Rabeina II "Sof hora'a"

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Rabeina II "Sof hora'a"

Hebrew: Rabeina II "Sof hora'a" רב אבינא בר רב הונא
Nicknames: "Rabhena", "Rabina", "Chizkiya", "Hezekiah", "Chizkiah", "Hizkiah", "Hizkya"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Tepe Sūra, Chamchamal, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
Death: Died in Israel
Cause of death: Executed by Shah Feruz (Peroz)
Immediate Family:

Son of Huna ben Nathan, Mar Huna IV, 24th Exilarch and Wife #1
Husband of Havah bat Mar Huna IV
Father of Rav David ben Rabeina II, Grandson of Exilarch Mar Huna IV
Brother of Mar ben Huna
Half brother of Havah bat Mar Huna IV

Managed by: Private User
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About Rabeina II "Sof hora'a"

Orphaned from his father Huna at age 12.

Ravina II (Hebrew: רב אבינא בר רב הונא or רבינא האחרון) was a Jewish Talmudist and rabbi, accounted as an Amora sage of the 8th generation of the Amora era. In 475 CE, he finished editing the Gemara portion of the Talmud Bavli, completing the work of his teacher Rav Ashi. ("Babylonian Talmud".) He was also a nephew of Ravina I. He was a leader for 22 years.

He was a student of Ravina I and Rav Ashi. Ravina II was Rosh Yeshiva of the Yeshiva at Sura.

The last of these editors and compilers of the Gemara of Talmud Bavli was Ravina II, who passed away on the 13th of Kislev of the year 4235 from creation (475 CE); after Ravina II, no further additions were make to the Talmud, with the exception of the minimal editing undertaken by the Rabbanan Savura'i (476-560). This date thus marks the point at which the Talmud was "closed" and became the basis for all further exegesis of Torah law. Ravina II served as principal of Sura and was the final editor of the Gemara. (Abraham ibn Daud, "Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah," in Neubauer, "M. J. C." i. 61).

According to Sherira Gaon (Neubauer, l.c. i. 34), Rabina, "the last of the Hora'ah" (B. M. 86a), died in 500. His death marks the close of the amoraic period and of the completion of the Talmud redaction (see Talmud).

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