). Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File.

--------------------

Raymond Berengar IV or Ramon Berenguer IV (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162), sometimes called the Holy, was the Count of Barcelona who effected the union between the Kingdom of Aragon and the Principality of Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

Contents [hide]

1 Early reign

2 Crusades and wars

3 Death

4 Ancestry

5 Notes

6 References


[edit] Early reign

He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon the Monk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramon Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.[citation needed] Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

[edit] Crusades and wars

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of Southern French, Anglo-Normans and Genoese crusaders.[1] The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenguer also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Catalanoaragonese empire.

[edit] Death

He died in 1162 in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who next year inherited the title of King of Aragon from his mother's abdication Petronila of Aragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees.

[edit] Ancestry

[show]v • d • eAncestors of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona

                                       

 32. Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona 
 
         

 16. Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona   
 
               

 33. Ermesinde of Carcassonne 
 
         

 8. Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona   
 
                     

 34. Sancho García, Count of Castile 
 
         

 17. Sancha Sánchez of Castile   
 
               

 35. Urraca of Saldaña 
 
         

 4. Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona   
 
                           

 36. Audebert I, Count de La Marche 
 
         

 18. Bernard I, Count of La Marche   
 
               

 37. Almodis de Limoges 
 
         

 9. Almodis de La Marche   
 
                     

  
 
         

 19. Amélie de Rasés   
 
               

  
 
         

 2. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona   
 
                                 

  
 
         

 20. Tancred of Hauteville   
 
               

  
 
         

 10. Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia   
 
                     

 42. Richard I, Duke of Normandy (hypothical) 
 
         

 21. Fressenda of Normandy   
 
               

 43. Gunnora 
 
         

 5. Maud of Apulia   
 
                           

 44. Guaimar III of Salerno 
 
         

 22. Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno   
 
               

 45. Gaitelgrima of Benevento 
 
         

 11. Sikelgaita of Salerno   
 
                     

 46. Laidulf, Prince of Capua 
 
         

 23. Gemma of Capua   
 
               

 47. Maria 
 
         

 1. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona   
 
                                       

 48. Richard II, Viscount of Millau 
 
         

 24. Richard II, Viscount of Millau and Gévaudan   
 
               

 49. Sénégonde de Béziers 
 
         

 12. Berenguer II, Viscount of Rodés   
 
                     

 50. Berenger, Viscount of Narbonne 
 
         

 25. Rixinde de Narbonne   
 
               

 51. Garsenda de Besalú 
 
         

 6. Gilbert I, Count of Gévaudan   
 
                           

  
 
         

 26. Girbert II, Viscount of Carlat   
 
               

  
 
         

 13. Adela, Viscountess of Carlat   
 
                     

  
 
         

 27. Nobilia, Viscountess of Lodève   
 
               

  
 
         

 3. Douce I, Countess of Provence   
 
                                 

 56. William I, Count of Provence 
 
         

 28. William II, Count of Provence   
 
               

 57. Adelaide of Anjou 
 
         

 14. Geoffrey I, Count of Provence   
 
                     

 58. Otto-William, Count of Burgundy 
 
         

 29. Gerberga of Burgundy   
 
               

 59. Ermentrude, Countess of Mâcon and Besançon 
 
         

 7. Gerberga, Countess of Provence   
 
                           

 60. William I, Count of Marseille 
 
         

 30. William II, Viscount of Marseille   
 
               

 61. Bellilde de Marseille 
 
         

 15. Stephanie-Douce de Marseille   
 
                     

 62. Bertrand, Count of Forcalquier 
 
         

 31. Étiennette de Forcalquier or des Baux   
 
               

  
 
         


[edit] Notes

1.^ Riley-Smith (1991) p.48.

[edit] References

Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1991). Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File.

Villegas-Aristizabal, Lucas (2009), "Anglo-Norman involvement in the conquest of Tortosa and Settlement of Tortosa, 1148-1180", Crusades 8, pp. 63-129.

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer III Count of Barcelona

1131 – 1162 Succeeded by

Alfonso II of Aragon

Preceded by

Agnes of Aquitaine King consort of Aragon

1150– 1162 Succeeded by

Sancha of Castile

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona"

--------------------

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona also called Ramon the Holy (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162) effected the union between Aragon and Catalonia.

--------------------

Raymond Berengar IV or Ramon Berenguer IV (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162), sometimes called the Holy, was the Count of Barcelona who effected the union between the Kingdom of Aragon and the Principality of Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

Contents [hide]

1 Early reign

2 Crusades and wars

3 Death

4 Ancestry

5 Notes

6 References


[edit] Early reign

He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon the Monk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramon Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.[citation needed] Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

[edit] Crusades and wars

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of Southern French, Anglo-Normans and Genoese crusaders.[1] The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenguer also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Catalanoaragonese empire.

[edit] Death

He died in 1162 in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who next year inherited the title of King of Aragon from his mother's abdication Petronila of Aragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees.

[edit] Ancestry

Ancestors of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona[show]


 16. Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona 
 
         

 8. Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona   
 
               

 17. Sancha Sánchez of Castile 
 
         

 4. Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona   
 
                     

 18. Bernard I, Count of La Marche 
 
         

 9. Almodis de La Marche   
 
               

 19. Amélie de Rasés 
 
         

 2. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona   
 
                           

 20. Tancred of Hauteville 
 
         

 10. Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia   
 
               

 21. Fressenda 
 
         

 5. Maud of Apulia   
 
                     

 22. Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno 
 
         

 11. Sikelgaita of Salerno   
 
               

 23. Gemma of Capua 
 
         

 1. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona   
 
                                 

 24. Richard II, Viscount of Millau and Gévaudan 
 
         

 12. Berenguer II, Viscount of Rodés   
 
               

 25. Rixinde de Narbonne 
 
         

 6. Gilbert I, Count of Gévaudan   
 
                     

 26. Girbert II, Viscount of Carlat 
 
         

 13. Adela, Viscountess of Carlat   
 
               

 27. Nobilia, Viscountess of Lodève 
 
         

 3. Douce I, Countess of Provence   
 
                           

 28. William II, Count of Provence 
 
         

 14. Geoffrey I, Count of Provence   
 
               

 29. Douce I, Countess of Provence 
 
         

 7. Gerberga, Countess of Provence   
 
                     

 30. William II, Viscount of Marseille 
 
         

 15. Stephanie-Douce de Marseille   
 
               

 31. Stephanie 
 
         

[edit] Notes

1.^ Riley-Smith (1991) p.48.

[edit] References

Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1991). Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File.

Villegas-Aristizabal, Lucas (2009), "Anglo-Norman involvement in the conquest of Tortosa and Settlement of Tortosa, 1148-1180", Crusades 8, pp. 63-129.

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer III Count of Barcelona

1131 – 1162 Succeeded by

Alfonso II of Aragon

Preceded by

Agnes of Aquitaine King consort of Aragon

1150– 1162 Succeeded by

Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona"

Categories: 1110s births | 1162 deaths | Counts of Barcelona | Christians of the Second Crusade | Burials at the abbey of Santa Maria de Ripoll

--------------------

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Early reign

He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon the Monk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Ramon Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon. Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from Castile in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

[edit]Crusades and wars

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of French and Genoese crusaders.[1] The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenger also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Aragonese empire.

[edit]Death

He died in 1162 in Borgo Sam Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who next year inherited the title of King of Aragon from her mother's abdication Petronila of Aragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon, I of Catalonia. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees.

[edit]

--------------------

Wikipedia:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to:navigation, search

Ramon Berenguer IV

Count of Barcelona

Raymond Berengar IV of Barcelona in the Liber feudorum maior.jpg

Reign 19 August 1131 - 6 August 1162

Predecessor Ramon Berenguer III

Successor Alfonso I

Spouse Petronila of Aragon

Issue

Dulce, Queen of Portugal

Alfonso II of Aragon

Peter, Count of Cerdanya

Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence

Sancho, Count of Provence

Ramon, Archbishop of Narbonne

Father Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona

Mother Douce I, Countess of Provence

Born c. 1113

Died 6 August 1162

Raymond Berengar IV or Ramon Berenguer IV (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162), sometimes called the Holy, was the Count of Barcelona who effected the union between the Kingdom of Aragon and the Principality of Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 Early reign
   * 2 Crusades and wars
   * 3 Death
   * 4 Ancestry
   * 5 Notes
   * 6 References

[edit] Early reign

He inherited the county of Barcelona from his father Ramon Berenguer III on August 19, 1131. On August 11, 1137 in Huesca he was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon the Monk, who sought Barcelona's aid against Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramon Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never king himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.[citation needed] Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

[edit] Crusades and wars

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of Southern French, Anglo-Normans and Genoese crusaders.[1] The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenguer also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Catalanoaragonese empire.

[edit] Death

He died in 1162 in Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont, Italy, leaving the title of Count of Barcelona to his eldest son Ramon Berenguer, who next year inherited the title of King of Aragon from the abdication of his mother Petronila of Aragon (Ramiro II was already dead), and, in compliment to the Aragonese, changed his name to Alfonso and became Alfonso II of Aragon. Ramon Berenguer's younger son Pedro inherited the county of Cerdanya and lands north of the Pyrenees.

[edit] Ancestry

Ancestors of Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona[hide]



















16. Berenguer Ramon I, Count of Barcelona








8. Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona












17. Sancha Sánchez of Castile








4. Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona















18. Bernard I, Count of La Marche








9. Almodis de La Marche












19. Amélie de Rasés








2. Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Barcelona


















20. Tancred of Hauteville








10. Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia












21. Fressenda








5. Maud of Apulia















22. Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno








11. Sikelgaita of Salerno












23. Gemma of Capua








1. Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona





















24. Richard II, Viscount of Millau and Gévaudan








12. Berenguer II, Viscount of Rodés












25. Rixinde de Narbonne








6. Gilbert I, Count of Gévaudan















26. Girbert II, Viscount of Carlat








13. Adela, Viscountess of Carlat












27. Nobilia, Viscountess of Lodève








3. Douce I, Countess of Provence


















28. William II, Count of Provence








14. Geoffrey I, Count of Provence












29. Douce I, Countess of Provence








7. Gerberga, Countess of Provence















30. William II, Viscount of Marseille








15. Stephanie-Douce de Marseille












31. Stephanie







[edit] Notes

  1. ^ Riley-Smith (1991) p.48.

[edit] References

   * Riley-Smith, Jonathan (1991). Atlas of the Crusades. New York: Facts on File.
   * Villegas-Aristizabal, Lucas (2009), "Anglo-Norman involvement in the conquest of Tortosa and Settlement of Tortosa, 1148-1180", Crusades 8, pp. 63-129.

Preceded by

Ramon Berenguer III Count of Barcelona

1131 – 1162 Succeeded by

Alfonso II of Aragon

Preceded by

Agnes of Aquitaine King consort of Aragon

1150– 1162 Succeeded by

Sancha of Castile, Queen of Aragon

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BIOGRAPHY: b. c. 1113

d. Aug. 6, 1162, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Piedmont [Italy]

byname RAMON BERENGUER THE HOLY, CATALAN RAMON BERENGUER EL SANT, count of Barcelona from 1131 to 1162, regent of Provence from 1144 to 1157, and ruling prince of Aragon from 1137 to 1162.

The elder son of Ramon Berenguer III, he continued his father's crusading wars against the Almoravid Muslims. The kingdom of Aragon soon sought Ramon Berenguer IV's aid against Castile. In the course of their negotiations, he was promised the hand of the Aragonese king Ramiro II's daughter and heir, Petronila (Peronella); they were married on Aug. 11, 1137, and a few months later (November 13), Ramiro II abdicated in favour of his daughter and son-in-law. Ramon Berenguer IV thus became the last count of Barcelona to take this as his principal title, for, from 1137, he was also ruler of Aragon (though he himself never assumed the title of king). From the reign of his son, who in 1162 succeeded him with the title of Alfonso II, the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, kings of Aragon.

When Ramon Berenguer IV's father had died, he had left the county of Provence to a younger son. When this son died, his brother Ramon Berenguer IV acted as regent (conventionally with the title Ramon Berenguer II of Provence) until the legitimate heir, his young nephew, reached majority in 1157, as Ramon Berenguer III of Provence. When this count of Provence died in 1166 without a male heir, he was succeeded by Ramon Berenguer IV's son Alfonso II, king of Aragon. By his wars and conquests from the Moors--Tortosa (1148), Lerida, Mequinenza, and Fraga (1149), and Prades and Siurana (1153)--Ramon Berenguer IV definitively established the boundaries of the principality of Catalonia.

Copyright © 1994-2001 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

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Ramón Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona, was also called Ramon "the Holy." He effected the union between Aragon and Catalonia into the Crown of Aragon.

On August 11, 1137 in Huesca, Ramón was betrothed to the infant Petronila of Aragon, aged one at the time. Her father, Ramiro II of Aragon, the "Monk," who sought Barcelona's aid against King Alfonso VII of Castile, abdicated on November 13 that same year, leaving his kingdom to Petronilla and Ramón Berenguer. The latter essentially became ruler of Aragon, although he was never King himself, but instead Count of Barcelona, Prince of the Kingdom of Aragon. He was the last Catalan ruler to use the title of Count as his first; starting with his son Alfonso II of Aragon the counts of Barcelona styled themselves, in the first place, as kings of Aragon.

The treaty between Ramon Berenguer and his father-in-law stipulated that their descendants would rule jointly over both realms. Even should Petronila die before the marriage could be consummated, Berenguer would still inherit the title of King of Aragon.Both realms would preserve their laws, institutions and autonomy, remaining legally distinct but federated in a dynastic union under one ruling House. Historians consider this arrangement the political masterstroke of the Hispanic Middle Ages. Both realms gained greater strength and security and Aragon got its much needed outlet to the sea. On the other hand, formation of a new political entity in the north-east at a time when Portugal seceded from León in the west gave more balance to the Christian kingdoms of the peninsula. Ramon Berenguer successfully pulled Aragon out of its pledged submission to Castile, aided no doubt by the beauty and charm of his sister Berenguela, wife of Alfonso the Emperor, for which she was well-known in her time.

In the middle years of his rule, his attention turned to campaigns against the Moors. In October 1147, as part of the Second Crusade, he helped Castile to conquer Almería. He then invaded the lands of the Almoravid taifa kingdom of Valencia and Murcia. In December 1148, he captured Tortosa after a five-month siege with the help of French and Genoese crusaders. The next year, Fraga, Lleida and Mequinenza in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers fell to his army. The reconquista of modern Catalonia was completed.

Ramon Berenger also campaigned in Provence, helping his brother Berenguer Ramon and his infant nephew Ramon Berenguer II against Counts of Toulouse. During the minority of Ramon Berenger II the Count of Barcelona also acted as the regent of Provence (between 1144 and 1157). In 1151, Ramon signed the Treaty of Tudilén with Alfonso VII of León. The treaty defined the zones of conquest in Andalusia in order to prevent the two rulers from coming into conflict. Also in 1151, Ramon Berenguer founded and endowed the royal monastery of Poblet. In 1154, he accepted the regency of Gaston V of Béarn in return for the Bearnese nobles rendering him homage at Canfranc, thus uniting that small principality with the growing Aragonese empire.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramon_Berenguer_IV,_Count_of_Barcelona for more information.

--------------------

Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona also called Ramon the Holy (c. 1113 – 6 August 1162) effected the union between Aragon and Catalonia.

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Ramon Berenguer IV el Sant, comte de Barcelona's Timeline

1113
1113
Barcelona, CT, Spain
1131
August 19, 1131
Age 18
Count of Barcelona
1131
Age 18
also, Count of, Province, France
1131
Age 18
also, Count of, Province, France
1131
Age 18
also, Count of, Province, France
1151
1151
Age 38
1152
May 4, 1152
Age 39
Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
1157
March 1, 1157
Age 44
Huesca, Aragon, Spain
March 25, 1157
Age 44
Huesca, Huesca, Aragon, Spain
1158
1158
Age 45